AUTHOR: Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM)
LAST UPDATED: 2017
TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines
KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM), guidelines, shelter
FORMATS: Downloadable PDF document, 32 pages
ABOUT THE TOOL: “These guidelines have been developed by the Global Camp Coordination Camp and Management (CCCM) Cluster in response to requests from field operations faced with the need to plan, organize, implement and coordinate camp closure as an integral part of the camp management lifecycle. They are based on a collection of existing institutional policies and guidelines as well lessons learnt from field operations, with inputs from many agencies and individual CCCM practitioners.
They are a tool to facilitate the process of planning, implementing and coordinating successful closure of camps and camp-like situations. Though the guidelines focus on internal displacement, many of the processes and practices outlined are also useful in refugee camp closure scenarios.
More specifically, the Guidelines will assist Camp Management and Camp Coordination Agencies and other relevant agencies to take the appropriate steps towards operationalizing camp closure, and intervene in strategic decisions. The document will also enable donors, as well as planning and implementing partners, to better understand the complexities of camp closure.”
ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The role of the Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster is twofold; to coordinate humanitarian actors with regards to all services provided to displaced populations within any communal settings (i.e. camps, informal settlements, collective centres); and working with the affected population to ensure representation, on-site governance and access to information about services provided.
Working with national authorities to support their responsibility to administer such sites through capacity building; expert technical support; and strategic planning to prevent and cope with massive displacement of populations; and move towards durable solutions.
Global CCCM Cluster actors ensure that systems are in place to meet minimal humanitarian standards; duplication is prevented and gaps addressed; using camps or camp-like settings as a last resort to provide assistance and protection to affected populations and exploring how to best provide services out of camps. It is also important to establish two-way communication structures that inform site residents about what is happening. Giving residents the opportunity to both participate in decisions that concern them and provide feedback to humanitarian actors.”
INTENDED USER: “These guidelines are primarily designed for use by practitioners working in camp and camp-like settings.”