POLICY BRIEF: NATURAL RESOURCE PROGRAMMING IN POST-CONFLICT SITUATIONS

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: March 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/assets/Documents/LibraryItem_000_Doc_426.pdf (pdf)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This is the eighth in a series of policy briefs on post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management (NRM). This brief highlights strategies used by natural resource management practitioners to adapt to and address the unique operational challenges faced in post-conflict contexts.”

This policy brief provides guidance on how to

  • Align NRM with peacebuilding priorities
  • Address the conflict economy and illicit use of natural resources
  • Rebuild NRM governance, institutions, and capacities
  • Design programs that can adapt to volatility, rapid change, and persistent insecurity
  • Focus on rebuilding sustainable and resilient livelihoods
  • Recognize legal pluralism and work to clarify resource rights
  • Strengthen gender equity in NRM
  • Use shared natural resources as a platform for cooperation and reconciliation
  • Adopt conflict-sensitive approaches to NRM programs

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: Practitioners, researchers, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding and the nexus between natural resource management and conflict.

CONFLICT SENSITIVITY TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: Trócaire

LAST UPDATED: October 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Trócaire, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 55 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.trocaire.org (Trócaire)

https://www.trocaire.org/sites/default/files/resources/policy/conflict_sensitivity_toolkit_final_version_oct_2011_1.pdf  (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This toolkit addresses the need of Trócaire staff to have tools that facilitate their work in conflict scenarios making sure that:

  • Trócaire staff are aware of the conflict dynamics in the context where their programs are implemented
  • Trócaire staff understand how conflict affects their programs
  • Trócaire staff understand how their programs affect the conflict dynamics in the country or region where they are implemented
  • Trócaire’s programs are not intensifying or creating conflict
  • Trócaire’s programs are playing a part in promoting peace

This toolkit offers an opportunity to enhance Trócaire’s work through:

  • Systematizing conflict analysis
  • Ensuring programs and projects are conflict-sensitive
  • Conflict-sensitive monitoring and evaluation”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Trócaire is the official overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland. They work with some of the world’s poorest people, supporting communities and delivering long-term change to people’s lives. Established in 1973, today Trócaire works in over 20 countries on issues including livelihoods, human rightsgender equality, HIV, climate change and emergency relief.”

INTENDED USER: Trócaire staff

CLINICAL CARE FOR SURVIVORS OF GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE

AUTHOR: International Rescue Committee (IRC)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge Platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, International Rescue Committee (IRC), knowledge platform, risk reduction

FORMAT: Website with various downloadable documents and training courses

LANGUAGES: English, some documents available in French and Arabic

WEB LINK:

http://www.rescue.org (IRC)

http://ccsas.iawg.net (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The goal of this multimedia educational program is to improve clinical care for and general treatment of sexual assault survivors by providing medical instruction and encouraging competent, compassionate, confidential care. The training is not meant to teach basic medical information; it is a skills based training designed to help medical professionals and clinic staff better communicate with and serve survivors of sexual assault.

The CCSAS multimedia tool has been used in many countries all over the world, by (I)NGOs and government institutions and in conflict as well as post conflict settings.

Based on experiences, feed-back from partners and newest research, the facilitator’s guides were updated and revised and the CCSAS psychosocial tool kit was added in early 2014. Furthermore we are working on the Arabic version which will be available by the end of 2014.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The International Rescue Committee responds to the world’s worst humanitarian crises and helps people to survive and rebuild their lives. Founded in 1933 at the request of Albert Einstein, the IRC offers lifesaving care and life-changing assistance to refugees forced to flee from war or disaster.”

INTENDED USER: Field-based practitioners

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE CONSERVATION (CSC): PRACTITIONERS’ MANUAL

AUTHOR: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

LAST UPDATED: 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), handbook, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 75 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.iisd.org (IISD)

http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/csc_manual.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The purpose of the CSC manual is to provide an analytical and decision-making framework to help organizations integrate conflict sensitivity into their work, so that they can: effectively address the root causes of conflict; minimize the risk of their activities exacerbating conflict; and maximize opportunities for peacebuilding.

There are three main sections to the CSC Manual. Section 1 focuses on understanding the links between conservation and conflict. Section 2 provides guidance to conservation organizations trying to integrate conflict sensitivity into their culture and work. Section 3 is more practical, taking users through a number of tools designed to help them identify and respond to the ways that their conservation activities interact with the peace and conflict context. Finally, the Annexes provide the user with supporting materials.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The International Institute for Sustainable Development’s mission is to promote human development and environmental sustainability through innovative research, communication and partnerships.

Established in 1990, IISD is an independent, non-profit organisation that provides practical solutions to the challenge of integrating environmental and social priorities with economic development. IISD reports on international negotiations, conducts rigorous research, and engages citizens, businesses and policy-makers on the shared goal of developing sustainably.

