Final Introduction

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

14 December 2016

Final Introduction

Many places can have a big background story that you would never have thought when you visit it. Going to my site and researching about it made me realize many things specially how is true as Sarah B. Schindler mention in “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation through Physical Design of the Built Environment” that we rarely notice every detail of the architecture of our environment, many things are made for a reason not always for decoration. As Sarah mention the armrests of a bench on a park are there to avoid people from taking naps, especially homeless, but many people would have thought it was there to separate the seats. Everything has is made for a reason you might not know it there is a big meaning to everything. Franklin Square has change a lot throughout the year, right now it’s not in on ts best condition but hopefully it will get better.

Every place has a story: Franklin Park and Franklin Square

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

14 December 2016

Every place has a story: Franklin Park and Franklin Square

Many places can have a big background story that you would never have thought when you visit it. Franklin Square is located on downtown Washington D.C. It’s a square named after the United States former president Benjamin Franklin. The square has been bounded by fourteenth Street NW on the west, first Street NW on the south, thirteenth street NW to the North, and K street NW to the north. It’s served and serviced by the Washington Metro Square Station which has been located southwest of the square. The park has a sloped upward and has been partly terraced from K street to 1 Street. It is featured with many benches, grass and large trees. There is also a dedication in the form of a statue of Commodore Barry John on the east section of the park (“Welcome To One Franklin Square’s Tenant® Portal”)

Franklin Park is located in the center of downtown Washington D.C it has a total area of 5.12 acres in possession of the United States National Park Service. It’s bordered by the Thirteenth Street NW to the North, forteen streets NW on the west, first Street NW on the south and K Street NW to the North. The parking space is available for commercial purposes, the park accommodates and host family special events yearly such as holiday events (Pollard 46-46).

Franklin Square has originally been the location of some natural springs according to the Preservation League of Washington D.C. The plan for the square was presented in 1791 and didn’t include the Franklin Park for a particular reason until 1833 when the state purchased the square and reformed it into Franklin Park. It is often assumed it was named after Benjamin Franklin, but there hasn’t been substantial proof for the claims. Until the 1870s, the park the state  hadn’t work to improve the park. They added paths, benches, and landscapes at this time and in the early 1880s. The US public Work Administration issued seventy-five thousand dollars to the city to facilitate the square’s last main renovations in 1935. However, after the renovations were complete, the city didn’t maintain the park till date except for the refurbishment of the square, paths, in 1976. The 4.97 acres of the Franklin Square has been managed by the United States National Park Service. In the year 2013, significant repairs were required on the pathways and the Plaza ( Pollard 46-46). The state proposed to reengineer and redesign the square to accommodate a variety of sport and recreational activities. The request for proposal required a different design to provide flexible food kiosks, seating area, and an improved landscape. They were offered $280,000 to implement the design and engineering works (“Welcome To One Franklin Square’s Tenant® Portal”)

Franklin Park is an urban and historical park with approximately 5 acres located in Downtown Washington D.C. The park is located on a commercial hub with an increasing residential population and a flourishing commercial district. It’s owned and serviced by the United State National Park Service and has been in need of redesign to update and improve the park to serve the city. Moreover, the park’s location and size present an opportunity  to impact the local economy and community by utilizing the green space. The National Park Service has been encouraging and supporting efforts to renew the park as part of the coming up with ways to partner with the community and achieve the urban agenda. In 2012, the District government, the National Park Service, and the DC Business Improvement District formed a partnership to renovate the place and establish operations and maintenance of the park in eternity. The outcome of the planning, which incorporated stakeholder input and public outreach, is a design concept and operation and maintenance plan for the Franklin Park. In August 2015, the partnership group completed an assessment of the park plan and vision. The National Park Service determined that the project won’t result in the main environmental impacts based on public comments and the EA analysis. The release a finding and recommendation of no impact for a preferred alternative design.

Franklin Square as an urban park goal is to provide and maintain passive and active essential  services and recreational opportunities these services include flexible areas, food, and restrooms. They also have actively supervised evening and daytime programs and events. The vision is to respect and celebrate the historical and present sense of belonging and character through quality sites, seasonal plantings, restored historical resources and building materials. The squares has been designed as an ecological, sustainable, and maintainable are to serve the diverse users in the city. The groups include visitors, workers, and the district residents. The square should be outlined by public, streetscape and transportation modes to suit the need of all users. The square also should maximize on private and public structures to maintain, program, fund, and provide access and security to the area (Mercer 174-196).

