AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund and American Red Cross


TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines (worksheet)

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, World Wildlife Fund, American Red Cross, guidelines, restoration, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable Word document, 8 pages




ABOUT THE TOOL: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the American Red Cross developed the Environmental Stewardship Review for Humanitarian Aid (ESR) as a tool for evaluating the environmental impacts of humanitarian aid projects with a focus on the recovery and reconstruction phases after the disaster. The ESR can, however, be used during the early relief phase as well as in longer-term development phases as the EIA elements are standardized. The ESR is meant to be completed in about one to three hours and typically includes a field visit to the proposed project site and consultation with project planners and other experts (e.g., government officials at the Environmental Ministry or Water Quality Department).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Soon after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the American Red Cross and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) formed an innovative, five-year partnership to help ensure that the recovery efforts of the American Red Cross did not have unintended negative effects on the environment. Combining the environmental expertise of WWF with the humanitarian aid expertise of the American Red Cross, the partnership has worked across the tsunami-affected region to make sure that the recovery programs include environmentally sustainable considerations, which are critical to ensuring a long-lasting recovery for communities.”

INTENDED USER: “The tool is for intended for those involved in the conception, design, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation of a humanitarian aid project. It applies as well to those involved in the various planning and implementation stages of temporary camps, permanent housing, water supply projects, livelihoods interventions, or any
other activity designed to assist communities that are recovering from disaster. Specific audiences may include project managers in the field or at headquarters, project designers, shelter and other construction professionals, monitoring and evaluation specialists, physical planners, logistics and procurement officers, donors, livelihood specialists, water and sanitation project designers and managers, and disaster risk-reduction planners. The staff of local and national government agencies, as well as environmental specialists involved in the design, review, and implementation of recovery and reconstruction projects, would also benefit from the training. It may also be used by consultants working for humanitarian aid agencies, and by specialist staff responsible for ensuring that the environmental aspects of humanitarian aid projects are addressed.”

Leave a Reply

Name and email are required. Your email address will not be published.