Annotated Bibliography 5 & 6

Scott, Catherine. “A Brief Guide to the Benefits of Urban Green Spaces.” LEAF (2012): n. pag. Web. 10 Apr. 2017.

In “A Brief Guide to the Benefits of Urban Green Spaces”, Catherine Scotts discusses the impacts of green spaces in urban communities. More specifically, she highlights that green spaces should be essential in communities for they have a positive impact on the health and well-being of not only the citizens but the temperature, climate change, air quality, flooding/water quality, wildlife habitats, and on the economy. For example, “Urban green spaces provide pleasant areas to relax and socialize, promoting greater levels of social activity and stronger neighborhood relationships”. In this passage, Scotts exemplifies how green spaces shape communities. For Scotts, then, green spaces have a vital positive impact on the ecology and citizens of communities.

Scotts guide will be used as a background source because this information will be relevant to the atmosphere that my built environment, Dupont Circle, provides for they have two strategically placed green spaces in their urban community.

The Cultural Landscape Foundation. “Landscape Information.” N.p., 2016. Web. 10 Apr. 2017.

Picture of the green space in Dupont Circle. It can be observed that the park is a populated shared environment.
Picture of the central fountain in the green space of Dupont Circle.

In their page ‘Landscape Information’, The Cultural Landscape Foundation (TCLF) describes Dupont Circle’s primary park (green area). More specifically, it gives a physical description of the park and its management. For example, TCLS writes, “Today the 2.25-acre park features a densely treed green space encircled by a paved concrete walk lined with benches and intersected by walkways which align with the adjacent avenues…The park is managed by the National Park Service and was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1978”. In this passage, the TCLS gives background on the green space of Dupont Circle. For The Cultural Landscape Foundation, then, it is important to provide data on the landscape information of parks, in this case the main green space of Dupont Circle.

In combination with the previous annotated bibliography I will use this source as background to help piece together the impact that this designed landscape has on the atmosphere of Dupont Circle.

Annotated Bibliography 9 and 10

In Google’s Maps a marker of the building 1623 in Dupont Circle (embedded above)  in Google Map’s Street View feature will be used. More specifically, the street view feature will be used because you can see via images how that street has changed over time. By seeing the different buildings that have resided alongside the building 1623  one can get a sense of the nature of the market changes that have occurred, and based on this future changes can be speculated.

For these reasons, I plan to use these maps as exhibits. I will analyze these exhibits for my argument that the building 1623 is in danger of being replaced by a market that is changing to cater a specific population (the analysis can be found in my Exterior and Political Digital Archives).

Weiss, Eric M. “NW Businesses Fear Skyrocketing Taxes Will Push Them Out.” The Washington Post. N.p., 20 Nov. 2005. Web. 19 Apr. 2017.

In the Washington Posts article “New Business Fear Skyrocketing Taxes will Push Them Out“, Eric M. Weiss exemplifies effects of increasing rents and taxes on the market. More specifically, situations where the markets increasing rents and taxes has allowed for the replacement of struggling local independent business for wealthy chain stores. For example, Weiss writes, “Some city business owners worry that rising taxes will do what riots, recessions, crime and crack did not: push them out. If they do go, they will take with them much of the eclectic character that has made such places as U Street a magnet for the new and affluent. And if the past is prologue, these longtime independent businesses could be replaced by those that can afford the higher taxes and rents: national chains such as Starbucks and the Gap”. In this passage, Weiss perfectly exemplifies the loss of regions iconic character due to increasing taxes; something that is not only happening in Dupont Circle but all over the District of Colombia.

Weiss’ stories will serve as exhibits for my argument that Dupont Circle’s small independent business are in danger of disappearing. Upon proving the possibility that the Dupont Circle Club is in danger of being pushed out I will then ponder if the business can survive online? As many of the business that have been pushed out have done.


Annotated Bibliography 7 & 8


List of the rehabilitation facilities for recovering alcoholics, full list can be found here.
A map with the pinned locations of the rehabilitation facilities in the District of Colombia, can be found here.

Washington Area Intergroup Association. “Meetings.” N.p., 2017. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

In the Washington Area Intergroup Association (WAIA) website a map and list of all the Alcoholics Anonymous (A.A.) meeting centers available in the District of Colombia (DC) is provided. More specifically, WAIA presents itself as a service board of representatives from the Washington Area whose purpose is to do service work by spreading the message of A.A. across the DC area. For example, some of the work that they do includes: answering the A.A. phones, publishing the locations and times of meetings, sponsoring area events, etc. For WAIA, then, providing victims of substance abuse with the tools to get better is important to them.

I will use the map of A.A. meeting locations as a background source because it provides good geographical context for my complex local system (CLS) in comparison to other rehabilitation and meeting facilities. Based on this map I will create a new map with the locations of not all but some of the facilities who use a religious approach to their programs to create a relationship with the religious program of the Dupont Circle Club (DCC).