Franklin Park vision is to transform the area into a historical, sustainable, and flexible park linked to its surrounding community. It strives to enhance urban living in Downtown D.C and serve the community. Also, they want to transform the park to become the state’s leading city park  based on national models lessons including the Union Square Park and the Madison Park. To apprehend the transformation, an improvement and programming approach together with a design process in necessary to achieve the vision of a great park. Franklin Park goal includes developing an ecological, sustainable and maintainable area to serve the diverse user in the city to include visitors, workers, and the district residents.

Franklin Square has been a bustling and active area in Washington D.C. the state government purchased the area to protect a natural spring supplying fresh water to the residence in the White House. Later it was included in the Colombian District public reservation where it was made a landscape of fountains, trees and winding paths. The square was reengineered and redesigned in 1936 as an initiative part of the Public Work Administration and National Park Service. Currently, the square retains the past designs with walkways, a fountain and a statue of a revolution hero which was placed in 1914 on the west side. Adolph created the Franklin school which is one of the famous building surround the square. The school was the most advanced and best designed in modern architecture around the world. In the school, scientist Alexander Graham Bell developed the only wireless message and transmitted across the park. In 1951, the square became a part of another scientific discovery by Charles Townes who conceived the master’s principle. He received a Nobel Prize for the invention of the laser. Many of the significant sites that had been surrounding the park have recently been transformed into offices and residential building. A good example includes the Hodgson house who was the little Ford author, the lived at an adjacent street to the square which is currently the capitol garage. Another example is the Franklin Square 130 Street NW, which is direct west of the plaza, has been converted to the Washington post in the year 2015. The few remaining historic buildings surrounding the square include Alma’s temple and the Franklin School.

We can see a bigger map on how the area is and all the different locations near Franklin Park

We can see a bigger map on how the area is and all the different locations near Franklin Park

Franklin Park has been providing public service continuously since the 1840’s. It has undergone major redesigning and reengineering in the 1860’s and 1870’s  and 1930’s . Recently it has been neglected with disrepair and has become a place for the homeless and a place lunch by office workers. The pathways in between the park have cracks and are hazardous to the general republic. The path have been crisscrossed by the trails and grass with rocks and mud. It lacks safe public amenities like restrooms, and it no longer holds programs or events during the daytime or the evening. For the revitalization of the park, it requires a capital space initiative. The initiative is among the National Park service, National Capital Planning Commision, D.C Recreation Department, and the D.C office of planning to address and incorporate the Franklin Park in the center city plans agenda. The program creates a plan and advances the goals for addressing open spaces and park needs in the city. The park has been listed as one of the major spaces that require reinvestment on by the stakeholders. The D.C strategy for the urban parks incorporates five strategies that include coming up with new  park and redesigning the existing ones, addressing activation, management, and funding (“Can ‘Derelict’ Franklin Square Park Revive? D.C. And The Park Service Have A Plan | WAMU”).

How the park used to be, happy and healthy.

How the park used to be, happy and healthy.

How the park is know days. It needs maintenance.

How the park is now days. It needs maintenance.

The Franklin Square has a negative image due to the increased crime taking place at the park. The decline of the park has mainly been associated with the increase in the violent crimes. The cause of the crimes has been related to the riots in the black communities. Police officers were deployed to the park to maintain peace and order, and it lead to fear of going to the park or being associated with the programs and events. The park became a central area for alcohol, prostitutes and drugs. The park later became a neglected place by the city officials leading to homeless people seeking shelter on the grounds. Maintenance was rarely performed leading to walkways having cracks and falling apart thus people formed paths through the grass resulting to rocks and mud within the park and its environs.

Like every other office building areas, lunch hour is busy time. Many places to eat near One Franklin Square even food trucks come during the day. People don’t even use the park to eat their food or have picnic they just used it as a shortcut to get from one place to the other. This park could make a difference in this area if the remodeling plan of NPS and BID has a positive outcome. At night this zone changes completely, because there are no more busy office workers, but instead restaurants with many tourist and nightclubs life takes over. It’s impressive how to location across each other are so different but still share the same population.

The Franklin Square has maintained a great historical view and created a good reputation to date by re-engineering and redesigning the square to accommodate a variety of sports and recreational activities. The square has managed to accommodate flexible food kiosks, seating areas, and an improved landscape. Contrary, the Franklin Park still has room for improvement; this can get achieved by the D.C strategy to implement the five strategies that include coming up with new parks and redesigning the existing ones, addressing activation, management, and funding (“Franklin Square”). Going to my site and researching about it made me realize many things specially how is true as Sarah B. Schindler mention in “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation through Physical Design of the Built Environment” that we rarely notice every detail of the architecture of our environment, many things are made for a reason not always for decoration. As Sarah mention the armrests of a bench on a park are there to avoid people from taking naps, especially homeless, but many people would have thought it was there to separate the seats. Everything has is made for a reason you might not know it there is a big meaning to everything.

