OCHA CMCOORD FIELD HANDBOOK

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Civil-Military Coordination

LAST UPDATED: June 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of

Humanitarian Affairs, guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 158 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

WEB LINK:

https://www.unocha.org/ (OCHA)

http://www.unocha.org/country/asia-and-pacific/what-we-do/civil-military-coordination (OCHA Civil-

Military Coordination)

https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/ROAP/Civil%20Military%20Coordination/docs/CMCoord%20Field%20Handbook%20v1.0%20(1).pdf  (tool, English PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The UN-CMCoord Field Handbook comprises of six chapters and a toolbox. To

make full use of its functions and the toolbox, it is best used online to allow access to linked

documents and references. The chapters can be used individually or in conjunction. The sections

include links to other relevant chapters, guidelines and more detailed resources in the toolbox.

1. Chapters I and II summarize key humanitarian concepts and coordination mechanisms and

outline their relevance and links to the CMCoord function.

2. Chapter III gives an overview of military organizations, mandates, concepts and military staff

functions that could serve as the CMCoord Officer’s counterpart.

3. Chapter IV is an aide memoire for the relevant CMCoord guidelines and principles; it

summarizes the key considerations and explains the roles and responsibilities of OCHA and

CMCoord Officers in implementing the guidelines.

4. Chapters V and VI provide guidance on how to implement the CMCoord tasks in natural

disasters and complex emergencies, respectively. They can be used separately from the rest

of the handbook and serve as a field manual.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for

bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also

ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: Civilian and military organizations operating in the context of humanitarian relief

operations and complex emergencies, including commanders of deployed forces in support of the

UN humanitarian agencies and liaison officers coordinating humanitarian activities with military

forces.

USAID WATER & CONFLICT TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: US Agency for International Development

LAST UPDATED: February 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, water, United States Agency for

International Development, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 52 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

https://www.usaid.gov/ (USAID)

https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/WaterConflictToolkit.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This toolkit is intended to help USAID and our partners understand the

opportunities and challenges inherent to development programming in conflicts where water is an

important issue. This document (1) explores the relationship between water, conflict, and

cooperation, (2) highlights lessons learned from relevant development and peacebuilding programs,

(3) discusses options for programming based on past USAID and development community

experiences, and (4) provides a Rapid Appraisal Guide to support officers in identifying and

evaluating the conflict risk and peacebuilding potential of water programs. Together, the elements of

this toolkit are designed to help raise awareness about the linkages between water resource

management and conflict as well as opportunities for peacebuilding and integrating a conflict

perspective into development programming.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The United States Agency for International Development is ““the lead U.S.

Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic

societies to realize their potential.”

INTENDED USER: The tool is intended for project and program staff, in USAID and other

organizations, whose work involves the use of water or otherwise affects water resources in ways

that may create conflict risks or peacebuilding opportunities.

EU-UN GUIDANCE NOTES ON LAND, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND CONFLICT PREVENTION

AUTHOR: United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, land and land use, water, fuel and

energy, minerals, impact assessment, United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF files

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/

Strengthening capacity for conflict sensitive natural resource management:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Capacity_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over extractive industries:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Extractive_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over land:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Land_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over renewable resources:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Renewable_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts in resource-rich economies:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Resource%20Rich%20Economies.pdf

Capacity Inventory:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Capacity%20Inventory.pdf

ABOUT THE TOOL: These four guidance notes, prepared as part of a UN partnership with the

European Union, provide recommended guidelines for addressing natural resources management

and conflict prevention. The notes focus, respectively, on (1) strengthening capacity for conflict

sensitive natural resource management; (2) managing and preventing conflicts over extractive

industries; (3) managing and preventing conflicts over land; and (4) managing and preventing

conflicts over renewable resources. Each note is structured around a series of case examples and

provides additional resources and recommended reading.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The United Nations (UN) Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action (the Framework Team) is an internal UN support mechanism that promotes interagency

collaboration on early preventive action by: (i) assisting UN Resident Coordinators (RC) and UN

Country Teams (UNCT) with the development of integrated strategies for proactively working with

national partners to strengthen their capacities to mediate and manage potentially divisive issues; (ii)

serving as a forum to address key crosscutting thematic issues in the fields of conflict transformation

that are of interest to its member agencies; and (iii) supporting system-wide strengthening of conflict

prevention measures through awareness-raising, experiencesharing and knowledge development

through the UN Conflict Prevention Community of Practice (CP-CoP). Operational since 1995, the

Framework Team is currently composed of 22 UN departments, agencies, funds and programmes

that work together to support the development of interagency conflict prevention/transformation

initiatives.”