INTENDED USER: “NGOs designing and implementing field-level conservation activities, and protected area management authorities.”

GUIDELINES ON NATURAL RESOURCES AND CONFLICT

AUTHOR: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

LAST UPDATED: 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, guidelines, land and land use, water, minerals

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 4 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.helvetas.org (HELVETAS)

http://www.helvetas.org/topics/keystone_mandates/new_approaches_to_work_in_fragile_and_conflict_affected_situations.cfm (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The guidelines provide an overview of the factors and trends that can trigger or substantially exacerbate conflicts over natural resources. The tool explains that when this happens, local/ traditional mechanisms are no longer able to address or solve conflicts and mediate diverging interests.  It provides examples of typical natural resource management-related conflicts and of projects that have succeeded in mitigating such conflicts.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation is a development organisation anchored in Switzerland. Our vision is a just world in which all men and women determine the course of their lives in dignity and security, using environmental resources in a sustainable manner.

INTENDED USERS: Development practitioners

3 STEPS FOR WORKING IN FRAGILE AND CONFLICT AFFECTED SITUATIONS (field guide and manual)

AUTHOR: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

LAST UPDATED: 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbooks

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 124 pages (field guide); 76 pages (manual)

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.helvetas.org (HELVETAS)

http://reliefweb.int/report/world/3-step-working-fragile-and-conflict-affected-situations-wfcs (manual)

ABOUT THE TOOL:

The tool consists of a field guide and a manual which provide guidance for how to introduce the topic of working in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), explain key concepts, and presents the 3-Step tool. They may be applied at the level of projects, programs, or strategiesand to all interventions of humanitarian aid, development cooperation and conflict transformation/peacebuilding in fragile situations.The field guide is a light version of the more comprehensive manual. It is for users who have attended an introductory workshop or training on WFCS. The manual contains additional material, which is primarily for facilitators of WFCS workshops, focal points, and project managers.

The 3 steps are:

  1. Understanding the conflict context;
  2. Understanding the interaction between the organization and the conflict context;
  3. Strategic decisions for program and project management.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation is a development organisation anchored in Switzerland. Our vision is a just world in which all men and women determine the course of their lives in dignity and security, using environmental resources in a sustainable manner.

INTENDED USER: The manual and field guide were produced “to provide hands-on guidance to staff and partners of development organizations that are working in fragile conflict situations.”The manual is intended for facilitators, focal points and program/project managers; the manual is for users who have attended a preliminary workshop or training on working in fragile or conflict-affected situations.

CONFLICT ANALYSIS AND CONFLICT SENSITIVITY TRAINING COURSE

AUTHOR: ENTRi and International Alert   

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, ENTRi, International Alert, training course, risk reduction

FORMAT: On-site training course

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

http://www.entriforccm.eu (ENTRi)

http://www.international-alert.org (International Alert)

http://www.entriforccm.eu/conflict-analysis-und-conflict-sensitivity-(november).html (info on course)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The aim of the course is to enable participants to use their skills, competencies and experience to conduct a conflict analysis and to devise conflict-sensitive approaches to civilian crisis management.

By the end of the course, participants will be able to:

  1. Explain the relevance of concepts such as peace, conflict and violence to civilian crisis management;
  2. Conduct a conflict analysis;
  3. Describe the key principles underpinning the conflict-sensitive approach;
  4. Explain the relationship between conflict analysis and conflict sensitivity;
  5. Devise conflict sensitive approaches to issues faced in civilian crisis management;
  6. Identify the benefits and limitations of the conflict-sensitive approach.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “Europe’s New Training Initiative for Civilian Crisis Management (ENTRi) is a unique capacity-building program that was initiated in early 2011. The main focus lies on the preparation and training of civilians that are either going to, or already working in, crisis management missions worldwide. “International Alert is an independent peacebuilding organization that has worked for over 20 years to lay the foundations for lasting peace and security in communities affected by violent conflict. Their multifaceted approach focuses both in and across various regions; aiming to shape policies and practices that affect peacebuilding; and helping build skills and capacity through training.”

INTENDED USER:  The course is designed for “people who are in the pre-deployment, or are assigned to a mission, civilians, on positions of advisors, analysts, policy implementers, program staff; mid-level and senior management staff. Participants should have relevant desk or field experience, or are in the process of obtaining such experience, with working on or in conflict contexts.

