DISASTER WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit and Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 43 pages

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, waste management, restoration,

impact assessment, Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, United Nations Environment Programme,

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency,

guidelines

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org/themes/environmental-emergencies (Joint Unit)

https://www.msb.se/en/ (MSB)

http://www.unocha.org/search/node/disaster%20waste (disaster/waste web page)

https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/DWM.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL:  The guidelines provide advice and tools related to challenges of managing

disaster-related waste in emergency and early recovery situations. “They are targeted at

implementers of disaster waste management projects. Their objective is to i) minimize risks to

human life and health ii) reduce risks to the environment and iii) ensure that any value in the DW is

realized, to the bene t of affected communities.”

“The guidelines are in four parts:

1. Introduction and overview.

2. General guidance divided into the immediate response phase, early recovery phase and

recovery phases. The latter includes information on contingency planning.

3. Key considerations that are important throughout the process – for example, health and

safety.

4. Tools and checklists for implementing the guidance provided. These are in the attached

Annexes.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS:

“The Joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU), housed

within OCHA’s Emergency Services Branch, helps Member States to prepare for and respond to

environmental emergencies. By pairing UNEP’s technical expertise with OCHA’s humanitarian

response coordination structure, the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to

environmental emergencies. The JEU provides independent, impartial advice and practical solutions,

while working with organizations dedicated to medium and long term rehabilitation to ensure a

seamless transition from emergency response to recovery.”

“The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) is a Swedish administrative authority, organised

under the Ministry of Defence. The agency is responsible for issues concerning civil protection,

public safety, emergency management and civil defence.”

INTENDED USER: Implementers and supporting organizations for disaster-waste management

projects.

EU-UN GUIDANCE NOTES ON LAND, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND CONFLICT PREVENTION

AUTHOR: United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, land and land use, water, fuel and

energy, minerals, impact assessment, United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF files

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/

Strengthening capacity for conflict sensitive natural resource management:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Capacity_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over extractive industries:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Extractive_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over land:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Land_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over renewable resources:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Renewable_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts in resource-rich economies:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Resource%20Rich%20Economies.pdf

Capacity Inventory:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Capacity%20Inventory.pdf

ABOUT THE TOOL: These four guidance notes, prepared as part of a UN partnership with the

European Union, provide recommended guidelines for addressing natural resources management

and conflict prevention. The notes focus, respectively, on (1) strengthening capacity for conflict

sensitive natural resource management; (2) managing and preventing conflicts over extractive

industries; (3) managing and preventing conflicts over land; and (4) managing and preventing

conflicts over renewable resources. Each note is structured around a series of case examples and

provides additional resources and recommended reading.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The United Nations (UN) Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action (the Framework Team) is an internal UN support mechanism that promotes interagency

collaboration on early preventive action by: (i) assisting UN Resident Coordinators (RC) and UN

Country Teams (UNCT) with the development of integrated strategies for proactively working with

national partners to strengthen their capacities to mediate and manage potentially divisive issues; (ii)

serving as a forum to address key crosscutting thematic issues in the fields of conflict transformation

that are of interest to its member agencies; and (iii) supporting system-wide strengthening of conflict

prevention measures through awareness-raising, experiencesharing and knowledge development

through the UN Conflict Prevention Community of Practice (CP-CoP). Operational since 1995, the

Framework Team is currently composed of 22 UN departments, agencies, funds and programmes

that work together to support the development of interagency conflict prevention/transformation

initiatives.”

INTENDED USER: “UN and EU policy-makers and practitioners who design and implement

programmes in situations where environmental drivers are a major cause of, or contributing factor to,

conflict.”

STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: World Bank

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Report

KEYWORDS: environmental management, World Bank, report, impact assessment, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 103 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.worldbank.org (World Bank)

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/ENVIRONMENT/0,,contentMDK:20885941~menuPK:2450778~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:244381,00.html (overview)

