Annotated Bibliographies 9 and 10

Asch, Chris Myers, and Derek Musgrove. “Not Gone, Not Forgotten: Struggling over History in a Gentrifying D.C.” Washington Post. Accessed April 20, 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/therootdc/post/not-gone-not-forgotten-struggling-over-history-in-a-gentrifying-dc/2012/10/18/09ad8c24-1941-11e2-b97b-3ae53cdeaf69_blog.html.

In their Not Gone, Not Forgotten: Struggling over History in a Gentrifying D.C., authors Chris Myers and Derek Musgrove are giving readers a brief history of the D.C. population demographics and are exploring the roles minorities play within communities. According to the authors, African Americans and Latinos are currently at a physical displacement and are culturally being alienated due to the effects of gentrification and changes being made within various communities such as Shaw-Howard. Through Myers and Musgroves’s use of pathos, the authors use terms such as “struggles”, “displacement”, and “battles” to express concern for minority groups and remind readers of the adversities.  The authors not only try to inform readers of the displacement, but are ultimately trying to argue that the displacement is catering to a different demographic, non-minorities and outsiders. To non-minorities and outsiders of the D.C. community, these physical changes (gentrification) and building renovations are deemed as pretty and are a clear reflection of wealth and economic status. Native Washingtonians and minorities interpret these changes as a loss, especially since there is a destruction of community property and lack of history and cultural preservation.

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Renovated S street apartment

I want to use this article for my upcoming mapping commonplaces assignment. Through this article I have a better understanding of how displacement, especially within D.C., affects communities and can destroy cultural and historical preservation efforts. Myself as a D.C. resident, acknowledges the truth behind the article and also agrees that gentrification is enacting as a barrier for communities. For my upcoming assignment, I am focusing on the 7th and S street Shaw-Howard community. Within this neighborhood, various members of the the 7th and S street community are currently working on tackling this issue. Members from the local church communities donated money to help provide more low income housing complexes. However, destruction of other various properties are becoming more apparent within the neighborhood. Through this article, I will have a better understanding of how native Washingtonians, especially in Shaw-Howard, feel about gentrification and I gain a sense of perspective.

 

 

 

Shani O Hilton. “Confessions of a Black Gentrifier” Washington City Paper. Accessed April 20, 2017. http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/news/article/13040540/confessions-of-a-black-dc-gentrifier

In her Confessions of a Black Gentrifier, author Shani O. Hilton investigates the population demographics within the African American community in D.C. and addresses how gentrification is directly affecting African Americans. Through her research, she delves into the local sceneries and explores Washington D.C. neighborhoods such as Shaw-Howard and gains insight. Within this search, Hilton addresses gentrification and how gentrification is negatively affecting the African American community. From the perspectives of native Washingtonian residents and victims of gentrification, Hilton uses their interviews to understand the drastic changes happening among the local communities and negative effects gentrification is having on the lives of African American native residents. She structures her article as blog post from the perspective of a black gentrifier exploring once predominately black communities, but now filled with non-minorities. Through her use of pathos, she utilizes terms such as “difficult”, “pressuring”, and “struggling”  to argue her point African Americans are struggling to stay afloat and remain in their communities. Through Hilton’s exploration, she learns that native residents are being pressured to leave their premises, despite the fact that most of these local residents have been apart of the community for decades and there is a growing loss of culture. Ultimately, Hilton uses this article to portray the behind the scenes of gentrification within black communities and how it personally individuals.

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Marvin Gaye Mural Located on 7th and S street

I want to use this article for my upcoming mapping commonplaces assignment. After reading this article, I feel as though I gain a sense of understanding pertaining to gentrification within communities. This is important to me especially since I live in Washington D.C. and I agree that some of the changes within my community have been negative. Also, through this article I am learning how to better relate to the Shaw-Howard community. In my mapping commonplaces assignment, I am focusing on the 7th and S street community and how this predominantly black community is trying to stay afloat. Through Hilton’s use of pathos and ethos within this article, she is reminding readers to be aware of the changes within local communities.

