Annotated Bibliographies 9 & 10


“WELCOME TO SAINT JOHN’S CHURCH.” St Johns Church, Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

This first article is written in regards to the history of St. John’s Church, a Christian church located in Washington D.C. Furthermore, it notes specific facts about St. John’s beginnings, including its origins, built by Benjamin Henry Latrobe on September 14, 1815. Interestingly, St. John’s Church is known as “the Church of the Presidents” for every President, beginning with James Madison, has attended a service at St. John’s, and is therefore registered as a National Historic Landmark. Moreover, St. John’s Church has taken part in global efforts, such as the founding of an orphanage in 1868 to aiding Christian worshipers in various parts of the world, including South Africa and Jerusalem. The final portion of this article touches upon some important, physical aspects of the Church itself. Such features include the bell in St. John’s steeple, which was engineered by Paul Revere’s son in 1822, and the 25 historic, stained glass windows. These windows were crafted in France and commissioned by the Church in 1883 and depict the Gospel of St. John, the individual the Church was named after. The final feature this article addresses is the Parish House, a building next to the church which serves as a National Historic Landmark in itself. The Parish House was occupied by Lord Ashburton in 1842, this is the same individual who negotiated U.S. Canadian borders, and therefore the Parish House is known as Ashburton House as well.

This article is especially significant to my paper due to the location of St. John’s Church. St. John’s Church is located on the outer perimeter of Lafayette Square, an area of Washington D.C. that lies North of the White House. This will allow for the investigation of whether or not religious connections are present in politics, and if they are, how. Furthermore, the close proximity of the White House to St. John’s Church will allow me to address the presidential theme of the church. Finally, due to the international influence present within  the church, I will be able to explore the Greek and American influence on the church’s location in general.



“Hotel Overview.” Hay Adams, Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

This article provides an overview on the Hay-Adams Hotel, a boutique hotel located in Downtown Washington D.C. This hotel is located adjacent to Lafayette Square, allowing for exceptional views of both St. John’s Church and the White House. Furthermore, the Hay-Adams Hotel’s prized location allows visitors to access many of Washington D.C.’s monuments via a short walk. This article also briefly addresses the history of the Hay-Adams Hotel, detailing the motive for construction of its 145 guest rooms and 21 suites in the 1920’s. Moreover, the design plans employed allows for a private atmosphere, where guests can receive outstanding service while experiencing an intimate space. Finally, the photo gallery displays images of the eloquently, lavish hotel. The gallery includes images of the ornate outer entrance, the interior lobby, aspects of the large suites, and the high level of service provided in various locations throughout the Hay-Adams Hotel.

This article pertaining to the Hay-Adams Hotel will be significant for the writing of my paper due to the fact that the hotel is located extremely close to Lafayette Square. This poses a very interesting juxtaposition, for the Hay-Adams Hotel is often regarded as a high-class traveler destination, and the portion of Lafayette Square the hotel is closest to is often regarded as more middle class. Furthermore, Lafayette Square is often portrayed as rather international due to the crowds the many National Historic Landmarks it encompasses attracts. On the other hand, the Hay-Adams Hotel assumes somewhat of a nationalistic identity. Therefore, I am interested in addressing the tensions between class distinctions associated with both Lafayette Square and the Hay-Adams Hotel.  

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