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/ENVIRONMENT/Resources/244380-1236266590146/Strategic_Environmental_Assessment_in_the_World_Bank.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This Toolkit provides practical guidance and useful information to prepare and develop SEAs. It comprises four components. The Basic Information section presents an overview of SEA issues, including the SEA concept and how SEA can add value to policy making, planning and Bank’s operations. It aims to help sector and SEA specialists, and task managers on deciding whether an SEA is needed, the type of SEA that best fits their needs and the key issues that need to be taken into account in formulating and implementing SEAs. The section on Sectors compiles relevant sector SEA information as per the Bank’s sector structure. This section comprises a number of good practice SEAs, manuals and guidance, and case studies at the fingertips of SEA practitioners. The section on Tools provides state of the art methods and techniques to apply in the design and implementation of SEAs, including complementary practical information on samples of SEA terms of reference, sources available to fund SEAs in Bank’s projects, SEA training materials and links to relevant SEA sites. Finally, the toolkit includes a section on the World Bank’s Pilot Program on Institution-centered SEA that presents the program’s rationale, components and outputs. This section is open to feedback and comments from users.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. We are not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development. The World Bank Group comprises five institutions managed by their member countries.”

INTENDED USER: World Bank Group

POST CONFLICT NEEDS ASSESSMENT

AUTHOR: UN Development Group (UNDG)

LAST UPDATED: 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, handbook, UN Development Group (UNDG), guidelines, impact assessment, restoration

FORMAT: Website and downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.undg.org/content/post-crisis_transition/post-conflict_needs_assessments_%28pcna%29 (overview)

https://archive.undg.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/4937-PCNA_-_Practical_Guide_to_Multilateral_Needs_Assessments_in_Post-Conflict_situations.pdf (PCNA guidelines)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The PCNA Guidelines are comprised of two documents: The Practical Guide for Multilateral Needs Assessments in Post-Conflict Situations and The Operational Note on Transitional Results Matrices.

The Practical Guide aims to help make PCNAs more effective by systematizing the analysis and suggesting more efficient processes. In particular, it contributes to:

    • the definition of common minimum standards regarding quality, reliability and inclusiveness of the assessment;
    • a fast-track professional response by the international community when recovery planning becomes feasible; and
    • lowering the costs of PCNAs by promoting systematization and standardization.”

“The Transitional Results Matrix (TRM), also referred to as a Transitional Calendar or Results- Focused Transitional Framework (RFTF), is a planning, coordination, and management tool that national stakeholders and donors can use to better prioritize actions necessary to achieve a successful transition in fragile states. The TRM helps launch a poverty reduction strategy (PRS) approach in these environments, either by acting as an early framework to lay the groundwork for a PRS or, later, as a way to operationalize poverty reduction strategies in low capacity countries.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The UN Development Group (UNDG) unites the 32 UN funds, programs, agencies, departments, and offices that play a role in development. The group’s common objective is to deliver more coherent, effective and efficient support to countries seeking to attain internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals.”

INTENDED USER:

The Practical Guide has been prepared for:

    • Multilateral agency headquarters and in-country staff with responsibility for steering, coordinating and contributing to the PCNA;
    • The PCNA management team responsible for managing data collection, analysis and preparing the final report;
    • Cluster/sector managers and technical mission staff responsible for sectoral assessments; and
    • National authorities, conflict parties, civil society and other stakeholders contributing to the PCNA.”

The Operational Note on TRM is intended for national stakeholders and donors.

RELIEFWEB

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), knowledge platform, restoration, risk reduction, impact assessment, climate adaptation, land and land use, water, shelter, fuel and energy, natural disasters, vulnerable groups

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org (OCHA)

http://reliefweb.int/ (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “ReliefWeb is the leading humanitarian information source on global crises and disasters. It is a specialized digital service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

We provide reliable and timely information, enabling humanitarian workers to make informed decisions and to plan effective response. We collect and deliver key information, including the latest reports, maps and infographics and videos from trusted sources.

ReliefWeb’s editorial team monitors and collects information from more than 4,000 key sources, including humanitarian agencies at the international and local levels, governments, think tanks and research institutions, and the media.

ReliefWeb editors identify and select the content that is most relevant to global humanitarian workers.

Our content is delivered through various channels – the reliefweb.int website, social media networks and our new, cutting-edge mobile apps and API – so that humanitarian workers can access key content anywhere anytime.”

ReliefWeb has three main functions:

  1. Collect:We collect updates and analysis from more than 4,000 global information sources around the clock.
  2. Deliver: Our editors identify and deliver the content most relevant to ReliefWeb’s global audience. This content includes country and disaster reports, maps, info-graphics, job announcements and learning opportunities and events of interest to humanitarians.
  3. Enable: As part of our commitment to humanitarians worldwide, we develop new information products and services that enable humanitarian partners to analyze context and situations and make better decisions

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: The humanitarian community

HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE INFORMATION PLATFORM

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), knowledge platform, risk reduction, restoration, shelter, water, impact assessment

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org (OCHA)

https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Humanitarian Response is a specialized digital service of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Humanitarian Response aims to be the central website for Information Management tools and services, enabling information exchange among operational responders during either a protracted or sudden onset emergency. This global site is complimented by country specific emergency sites that can be accessed through www.HumanitarianResponse.info.