 

In this video we can see how people just go to the park to eat and how the park is not maintained.

Works Cited

“Can ‘Derelict’ Franklin Square Park Revive? D.C. And The Park Service Have A Plan | WAMU”. WAMU. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.

“Franklin Square”. Nps.gov. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.

Mercer, Jean. “The Concept Of Psychological Regression: Metaphors, Mapping, Queen Square, And Tavistock Square.”. History of Psychology 14.2 (2011): 174-196. Web.

Pollard, J. “History: The Eccentric Engineer”. Engineering & Technology 2.9 (2007): 46-46. Web.

“Welcome To One Franklin Square’s Tenant® Portal”. Onefranklinsquare.com. Web. 11 Dec. 2016.

Schindler, Sarah. “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation through Physical Design of the Built Environment.” N.p., 2015. Web. 23 Sept. 2016.

Reading Analysis #7

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

 

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Learning Spaces and its influence

The “Space and Consequences: The Impact of Different Formal Learning Spaces on Instructor and Student Behavior” article is a presentation of a research project that was quasi-experimental, which investigated the significance of a traditional classroom versus that of a technologically-equipped active learning classroom on the behavior of instructors, class activities and the behavior of students. The study on which this journal article was based on took place at the University of Minnesota and was conducted by D. Christopher Brooks, a Research Fellow at the University of Minnesota. The consequent research article was published in 2012, in the Journal of Learning Spaces.

The research involved time-series data that was collected during observations of classrooms at the university, with a focus on four major groups of variables which are; classroom activities, the behavior of instructors, behavior of students and the delivery modes used to deliver content (Brooks). The time-series data was collected using methods like interviewing faculty members, logs of course assignments, survey of students, photo surveys, focus groups and class observations (Brooks). These methods of data collection helped provide systematic evaluations of a range of examinable hypotheses in relation to the bigger research question (Brooks). Brooks provides an example of one of the methods of data collection, in which Brooks observed a class of an introductory biology course. In this method of data collection, one instructor offered two offerings of the same course to different sections of students. One section of the course was taught in an ALC (Active Learning Classroom) and another in a traditional classroom with a whiteboard, instructor podium and projection screen (Brooks).

Already, it has been established than flexible, technologically-enhanced classroom spaces were essential in boosting the performance of students, through the measure of course grades. However, this research, in particular, goes beyond these already established facts and explains exactly how these learning spaces matter (Brooks).

The research article embraces a unique and helpful approach by exploring a dimension of learning spaces that has not been examined before, by showing exactly how technologically-enhanced classroom spaces are better than traditional classrooms and exactly how they improve the performance of the students (Brooks). The research article further adopts the correct format, explaining in a clear, logical and well-arranged format the basis for the research, how it was conducted, its findings and other relevant information. The research article achieves this through the use of subsections, such as ‘Introduction’, ‘Literature Review’, ‘Data and Methods’, ‘Analysis’ and ‘Conclusion’. This makes it easier for the reader to navigate the research article and find the information they are looking for.

The author of the research article, D. Christopher Brooks, adopts a formal and scientific style of writing, whose effectiveness manifests itself in the presence of a formal tone. In writing the research article, Brooks includes scientific terms that describe studies and those that describe classroom spaces, making the article scientifically relevant and valid. This is important because it promotes the likelihood of the research article being considered seriously, as opposed to if it were written in an informal tone. Brooks also treats the topic with importance, which is evident in the manner in which he describes how he collected the data and the analysis of the data.

The research article is of particular appeal to academicians who are interested in the study of the impact of different learning spaces on the students. The study is also of importance to students, institutions and faculty, who may be interested in knowing which classroom spaces are most effective in improving grades and course performance.

Work Cited

Brooks, D. Christopher. “Space and Consequences: The impact of different formal learning spaces on instructor and student behavior.” Journal of Learning Spaces 1.2 (2012).

Reading Analysis #6

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

 

election-2

The aftermath of the 2016 elections

“AFTERMATH: Sixteen Writers on Trump’s America” is an article that appears in ‘The New Yorker’, a collection to a series of articles in response to the election of Donald Trump to the White House and what his presidency could potentially mean for the country. The series of articles, published on November 21st, 2016 are authored by sixteen writers, some of whom include Toni Morrison, Hilary Mantel, Jeffrey Toobin and Atul Gawande.

