“[A]n education [. . .] that was designed to support a truly direct, deliberative democracy [. . .] would be an education oriented to the ‘strong publics’ of decision-making rather than the ‘weak publics’ of opinion formation.” (205)


In this quote, Fleming argues about education and how he thinks education should encourage students to form their own thoughts and opinions to be able to make their own decisions. In dissecting the quote above, the term deliberative democracy can be defined as “form of democracy in which deliberation is central to decision-making”. Fleming believes the school system should better teach students on how to better formulate their own thoughts and opinion, instead of pointlessly accepting someone else’s opinion for the sake of a passing grade. Throughout my years as a student, I have experienced both styles of education that Fleming describes. In a few of my classes, I base my answers from what the teacher wants to hear for a passing grade. And in a few of my other classes I am required to formulate my own thoughts and opinions.