DGSi Trainings in Conflict Management and Sensitivity

AUTHOR: Durham Global Security Institute   

LAST UPDATED: courses offered periodically

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Courses

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Durham Global Security Institute, training course, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: On-site training course

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

https://www.dur.ac.uk/dgsi/ (Durham Global Security Institute)

https://www.dur.ac.uk/dgsi/pdc/ (course info)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “DGSi offer a series of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) courses consisting of short workshops. Courses are delivered by world-leading experts and practitioners, both from within Durham University and from elsewhere, and typically include lectures, seminars, group work and an interactive role play based on a real or constructed case. Course participants will be drawn from across government, the NGO sector, the military, international organisations and stakeholders.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The Durham Global Security Institute (DGSi) pursues research across the contemporary security agenda, focusing on the interface between defense, development and diplomacy as the arena where the most important and challenging security issues arise. Drawing on its network of academic and practitioner expertise, DGSi’s research and educational activity is practically-oriented, innovative and ambitious in casting new light on security challenges and identifying effective responses to complex problems.”

INTENDED USER:  Personnel working in disaster response or development

HOW-TO GUIDE TO CONFLICT SENSITIVITY

AUTHOR: Conflict Sensitivity Consortium  

LAST UPDATED: 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, handbook, guidelines, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 52 pages

LANGUAGES: English; Chapter 4 available in Arabic

WEB LINKS:

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org (CSC)

http://local.conflictsensitivity.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/6602_HowToGuide_CSF_WEB_3.pdf (pdf)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This ‘how to’ guide draws upon consortium experience to illustrate real examples of applying conflict sensitivity. It aims to provide practical advice suitable for anyone aiming to improve conflict sensitivity, whether in the field of development, humanitarian aid or peacebuilding work. It aims to provide practical, user-friendly information for people who are focusing at project or organization-wide level, whether aiming for best practice or just starting out on the journey towards conflict sensitivity.

The Guide has been organized into six core chapters. Each of these chapters contains a number of sub-themes exploring ‘the what’, ‘the why’ and particularly ‘the how’ of conflict sensitivity. Key areas that will be explored include:

  • Chapter 1: Conflict analysis
  • Chapter 2: Conflict sensitivity in the program cycle
  • Chapter 3: Key Issues for conflict sensitive programming
  • Chapter 4: Applying conflict sensitivity in emergency responses
  • Chapter 5: Assessing institutional capacity for conflict sensitivity
  • Chapter 6: Building institutional capacity for conflict sensitivity”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:“

The project “The Practice of Conflict Sensitivity – Concept to Impact“ strengthened the practice of conflict sensitivity throughout and beyond a broad consortium of humanitarian, peacebuilding and multi-mandate development NGOs.

The purpose of the Conflict Sensitivity website is to further the understanding of what “conflict sensitivity” means in practice, in terms of organisational systems, project design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of specific interventions. The original consortium comprised a diverse range of agencies which continue individually, together and with others to share findings widely in the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors to enhance the capacity to institutionalise and implement conflict sensitive approaches.

INTENDED USER:  “Anyone aiming to improve conflict sensitivity, whether in the field of development, humanitarian aid or peacebuilding work.”

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE APPROACHES TO DEVELOPMENT, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AND PEACEBUILDING: RESOURCE PACK

AUTHOR: Conflict Sensitivity Consortium  

LAST UPDATED: 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Report, Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, report, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 121 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org (CSC)

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org/site-index/ (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Conflict-Sensitive Approaches to Development, Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding: A Resource Pack is the product of a two-year process by a consortium of partner organizations. The goal was to identify, synthesize, complement and enable conflict-sensitive practice in the fields of development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding. This was undertaken primarily in Kenya, Uganda and Sri Lanka but also at the global policy level. The focus of the initiative was donors, governments, INGOs and local civil society organizations.

This Resource Pack documents current practice, available frameworks and lessons learned. At its heart is the concept of conflict sensitivity – the notion of systematically taking into account both the positive and negative impact of interventions, in terms of conflict or peace dynamics, on the contexts in which they are undertaken, and, conversely, the impact of these contexts on the interventions.

The Resource Pack is organized in separate stand-alone units and does not need to be read from cover to cover.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The project “The Practice of Conflict Sensitivity – Concept to Impact“ strengthened the practice of conflict sensitivity throughout and beyond a broad consortium of humanitarian, peacebuilding and multi-mandate development NGOs.

The purpose of the Conflict Sensitivity website is to further the understanding of what “conflict sensitivity” means in practice, in terms of organisational systems, project design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of specific interventions. The original consortium comprised a diverse range of agencies which continue individually, together and with others to share findings widely in the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors to enhance the capacity to institutionalise and implement conflict sensitive approaches.

INTENDED USER:  “The Resource Pack is designed for governments, donors and civil society (local and international) involved in development, humanitarian assistance and peace building. It does not assume that the reader has extensive knowledge of conflict transformation nor is it an academic discussion of conflict and related concepts.”