Annotated Bibliography 7 and 8

Castaneda, Ruben. “4 SLAIN, 2 HURT IN NW CLUB.” washingtonpost.com. Accessed April 13, 2017.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1990/02/25/4-slain-2-hurt-in-nw-club/24cb2a56-7514-450a-ad6e-5d084c56fede/?utm_term=.edec12c2d9b9

In his 4 SLAIN, 2 HURT IN NW CLUB, author Ruben Castaneda reports a shooting that took place in a club called John’s Place located within the 1700 block of 7th street NW. Gunmen enter the club seeking to kill one man, Robert Lee Walker. Not only was Walker shot, five more victims were shot and four of those were died from their wounds. The article describes this as “extraordinary” due to the significant number of people killed and wounded. Castaneda uses this shooting not only to inform locals of a slain, but to explain the rise of the region’s homicide rate during the 1990s. He goes the extra mile and uses examples of other local shootings to argue the seriousness of this point. Examples such as a shooting in Landover with five deaths and a shooting within NE with three deaths were mentioned within this article. To further illustrate this point, Castaneda reports that the total of homicides within that year is 83 compared to the previous year of 84. With exaggerated terms such as “spiraled upward”, Castaneda is trying to call to the readers’ attention of how serious and dangerousness of this situation. Through the use of logos, Castaneda is ultimately reminding readers how close to home this situation is.

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The current location of John’s Place

Castaneda’s article serves great purpose for my upcoming paper within this writing course. My next major paper is focusing on the John’s Place bar, which is now no longer existent. I plan to use this article to report the previous dangers within the 1700 block of 7th street. As well, further understand how dangerous life was in D.C. during the 1990s and compare that to the present time.

 

Dvorak, Petula. “From Chocolate City to Latte City: Being black in the new D.C.” washingtonpost.com. Accessed April 13, 2017.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/from-chocolate-city-to-latte-city-being-black-in-the-new-dc/2015/10/15/c9839ce2-7360-11e5-9cbb-790369643cf9_story.html?utm_term=.0664a5f571d3

In her From Chocolate City to Latte City: Being black in the new D.C., author Petula Dvorak is calling to attention of how serious societal displacement is growing within the African American in Washington D.C. Washington D.C., formerly known as the “Chocolate City”, was home to having a large population of Black minorities. According to Dvorak, the Blacks/African Americans is decreasing to due to gentrification and societal structural changes within D.C. As well, doesn’t help much since the cost of living in D.C. is arising and the government is providing a lack of housing for long term and low income residents. The author mentions neighborhoods such as Congress Heights, known for housing numerous low-income rent controlled facilities, is now being developed to provide tourist attractions. Not only does Dvorak focus on the housing aspect, she also discussed the mistreatment African Americans are receiving. Author uses the example of an African American boy arrested for attempted robbery due to racial profiling to illustrate her point. Dvorak refers to D.C. within her article as now the “Latte City” to reiterate how displaced African Americans are within D.C. Ultimately, through the use of pathos, Dvorak is trying to remind readers of how disadvantaged and excluded African Americans are within D.C.

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The Nation’s Capital

Petula’s article is calling to attention of serious issues this is. This is article is important to me because I am an African American native Washingtonian and this does affect my well being. After viewing her article, I feel as though a silent issue pertaining to my community is being addressed and there needs to be resolutions in order to solve this dilemma.

Annotated Bibliography 5 and 6

Gringlas, Sam. “Old Confronts New In A Gentrifying D.C. Neighborhood.” NPR.org. Accessed April 9, 2017. http://www.npr.org/2017/01/16/505606317/d-c-s-gentrifying-neighborhoods-a-careful-mix-of-newcomers-and-old-timers.

