Category: wrtg101s17

Annotated Bibliography 5

Wilkinson, Richard G, and Kate E. Pickett. “Income Inequality and Social Dysfunction.” Annual Review of Sociology, vol.35, no. 2009, 6 Apr. 2009, pp. 493-511., doi: 10.1146/annurev-soc-070308-115926. Accessed 9 Apr. 2017

The authors, Wilkinson and Pickett, aim to clearly demonstrate how income inequality causes, “mental illness, violence, imprisonment, lack of trust, teenage births, obesity, drug abuse, and poor educational performance in schoolchildren are all more common in more unequal societies”. The authors are demonstrating the effects of unequal societies in a broader sense and how it affect the vast majority of populations. As stated in their abstract before the text they aim to explain how, “these relationships are likely to reflect a sensitivity of health and social problems to the scale of social stratification and status competition, underpinned by societal differences in material inequality”.

This is a good source for my research because it helps, in a more broader sense, how income inequality can tie into the changing scene of the infamous “U st Corridor”. Along with my other sites and documents arguing about how a location is built, influenced, and the specific history about my location, this site takes a step back and talks abou the effects off an unequal society, and this is easily relatable to the site one sees today at, “ 14th and U st. NW”. While popular speakeasies, nightclubs, and restaurants all prosper, there is still a site of extreme poverty at the location and this resource can help explain how the increasing gap of inequality in the United States helps explain the physical sightings of the site today. Drug users are seen walking on the same streets as affluent individuals.

Annotated Bibliography 6

  1. “About 14th & V.” Busboys and Poets: 14th & V, 2012, Accessed 7 Apr. 2017

The author of the Website for the conglomeration “Busboys and Poets” establishes well why they decided to partner up with a local bookstore, “Politics & Prose” of the infamous U st. Corridor. “The U st Corridor has long been a center of DC’s cultural and activist scene with places like the Lincoln Theatre, the Howard Theatre, Ben’s Chilli Bowl, Bohemian Caverns and other historic clubs and venues serving as the hub for politics and artistry” is the first description as to why the specific location at 14th and V. Sharing values in historic culture, DC underground black culture of comedy, poetry, etc. The “Bus Boys & Poets” makes the claim that with its presence at the scene they  will continue to foster the creation of urban poetry, looking to re-establish the “U-street Corridor” as it was once known, the “Black Broadway” before Harlem took over as the center for black culture, in Jazz, and other forms of music. The group is essentially trying to restore the strong presence of African American culture into the Corridor.

The following resource is useful for demonstrating how there are certain groups that see the value of the location i am focused on. This site can really go along with other texts such as the one i used for my first essay, to show that the location once had glory and it can come back, which it certainly has slowly. This resource is helpful in demonstrating the change over time of the location, and how the specific location at “U st” has cultural importance as well as historic significance.

Reading Analysis 4

“Toward a New Sociospatial Dialectic”

In part three of City Rhetoric by David Fleming, the author begins to argue how history of segregation, urban fencing and contemporary population demographics make it hard to promote common places and governed states that dramatically break the troubled past of this particular neighborhood and is capable of greater involvement in the multicultural global economy (Fleming, Loc. 2625). More accurately the author states that we need to find a way, “to encourage participation by ordinary people in the self-determination of their own communities but within a context that forces them to work with others very different from themselves” (Loc. 2625). The author, specifically to chapter eight, breaks away from stating historic facts of social segregation and urban exclusion in the city of Chicago, to state how the city specifically those of the South Side of the city, the black belt, to how the current state of the city won’t allow improvement for those who suffer from these devastating effects. The author questions whether the understanding and facts stated in parts one and two of the book might help us attain information even improve our understanding, theories, practices, and pedagogues of public life (Loc. 2640).

We learn that the idea of a common place is much more than just physical in today’s globalized world, we now live tied together by ideas, shared values, and shared knowledge. The surroundings of our upbringings and the built environments to which we call home teach us that, “place matters, and this is as true for rhetoric as for education and employment” (Loc.2650). We have been led to believe that the environment is of complete irrelevance because we have thought of “man” as, in essence, a godlike creature: self-sufficient, self-governed, and self motivating, although somewhat accurate, the author challenges that our built environment our place of origin matters, and is true to all aspects of access to education and labor that allows individuals to get ahead in society. Today’s largest issues, particularly in the United States, is the history of racial segregation and clustering, which leads to ghettos and creates distinct, not only physical, but cultural backgrounds as well. Indirectly cultural clash has caused Physical Marginalization which is both a cause and effect of social, economic, and political Marginalization (Loc.2724). David Fleming is leading our understanding to how we are indoctrinated to believe our built environment affects our role in society as purely self driven, and self chosen, to actually realizing that where we live, might have actually physical and intellectual limitations, that dictates our role in the commonwealth.

