Annotated Bibliography 1

  1. Schindler, S. (2015). Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment. The Yale Law Journal, 124(1934), 2015th ser.


Comment: Sarah Schindler does a great job describing how architecture both unconsciously and consciously creates social and economic discrimination. For example she states that in Atlanta, “the lack of public-transit connections to areas North of the city makes it difficult for those who rely on transit – primarily the poor and people of color – to access job opportunities located in those suburbs”. Understanding how our built environment affects our social interactions and how it creates burrows of different races and economic conditions is the focus of Schindler’s journal. She stresses that from original plans, “cities were constructed in ways – including by erecting physical barriers – that made it very difficult for people to get from one side of town to access the other”.

This journal is important because it helps us understand how humans unconsciously/consciously build or play with housing market prices to discriminate social classes. Is it embezzled in our nature to create physical barriers to surround ourselves by people of our same social class and race? Sarah Schindler’s article is useful for my research because it explains how the actual physical barriers and distinctive locations are built and why. This helps explain the process of change through the years in , “14th and Ust. NW, Washington, D.C.” because using another city we can apply the same form of thought to this specific location. This article will help tie in all other resources that mention new restaurants or new meeting centers, from a bar, to a government building or apartment complex, schindler helps us understand the physical environment of any site.

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