DISASTER WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit and Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 43 pages

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, waste management, restoration,

impact assessment, Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, United Nations Environment Programme,

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency,

guidelines

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org/themes/environmental-emergencies (Joint Unit)

https://www.msb.se/en/ (MSB)

http://www.unocha.org/search/node/disaster%20waste (disaster/waste web page)

https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/DWM.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL:  The guidelines provide advice and tools related to challenges of managing

disaster-related waste in emergency and early recovery situations. “They are targeted at

implementers of disaster waste management projects. Their objective is to i) minimize risks to

human life and health ii) reduce risks to the environment and iii) ensure that any value in the DW is

realized, to the bene t of affected communities.”

“The guidelines are in four parts:

1. Introduction and overview.

2. General guidance divided into the immediate response phase, early recovery phase and

recovery phases. The latter includes information on contingency planning.

3. Key considerations that are important throughout the process – for example, health and

safety.

4. Tools and checklists for implementing the guidance provided. These are in the attached

Annexes.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS:

“The Joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU), housed

within OCHA’s Emergency Services Branch, helps Member States to prepare for and respond to

environmental emergencies. By pairing UNEP’s technical expertise with OCHA’s humanitarian

response coordination structure, the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to

environmental emergencies. The JEU provides independent, impartial advice and practical solutions,

while working with organizations dedicated to medium and long term rehabilitation to ensure a

seamless transition from emergency response to recovery.”

“The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) is a Swedish administrative authority, organised

under the Ministry of Defence. The agency is responsible for issues concerning civil protection,

public safety, emergency management and civil defence.”

INTENDED USER: Implementers and supporting organizations for disaster-waste management

projects.

USAID WATER & CONFLICT TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: US Agency for International Development

LAST UPDATED: February 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, water, United States Agency for

International Development, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 52 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

https://www.usaid.gov/ (USAID)

https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/WaterConflictToolkit.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This toolkit is intended to help USAID and our partners understand the

opportunities and challenges inherent to development programming in conflicts where water is an

important issue. This document (1) explores the relationship between water, conflict, and

cooperation, (2) highlights lessons learned from relevant development and peacebuilding programs,

(3) discusses options for programming based on past USAID and development community

experiences, and (4) provides a Rapid Appraisal Guide to support officers in identifying and

evaluating the conflict risk and peacebuilding potential of water programs. Together, the elements of

this toolkit are designed to help raise awareness about the linkages between water resource

management and conflict as well as opportunities for peacebuilding and integrating a conflict

perspective into development programming.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The United States Agency for International Development is ““the lead U.S.

Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic

societies to realize their potential.”

INTENDED USER: The tool is intended for project and program staff, in USAID and other

organizations, whose work involves the use of water or otherwise affects water resources in ways

that may create conflict risks or peacebuilding opportunities.

EU-UN GUIDANCE NOTES ON LAND, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND CONFLICT PREVENTION

AUTHOR: United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, land and land use, water, fuel and

energy, minerals, impact assessment, United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF files

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/

Strengthening capacity for conflict sensitive natural resource management:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Capacity_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over extractive industries:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Extractive_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over land:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Land_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over renewable resources:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Renewable_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts in resource-rich economies:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Resource%20Rich%20Economies.pdf

Capacity Inventory:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Capacity%20Inventory.pdf

ABOUT THE TOOL: These four guidance notes, prepared as part of a UN partnership with the

European Union, provide recommended guidelines for addressing natural resources management

and conflict prevention. The notes focus, respectively, on (1) strengthening capacity for conflict

sensitive natural resource management; (2) managing and preventing conflicts over extractive

industries; (3) managing and preventing conflicts over land; and (4) managing and preventing

conflicts over renewable resources. Each note is structured around a series of case examples and

provides additional resources and recommended reading.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The United Nations (UN) Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action (the Framework Team) is an internal UN support mechanism that promotes interagency

collaboration on early preventive action by: (i) assisting UN Resident Coordinators (RC) and UN

Country Teams (UNCT) with the development of integrated strategies for proactively working with

national partners to strengthen their capacities to mediate and manage potentially divisive issues; (ii)

serving as a forum to address key crosscutting thematic issues in the fields of conflict transformation

that are of interest to its member agencies; and (iii) supporting system-wide strengthening of conflict

prevention measures through awareness-raising, experiencesharing and knowledge development

through the UN Conflict Prevention Community of Practice (CP-CoP). Operational since 1995, the

Framework Team is currently composed of 22 UN departments, agencies, funds and programmes

that work together to support the development of interagency conflict prevention/transformation

initiatives.”