Generally, the collection of articles was a reflection of the overall feelings and expectations held by many Americans towards the presidency of Trump. The first article, titled “A Democratic Opposition”, by George Packer, begins by making a reference to the Watergate Scandal, where then President, Richard Nixon, was revealed to have abused his power by using government instruments to hide financial wrongdoings and lie to the public about the war in Vietnam(Packer, Gawande and Mantel). The article further talks about Nixon could have easily gotten away with the wrongdoings but democratic institutions and public opinion kept him in check. In the article, Packer draws a comparison between Nixon and Trump, indicating that Trump could violate the constitution through means like torturing terrorist suspects and killing their next of kin (Packer, Gawande and Mantel). Packer also points that partisan advantages and weakening of institutions that stopped Nixon will help Trump violate the constitution.

In “Health of the Nation”, Gawande talks of the mismatch between Trump and his solutions and the American fundamental values, noting that for instance, abolition of Obamacare will worsen the rising costs of health (Packer, Gawande and Mantel). In “Bryant Park: A Memoir”, Mantel discusses Trump’s brutality and his disappointment on Trump’s election, drawing on his personal experiences. In “Four-Cornered Flyover”, Hessler discusses the important role played by the simple-looking state of Colorado in Trump’s election, using anecdotal evidence (Packer, Gawande and Mantel). Toni Morrison’s “Mourning For Whiteness”is a discussion of the perpetration of hate by White Americans against Black Americans, since they feel blacks pose a threat. Morrison explores why these white voters voted for Donald Trump, indicating that most voted for him because he was an expression of their fears of the decline of white superiority (Packer, Gawande and Mantel). Jane Mayer’s “The Dark-Money Cabinet”, the irony is drawn that the corrupt people he swore to remove from government are also his largest supporters, like the Koch brothers. The rest of the articles continue to provide their criticisms of Trump’s persona and demeanor, his campaign, his upcoming presidency and a contrast between him and outgoing President, Barack Obama (Packer, Gawande and Mantel).

Most of the work in this collection of articles uses anecdotal references by the writers, which help them easily present arguments and discussions that most Americans find relatable. Most of the writers adopt a two-sided approach the topic about Trump’s election, although a significant portion of the articles are an expression of distaste and dissatisfaction with his election as President.

Most of the articles mainly appeal to non-racist white Americans and people of color, since many of the articles empathize on the threat Trump’s presidency has on the liberties of the people of color and the American public in general. It is for this same reason that the articles could be taken negatively by white, conservative Americans.

Work Cited

Packer, Gawande and Mantel. “Aftermath: Sixteen Writers on Trump’s America.” 21 November      2016. The New Yorker. 1 December 2016.

Reading Analysis #5

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

screen-shot-2016-12-11-at-8-38-59-pm

Unisex Bathrooms

          In “Making Bathrooms more ‘Accommodating’” Emily Bazelon discusses the problems that transgender people when it comes to bathroom use and the growing concern in the LGBT community. Bathrooms are essential public spaces that people cannot do without. They are however very specific based on the gender. A bathroom is either marked male or female. A person who needs to use one of these facilities has to confirm if they are entering the right room otherwise, there is risk for discomfort, one own discomfort or the discomfort of other users. Using the wrong bathroom may also lead to trouble. In some cases, there will be queues to use the female bathroom when the male is empty. This highlights one of the smaller concerns with the system (Bazelon).

          Questions have been raised about this issue by people who are transgender. The transgender group is asking for rethinking of the design; the signs used to indicate which bathroom is which as well as which bathroom to go to. There is great resistance by people to having stalls that are for all genders as well as locker rooms. It is understandable as people fear what may happen especially if men can freely go into women’s bathrooms. This fear has been used by opponents of the equal ordinance rights that were campaigning for the equal rights of people based on several factors including gender (Bazelon).

       The problem of making the bathroom more accommodating can be seen in the treatment of transgender students. They are allowed to pick the gender they want for sports and other activities and are also be referred to by the name preferred as well as the relevant pronoun. However, they are still not sure of the bathroom that transgender kids should use. There is need to make the bathrooms more accommodating for children. The term accommodate has been described as one that means to make fitting (Bazelon). This means to cater for the needs of those who are not catered for. The idea is making provisions for those who are exempted. This can be seen in the fight for rights of the disabled who could not access many buildings because they had stairs and also could not access bathrooms in many places therefore locking them out. The term accommodating has come under a lot of criticism because it seems to imply that one group comes in and alters what has been the norm. However, according to those fighting for the rights of the transgender people, the term means giving two ways. It is more about reaching a compromise.