At the global level, Humanitarian Response provides access to country sites and a “one-stop-shop” for global information coordination resources, such as normative products including guidance notes and policies, cluster specific information and data, toolboxes and internet links.

At the country level, Humanitarian Response is designed to provide a platform for sharing operational information between clusters and IASC members operating within a crisis. It provides a predictable set of core features that will be repeated on all sites and will host future tools for streamlining information collection sharing and visualization.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: The humanitarian community

ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP REVIEW FOR HUMANITARIAN AID

AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund and American Red Cross

LAST UPDATED: 2010

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines (worksheet)

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, World Wildlife Fund, American Red Cross, guidelines, restoration, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable Word document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.academia.edu/5353222/ENVIRONMENTAL_IMPACT_ASSESSMENT_TOOLS_AND_TECHNIQUES_GREEN_RECOVERY_AND_RECONSTRUCTION_TRAINING_TOOLKIT_FOR_HUMANITARIAN_AID_3_GREEN_GUIDE_TO (online version)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the American Red Cross developed the Environmental Stewardship Review for Humanitarian Aid (ESR) as a tool for evaluating the environmental impacts of humanitarian aid projects with a focus on the recovery and reconstruction phases after the disaster. The ESR can, however, be used during the early relief phase as well as in longer-term development phases as the EIA elements are standardized. The ESR is meant to be completed in about one to three hours and typically includes a field visit to the proposed project site and consultation with project planners and other experts (e.g., government officials at the Environmental Ministry or Water Quality Department).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Soon after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the American Red Cross and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) formed an innovative, five-year partnership to help ensure that the recovery efforts of the American Red Cross did not have unintended negative effects on the environment. Combining the environmental expertise of WWF with the humanitarian aid expertise of the American Red Cross, the partnership has worked across the tsunami-affected region to make sure that the recovery programs include environmentally sustainable considerations, which are critical to ensuring a long-lasting recovery for communities.”

INTENDED USER: “The tool is for intended for those involved in the conception, design, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation of a humanitarian aid project. It applies as well to those involved in the various planning and implementation stages of temporary camps, permanent housing, water supply projects, livelihoods interventions, or any
other activity designed to assist communities that are recovering from disaster. Specific audiences may include project managers in the field or at headquarters, project designers, shelter and other construction professionals, monitoring and evaluation specialists, physical planners, logistics and procurement officers, donors, livelihood specialists, water and sanitation project designers and managers, and disaster risk-reduction planners. The staff of local and national government agencies, as well as environmental specialists involved in the design, review, and implementation of recovery and reconstruction projects, would also benefit from the training. It may also be used by consultants working for humanitarian aid agencies, and by specialist staff responsible for ensuring that the environmental aspects of humanitarian aid projects are addressed.”

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDEBOOK FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, and Swedish Armed Forces

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, Swedish Armed Forces, guidelines, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment, water, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 118 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: http://www.defmin.fi/files/1256/Guidebook_final_printing_version.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guidebook gives operational planners the necessary tools to incorporate environmental considerations throughout the life cycle of the operation. Failure to integrate environmental considerations into operational- and tactical-level planning increases the risk to the health and safety of military personnel and civilian non-combatants. Inadvertent damage to the natural environment or to significant cultural or historic resources also complicates the attainment of the desired strategic end state through the loss of political capital, negative public image, and increased overall cost.

This document does not necessarily reflect the official policies or doctrine of any nation, but represents the combined knowledge and ideas of contributors with significant experience in this area. This document is intended to serve as an environmental guidebook to help troop contributing nations with environmental management responsibilities identify relevant environmental requirements, practices, standards, and preventive measures, with a goal of integrating them into the planning and execution of military operations in a way that enhances the readiness of the force and accomplishment of the overall mission. It provides overarching principles, guidelines, templates, and examples, which may be used by operational planners and deployed forces to achieve the overall environmental goals and objectives associated with a military operation. Within the text, links are provided to directly access additional reference material and applicable templates.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Department of Defense is America’s oldest and largest government agency. Its mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States.”