INTENDED USER: “UN and EU policy-makers and practitioners who design and implement

programmes in situations where environmental drivers are a major cause of, or contributing factor to,

conflict.”

GREEN RECOVERY CONNECT HELP DESK

AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund Environment & Disaster Management Program

LAST UPDATED: n/a

TYPE OF TOOL: knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, land and land use, water, shelter,

climate adaptation, risk reduction, restoration, World Wildlife Fund, knowledge platform

FORMAT: web site

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://envirodm.org/ (WWF Environment & Disaster Management Program)

http://envirodm.org/helpdesk (help desk tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: Provides round-the- clock interactive support for questions about environmental

dimensions of disaster recovery, reconstruction, and risk reduction. Users may submit queries via

phone, email, or web chat. Emphasis on users requiring a rapid response related to ongoing

activities.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Environment and Disaster Management (EDM)

program collaborates with humanitarian and development agencies, the United Nations (UN),

academic institutions and others to integrate environmental considerations into disaster recovery,

reconstruction, and risk reduction programs and policies, and to learn and develop new approaches.

The program was formed during the aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and in the years since

we have worked in partnership to provide support, training, and development of new approaches for

environmentally responsible disaster management in Belize, Chile, Ecuador, Fiji, Guatemala, Haiti,

Indonesia, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.”

INTENDED USER: Individuals and organizations working in disaster response/recovery settings who

need environmental specialist advice and support.

VULNERABILITY SOURCEBOOK

AUTHOR: adelphi and Eurpoean Academy of Bozen

LAST UPDATED: August 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, climate adaptation, land and land use, water, risk

reduction, adelphi, European Academy of Bozen, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 180 pages

LANGUAGES: English, French, Spanish

WEB LINK:

https://www.adelphi.de/en (adelphi)

http://www.bolzano.net/en/eurac.html (EURAC)

https://www.adelphi.de/en/publication/vulnerability-sourcebook-concept-and-guidelines-standardised-vulnerability-assessments (tool)

https://www.adelphi.de/en/system/files/mediathek/bilder/vulnerability_sourcebook_guidelines_for_assessments_adelphi_giz_2014-annex.pdf (annex with templates, flow charts, user forms)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The "Vulnerability Sourcebook", which was commissioned by the Deutsche

Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and developed jointly by adelphi and the

European Academy of Bozen (EURAC), offers a comprehensive tool for conducting regular

vulnerability assessments. The Sourcebook provides a standardised approach to vulnerability

assessments covering a broad range of sectors and topics (e.g. water sector, agriculture, fisheries,

different ecosystems) as well as different spatial levels (community, sub-national, national) and time

horizons (e.g. current vulnerability or vulnerability in the medium- to long-term). In the resourceful

annex technical and adaptation experts will find a wide range of practical tools and templates.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

“adelphi is a leading independent think tank and public policy consultancy on climate, environment

and development. Our mission is to improve global governance through research, dialogue and

consultation. We offer demand-driven, tailor-made services for sustainable development, helping

governments, international organizations, businesses and nonprofits design strategies for

addressing global challenges. Our staff of more than 150 provides high-quality interdisciplinary

research, strategic policy analysis and advice, and corporate consulting. We facilitate policy dialogue

and provide training for public institutions and businesses worldwide, helping to build capacity for

transformative change. Since 2001 we have successfully completed over 800 projects worldwide.

Our work covers the following key areas: Climate, Energy, Resources, Green Economy,

Sustainable Business, Green Finance, Peace and Security, International

Cooperation and Urban Transformation.

“The European Academy Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC) is an innovative centre for applied research

and scientific training in South Tyrol. Founded in 1992 as private institution, the EURAC is divided in

9 research institutes whose activity is primarily concentrated in five fields: Applied Linguistics,

Minorities and Autonomies, Sustainable Development, Management and Corporate Culture as well

as Life Science. These five very different research departments share a common denominator:

flexible interdisciplinary and strict co-operation between the researchers of diverse scientific and

geographic backgrounds.”

