In Scholl and Giwaldi’s article, “Recognizing Campus Landscapes as Learning Places,” they argue that the physical makeup, of the modern day college campus, has an effect on student’s cognitive learning and performance levels at the given institution.
The article breaks down two concepts that are practical rubrics to use when examining the effectiveness of a university’s campus. The first is the campus’s, “direct and indirect attention and restoration,” and the second is, “a holistic landscape,” (Scholl and Giwaldi 3). Scholl and Giwaldi support their claims on these two concepts by developing scholarly sources that support each ideal. To enhance the argument on the “attention and restoration,” of a campus, Scholl and Giwaldi cite the “Attention and Restoration Theory” which explains that humans have stronger cognitive ability when located near nature; this is because nature helps the human mind recover and improves attention spans (9). Scholl and Giwaldi form their argument with a logos appeal behind a scientific theory that supports the need for recovery areas to increase student performance on campus.
The second concept, of a holistic campus, refers to the ability of students to have three different types of interaction: “incidental, indirect, and intentional” (Scholl and Giwaldi 12). This quote refers to the interactions that occur within the campus. In other words, a educational campus must have the ability to encourage social interactions with its physical landscape. Education does not only come from when you are in the classroom. Rather, a large portion of your college education comes from experiences outside of classroom and on campus.
Scholl and Giwaldi develop an argument for how campus’s should be constructed with logos appeals.
In the final chapter of David Fleming’s book, City of Rhetoric, he outlines a vision of a very difficult, yet possible revitalization of a more inclusive public sphere in American cities.
Fleming uses the final chapter of his book in particular to summarize his main points he pushes throughout the book, emphasize how these points could work in the real world, and how rhetoric of physical spaces matter. He leaves the reader on a hopeful note, almost with a plan on how to change urban areas. Fleming writes that he is hopeful because of the human need and desire for a, “strong public” which he sees in the young people of the United States (214). In fact, his soul message of how to change revolves around the youngest people of the country. Fleming also explains that in order to enhance our public spheres we must, “make our schools more civic… [and] make our cities more educational” (209). Fleming believes that we must create a better and more inclusive reform to education to strengthen city areas.
Fleming uses the final chapter of his book as a call to action to change what we create in our city’s public circles by physical landscape. The whole book was used to explained how and why physical objects affect people’s interactions. However, the final chapter continues a step further to explain why this actually matters and what we, as informed citizens, can do to fix it.
This week, in my common place, I have decided to review the logo for my favorite fast food chain from back in California: In-N-Out. In-N-Out has been around since the 1940s and has been one of the few fast food companies that have not gone public or changed since their origin. There is something special in the fact that the In-N-Out logo has stayed the same since it opened all the way back in 1948. It gives people the feel of being in the past.
“Prints & Photographs Reading Room | Prints & Photographs Division – Library of Congress.” Webpage. Accessed April 20, 2017. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/.
In this section of the Library of Congress’s website, they have a display of public images throughout history in individual areas of DC. The section that I will use specifically will be the section on Buzzard point which has about one hundred photos of the area throughout the 1900s. The Library of Congress has comprised this data base of photos of individual areas and presented them all virtually in this website.
I plan to use the website to establish a multimodal aspect to my project that aligns pictures of Buzzard Point in the modern day to compare them with Buzzard Point throughout the 1900s to show its limited change over time. I can use these images to make an observation of Buzzard Point in relation to the rest of DC as a whole.
“Google Earth.” Accessed April 20, 2017. https://earth.google.com/web/@0,0,-24018.82718741a,36750128.22569847d,35y,0h,0t,0r/data=CgAoAQ.
“Google Earth” combines satellite imagery from the past and present to present an easy to use platform that allows users to view areas of the world. The platform shows satellite or animated imagery from any part of the world and gives certain years you can view the area in.
I can use “Google Earth” in my project to capture satellite images over time in Buzzard Point. By taking these satellite images, I can compare the change over time and to what Buzzard Point looks like now.
Public Draft. Buzzard Point Vision Framework + Implementation Plan. Washington D.C., Office of Planning. https://dmped.dc.gov/sites/default/files/dc/sites/config/publication/attachments/Draft%20Buzzard_Point_Vision_Framework_%26%20Implementation%20Plan.pdf
The Public Draft of Buzzard Point Vision Framework + Implementation Plan gives an extensive view on the current state of Buzzard Point and the future that is soon in store for it. The ninety plus page public draft informs of what the current build up of buzzard point is, and why it is so industrial, to then focus on what changes will come with a new soccer stadium and how these changes will be implemented. The draft is obviously very pro Buzzard Point Soccer Stadium because it is published by the committees that have voted to let the MLS build here. As far as public announcements of city planning goes, this will be the most dense and useful transcript of planning I will be able to find.
This article will be helpful for me because it gives me the ability to directly cite from city planners on what the changes will be. It combines a descriptive view on the current barren and industrial state of Buzzard Point that I can use in my interior/ cultural descriptions. It is nice to have an actual document that is published by the government that is planning this to use in further papers.
