Annotated Bibliography 7 & 8

Annotated Bibliography 7 & 8

Gringlas, Sam. “Old Confronts New In A Gentrifying D.C. Neighborhood.” Accessed April 12, 2017.

In his Old Confronts New in a Gentrifying D.C. Neighborhood author Sam Gringlas goes about researching the impact of gentrification on the once “Chocolate City” through personal testimonials from natives of the the Shaw area. In his article his he uses both interview  and visuals to show the distinct change that D.C. has gone through throughout the years. Native of the Shaw area share their frustration with Gringlas using  such words as “privilege” “epidemic” “constrict” and phrases such as “pressure on housing” and “take advantage” to share with Gringlas the fast pace changes that they are forced to put up with despite the years of living in the neighborhood. Gringlas goes the extra mile and shows what the native in the community are doing to make sure their neighborhoods and loved one are okay showing visuals such as Thanksgiving meals in the Kennedy Recreation Center, on 7th street and the barbershop. Gringlas shows a side that they are making a way for themselves  and though there is frustration that haven’t completely lost hope of their identity in the neighborhood they continue to support one another.

I believe that personal testimonies and encounters from the minorities that are the natives in the Shaw area and other neighborhood where there is displacement occurring will add balance and a sense of connection with what is going on in these neighborhoods. Gringlas uses pathos in his article to make sure that readers are understanding the impact whether it be negative or positive that these changes have.

Sturtevant, Lisa. “The New District of Columbia: What Population Growth and Demographic Change Mean for the City.” Journal of Urban Affairs 36, no. 2 (May 1, 2014): 276–99. doi:10.1111/juaf.12035.

In her The New District of Columbia: What Population Growth and Demographic Change Men for the City Lisa Sturtevant uses statistics from over a period of time to show what the “trends” that have occurred in the D.C. area and the impact that it had has in areas such as housing, jobs, political and economic aspects because of displacement. Sturtevant uses such phrases as “unprecedented pace” to verbalize the growing pace of the newcomers .Sturtevant explains such a surge of newcomers coming into because of the job and housing opportunities that are available here. This might possibly suggest that there entrance into such neighborhood as Shaw is not necessarily ill will though it is showing the the privilege that the majority of individuals moving into their areas have over them. She discusses the “urban population” and possible impact of such changes might have it.

Having actual demographic trends set forth to compare and contrast the differences throughout a set time will help the reader visualize the actual changes that have gone on. Another thing that this article is able to do is give a concrete reasoning as to why there is so many newcomers coming to the D.C. area. Though the way in which they have come is, have negatively impacted many of the natives in Shaw among other areas. understanding why will also put into perspective what conversations need to be had when it comes to making everyone involved content in some way.

Annotated Bibliography 5 & 6


Annotated Bibliography: 5 & 6

Asch, Chris Myers, and Derek Musgrove. “Not Gone, Not Forgotten: Struggling over History in a Gentrifying D.C.” Washington Post. Accessed April 10, 2017.

In their Not Gone, Not Forgotten: Struggling over History in a Gentrifying D.C. authors Chris Myers and Derek Musgrove give a brief history concerning displacement of certain groups of people, mainly African Americans and Latinos in the D.C. area (one area being Shaw my location for this project). Meyers and Musgrove use such keywords as “history” “struggling”  “fear” and “fighting” to emphasize the hardships that minority groups are going through when it comes to being physically displaced due to the need for the D.C. area to renovate and in their eyes become a better D.C. What is then called out if the need that individuals with power in D.C. have to make things “whiter” and “wealthier” because to outsiders it looks more pretty, however, to the native Washingtonians that understand the culture feel the need to protect their history from the newcomers that are taking their places before it’s too late.

I want to use Myers and Musgrove’s article for my essay for the portion of history and the importance of having the voices of the natives to be heard. In a sense it isn’t necessarily about just the minorities fighting their own struggles there are native Washingtonians, in general, that might not necessarily be while that understand the severity and wrongfulness of the idea of displacement. What is going on in areas such as 5th & O Shaw is the physical removal of the people that were forced to be there in some cases in the first place. Though those natives understand that there will be circumstances where they can no longer live there, they do not want their history to be forgotten at the end of the day.