INTENDED USER: Targeted at governmental and non-governmental organizations working at the

intersection of climate change and sustainable development, particularly in adaptation and

development planning. “Users of the Vulnerability Sourcebook will most likely be familiar with issues

of climate change and adaptation already. The document, however, does not presuppose advanced

scientific expertise in developing and conducting vulnerability assessments. Rather, the Vulnerability

Sourcebook is written for users with a basic understanding of the concept of vulnerability and

methods for dealing with it.”

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE BUSINESS PRACTICE: GUIDANCE FOR EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES

AUTHOR: International Alert

LAST UPDATED: March 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, minerals, land and land use, fuel and

energy, water, International Alert, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 195 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.international-alert.org/ (International Alert)

http://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/Economy_2005_CSBPGuidanceForExtractives_All_EN_v2013.pdf  (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Conflict-sensitive business practice: Guidance for extractive industries consists

of guidance on doing business in societies at risk of conflict for field managers working across a

range of business activities, as well as headquarters staff in political risk, security, external relations

and social performance departments. It provides information on understanding conflict risk through a

series of practical documents, including: introduction to conflict-sensitive business practice (CSBP),

including an overview of the regulatory; environment for doing business in conflict-risk states;

screening tool for early identification of conflict risk; macro-level conflict risk and impact assessment

tool; project-level conflict risk and impact assessment tool; special guidance on key flashpoint issues

where conflict could arise at any point during a company’s operation.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “International Alert has been working for 30 years with people directly

affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions. Our vision is for a world where people seek to resolve

their differences peacefully; a world where, when people seek better lives for their families and

communities, they are able to manage any conflicts that may arise with honesty and wisdom, without

resorting to violence. Our mission is to build a more peaceful world by:

1. Working with people directly affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions.

2. Shaping policies and practices to support peace.

3. Collaborating with all those striving for peace to strengthen our collective voice and impact.

We work in over 30 countries and territories and have offices in 18 countries.”

INTENDED USER: Filed managers and headquarters staff of businesses engaged in extractive

industries, particularly in societies at risk of conflict.

ENVIRONMENT, CONFLICT, AND COOPERATION PLATFORM

AUTHOR: Adelphi

LAST UPDATEDFrequent Periodic Updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Adelphi, knowledge platform, water, minerals, land and land use, fuels and energy, climate adaptation

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.adelphi.de/en/start/aktuell/43496.php (Adelphi)

http://www.ecc-platform.org/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This website functions as a clearing house and a platform for exchange on environment, conflict, and cooperation (ECC). It aims to foster sustainable peace and development by gathering knowledge on environmental conflict and cooperation as well as by creating networks among stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide.

This website approaches the ECC topics from two main angles:

1) Our focus on Climate Diplomacy explores the foreign policy dimension of climate change and climate policy, including different regional and thematic approaches to it. The website also seeks to provide arguments for enhanced international cooperation and diplomatic engagement for climate in multi- and bilateral fora.

2) Our second core theme revolves around approaches to build resilience to compound climate-fragility risks. This platform section presents core conclusions of the report A New Climate for Peace, commissioned and welcomed by the G7 foreign ministers. The page’s Resilience Compass blog provides a space to share analysis, research and emerging thinking on climate change impacts and climate change responses in fragile states and on the actions necessary to build resilience and stability.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Adelphi is a leading think tank for policy analysis and strategy consulting. We offer creative solutions and services on global environment and development challenges for policy, business and civil society communities. Our projects contribute to sustaining natural life systems and fostering sustainable enterprises. Adelphi´s clients include international organizations, governments, public institutions, corporations and associations.”

