Monthly Archives: October 2016

More Than Just Campuses and Exterior Spaces: Learning Environments

      In their article, “Recognizing Campus Landscapes and as Learning Spaces,” Kathleen G. Scholl and Gowri Betrabet Gulwadi argue that natural, exterior environments function as learning spaces, such as college campuses or parks, and should be used by students as an intellectual landscape to encounter a more productive learning experience, which differ from classrooms. There has been an immense increase in the number of students in higher learning in America. In 2009 it was documented that, that year alone approximately 20.4 million students were assimilated in either 2 or a 4-year college/university. This number is extremely high, and it was later on refreshed by predictions stating that in the year 2019, this number would increase quickly to 9% of the normal number. Therefore, these elaborate figures mean that, since the number of students to be enrolled is on the high; the learning infrastructures should also be expounded as well (Scholl & Gulwadi, 2015). This will require a big financial contribution to enable growth and development of learning spaces in order to provide quality and affordable education.

       The American perception has had a constant notion explaining to us how a learning space should be integrated and composed. A university campus should be able to provide a quality kind of education to its students because they are the reflection of what the future community will look like. In order to have an experienced and poised community with elaborate decision-making skills, a university campus should be properly equipped for such results.

        Moreover, in an attempt to understand what a learning space is composed of, we should appreciate the fact that it is not entirely what is indoors that defines a learning space, according to Scholl and Gulwadi. The technology updates, the laboratories, classrooms and academic buildings are not entirely what determines a learning space. Therefore, a learning space also includes the entire campus fraternity and more so not to forget the open spaces, in other words, the outdoors (Scholl & Gulwadi, 2015). Most importantly, the outdoors has been time and again overlooked but is very mandatory by providing serenity to a learning student. One experiences peace of mind and a clear aura in the open spaces/outdoors and thus becomes intrigued in the learning experience.

         Learning space can be both indoors and open spaces; these two aspects of learning spaces enables a student to gain experience that later make him/her attain a sense of belonging to the learning area. The open space can be used by students who are majoring in disciplines such as natural resources management, agriculture, forestry and other forms of environmental based courses such as sustainability or ecology. 

       In the 1970s, students joined forces in marking the first World Earth Day during these trying times of education. This was in an attempt to show the world that the environment should be properly looked after and conserved for the sake of mankind. Without the environment there is no life and no one can survive without the aspect of them being alive (Scholl & Gulwadi, 2015). Therefore, the open space should be protected because it offers excellent ideas to students who are all round in their train of thought.

          Furthermore, a major scientific and integral political issue known as the climate change has been posed by many learning institutions; trying to merge the aspects of built and open spaces in structures such as the renowned green infrastructure.  One of the great landscape designers by the name of Frederick Law Olmstead stated in his philosophy that, a great a physical landscape is directly proportional to shaping human behavior. His philosophy continues to relay that it enables students to achieve active and experiential education rather than take up the passive or the theoretical kind of learning (Scholl & Gulwadi, 2015).

        In conclusion, we can discern that this article is objective in that it gives us a definition of what a learning space should be composed of. It is also important to take note of the open space that surrounds the built indoors and refer to it as part of the learning space.









                                                                                   Work Cited

Kathleen, Scholl G., and Gulwadi B. Gowri. “Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Spaces.” The University of North Carolina Greensboro. N.p., 01 Nov. 2015. Web. 29 Oct. 2016.

Annotated Bibliography 5

“Retail Spotlight | Progression Center.” Washington DC Economic Partnership. WDCEP, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2016.

This source talks about the Progression Place building that states which stores are at the location and where. Also, the source gives information about the offices and their locations in the Progression Place.  This page also explains how the building is still under construction. The apartment building inside of the Progression Place called the 7th flats are also mentioned.  It is also stated that the Progression Place building is approximately 2,000 square feet, and the rental rates are at 50% of market rate.

This source can help me envision the construction of the place and its interior. Also, it details how everything while is set up inside of the building. This source connects to my first source as well, which is useful to compare information from both sources. Also, since this source comes from the “Washington DC Economic Partnership” it is a reliable source that will not contain fictional information about the site.

Annotated Bibliography 4

Internet Marketing, Website Design, | MD, VA, DC. “Progression Place.” Modern, Classic Urban Style        Community Residences. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2016.

This source has information about the building on 7th and S street NW, named the Progression Place. The shops at the progression place and offices are also mentioned, giving a good detailed explanation of how the interior of the building is. The building has shops, offices, apartments, a dining area, and night-life rooms. Information about the construction of the building is included in the article as well.

This source is useful for my interior built environment description because the page contains helpful information since it describes the building with details, adding what it has and what does it offer. Shops, offices, and decorations are mentioned and explained. The dining area and night-life rooms are also described. This source is accurate and useful since it is the actual page of the building. Also, it can help me see the differences or similarities between the source and the actual location of the Progression Place.