In his Old Confronts New In A Gentrifying D.C. Neighborhood article, author Sam Gringlas investigates the population demographics within the African American community in D.C. Through his research, he delves into the local sceneries and explores Washington D.C. neighborhoods such as Shaw-Howard and gains insight. Within this search, Gringlas addresses gentrification and how gentrification is affecting the African American community. From the perspectives of native Washingtonian residents, Gringlas uses their interviews to understand the drastic changes happening among the local communities and negative effects gentrification is having on the lives of African American native residents. Gringlas learns that native Shaw-Howard residents are being pressured to leave their premises, despite the fact that most of these local residents have been apart of the community for decades. Many of these interviewees described their experiences as being “taken advantage of”, “pressuring”, and “difficult”; causing difficulties to thrive and keep afloat. However, despite the negative effects, residents are making efforts to demonstrate closeness within communities such as having a local Thanksgiving gathering at a local community center and having church communities support low income housing complexes. Gringlas uses this article to remind readers about the effects of gentrification on the black community and through the use of interviews, readers can gain an understanding from locals experiences.

Renovated Shaw-Howard houses

After reading this article, I feel as though I gain a sense of understanding the effects gentrification can have on a local community. This is important to me especially since I live in Washington D.C. and these personal narratives have called the seriousness of gentrification to my attention. Also, through this article I am learning how to better relate to the Shaw-Howard community. Through Gringlas’ use of pathos and ethos within this article, he is invoking a message. He is reminding readers to be cautious of the changes within local communities.

 

 

 

Stein, Perry. “Is pricey Shaw a model for retaining affordability amid regentrification?” WashingtonPost.com. Accessed April 9, 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/dc-politics/is-pricey-shaw-a-model-for-retaining-affordability-amidst-regentrification/2015/05/21/912f3504-ffde-11e4-805c-c3f407e5a9e9_story.html?utm_term=.2a8e812ceb2a

 

In his Is pricey Shaw a model for retaining affordability amid regentrification?, author Perry Stein explores the possibility of protecting housing affordability in Washington D.C. neighborhoods such as Shaw-Howard. Stein uses perspectives from D.C. government officials such as Mayor Bowser and Urban Development Secretary Julian Castro to highlight this crucial. The article mentions some of the successful efforts reinforced to aid this pressing matter such as providing more housing complexes like the Channing E. Phillips apartments and other government funded projects. Stein goes on to explain how D.C. government officials agree that urban cities need to offer more “modest means of opportunities” and other financial aids such as vouchers to gap the increasing housing costs. As well, Stein addresses the effects gentrification is having on these low income communities mentions that this idea of gentrification comes from the local scenery. Officials and new locals have used words such as “incongruous” to describe some of the deteriorating and current facilities within the low income communities. Through the use of logos, Stein ultimately tries to argue that officials are trying to make positive changes in local D.C. communities within housing. However, Stein also mentions that these changes may be inevitably good, there are still drawbacks the reconstruction and deconstruction of other buildings and community acceptance of change.

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Gentrified Shaw-Howard

After viewing this article, I understand that officials are trying to accommodate housing for residents even during the gentrification changes. I will use this article to better understand the perspectives of officials and their efforts for helping to improve communities. This is important for my next paper, especially since I am focusing on the Channing E. Phillips building. This article will help me better understand the thought process government officials have for constructing low income facilities.

Annotated Bibliography 3 and 4

Lerner, Michele. “Affordable Apartments Coming to D.C.’s Shaw”. Washington Post. Accessed March 28, 2017.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/where-we-live/wp/2015/06/25/affordable-apartments-coming-to-d-c-s-shaw/?utm_term=.ac2dbc49b289

 

