How does IC usage alter the meaning of a sentence:

  1. “Decisions about infrastructure shape more than just the physical city; those decisions also influence the way that residents and visitors experience the city”

 

  • The IC usage of a semi-colon benefit the sentence by explaining what the decisions themselves did and connecting the two IC’s with a semi-colon helps the reader create a more complete thought rather than two separate ideas.
  • Decisions about infrastructure shape more than just the physical city. Those decisions also influence the way that residents and visitors experience the city.
    • The placement of a period in place of a semi-colon creates an abrupt stop in the sentence. It separates the two thoughts rather than making two independent thoughts come together.

 

2. “Although exclusion is perhaps the most important stick in the  bundle  of  property  rights,  and  although  certain  forms  of  exclusion  can have beneficial results, this Article focuses on forms of exclusion that result in discriminatory  treatment  of  those  who  are excluded”

  • Comma and FANBOYS in the use of and
  • Subordinating Conjunction, although
  • Exclusion is perhaps the most important stick in the  bundle  of  property  rights. Certain  forms  of  exclusion  can have beneficial results, this Article focuses on forms of exclusion that result in discriminatory  treatment  of  those  who  are excluded
    • The removal of the comma and fanboys, and the original subordinating conjunction: although, the sentence becomes more direct and succinct than long and profound.

 

3. “Architectural regulation  is powerful in  part  because  it  is  unseen;  it  “allows  government  to  shape  our  actions  without  our  perceiving  that  our  experience  has  been deliberately  shaped.”22

  • The use of IC semicolon offers the ability for the first IC to be expanded upon. The use of a period(as shown below), however, creates emphasis on the analysis the author gives on architectural regulation. It allows for the following sentence to provide an explanation on what was said in the sentence prior to it.
  • Architectural regulation  is powerful in  part  because  it  is  unseen.  It  “allows  government  to  shape  our  actions  without  our  perceiving  that  our  experience  has  been deliberately  shaped.

4. “Instead, our environment contains low  bridges that might make travel  difficult  for  some,  but  we  tend  to  view  such  bridges  as  innocuous  features rather than as exclusionary objects”(22)

  • Comma, subordinating conjunction. A subordinating conjunction “but” offers a comparison between the first IC and the second.
  • Instead, our environment contains low  bridges that might make travel  difficult  for  some. We  tend  to  view  such  bridges  as  innocuous  features rather than as exclusionary objects.
    • Without the subordinating conjunction “but,” the reader often misses the comparison the author is portraying between what we view bridges as versus why our environment contains the low bridges.