The Accommodation in Bathrooms for All Genders

       In her article, “Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating,” Emily Bazelon argues that bathrooms stopped being private and separate for genders, and now are opened to everyone in some places that have allowed the person to choose which bathroom they would like to enter in accordance to what they consider their gender is to accommodate their needs, but allowing anyone to enter to some public bathroom can evoke discomfort to people such as woman being uncomfortable using bathrooms with men inside even if they consider themselves a female. Now, transgenders have asked society  to rethink and change the rules that separate male from females.

         Bazelon states that many people refuse to share bathrooms with people of the opposite sex, and many people protested against the use of shared bathroom, as in Houston, Texas, where “voters rejected a broad equal rights ordinance that protected against discrimination in housing and employment, as well as public spaces, on the basis of several categories, including age and race along with sexual orientation and gender identity.” (Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating’). Citizens were in disagreement of the mixture of genders in one bathroom because of the disturbances mixing men and women can cause.

         Similar to bathrooms, gender identity and sexual orientation are also present at schools and universities, since students state which pronouns they use, and are allowed to enter any team of the gender they which refer to. But the idea of picking which bathroom they should enter has become a much more profound topic and argument because the use of bathrooms has to do with privacy. Many people are starting to accommodate transgenders with no choice, in other words, even if they do not want to because now this action is being related to civil rights. Many people feel that mixing genders in a bathroom is uncomfortable, but many people argue that everybody has the right to “fit in”.

         In order for everybody to feel comfortable and fit in, people need to be accommodated regarding how they feel comfortable. Bazelon depicts that accommodation is practical for everybody, and it is not fair that transgenders are not being accommodated just to accommodate females. Transgenders should feel comfortable and be treated like they belong wherever they feel identified, but, “it’s about relatively small adjustments for the sake of coexistence.” (Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating’). Although it is very hard for all people to come to an agreement since everybody has different opinions, many solutions can be enforced about the idea of “accommodation”, and not just the accommodation of transgenders, but of everybody, no matter their gender or their title.

         Society has entitled people and has created a cultural idea that men and women should be segregated, use different areas such as bathroom and locker rooms, and complete different tasks. The idea aforementioned has not benefited transgenders because people are going against their norms and they are not having the right to be accommodated. Now that many places are allowing the entrance to transgenders in the opposite-gender bathroom, many girls are feeling uncomfortable, but the purpose of allowing the entrance to anyone was to accommodate the needs of everyone, including transgenders. Transgenders feel that they fit in when they are in the bathroom or any room that goes along with the gender they identify themselves with. Therefore, transgenders have the civil right to be accommodated as they wish, just like everybody else.








                                                                          Works Cited

Bazelon, Emily. “Making Bathrooms More ‘Accommodating’. The New York Times.” The New   York Times – Breaking News, World News & Multimedia, 17 Nov. 2015, Accessed 23 Oct. 2016.

Commonplace-book Entry #5

“Shall Property owned by the University System of Georgia and utilized by providers of college and university student housing and other facilities continue to be exempt from taxation to keep costs affordable?”

  1. Shall property owned by the University System of Georgia continue to be exempt from taxation to keep costs affordable?
  2. shall, continue, exempt, taxation
  3. The unknown author created this sentence to make the audience think about the possibilities of having taxation or not. This sentence lets the audience process the situation and the doubt that is being stated in the sentence. Also, the audience can be several people such as the faculty of the university, the board, or even the students.

-The sentence is not very easy to read since it contains extra information in the middle of the subject and the verb.

The Mystery of 7th and S street: John’s Place

John’s Place was a tiny nightclub during the 1990s that no longer exists, right in the corner of 714 S St NW, Washington, DC. Even though the nightclub existed thirty years ago, the building is still intact. Half of the building is old and damaged; barely noticeable to the eye, but is small and dirty, with a layer of red, dusty paint on top.  As I walked around the corner of the old-fashioned liquor store, I noticed its red, old, filthy brick structure, with a typical aluminum door, which speaks of its surrounding and community close to the store. The walls are dirty, which gives a sense that the place is neglected and that the building has been existing for a long period of time. The door is a roll-up door that was commonly used at the time; it is worn off and dirty because of the climate and the years that have gone by, Yet, the dirtiness of the old door fits into the appearance of the little place in the corner of the street and adds to the appearance of an abandoned place. Right beside the door there is a window, which holds red bars, very simple, yet with an intricate design right in the middle. Other than this the facade of this half of the building does not hold much more, but the other half emits a positive feeling. The wall is entirely painted with graffiti art. Multi-color lines filled the wall, giving a sense of melody, as an old man who is painted as well is singing. As I viewed the man signing on the wall I thought to myself, “it is possible that this image which represents music foreshadows John’s place since it was a nightclub”? I was very intrigued by the art since the wall was the only “pop of color” the whole block had. Although the wall is painted with colorful graffiti, the place seems empty and lonely; it emits an obscure and dark impression. There is a strange coldness that the place presents, nobody walks by to give a welcoming warmth to the area. It would not be obvious to the viewer that place was a nightclub. The small, squared building is surrounded with big, long buildings, which makes the building of “John’s Place” stand out. The brick building is different than the rest since most of the buildings in the area are sleek, with a clear-cut, modern aspect.