O’Connell, Jonathan, and Jacqueline Dupree. “A Walking tour in Pictures: Buzzard Point, where D.C. United Plans its stadium” The Washington Post, WP Company, 14 Nov. 2013, www.washingtonpost.com/business/capitalbusiness/a-walking-tour-in-pictures-buzzard-point-where-dc-united-plans-its-stadium/2013/11/14/6bfa0bfc-4779-11e3-bf0c-cebf37c6f484_story.html?utm_term. Accessed 26 Mar. 2017.
O’Connell and Dupree’s article, from the Washington Post, “A Walking tour in Pictures: Buzzard Point, where D.C. United Plans its stadium” gives primarily visual input by comparing current photos of Buzzard Point to planned sketches. The article starts with a brief five paragraph background before launching into a series of visuals that give a lot of context into what I am studying. The series of photos are comprised of both sketches of what Buzzard Point will soon look like and photos of the current state of Buzzard Point.
The way that this article is comprised is similar to my first digi docs assignment, where I took pictures of the place and explained what it meant. However, the drawings and visuals of what Buzzard Point is planned to look like will be very helpful for my project because I can use these sketches to discuss the polar change coming for this area. All of my sources thus far have only been word based so this will be effective to add visual components to my argument.
“Buzzard Point Urban Design Framework | Op.” Accessed April 10, 2017. https://planning.dc.gov/page/buzzard-point-urban-design-framework.
This is the website of D.C. planning which is a valuable tool for my research. This section of the website defines what is approved and happening in Buzzard Point. It also gives descriptions on its current state which I can use to strengthen my logos by discussing its modern build up.
I plan to use this website to check on what has been approved and is actually happening in Buzzard Point. It will be helpful to use D.C. local government’s own words rather than my own discussing issues.
Goldchain, Michelle. “Brand New Mixed-Use, Block-Long Project Proposed for Buzzard Point.” Curbed DC, March 2, 2017. http://dc.curbed.com/2017/3/2/14791964/project-buzzard-point.
In this article by, Michelle Goldchain, she provides a multimodal description of a new block plan for Buzzard Point’s border on the Anacostia river. The article explains how this new plan will incorporate a retail, restaurant, and even housing all within one block. From the graphics, it seems like the proposed space will be where the current Buzzard Point Marina is set (that is closing soon).
This article gives me a look past just a new condo structure in Buzzard Point. From it, I have graphics, explanations, and even sketches of another outlet that is set to be in Buzzard Point soon. The article will help me get a better feel and estimate on what Buzzard Point will look like in the future.
“National Park Service – PEPC – Buzzard Point Development Concept Site Plan.” Accessed April 12, 2017. https://parkplanning.nps.gov/projectHome.cfm?projectID=62603.
This webpage from the National Park Service informs us of an entirely new angle on Buzzard Point. The web page is asking for help and providing an opportunity to restructure the park and make it better and more accessible. It is basically asking for ideas on how to make Buzzard Point into a better area and park.
I can use this article to introduce a whole new angle on the stadium. Buzzard Point park will be right next to the stadium and even it is trying to keep up with all the renovations happening in this area. The stadium has been discussed but not the park located right next to it. They seem to be dialectics.
“Buzzard Point’s Potential Growth Raises Concerns for Nearby Residents | Capital Community News.” Accessed April 12, 2017. http://www.capitalcommunitynews.com/content/buzzard-point%E2%80%99s-potential-growth-raises-concerns-nearby-residents.
In the article, Buzzard Point’s Potential Growth Raises Concerns for Nearby Residents, Courtney emphasizes and discusses consequences to development plans will have on current Buzzard Point residents. Courtney discusses how there is a large lack of transportation in the area which has always been a concern for those living in B point. Now there will be thousands of more people coming to this area and still no central public transportation system.
Courtney’s article is the first that I have seen of concern for residents in this area. I can use his argument about transportation to make this project actually matter as a stance on an important issue. Housing prices will be raised substantially already. There needs to be inexpensive public transportation that is accessible in this area.
This photo of the exterior of Buzzard Point perfectly encompasses its two primary services at this current time: housing and industry. The background is where National’s Stadium is. The exterior markings of Buzzard Point show the intense dialectic that is in its current atmosphere.
This is a fence from The National Defense University. The fence marks the extension of the exterior of Buzzard Point that the public is openly allowed in. When Audi Stadium is built, there will be a stark contrast between the exterior versus its interior. This wall will be the divide between the commercial, living area of Buzzard Point, and the National University.
This a photo of Buzzard Point Power plant when it was first constructed in 1920. This digital archive could lead to something more to show the transformation of Buzzard Point. Look at the exterior of the photo; there is nothing there except the power plant. Both sides of the Anacostia River look barren with nothing that makes up the exterior. Contrast this with a photo of modern day Buzzard Point: