Annotated Bibliography

  1. Shinn, David H. “Ethiopia: The ‘ Exit Generation’ and Future Leaders.” International Journal of Ethiopian Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, 1 July 2003, pp. 21-32. JSTOR Accessesed 27 Apr. 2017.


In, “Ethiopia: The “Exit Generation” and Future Leaders” by David H Shinn argues a concluded study understanding the increase in Ethiopia’s brain drain to more developed countries, such as the United States, and Western European Nations. The article states that since the Derg Government, which was toppled in 1991, Ethiopians with higher levels of education such as secondary college education tended to leave the country in search for better opportunities elsewhere (Shinn pp.21). “This analysis looks at the impact of the Brain Drain, key demographic data, the importance of democratization, and several economic and social issues that will help determine Ethiopia’s future” (Shinn pp.22). One of the main factors in establishing the future leaders of the country is the effects of the national Brain Drain, how highly educated individuals that leave the country leave for less educated and violent leaders to rise up to power. The article was first published in 2003, providing a more in depth understanding of how the strong immigration of Ethiopian nationals to the western developed world has had negative effects and stagnated development for the country.

This journal article is very useful for my research, specifically with understanding the culture and history of what pushed the strong presence of Ethiopian communities in D.C. To further understand the culture and the initial causes of the creation of the small restaurant, “Lalibela” is safe to assume to share a similar history to the one studied in this article. Through political influence, and limited opportunities the analysis within the article makes sure to explain why ethiopian immigrants tend to be highly educated and close knit communities. This is key when describing and understand a local ethnic place in the heart of Washington D.C. The same culture that is being kept alive today at this small restaurant, and in one of the new up-coming neighborhoods of the city has definitely been affected by the Brain Drain described by Shinn. When i first was attended by the owner at Lalibela i noticed the highly mannered and educated man that was not only our waiter but the owner of the restaurant. It is not hard to notice that the level of education and reason held by the owner of the small local restaurant is not of a common individual but a man of higher secondary education. Perhaps this small Ethiopian corner in 14th st D.C. is a haven to those who took education to its last level in their country but were forced, because of political instability and corruption to seek opportunities in the other side of the world.

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