The streets are wide, but not many cars pass by nor people walk around the area. The place is isolated and it seems to be that only the people who live around are who walk by, because it is not a place for tourists. The atmosphere is murky, lonely, and mysterious. This abandonment points out a history that this place holds and that occurred many years ago before the nightclub closed. This mysteriousness of the area leads to dangerous activity that occurred close of and in front of John’s Place, such as the crime that happened only three blocks away from John’s Place where one person died and eight were injured (The Washington Post). This incident left everyone frightened and traumatized. Crimes were happening closer and closer to John’s Place until a murder scene occurred right in front of the doors of John’s Place. One morning, at approximately 1:30 am, two armed men entered the nightclub intending to kill a 20-year-old man called Robert Lee Walker. After the two men shot Walker, they shot people who were on the middle of the way of their escape, leaving five people with shotgun wounds and two dead. As well as another victim who died approximately 40 feet away from John’s Place. (Ruben Castaneda, The Washington Post). This is one of the largest “deadliest outbursts” in Washington, DC throughout the 1990s. The building of John’s Place has a history, and more information keeps adding up as time passes.

John’s Place was a nightclub that was opened around the 1990s, now it is nothing more than a building with a graffiti wall, and a liquor store that is around the corner from the original entrance. Is there much more left of John’s Place? Or is it just the wall that is there to tell the story that still remains untold?










Works Cited

Castaneda, Ruben. “4 SLAIN, 2 HURT IN NW CLUB.” Washington Post. The Washington Post, 25 Feb. 1990. Web. 05 Oct. 2016.

Wheeler, Linda, and Wendy Melillo. “D.C. Market Shooting Kills 1, Injures 8.” Washington Post. The Washington Post, 01 Apr. 1994. Web. 02 Oct. 2016.

Commonplace: picture entry

commonplace-book-assignment-1        This picture is stating that those bathrooms can be used by anyone, and their identity or circumstance has no importance. Everybody is allowed to enter bathroom, use it, and even lock it. This sign is located on the door for an easy-read; makes the people want to read it because of the location it is at. When the sign is “right at your face”, it is very difficult to ignore it. By this, it also allow many people to read its statement and be aware. The author of the sign is The American University’s Housing and Dining programs. The sign is authored because it demonstrates that the sign is true and valid, and it was not written by “anybody”. Since the sign is authored, it also gives the name of who people can contact for further information, questions, or concerns about the topic.

Annotated Bibliography #3

Carla Sofia Fuente

Professor Hoskins

College Writing

6 October 2016

Castaneda, Ruben. “4 SLAIN, 2 HURT IN NW CLUB.” Washington Post. The Washington Post, 25 Feb. 1990.             Web. 05 Oct. 2016.

This article states that police forces searched for suspects that created a murder scene since two were left dead in front of a Nightclub called “John’s place”. Apparently, the murderers were looking for a specific man called “Robert Lee” who at the time was 20 years old.

This source is useful as research because it has detailed information of one of the crimes that occurred in front of ‘John’s Place”. What makes this source most important is that the author is Ruben Castaneda himself, the same author of the book “S Street Rising”, which is where I got the location from. I can compare the scene that occurred in the book with the scene described in this article from “The Washington Post”.





Annotated Bibliography #2

Carla Sofia Fuente

Professor Hoskins

College Writing

6 October 2016

Additional Homicide Arrest: 1700 Block of 7th Street, NW. N.p., 28 Jan. 2014. Web. 03 Oct. 2016.

This article states a police report about a homicide that occurred on the block of 1700 7th St NW. This source also displays a good amount of specific details such as the setting, people involved, and the action that followed. It depicts how a 30-year-old man named Michael Edward Jones killed a group of men, and was later arrested.

This source is useful for my built environment description because it contains helpful information about a homicide on the block of 1700 7th St NW. Also, this source relates to first source, so together they provide a good amount of information about the scene that happened on July 7, 2012.


Annotated Bibliography #1

Carla Sofia Fuente

Professor Hoskins

College Writing

6 October 2016

Wheeler, Linda, and Wendy Melillo. “D.C. Market Shooting Kills 1, Injures 8.” Washington Post. The Washington Post, 01 Apr. 1994. Web. 02 Oct. 2016.

This is an article which states and describes a criminal action that occurred in the area of 1700 7th St NW, exactly in front of John’s place. The area located three blocks away from John’s place has been referred as an area where drug trafficking occurs. The drug trafficking incident seems to not be related to the crime that occurred in front of John’s place, where four people were killed and two were injured.

This source is useful since it contains and describes information that will help me develop and untangle the history of 1700 7th St NW. It is a reliable source because the information comes from “The Washington Post”, where true information is posted as news for citizens in Washington DC; it does not contain bias opinion, just facts that occur.  Also, the source’s authors are stated clearly.