Ledbetter, Danielle, and Waite Kaylah. “Is D.C. Still the Chocolate City?” Truth Be Told, November 10, 2015.

In their article Is D.C. Still The Chocolate City authors Danielle Ledbetter and Kaylah Waite give the history of Washington D.C. being one of the “blackest” cities in the United States since the 1970s this reiterating the fact that was is seen today does not match the history of what D.C. has been. Ledbetter and Waite explaining the story behind the nickname of “Chocolate City” for the nation’s capital explaining how the Shaw area was “booming” with black businesses. There are such phrases as “white flight” “The Plan” and “take back” explaining how the idea of white families and individuals moving into areas such as Shaw has been something that has been occurring since the 1950s. The idea of displacement then has is not a new twenty-first century phenomenon rather, it has been happening is the dawn of the “Chocolate City” era and now the population has just gotten larger. Phrases such as “black constituents” are used to explain in thorough detail of the mass of minority individuals and families that walked around the areas where nowadays might not be more than a handful of minority families in sight.

I would use this particular article for the statistics that has within in to help the reader actually visualize the differences throughout the years of the displacement that has gone on in areas such as Shaw. Having such article use the nickname of “Chocolate City” to be the name of almost surprising and knowing the story behind that is an important part of the telling the stories of my built-in environment.

Rhetorical Situations and Sentence Structures (commonplace 11)

American University sign for Inclusive bathroom

A sign such as this shows the new types of conversations that we are having in 2017. In our current society, we need such “inclusive” spaces because of the different types of people that surround us. To have a college campus, a place that is for the most part, whether a private or public institution sticks to traditions and a certain type of life that is structured and serious have the bravery to presents its willings to advocate and support a new type of community that is arising in this world is very transformative. There are such word such
as “inclusive” “appreciate” and such phrases as “gender identity” sets a positive dialogue among all individuals and groups that use our institutions everyday, while still making sure that everyone stays comfortable stating such lines as, “If feel the need to lock the room while using it, there is a lock located on the main door to this restroom” which allows individuals to now feel ashamed or feel judged for not being ready to be as open and quite willing to share such an intimate part of an individual’s daily life. It shows that American University is paying attention to all the people that are such campuses, it sets them apart presenting itself as a campus and community that is accepting. It starts the rhetoric or accepting and loving the person for not who/what they identify as but the person they are on the inside and what they are willing and can contribute to the A.U society. The same way that the saying “once, an eagle always an eagle” creates a sense of family and love such a sign and space as an inclusive bathroom does the same, it is a sense of comfort to all types of people in A.U. 

Music that would accompany the mood of the American University Inclusive Restroom Rhetoric would be…

Logo of The University of Georgia

“Shall property owned by the University System of Georgia and utilized by providers of college and university student housing and other facilities continue to be exempt from taxation to keep costs affordable?”

Property seems to be the root of this direct quote, the first words that are stated in the quote is, “shall property owned…” hence there is a sense of importance stressed on identifying what the property is and what is allowed to happen to it. There is an obvious entitlement, power and seriousness surround such conversations that will be sparked because of this question. There are such words as “property” “utilized” “exempt” and “affordable.” With the rhetorical situations that will be presented with such question one can say there will be obvious biases that are struck out on the side of the students and keeping the costs of what they “utilize” more “affordable”. This leading sentence has a speaker behind it that is specifically asking and in some ways demanding lower costs for the students which leads the person who is reading the question to assume that the speaker and creator of this question sympathizes with the position that the student is being placed in, which is one that is inferior to the university they go to. The use of “system” presents to the reader that there is an obvious imbalance in the actors that are connected to the question, which is then being called out as unfair. It then makes the reader assume that there is an overarching problem within the university’s community when it comes to the power struggle and voices that are being heard which then can be applied to not The University of Georgia but institutions throughout the nation.  

Music that would accompany the accompany the mood concerning affordable housing for students at The University of Georgia would be…