POLICY BRIEF: ASSESSING AND RESTORING NATURAL RESOURCES IN POST-CONFLICT PEACEBUILDING

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: June 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, land and land use, guidelines, restoration, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 6 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/assets/Documents/LibraryItem_000_Doc_132.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This policy brief is the second in a series of peacebuilding and natural resources policy briefs; it summarizes findings from Assessing and Restoring Natural Resources in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by David Jensen and Steve Lonergan (London: Earthscan 2012).”

This policy brief provides guidance on the key components of assessing and restoring natural resources in post-conflict peacebuilding. Among them:

  • Post-conflict environmental assessment to identify resource-related impacts, risks, opportunities, and needs
  • Remediation of environmental hot spots to protect human health and support emergency employment
  • Restoration of damaged or degraded resources to support livelihoods ad reduce disaster vulnerability
  • Reconstruction that minimizes adverse environmental and social impacts

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: Practitioners, researchers, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding

APELL MULTI-HAZARD TRAINING KIT FOR LOCAL AUTHORITIES

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: 2010

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Training Course

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), handbook, training course, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 49 pages; CD-ROM

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/DTIx1289xPA-APELLMulti-HazardTrainingKit.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The objective of the Training Kit is to facilitate local authorities in increasing public awareness of the hazards present in their community, fostering communication between various stakeholders in the community (including the government officials, industry representatives, and the public), and developing co-operative emergency plans for their local area.

This Training Kit is a compilation of information gathered from existing materials and resources. Although extensive information on emergency preparedness for natural and industrial hazards exists, these materials tend to focus on a specific hazard type, such as industrial installations that handle hazardous chemicals, flooding, earthquakes, etc. Few existing resources addressed comprehensive emergency planning from a multi-hazard viewpoint. Recognizing this need, the Training Kit was developed so that local authorities responsible for emergency preparedness could easily access information on comprehensive emergency planning that addresses multiple hazards. The Training Kit is not meant to be a complete list of all the hazards and issues that a community may face; instead, it is meant to provide a summary of the most important principles and steps in improving emergency preparedness, as well as some of the most common hazards found worldwide. Similarly, the modules do not provide detailed guidance on technical issues such as industrial risk analysis, hydrological or meteorological assessments, or building plans for reducing structural vulnerability. Instead, it provides a brief summary of the main issues present for each hazard source or aspect of emergency planning, with additional resources for further guidance where appropriate and available.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: “The primary users of this Training Kit are expected to be local authorities responsible for emergency preparedness or response in countries or areas with identified natural or industrial hazards. This may include government agencies responsible for industrial safety, emergency response, environmental protection, or public health and safety. However, effective emergency planning is generally a multi-stakeholder exercise that should involve community members, local industries and businesses, expert organisations, and any other stakeholders with the potential to be affected by or provide assistance during an emergency. For this reason, any group that is interested in implementing emergency preparedness activities may find the Training Kit useful in identifying the steps they should take to do so.”

INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN HUMANITARIAN PROGRAMMING: THE ENVIRONMENT MARKER

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: December 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), guidelines, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 2 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/system/files/documents/files/Integration%20of%20environmental%20issues%20in%20humanitarian%20programming.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: This document provides a simple framework that is meant to assist humanitarian agencies and their responsible project officers in:

  • “Contextualizing projects given the environmental vulnerabilities of areas they are located in.
  • Assessing projects for potential negative environmental impacts.
  • Mitigating those impacts by modifying the project design, or compensating for negative impacts.
  • Enhancing environmental benefits in the project“

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: Humanitarian agencies and their responsible project officers

ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS ASSESSMENT IN POST DISASTER SITUATIONS: A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR IMPLEMENTATION

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), guidelines, impact assessment, restoration, fuel and energy, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 45 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/UNEP_PDNA_draft.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guide is not intended to present a blueprint of how to conduct an environmental needs assessment given that practically every situation will have its own particular concerns. It should, however, help provide some proven basic guidance on:

a)      how an ENA team – or Team Leader at least – might organize themselves prior to conducting the ENA, as well as during subsequent stages of the assessment;

b)      some key issues which the ENA team and decision-makers might need to consider;

c)      approaches that should be respected during specific stakeholder consultations;

d)      how non-cluster specific cross-cutting issues and concerns such as gender and governance might be integrated into the various lines of questioning and assessments; and

e)      how the collected information might be presented in a format suitable for quick and easy reading and referral.

The guide has been designed with a view to helping people take each of the modules and adapt these, as necessary, to particular situations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: “This guide is intended for use by anyone concerned with environmental, and related, impacts occurring in a post-disaster situation. It should be of particular relevance to those interested in ensuring that environmental issues are taken into account from the earliest possible moment of planning for early recovery.”

“The ENA guide has been written with the expectation of it being used primarily by a core group of people who might constitute an Environmental Needs Assessment Team (ENAT), though in particular the ENA Team Leader.”

HANDBOOK FOR ESTIMATING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF DISASTERS

AUTHOR: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

LAST UPDATED: 2003

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), handbook, restoration, shelter, fuel and energy, water, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 111 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.cepal.org/default.asp?idioma=IN (ECLAC)

http://www.recoveryplatform.org/assets/tools_guidelines/Handbook_for_Estimating_Socioeconomic2003.pdf (handbook)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This new version of the ECLAC Handbook describes the methods required to assess the social, economic and environmental effects of disasters, breaking them down into direct damages and indirect losses and into overall and macroeconomic effects.

