Systematic Structures influences on Society

Could the systems already in place affect and influence surrounding communities? Is government that influential when pertaining to one’s thoughts? In his City of Rhetoric, author David Fleming argues how systematic structures influence the way society is formed. He discusses how built systems can control society’s viewpoints and believes these influences have more to do with physical structures. While discussing the physical structures and built systems, Fleming explores the way community living environments in particular areas such as towns, villages, and counties. Through his exploration, Fleming notes that these commonplaces and topois shape human experience and identity. Fleming uses examples such as political parties to argue that point across.

Image result for chicago gentrification politics

located in a Chicago neighborhood

“Both republicanism and liberalism were tied to systems of exclusion, enslavement, and violence and based on models of “publicity” that are no longer acceptable: republicanism, with its subordination of the individual to the community; liberalism, with its dream of an unencumbered self whose rights are set over against the community. In rejecting these, we also reject the old notions of political space and time on which they were based, and we commit ourselves to crafting an alternative political ecology” (30).

Within this, Fleming discusses how both political parties have changed and influenced surrounding communities, which has caused shifts within. These shifts have caused uproars in communities, in which violence and mentalities are altered. This idea is very true and very reflective to what is happening within current society. An example would include the start of the 2017 presidency and the rocky start America is having during the Trump reign.


Fleming, David. City of Rhetoric. Ithaca, US: SUNY Press, 2008. Web. 15 February 2017.

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