In her Affordable Apartments Coming to D.C.’s Shaw, Michele Lerner uses brief background information to inform readers about the upcoming affordable housing complex Channing E. Phillips located in the Shaw-Howard neighborhood of Washington D.C. Ultimately, Lerner is not only promoting the upcoming housing complex, but is arguing that the complex will be beneficial for the community. She goes on to explain that the housing complex is named after the late civil rights leader Channing E. Phillips; formerly known for promoting efforts within antipoverty and social justice. According to Lerner, Phillips was minister of the Lincoln Temple Congressional Church in Shaw-Howard and took leadership within nonprofit housing developments such as the Housing Development Corporation. Using Philips name for the upcoming housing is essential since he left strides within the Shaw community by trying to accommodate for the low income residents. Also, Lerner promotes efforts from other members within the Shaw community pertaining to the developments of the the low income complex. Community infrastructures such as Westmoreland Congregational UCC and Lincoln Congregational Temple UCC are development partners to investing in improving the community. Both church organizations have been part of the local Shaw-Howard community since the 60s. Through this factual article, Lerner is informing readers about a housing complex which will help D.C. Shaw residents with obtaining housing with a 60% median income. Through the use of logos, Lerner agrees that the complex will be beneficial and tries to promote the positive impact the residential apartments will have.

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Channing E. Phillips building

This article is important for essay two within this class, because I am focusing on the mysterious John’s Place in Shaw-Howard. John’s Place was a former bar located in the same location as the Channing E. Phillips housing complex. It is interesting to see a former bar location being used to help tackle community housing dilemmas . I plan to use this information for my next paper, but also to learn why former establishments such as “John’s Place” were removed and if the Phillips building will be helpful for the Shaw-Howard community. Her article successfully promotes the efforts community groups are taking to help with controlling poverty and homelessness, which is important since the cost of living is arising in D.C. Lerner is bringing awareness for the importance of affordable housing and community involvement when it comes to uplifting the environment.

Giambrone, Andrew. “New Affordable Housing Building Opens Above Shaw Metro”. Washington City Paper. Accessed March 28, 2017. http://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/news/housing-complex/blog/20838656/new-affordable-housing-building-opens-above-shaw-metro

 

In his New Affordable Housing Building Opens Above Shaw Metro, author Andrew Giambrone promotes the Channing E. Phillips housing complex and tries to inform readers about residential benefits. Ultimately, Giambrone is not only promoting the upcoming housing complex, but is arguing that the complex will be beneficial for the community. Giambrone mentions within his article that the low income complex supports residents earning up to 60 percent of the area median income, which is roughly $65,000 for a family of four. Also, Giambrone mentions within the title that the complex is built near the metro, which is beneficial for city travelling and those without means of transportation such a car or bike. Similar to Lerner’s article, Giambrone acknowledges the community efforts being made to ensure this housing complex is built. One of the examples mentioned is the financial contributions from Westmoreland Congregational UCC, Lincoln Congregational Temple UCC, and the District of Columbia government, which contributed over $18 million in the housing project. As well, the author gathers support from the Mayor Bowser to illustrate how great and beneficial the complex will be. Through the use of logos, Giambrone primarily constructed this article to bring attention on affordable housing in Shaw-Howard and near the metro and promote the benefits of complex.

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Inside of the Channing E. Phillips building

This article is important for essay two within this class, because I am focusing on the former John’s Place bar previously located in Shaw-Howard. John’s Place was a former bar located in the same location as the Channing E. Phillips housing complex. Through this article, I plan to learn more about the housing complex and explore the changing Shaw-Howard neighborhood. This trying to promote the housing complex and hopefully help bring low income residents to find a home within this infrastructure. There is a lack of details pertaining to why the housing complex is being placed in that pertaining part of Shaw-Howard. Is that part of Shaw-Howard full of low income members? Or is that part of Shaw-Howard gaining the effects of gentrification? Neither of these questions were answered, but I plan to keep them in mind when it comes to this article and exploring this neighborhood.