INTENDED USER: “UN and EU policy-makers and practitioners who design and implement

programmes in situations where environmental drivers are a major cause of, or contributing factor to,

conflict.”

CONFLICT SENSITIVITY TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: Trόcaire

LAST UPDATED: October 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Trόcaire, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 58 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

https://www.trocaire.org/ (Trόcaire)

https://www.trocaire.org/sites/default/files/resources/policy/conflict_sensitivity_toolkit_final_version_oct_2011_1.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The tool is meant to help program staff be aware of conflict dynamics,

understand how conflict affects their programs and vice versa, and make sure that their activities do

not intensify conflict and do enhance prospects for peace. The tool contains three modules: key

conflict concepts and issues; conflict-sensitive approaches to development; and integrating conflict

sensitivity into programming.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: ‘Trócaire is an Irish charity and the overseas development agency of the

Catholic Church in Ireland. We work with partners in over 20 countries in the developing world to

empower communities to improve their lives, meet their basic needs and ensure their human dignity.

In Ireland, we raise awareness about the root causes of poverty and injustice, and advocate for

change.”

INTENDED USER: Program staff and managers seeking to take a conflict-sensitive approach within

their program activities. The tool was developed for use by Trócaire staff, particularly those working

on governance and human rights.

USAID PEACE EXCHANGE

AUTHOR: US Agency for International Development

LAST UPDATED: updated periodically

TYPE OF TOOL: knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, United States Agency for International Development, knowledge

platform

FORMAT: web site

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

https://www.usaid.gov/ (USAID)

http://www.dmeforpeace.org/peacexchange/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: Contains a keyword-searchable array of manuals, publications, training

packages, videos, and webinars on conflict analysis, conflict assessment, and conflict sensitivity.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “We are a global community of practitioners, donors, and academics who

aim to improve conflict sensitive development programming by collecting and building knowledge on

a diverse set of materials, experiences, and reflections.” The site is supported by the US Agency for

International Development, “the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global

poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential.”

INTENDED USER: The site is intended as a “space for exploration” for ‘anyone interested in conflict

sensitivity.” Resources are sorted into Beginner/Intermediate/Advanced categories. Registration is

required to access resources. Users are identified by a self-created user profile.

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE BUSINESS PRACTICE: GUIDANCE FOR EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES

AUTHOR: International Alert

LAST UPDATED: March 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, minerals, land and land use, fuel and

energy, water, International Alert, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 195 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.international-alert.org/ (International Alert)

http://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/Economy_2005_CSBPGuidanceForExtractives_All_EN_v2013.pdf  (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Conflict-sensitive business practice: Guidance for extractive industries consists

of guidance on doing business in societies at risk of conflict for field managers working across a

range of business activities, as well as headquarters staff in political risk, security, external relations

and social performance departments. It provides information on understanding conflict risk through a

series of practical documents, including: introduction to conflict-sensitive business practice (CSBP),

including an overview of the regulatory; environment for doing business in conflict-risk states;

screening tool for early identification of conflict risk; macro-level conflict risk and impact assessment

tool; project-level conflict risk and impact assessment tool; special guidance on key flashpoint issues

where conflict could arise at any point during a company’s operation.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “International Alert has been working for 30 years with people directly

affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions. Our vision is for a world where people seek to resolve

their differences peacefully; a world where, when people seek better lives for their families and

communities, they are able to manage any conflicts that may arise with honesty and wisdom, without

resorting to violence. Our mission is to build a more peaceful world by:

1. Working with people directly affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions.

2. Shaping policies and practices to support peace.

3. Collaborating with all those striving for peace to strengthen our collective voice and impact.

We work in over 30 countries and territories and have offices in 18 countries.”

INTENDED USER: Filed managers and headquarters staff of businesses engaged in extractive

industries, particularly in societies at risk of conflict.

ENVIRONMENT, CONFLICT, AND COOPERATION PLATFORM

AUTHOR: Adelphi

LAST UPDATEDFrequent Periodic Updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Adelphi, knowledge platform, water, minerals, land and land use, fuels and energy, climate adaptation

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.adelphi.de/en/start/aktuell/43496.php (Adelphi)

http://www.ecc-platform.org/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This website functions as a clearing house and a platform for exchange on environment, conflict, and cooperation (ECC). It aims to foster sustainable peace and development by gathering knowledge on environmental conflict and cooperation as well as by creating networks among stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide.