Understanding that we are strongly influenced from our physical and cultural environments, we learn that we fall into similarity with the people in our communities. We house ourselves in areas with people that share our same interests, ideas, and culture. Moreover the author poses a compelling question: is it possible in today’s United States, a patchwork of diversity imbued with an equally incongruent set of ideologies, for citizens to prosper mutually?

Project: Rhetorical Analysis of a Text

Never-Ending Excitement on 14th Street:
“Swank and Style: The New 14th Street scene Everyone’s talking about.”

Washington D.C. has a history, at one point, during the second half of the 20th century, a drug epidemic hit the African American community. This rapidly increased crime rates in the city and started to popularly be known as the “Murder Capital”. Whether aware or not of the city’s past, strong police presence and an abundance of homeless men on the streets, can cause a state of insecurity in anyone’s mind. Specifically a well-off, successful, young immigrant to the city. It is almost certain that young affluent individuals that move to Washington, will not lack the energy to experience the city’s nightlife and the experience of meeting new people. Others of their same stature and common interest. While looking online for bars, speakeasies, without the site of college students, and fine dining restaurants with a loud scene to go to for a Saturday night; you will probably land yourself somewhere along D.C.’s infamous “14th Street”. Once known to light up at night with Prostitutes and Gunshots, is now invaded by day and night with young, single, “rich” individuals that don’t mind spending top dollar on impressing a date or simply get to know a different side of D.C. (Middle Right: ‘Destination DC Logo’), which is not an official government website, gives the sense of security and trust to its reader, as if it was a government site. The site however belongs to a, “private, non-profit corporation with a membership of 875+ businesses and organizations that support the DC travel and Tourism Sector” called Destination DC. Partners include American Express, American Airlines, Amtrak Railway Services, Washington Nationals, Big Bus Tours, and United Airlines. Having extensive reach with the city’s tourist, the site’s main audience is mostly tourists, new residents to D.C., or locals that want to get the are a little better. ( )

In an attempt, by Destination D.C., to promote the visit of a new crowd to D.C.’s famous “14th Street”, the website reaches out to young, single, affluent individuals that are looking for a new and hip place to get to know people of the same similarity. With a large movement of high-end restaurants, bistros, “Chic” pubs and bars to the physical Site along the mid city area; famously known as the “14th and U St. Corridor”; the location is a migration point for energetic and thirsty young successful individuals to gather. In an article published on titled, “Never-Ending Excitement on 14th Street: ‘Swank and style: The New 14th Street scene everyone’s talking about’” ( a list of nineteen locations is provided, that are new, trending, and hip to go to at the Site. What is presented as a list is more like a “nineteen step guideline” of how to spend an entire weekend at “14th Street” eating high-quality multi-course meals, drinking local craft-beers, and wasting your hard earned week’s salary in one/two nights.

The bright colors, beautifully images of the street’s skyline, and sense of formality that the website,, gives out to its reader, truly gives it a sense of a “.gov” site. This establishes trust and the choice of title is remarkably set up in a way to fool any educated individual, making it almost irresistible to not visit the, “New, swank and style” at “14th Street”. The “New” within the title suggests that the area has undergone a complete change and that it is unfamiliar to that street, which it once was, of danger. An old, “primary coping zone for heroin” in the mid-city area of D.C. (Castaneda). However, if one walks through the street today, to notice that this isn’t the case, isn’t a wild observation. Homeless still sleep on the streets and a strong police presence is needed to control the occasional junkie getting out o f hand. The “New” in the title can really misguide the image of a newcomer walking for the first time through the street. does a great job of dealing with that problem, providing each attraction on the list with its designated “Insider Info” comment to make the reader feel more like a local, giving them a heads up of what to expect, what to order, or even in what “vibe” to be in when going into the, “Black Cat”.

An article, which initially addresses a broad type of audience claiming that, “the 14th Street scene has an experience for everyone. Locals and Visitors…”. However as the article starts to develop, its obvious that the targeted reader is of a wealthy background. With the first restaurant on the list being part of the Michelin Guide, number one on the list is the Pearl Dive with a scene described in the site as, “For all the new upscale restaurants arriving nearby, Pearl Dive has been a popular mainstay, mixing jorts and Chanel jackets. Festivities at the bar overflow onto the sidewalk patio, where the raw bar has a second window”. Accompanied by a description of plates garnished and filled with local oysters and duck confit. Within an audience predominantly English speaking, the understanding of the French word, “confit” is limited to a certain audience with knowledge of the language or high culture of culinary standards. Both traits indicate higher levels of education and in some cases wealth behind that education, characteristics that limit the extent of the audience to a select socio-economic level of individuals. To tourists or first timer’s on the street there might be a blind spot in the scope of the article of the site, because the area in which the restaurant sits is not home to locals that fit that characteristic, at least not the residents of the area’s recent history.

