Annotated Bibliography 5-8

Deeben, John P. “The Records of the D.C. Metropolitan Police, 1861-1930.” National Archives, 15 Aug. 2016,

In the article “The Records of the D.C. Metropolitan Police, 1861-1930” John P. Deeben argues that the records from the mid-1800’s to the early 1930’s provide helpful insights into the history and social constructs on the nation’s capital. As Deeben explains, the district was patrolled by outside police forces from the late 1700’s to the early 1800’s. This changed in the mid-1800’s and continued to evolve as time passed. In the article, Deeben explains, “…the Civil War in April 1861 dramatically changed law enforcement in the national capital,” and continues on to give background on how this led to the first official Metropolitan Police Department in August 1861. Deeben then goes on to explain the diversity of records the police department kept. From information about police personnel and their duties to records about crimes, the article explains the kinds of details that went into the records. Finally, Deeben explains the use of annual records and how they were used to, “provide a detailed overview of the activities of the force as well as the nature of crime in the District.” These records, as Deeben explains, provided statistics and lists of common complaints for the District.

This article is an exhibit source since it can be analyzed and used to make further interpretations about the DC MPD. The ways in which the department changed can be seen throughout the progression of the article and can be used to compare the department now to how it was around 150 years ago. The ways in which records were kept back in the 1800-1900’s can be compared and contrasted to the ways in which records are kept now. For example, all records likely have basic information on them such as the names, heights, and weights of the subjects. Furthermore, this source gives background information about the formation of the MPD. It gives a brief summary of the events that led to the first police force in the District and can be used to examine the events that shape the department.


Gilmore, Matthew B. “What Once Was ‘Dignified, restrained, and well-proportioned’: the Making of the District of Columbia Municipal Building.” The In Towner, 17 Feb. 2016,

A Plan of DC

In the article “What Once Was ‘Dignified, restrained, and well-proportioned’: the Making of the District of Columbia Municipal Building”  Matthew B. Gilmore argues the the Municipal Building (AKA the Henry J. Daly Building) has deteriorated greatly since it was first built. Gilmore begins his article with a quote from D.C.’s current mayor, Muriel Bowser. As Bowser explains, the Henry J. Daly Building is currently in an unfit state for any sort of activity. Gilmore then goes on to explain how the construction of the Municipal Building was a big deal and relates the current state of the building to the, “deadness of Pennsylvania Avenue east of the White House.” It is then explained that Pennsylvania Avenue was originally designated to be the home of multiple municipal buildings but the proposals from the late 1800’s were never built. Furthermore, the article goes into the changing of head architects and how that affected the plans for the area. Gilmore concludes that the construction of the Municipal Building and the disruption of the area around it created a subsection of the city that is set apart from the rest.

This article is an argument since it can be used to further the claim that the Henry J. Daly Building is in subpar conditions. Furthermore, this article can also be used to look at the environment around the Headquarters. Without reading this article, I would not have known the reason for the current layout of the city around Judiciary Square. Looking at the DC MPD HQ in comparison to the surrounding environment also makes it possible to see the parallels between the building itself and the portion of the city it resides in.


Lyons, Linda. “Nathan C Wyeth and the ‘Greco Deco’ Style Part Two: The Municipal Center.” Trans-Lux, vol. 19, no. 2, June 2001,


In the article “Nathan C Wyeth and the ‘Greco Deco’ Style Part Two: The Municipal Center” Linda Lyons argues that the Municipal Center (AKA the Henry J Daly Building) is a work of art in D.C. even though it does not follow architect Nathan Wyeth’s normal style. Lyons begins her article explaining how Wyeth’s designs were typically in the Beaux Art style and how Wyeth designed the Municipal Center along with two other building in more of an Art Moderne style. The article continues by explaining some of the specific aspects of the architecture and some of the carvings that surround the building. Despite being controversial, the carvings, as Lyons describes, are part of the “artistic freedom” that attempt to describe and symbolize the DC MPD. Lyons concludes her article with the idea that some things never change, and she includes nearly identical newspaper articles from nearly 3 decades apart.

This article is a background source since it provides information regarding the architecture of the building. The article explains what some of the carvings surrounding the building mean as well as the controversies regarding them. Without the article, I would not know about these small details which I could potentially use as the topos for my final project. Furthermore, this article gives insight into the architectural styles that Nathan Wyeth used and how he strayed away from his typical designs when he designed the MPD headquarters.


McDermott, Ryan M. “Peter Newsham, Interim D.C. Police Chief, Appointed as Head of Metropolitan Police Department.” The Washington Times, Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.

In the article “Interim Chief Newsham appointed to lead D.C. Metropolitan Police Department” Ryan M. McDermott argues that interim police chief Peter Newsham shows promise in leading the MPD. McDermott begins the article by explaining that former chief Cathy L. Lanier stepped down in September 2016 and Newsham has will be interim chief for the time being. The article then continues to discuss Newsham’s previous accomplishments and the potential for Newsham to be elected permanent chief of police. As McDermott explains in terms of electing Newsham as chief, “Chief Newsham… received praise from several high-level officials.” Furthermore, McDermott goes on to elaborate on different city official’s opinions of Newsham as chief. Overall, the article leads to the conclusion that Newsham has a lot of potential to be the new chief of police seeing as he is focused on doing what’s best for the city and its people.

This article can be considered a method source because there are clear parallels that can be drawn between the Henry J. Daly Building and the switching of police chiefs. Although it may be a stretch, I believe that the current police headquarters parallels the former police chief while interim chief Newsham parallels a new solution for the building. Furthermore, the process of finding a new police chief provides insight into how the system works in terms of electing new officials.


Photo 1 from


Photo 2 taken by author

Be Interesting.

“In heaven, all of the interesting people are missing.” -Friedrich Nietzsche  

In this quote, Nietzsche jabs at religion by mocking heaven. Typically, people who are good and just are said to go to heaven. This, however, means that the people who go to heaven follow the rules and did not attempt to branch out into the unkown in their lives on earth. By Nietzsche’s logic, people who are interesting are the ones who experiment in the course of their lives and aren’t afraid to mess up. The people who are most interesting do not care about going to heaven as long as they actually live their lives as opposed to playing it safe and sticking to the rules. For example, Nietzsche would likely say that someone like Adolf Hitler was interesting. Although Hitler is known for being one of the most horrendous dictators the world has ever seen, he dared to go beyond what was known in terms of ruling a European country. It can more than likely be agreed that Hitler did not end up in heaven no matter religion you look at, but Hitler still did what no one else dared to do which makes him interesting. Nietzsche’s quote can also be examined on a smaller scale. A person does not have to be nearly as morally corrupt as Hitler to be considered interesting and still not go to heaven. There are choices that we make every day that make us interesting and contribute to whether or not we end up in Heaven. For example, it might be considered “right” for a college student to sit inside all day and do all of his or her homework. However, said student might choose to go exploring instead. While this student is not doing the “right” things, he or she is experiencing life and learning things that could not be learned by doing homework.