This website approaches the ECC topics from two main angles:

1) Our focus on Climate Diplomacy explores the foreign policy dimension of climate change and climate policy, including different regional and thematic approaches to it. The website also seeks to provide arguments for enhanced international cooperation and diplomatic engagement for climate in multi- and bilateral fora.

2) Our second core theme revolves around approaches to build resilience to compound climate-fragility risks. This platform section presents core conclusions of the report A New Climate for Peace, commissioned and welcomed by the G7 foreign ministers. The page’s Resilience Compass blog provides a space to share analysis, research and emerging thinking on climate change impacts and climate change responses in fragile states and on the actions necessary to build resilience and stability.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Adelphi is a leading think tank for policy analysis and strategy consulting. We offer creative solutions and services on global environment and development challenges for policy, business and civil society communities. Our projects contribute to sustaining natural life systems and fostering sustainable enterprises. Adelphi´s clients include international organizations, governments, public institutions, corporations and associations.”

INTENDED USERS: Stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide

GUIDELINES ON THE USE OF MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE ASSETS IN DISASTER RELIEF (OSLO GUIDELINES)

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATED: November 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 38 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org/theme/humanitarian-civil-military-coordination/publications (all languages)

http://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/OSLO%20Guidelines%20Rev%201.1%20-%20Nov%2007_0.pdf (English PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The aim of the present Guidelines on the Use of Military and Civil Defense Assets in Disaster Relief is to establish the basic framework for formalizing and improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the use of foreign military and civil defense assets in international disaster relief operations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: “These guidelines are primarily intended for use by UN humanitarian agencies and their implementing and operational partners, Resident and Humanitarian Coordinators, UN MCDA commanders and commanders of other deployed forces performing missions in support of the UN humanitarian agencies and liaison officers coordinating UN humanitarian activities with foreign military forces. All humanitarian actors should also be familiar with the principles, concepts and procedures set out herein and encouraged to adhere to them, as appropriate.”

CAMP SOLUTIONS

AUTHOR: Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge Platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI), knowledge platform, shelter, water

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English, Swedish

WEB LINK:

http://www.foi.se/en/ (FOI)

http://www.foi.se/en/Our-Services/Camp-solutions/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: Camp Solutions is a knowledge platform that provides information on camp management, in order to address challenges such as information deficits, security constraints, geographical and logistical difficulties, force protection challenges, strained local environment, natural resource conflict and socioeconomic impact.

The platform includes a number of reports and publications related to camp management, links to relevant websites, information on experts in field, and information on upcoming conferences and meetings.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “FOI is one of Europe’s leading research institutes in the areas of defence and security. We have 930 highly skilled employees with various backgrounds.

FOI’s core activities are research, methodology/technology development, analyses and studies. FOI is an assignment-based authority under the Ministry of Defence.

INTENDED USER: Those involved with the planning, establishment, operation, cleanup, and closure of camps.

PEACEMAKER’S TOOLKIT SERIES

AUTHOR: United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and United Nations Mediation Support Unit

LAST UPDATED: February 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and United Nations Mediation Support Unit, handbook, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usip.org (USIP)

http://peacemaker.un.org/mediation-support (UN Mediation Support Unit)

http://www.usip.org/publications/peacemakers-toolkit (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: This series of is a collection of “best practices” handbooks on key aspects of mediation and peacebuilding designed for experienced mediation practitioners and negotiators. Current handbooks include:

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The United States Institute of Peace works to prevent, mitigate, and resolve violent conflict around the world. USIP does this by engaging directly in conflict zones and by providing analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace. Created by Congress in 1984 as an independent, nonpartisan, federally funded organization, USIP’s more than 300 staff work at the Institute’s D.C. headquarters, and on the ground in the world’s most dangerous regions.

“The United Nations Department of Political Affairs’ Mediation Support Unit, established in 2006, works closely with the Department’s regional divisions to plan and support mediation efforts in the field. With the goal of supporting relevant actors to achieve a just and sustainable peace through the pacific settlement of disputes, the unit engages in and supports a wide range of operational activities  and projects and works closely with a number of partners.

INTENDED USER: “The series is being designed for experienced mediation practitioners and negotiators, but will be a valuable resource for students and policymakers.”