INTENDED USERS: Stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide

STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: World Bank

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Report

KEYWORDS: environmental management, World Bank, report, impact assessment, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 103 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.worldbank.org (World Bank)

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/ENVIRONMENT/0,,contentMDK:20885941~menuPK:2450778~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:244381,00.html (overview)

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/ENVIRONMENT/Resources/244380-1236266590146/Strategic_Environmental_Assessment_in_the_World_Bank.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This Toolkit provides practical guidance and useful information to prepare and develop SEAs. It comprises four components. The Basic Information section presents an overview of SEA issues, including the SEA concept and how SEA can add value to policy making, planning and Bank’s operations. It aims to help sector and SEA specialists, and task managers on deciding whether an SEA is needed, the type of SEA that best fits their needs and the key issues that need to be taken into account in formulating and implementing SEAs. The section on Sectors compiles relevant sector SEA information as per the Bank’s sector structure. This section comprises a number of good practice SEAs, manuals and guidance, and case studies at the fingertips of SEA practitioners. The section on Tools provides state of the art methods and techniques to apply in the design and implementation of SEAs, including complementary practical information on samples of SEA terms of reference, sources available to fund SEAs in Bank’s projects, SEA training materials and links to relevant SEA sites. Finally, the toolkit includes a section on the World Bank’s Pilot Program on Institution-centered SEA that presents the program’s rationale, components and outputs. This section is open to feedback and comments from users.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. We are not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development. The World Bank Group comprises five institutions managed by their member countries.”

INTENDED USER: World Bank Group

CAMP SOLUTIONS

AUTHOR: Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge Platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI), knowledge platform, shelter, water

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English, Swedish

WEB LINK:

http://www.foi.se/en/ (FOI)

http://www.foi.se/en/Our-Services/Camp-solutions/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: Camp Solutions is a knowledge platform that provides information on camp management, in order to address challenges such as information deficits, security constraints, geographical and logistical difficulties, force protection challenges, strained local environment, natural resource conflict and socioeconomic impact.

The platform includes a number of reports and publications related to camp management, links to relevant websites, information on experts in field, and information on upcoming conferences and meetings.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “FOI is one of Europe’s leading research institutes in the areas of defence and security. We have 930 highly skilled employees with various backgrounds.

FOI’s core activities are research, methodology/technology development, analyses and studies. FOI is an assignment-based authority under the Ministry of Defence.

INTENDED USER: Those involved with the planning, establishment, operation, cleanup, and closure of camps.

ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP REVIEW FOR HUMANITARIAN AID

AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund and American Red Cross

LAST UPDATED: 2010

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines (worksheet)

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, World Wildlife Fund, American Red Cross, guidelines, restoration, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable Word document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.academia.edu/5353222/ENVIRONMENTAL_IMPACT_ASSESSMENT_TOOLS_AND_TECHNIQUES_GREEN_RECOVERY_AND_RECONSTRUCTION_TRAINING_TOOLKIT_FOR_HUMANITARIAN_AID_3_GREEN_GUIDE_TO (online version)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the American Red Cross developed the Environmental Stewardship Review for Humanitarian Aid (ESR) as a tool for evaluating the environmental impacts of humanitarian aid projects with a focus on the recovery and reconstruction phases after the disaster. The ESR can, however, be used during the early relief phase as well as in longer-term development phases as the EIA elements are standardized. The ESR is meant to be completed in about one to three hours and typically includes a field visit to the proposed project site and consultation with project planners and other experts (e.g., government officials at the Environmental Ministry or Water Quality Department).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Soon after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the American Red Cross and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) formed an innovative, five-year partnership to help ensure that the recovery efforts of the American Red Cross did not have unintended negative effects on the environment. Combining the environmental expertise of WWF with the humanitarian aid expertise of the American Red Cross, the partnership has worked across the tsunami-affected region to make sure that the recovery programs include environmentally sustainable considerations, which are critical to ensuring a long-lasting recovery for communities.”

INTENDED USER: “The tool is for intended for those involved in the conception, design, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation of a humanitarian aid project. It applies as well to those involved in the various planning and implementation stages of temporary camps, permanent housing, water supply projects, livelihoods interventions, or any
other activity designed to assist communities that are recovering from disaster. Specific audiences may include project managers in the field or at headquarters, project designers, shelter and other construction professionals, monitoring and evaluation specialists, physical planners, logistics and procurement officers, donors, livelihood specialists, water and sanitation project designers and managers, and disaster risk-reduction planners. The staff of local and national government agencies, as well as environmental specialists involved in the design, review, and implementation of recovery and reconstruction projects, would also benefit from the training. It may also be used by consultants working for humanitarian aid agencies, and by specialist staff responsible for ensuring that the environmental aspects of humanitarian aid projects are addressed.”