Annotated Bibliography

  1. Chacko, Elizabeth. “Identity And Assimilation Among Young Ethiopian Immigrants In Metropolitan Washington*.” Geographical Review, vol. 93, no. 4, 2010, pp. 491-506.,


Elizabeth Chacko, published in 2005 a study examining the effects and specifics of second generation African Immigrants in the United States, focusing on Ethiopians (Chacko pp.491). In the article, “Identity and Assimilation Among Young Ethiopian  Immigrants in Metropolitan Washington”, Chacko looks to identify the differences among second generation Ethiopians that migrated to the U.S. before the age of 12, born in the U.S., or at least have on parent that immigrated to the U.S. (Chacko pp.491-492). Washington D.C. holds 22 percent of the Ethiopian immigrants in the United States, of which the majority migrated during the 80’s and 90’s before Ethiopia experienced a military coup by the Democratic Party established in Ethiopia and who took over in 1991 (Chacko pp.491). The author goes in depth describing what takes for an immigrant to attain success in the united states to which, “the ability to identify with and feel at home in the host society has long been considered a necessary ingredient for immigrant success (Chacko pp.493). The article explains the history of African Immigrants, and the distribution of such in the Washington Metropolitan area of D.C. Maryland, Virginia, and its surrounding areas.

Understanding the displacement of the Ethiopian community and its history of migration not only to the United States but to its capital city specifically. This article explains how african immigrants successfully established themselves in the late decades of the 20th century, which is important to understand the 1st and second generations of Ethiopians that gather at “Lalibela” restaurant regularly. The following article can be helpful to understand why and where african immigrants decided to settle where they settled. It also brings to light the different nationalities that also sent many refugees and immigrants to the United States like Eritrea. The history behind the displacement and mobilization of African Immigrants in the United States, is important because it brings up questions to why different nationalities settled in different cities, states, and locations across the U.S. The article by Chacko helps the reader understand that besides migration caused through word of mouth, there are other factors that determine where a specific nationality of refugees or immigrants settle, environment, feeling of home, and welcomeness buy the local population are all factors to which affect the settlements of many immigrants. Having knowledge of how settlements arise, this article may help explaining why the specific location of Lalibela, has provided good grounds for its long time success, popularity, and respect in the neighborhood.

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