         The separation of men and women bathrooms has been a social creation that was necessitated by the fact that women started frequenting places where men worked before. This led to the division. There were also other factors such as white women claiming that they will not use the same toilets as black women because they will get syphilis. Transgender people have to prove that they are either male or female in order to belong wherever they enter a bathroom. This seems a bit unfair as they should be comfortable wherever they go in and others around them should be comfortable as well. This is why the idea of a unisex bathroom makes more sense than having the single gender bathrooms(Bazelon). Males have urinals and urinal bowls, and this is actually a means of accommodating them though it is seen as normal. Belonging is a human need, and it is time to ensure that this is there for everyone.

Works Cited

Bazelon, Emily. “Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating’”. Nytimes.com. N.p., 2015.  Web. 2 Dec. 2016.

Annotated Bibliography #10

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

Williams, Clarence. “Police Investigate Report of Shots Fired in Downtown DC during Evening Commute.” The Washington Post, n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2016.

When I visit Franklin Square Park I had to run crossing the street because ambulance and police officers were coming. My first impression wasn’t the best but I had heard this area wasn’t the safest one. The websites takes about shot fired inside One franklin Square during rush hour a normal Wednesday. No one got injured and they never found the shorter.

This guy came from out of nowhere and decided to fire at random that is why we always have to be looking around wherever we go. It took 5 seconds for a normal day in the business district zone to turn into a chaos. This website will definitely help me talk about the obscure part of the park. I hope nothing like this occur anytime soon.

Annotated Bibliography #9

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

Morphy, Erika. “Clements Worldwide Picks One Franklin Square As Headquarters.” GlobeSt, 10 Feb. 2016. Web. 21 Nov. 2016.

Two years ago One franklin Square was 45% vacant but thanks to the movement of The Washington Post that percentage change. As part of the renewal, building owner Hines promised to make several upgrades, including refurbishing the building’s elevators, creating an internal connection to the restaurant space from the lobby, and installing automated security turnstiles (Morphy). The Clements will be moving to the 12th floor, the most modern and biggest area of the building, since they have double in revenue growth over the past five years and needed more space.

Websites like this one will help me understand better how they deal with decision making and the changes they make to accommodate everyone. That is why I like how the article ends with this quote: “Equally important, we needed space to accommodate client interaction given our current size and stature, as well as meetings with underwriters,” said CFO Tarun Chopra.

 

Annotated Bibliography #8

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

Meier, Jared. “ONE FRANKLIN SQUARE.” N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2016.

The website let us know the prime retail space at One Franklin Square, metro stops near by, daytime population, residential population, average house income and all the restaurants near the area. This website is very good for any tourist visiting one franklin square. It includes various maps each with a different concept. One map includes the metro line and tells you how far from the park it is.   Another map includes about 50 places, restaurants, stores and hotels, near the area with the its specific directions. The last map is about One franklin Square SF site plan, helps me understand better how big it actually is.

I definitely need this website for my BED exterior and interior since it gives me a better picture of franklin park surroundings. I will also include one of the maps as a picture in my project since it will help the reader understand better the area.

 

Annotated Bibliography #7

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

Neiluer, Michael. “National Park Service Advances Overhauled Franklin Square Park.” N.p., 11 Aug. 2015. Web. 22 Nov. 2016.

National Park Service is planning a major renovation of Franklin Square, 4.79-acre expanse. This part is located in the middle of DC’s central business district. The next step for the park service, which owns the square, is to finalize the design and develop an agreement with the District and the Downtown D.C. Business Improvement District to construct and manage the new park. The park project may be completed by 2017.(Neiluer)

This website talked about many thing the park has to fixed. When I visit the park I notice many of the things mentioned on this website like: the fountain lacks a filtration system, the park suffers from erosion and soil compaction, the pavement is crumbling and the benches are poorly maintained. I hope to see some big changes for the park in 2017. I know this website will help me explain better the modifications National Park Service is planning on making.

Annotated Bibliography #6

Ana Junco

College Writing

Professor Hoskins

“1301 K St NW, Washington, DC 20005.” LoopNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2016.

I learn from this website more about the spacing of One Franklin Square. Includes information like the year of the building, lot size, building size, maximum contiguous and more. The building includes two towers, constructed of polished and flame-cut granite, which rise from the base and identify the building from afar.Located on a prominent corner of K Street and 13th, the building is conveniently located near public transportation, the White House, Treasury, and K Street. (1301 K St NW)

It emphasize how the building includes a full service fitness facility, valet service, ample on-site park and the 24-hour security personnel. I learned that the EPA has recognized One Franklin Square for its superior energy efficiency. I believe the facts that are presented in this website will help my paper on the rhetorical aspect. I now have a better picture of the size and different services the building provides.