“As a Government department and the ministry providing the guidelines for defense administration, the Finnish Ministry of Defence is in charge of national defense policy and security and international defesce policy cooperation. In addition, the Ministry is responsible for national military defense resources and the operating framework of the Defence Forces. It coordinates Finnish participation in international crisis management and contributes to shaping the European security structures to safeguard Finland’s national interests.”

“As the only authority permitted to engage in armed combat, the Swedish Armed Forces are Sweden’s ultimate security policy resource. The Armed Forces are therefore always prepared to carry out international missions, assert Sweden’s national integrity and support Swedish society in major crises. To enable Sweden to maintain its freedom of action in terms of its security policy, the Armed Forces are continuously developing capabilities that can meet future requirements.”

INTENDED USER: Operational planners of national militaries

FRAME TOOLKIT: FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSING, MONITORING, AND EVALUATING THE ENVIRONMENT IN REFUGEE-RELATED OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and CARE International

LAST UPDATED: August 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbooks

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), CARE International, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unhcr.org/4a97d1039.html  (UNHCR)

http://www.care-international.org (CARE International)

http://www.unhcr.org/4a968ec59.html (FRAME toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The FRAME Toolkit is intended to ensure that environmental assessments, monitoring programs and evaluations are carried out in future in a more systematic manner, along proven guidelines, through appropriate means and approaches, and that the information from each of these stages is then put to good use for improved environmental management and livelihood security of displaced persons and those who may be affected by their presence in a particular region – the hosting community.

The tools and technical guidance contained in this Toolkit is intended to complement existing materials relating to the sound management of natural resources, and plugs an important gap in the resources currently available to managers, field staff and community members.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.”

CARE International is “a leading relief and development non-governmental organization fighting global poverty. In the fiscal year 2013, CARE worked in 87 countries around the world, supporting 927 poverty-fighting development and humanitarian aid projects to reach more than 97 million people.”

INTENDED USERS: “This Toolkit has been designed for use by a range of people, in particular:

  • specialist consultants engaged to undertake one or more of the activities pertaining to the FRAME Toolkit, primarily to ensure consistency in the approaches taken and tools used;
  • UNHCR’s Implementing Partners who, once training has been provided, should naturally assume many of the tasks described;
  • UNHCR Environmental Co-ordinators or Focal Points, to understand the different processes involved so that they are able to prepare for, participate in and/or monitor progress of a particular phase or activity;
  • camp and settlement managers who should review the results from these exercises and use the analysis and results for future management purposes;
  • UNHCR management who should likewise consider how findings could be used to improve particular situations or activities;
  • government authorities, some of whom might be actually involved in some of the activities, but who should otherwise be duly informed of any recommendations or decisions stemming from an assessment or evaluation, for example; and
  • representatives from refugee and host communities – for example, members of an Environmental Committee – some of whom at least will be directly implicated in some of the activities”

UNHCR ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

LAST UPDATED: August 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), water, fuel and energy, land and land use, impact assessment, guidelines

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF document, 51 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/home (UNHCR)

http://www.unhcr.org/3b03b2a04.html(guidelines)

ABOUT THE TOOL: First elaborated in 1996, this updated version of the Guidelines has been compiled to further assist governments, partners and field staff in better understanding and appreciating the need for careful and consistent approaches to environmental management. There are three main objectives to these guidelines:

  • To describe the basis for incorporating environmental factors into specific UNHCR guidance/guidelines and programs. Environmental issues are cross-sectoral by nature, and environmental considerations have to be introduced in a consistent and coordinated manner into all relevant sectoral activities, as stipulated by the reformulated environmental policy approved by the 46th session of the Executive Committee of UNHCR (EXCOM 1995).
  • To provide more detailed information and the rationale behind the EXCOM policy statement.
  • To serve as an awareness-raising tool for UNHCR and other agencies involved with refugee and returnee operations.

The guidelines also seek to provide a framework within which UNHCR and implementing partner staff, in particular, will be able to:

  • Identify and evaluate the range of some of the most common environmental impacts associated with a specific refugee or returnee situation;
  • Identify and evaluate opportunities to undertake positive environmental interventions and determine the balance of advantages and disadvantages of these interventions; and
  • Select interventions that best combine the interests of the refugees, those of the receiving country, donors and UNHCR.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.”

INTENDED USER: UNHCR