A map of the Dupont Circle boundaries
A pin of the location of the DCC
A map of the DC boundaries

“Dupont Circle Club, Inc. – Google Maps.” N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

“Dupont Circle Map – Google Search.” N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

“Washington – Google Maps.” N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Apr. 2017.

In Google Maps, Google allows you to search for regions, pin locations, trace routes, etc. More specifically, Google allows you to define regional boundaries. For example, these three maps from trace the boundaries of three systems: the Dupont Circle Club (DCC), Dupont Circle, and Washington, District of Colombia. In these maps, geographical boundaries can be used to build context of where the DCC resides and how that directly affects it.

By tracing the boundaries of these three systems I can analyze how the margins directly affect things such as a populations religious affiliations compared to the affiliations of the people outside the boundaries. This relationship can then be applied to rehabilitation facilities inside the margins and outside.  Therefore, I would use these maps as background or general information.

Annotated Bibliography 3 & 4

“Understanding the Principles of Feng Shui.” N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2017.

In the article “Understanding the Principles of Feng Shui”, highlights the importance of the relationship between the environment and human life. More specifically, it gives a description of the generally accepted concept of Feng Shui. For example, “Feng Shui (pronounced “fung shway”) examines how the placement of things and objects within it affect the energy flow in your living environment, and how these objects interact with and influence your personal energy flow. Your personal energy flow affects how you think and act, which in turn affects how well you perform and succeed in your personal and professional life”. In this passage, suggests that Feng Shui affects us in our everyday life even if we don’t notice it. For, then, they aim to open people’s minds to the influence and importance that Feng Shui has in their lives.

I plan to use this source about Feng Shui as background that will support my arguments about how the religious interiors of the Dupont Circle Club affect the progress of individuals in this recovery facility.


Segan, Sascha. “Dupont Circle: Where Art and Eccentricity Meet.” The Washington Post Company 1997. Web.

A Washington Post “Dupont Circle: Where Art and Eccentricity Meet”, Sascha Segan lists Dupont Circles diverse business to show how they attract a mixture of people that give Dupont Circle it’s iconic reputation. More specifically, it provides evidence that Dupont Circle offers a welcoming setting for all kinds of individuals. For example, Sascha writes, “The result today is a social goulash of yuppies, gay and straight; a few young families and long-term residents”. In this passage, Sascha shows that the ambience of Dupont Circle allows for the co-existence of all kinds of people. For Sascha, then, what makes Dupont Circle iconic in the people that it attracts is due to the shops, restaurants, clubs, and businesses that it houses.

A big part of the success of the Dupont Circle Club is whether its setting will allow for its members to feel comfortable enough to go to the club. Therefore, I will use this source as background for my essay because it provides foundational concepts of the culture of Dupont Circle that are relevant to the members of the Dupont Circle Club.

Annotated Bibliography 1 & 2

“About Us.” DCCA, Dupont Circle Citizens Association, Accessed 30 Apr. 2017. 

The Dupont Circle Citizens Association header on their website.




In the Dupont Circle Citizens Association (DCCA) website the ‘About Us’ page gives a description of Dupont Circle. More specifically, it briefly describes the ecology, diversity, history, safety, and the nature of Dupont Circle’s residents. For example, the DCCA writes, “One of Dupont Circle’s great strengths is its cultural, economic, ethnic, sexual, and commercial diversity. Over the years, DCCA has supported a number of efforts to protect that broad diversity,…”. In this passage, the DCCA gives insight into Dupont Circle’s diversity and also shows their interest to promote and conserve it. For the DCCA, then, informing people about the nature of Dupont Circle and their initiatives to conserve, support, and stimulate it is significant.

The DCCA’s ‘About Us’ page will serve as a background because looking at the DCCA’s initiatives and goals is going to be a good basis on how the future of Dupont Circle is going to affect the future of The Dupont Circle Club.

“History.” Dupont Circle Club, Dupont Circle Club, 2016, Accessed 30 Apr. 2017.

In the history tab of the Dupont Circle Club’s (DCC) website, the DCC goes through a brief background on the club. More specifically, the page presents the date the DCC opened, November of 1989, the reason it was created, and what it currently offers. For example, the DCC writes, “Today we provide space for about eighty-five recovery meetings each week… These meetings bring hundreds of people a week into the rooms of DCC. Our central location, a block north of Dupont Circle provides for a rich diversity of ethnicity, class, gender, and geographic origin, with many out-of-town visitors. The Dupont Circle Club is honored to be part of the recovery community and we exist to help support all those who seek recovery to become more happy, joyous, and free.” In this passage, the DCC gives existing and potential members insight into how welcoming they are of all people. For the DCC, then, making sure people know where they came from and what that they welcome all backgrounds is important.

I plan to use this as a background source for general information about the Dupont Circle Club. A key component of this investigation is observing and relating what The Dupont Circle Club was and the changes that have made it what it is today to predict its future. Therefore, the history page is a key element in this because guides us through their evolution.