 

Annotated Bibliography 1 and 2

Duggan, Paul. “In Gentrified Shaw, Old-Timers Offer Advice To Young — And Sometimes Naive — Newcomers”. Washington Post. Accessed February 19, 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/trafficandcommuting/in-gentrified-shaw-old-timers-offer-advice-to-young–and-sometimes-naive–newcomers/2016/11/20/a1247940-ada4-11e6-a31b-4b6397e625d0_story.html?utm_term=.9281d24e620b

The Shaw-Howard neighborhood of DC, known for housing majority elder DC residents, is the focal point for Washington DC African American culture and politics. In his In Gentrified Shaw, Old-Timers Offer Advice To Young — And Sometimes Naive — Newcomers, author Paul Duggan, discusses the history amongst the Shaw community, the rises and falls within the last few decades, and changes within the community from perspectives of the older Shaw residents. Ultimately, Duggan tries to argue that gentrification affects Shaw residents greatly due to that fact that Shaw-Howard predominantly houses ethnic minorities and low income residents. As well, the information Duggan collects is being used in his article as message and reminder for the younger generation. Duggan uses the perspectives of elder residents within Shaw’s community to better explain the changes and impact pertaining to the environment. Duggan learns that native Shaw-Howard residents are being pressured to leave their premises, despite the fact that most of these local residents have been apart of the community for decades. Through the use of pathos, many of these interviewees described their experiences as being “pressuring”, and “difficult”; causing  hardships within the communities. Ultimately, Duggan argues that gentrification is causing harmful and negative effects within Shaw-Howard and is urging the younger generation to be socially aware.

Shaw residential community

Paul’s article, especially for my research, is relevant. I am focusing my assignment on John’s Place located in the 1700 block of 7th street NW. John’s Place was a former nightclub located in the Shaw neighborhood. After reading this article, I gain a good sense of how gentrification is impacting the Shaw urban community. As well, reading this article also gave a good idea of how residents feel and are impacted by gentrification. From the experiences reported within this article, I am learning how to better relate to the community and how to communicate effectively to learn more about Shaw and John’s Place.    

 

Meyer, Eugene. “Washington’S Shaw Neighborhood Is Remade For Young Urbanites”. Nytimes.Com, Accessed February 19, 2017.  https://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/02/realestate/commercial/development-redefines-character-of-washingtons-shaw-area.html?_r=0

The Shaw neighborhood of DC, located in NW, is known for formerly housing the highest population of the urban community within Washington. In his Washington’S Shaw Neighborhood Is Remade For Young Urbanites, author Eugene Meyer describes the history and legacy of the 60s Civil Rights Movement and other efforts made within the community to form civility. Meyer describes how the neighborhood was known for housing minorities, specifically those of the African American race, and low income residents. However, the author tries to argue that building renewals and gentrification has been arising within the Shaw community during the last few years and this is affecting the current and older residents. Meyer mentions within the article that early renovation efforts create pressures on poor African American renters. African American residents are at a disadvantage, especially pertaining to the displacement of households and community reservations. Meyer conducted interviews to understand the drastic changes happening among the local communities and negative effects gentrification is having on the community. From Meyer’s observations, he learns that native Shaw-Howard residents are being pressured to leave their premises, despite the fact that most of these local residents have been apart of the community for decades. Similar to the previous article, many of these interviewees described their experiences as being “pressuring”, and “difficult”. Ultimately, Meyer argues that gentrification in Shaw-Howard is causing displacement for minorities and the older generation. Thus, causing former communities to slowly dissipate through the gentrification movement.

Currently renovated apartment buildings in Shaw

Reviewing Meyer’s article is helpful because I am currently focusing on the 1700 block of 7th street NW (John’s Place nightclub), located in the Shaw neighborhood. John’s Place was a former bar/nightclub in the 1700 block of 7th street. Even though John’s Place is not significant to the 1700 block neighborhood, there are other noteworthy aspects in the neighborhood. Through reading this article and my current exploration of the community, I have the opportunity to better understand the community dynamic and the history. Through this better understanding, I can better communicate with residents, build trust within the community, and gain more information about the mysterious John’s Place.