After luring its reader in with mesmerizing images of mussels sitting on a creamy white wine sauce, cozy and vibrant restaurants, it’s quite hard to stop reading the article once you are by, “#4”. (Previous Bottom Right: #2 “B Too”, Logan Circle, Washington D.C.) By the time you are through number five on the list you are slowly being tailored into following the 19 step guide-line to enjoying “14 Street” as wants you too. Church Key is the turning point of the adventure through the physical Site, the reader is now being lured into experiencing an, “unmatched local craft brewery that offers craft tap beers that won’t be able to be found anywhere else” (#5). (Bottom: #5 “ChurchKey”, 1337 14th Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20005) If you fall into this “hook”, then your night can turn into a very “different” and exciting experience in a new revived street, a product of gentrification. A few of the local taps and you’ll surely be on your way towards “Doi Moi” (#6), a very high end large lounge type restaurant to keep up with drinks and have a nice gourmet meal. For a more serious audience looking for a quiet evening, makes sure not leave out, “Le Diplomat” (#6). It is well established in the article that the location, “14th Street”, has enough spots to fill up all hours of the day and night. The article has a well established audience, one who is looking for late night excitement and stopped by the ATM on its way over there, tipical to a young crowd with an above average disposable income. After a good and pricey dinner, those who opted for a long night are redirected in steps 11 and 12 (Black Cat, Black Whiskey ‘Respectively’). (Bottom: “Black Cat”, 1811 14th Street NW, Washington D.C., 20009)

For those who had an expensive and filling night at, “Le Diplomat” (#8) and probably have the means and time to take a second look at the street, at a different time, perhaps a sunny day, can have a nice brunch at, “Masa 14 & El Centro DF” (#14) with a refreshing mojito or mimosa. Maybe the reader enjoyed his single night out at, “Black Cat” met someone and proceeded to follow the sites ( advice and have a, “cozy and warm, outfitted with vintage furnishing and unique fixtures” at, “Compass Rose” (#12) to impress his first date. Using his “local” knowledge, provided on the site’s, “Insider Info” for each and every destination on the list,, makes sure that the audience they are targeting are well informed to use what this have at disposal and already at hand, combined with the sites gatherings to provide a fully joyful visit to, “14th Street”. For a first timer, the article; probably first time reader; lures in affluent, mid-twenties, individuals to enjoy an exciting side of D.C. Nothing is left out, the different, hip, new, Chic, “14th Street” nineteen step guide is complete, from head to toe, well thought out list to attract young, energetic, affluent, mid-twenties to mid-thirties successful clients to the re-born street.

First addressing a broad audience, promising experiences to all types of people, is quickly narrowed down to a more selected resourceful target audience. The first flag of narrowing selection is the price ranges of most of the the destinations on the list. Scenes of, “Chanel jackets” and venues of, “chic scale to impress any date” is short for, +$25 plates and +$20 cocktails. However the Site is easily accessed and carries an easy domain ( for anyone to run by it online. This creates awareness and promoting a hip new rising street, with new things, new ideas, but limit it to a well funded crowd. Desire promotes a market and making, “14th Street” “The” place to be is just what the chief executives of Destination D.C. aim to promote. Similar to a snowballing effect, by first promoting small and local businesses that attracts young affluent people you promote a rather highly educated and resourceful population migration to the area, which increases housing demand. Capturing new “niche” and varied age-group markets is essentially what promotes tourism, investment, and development. In this specific case, establishing a once broken down street, victim to drug violence and addiction, as a, “New, Swank, and style” is perfect for targeting those looking something outside of the college scene but not quite at the stage of having wine in bed. The article aims for the sleek, urban, prosperous citizen, tourist, visitor of D.C.

1.Never-Ending Excitement on 14th Street. (2017, February 06). Retrieved from

2.Schindler, S. (2015). Architectual Exclusion: Descrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment. The Yale Law Journal, (124), 1934th ser. doi:

3.Castaneda, R. (2014). S Street rising: Crack, murder, and redemption in D.C. New York: Bloomsbury USA.