The Handbook focuses on the conceptual and methodological aspects of measuring or estimating the damage caused by disasters to capital stocks and losses in the production flows of goods and services, as well as any temporary effects on the main macroeconomic variables. This new edition also contemplates both damage to and effects on living conditions, economic performance and the environment.

The Handbook describes a tool that enables one to identify and quantify disaster damages by means of a uniform and consistent methodology that has been tested and proven over three decades. It also provides the means to identify the most affected social, economic and environmental sectors and geographic regions, and therefore those that require priority attention in reconstruction. The degree of detail of damage and loss assessment that can be achieved by applying the Handbook will, however, depend on the availability of quantitative information in the country or region affected. The methodology presented here allows for the quantification of the damage caused by any kind of disaster, whether man-made or natural, whether slowly evolving or sudden. The application of the methodology also enables one to estimate whether there is sufficient domestic capacity for dealing with reconstruction tasks, or if international cooperation is required.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “ECLAC, which is headquartered in Santiago, Chile, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations. It was founded with the purpose of contributing to the economic development of Latin America, coordinating actions directed towards this end, and reinforcing economic ties among countries and with other nations of the world. The promotion of the region’s social development was later included among its primary objectives.”

INTENDED USER: Countries and communities affected by disasters; organizations responsible for assessing the social, economic, and environmental effects of disasters.

CONFLICT SENSITIVITY TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: Trócaire

LAST UPDATED: October 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Trócaire, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 55 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.trocaire.org (Trócaire)

https://www.trocaire.org/sites/default/files/resources/policy/conflict_sensitivity_toolkit_final_version_oct_2011_1.pdf  (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This toolkit addresses the need of Trócaire staff to have tools that facilitate their work in conflict scenarios making sure that:

  • Trócaire staff are aware of the conflict dynamics in the context where their programs are implemented
  • Trócaire staff understand how conflict affects their programs
  • Trócaire staff understand how their programs affect the conflict dynamics in the country or region where they are implemented
  • Trócaire’s programs are not intensifying or creating conflict
  • Trócaire’s programs are playing a part in promoting peace

This toolkit offers an opportunity to enhance Trócaire’s work through:

  • Systematizing conflict analysis
  • Ensuring programs and projects are conflict-sensitive
  • Conflict-sensitive monitoring and evaluation”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Trócaire is the official overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland. They work with some of the world’s poorest people, supporting communities and delivering long-term change to people’s lives. Established in 1973, today Trócaire works in over 20 countries on issues including livelihoods, human rightsgender equality, HIV, climate change and emergency relief.”

INTENDED USER: Trócaire staff

EMERGENCY SHELTER ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AND ACTION CHECKLIST

AUTHOR: Global Shelter Cluster

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Shelter Cluster, guidelines, shelter, impact assessment, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable Word document, 48 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

https://www.sheltercluster.org/Pages/default.aspx (shelter cluster)

https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:i1zbo4hBND8J:https://www.sheltercluster.org/sites/default/files/docs/Shelter%2520Environmental%2520Impact%2520Assessment%2520and%2520Action%2520Tool.doc+&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us&client=safari (checklist)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This Emergency Shelter Environmental Impact Assessment and Action Checklist provides emergency shelter project managers and field staff a means to:

  • Quickly assess shelter-related environmental impacts and,
  • Quickly identify practical local actions to address these impacts.

The Checklist is explicitly designed for emergency and transitional shelter situations. The Checklist does not replace (but can supplement) full and formal environmental impact assessments for permanent reconstruction of shelter or related infrastructure.

The Checklist focuses on four stages in the shelter life cycle:

  1. Selection of the shelter site
  2. Construction of buildings and infrastructure on the site,
  3. Management of the site while it is occupied, and
  4. Decommissioning (closing) of a site when it is no longer needed.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The Global Shelter Cluster (GSC) is an Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) coordination mechanism that supports people affected by natural disasters and internally displaced people affected by conflict with the means to live in safe, dignified and appropriate shelter. The GSC enables better coordination among all shelter actors, including local and national governments, so that people who need shelter assistance get help faster and receive the right kind of support.

INTENDED USER:  Emergency shelter project managers and field staff

SHELTER CLUSTER REFERENCE DOCUMENTS

AUTHOR: Global Shelter Cluster

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines, handbooks, and planning toolkits

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Shelter Cluster, guidelines, handbook, shelter, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Web site, Specific tools available primarily in English

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

https://www.sheltercluster.org/Pages/default.aspx (global shelter cluster)

https://www.sheltercluster.org/References/Pages/default.aspx (resource page)

https://www.sheltercluster.org/References/Pages/Environment.aspx (documents search engine)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Shelter Cluster web site contains real-time documents and materials for use during the emergency and recovery phase of humanitarian responses across the world.” The references sections of the site provide a number of basic documents on:

  • IASC Guidance: Documents from the Inter Agency Standing Committee on the cluster approach, the Humanitarian Reform and the transformative agenda.
  • Shelter Cluster Guidance: A number of documents explaining the Shelter cluster team role and members, case studies on Shelter Cluster field-work and documents on Shelter Cluster policy.
  • Technical resources: All available documents on Sheltering Standards, Settlement Planning, Shelter Specifications, Shelter Programming, Non-Food Items (NFIs), and Cross Cutting issues.
  • Coordination: Reference materials on Shelter Cluster coordination.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The Global Shelter Cluster (GSC) is an Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) coordination mechanism that supports people affected by natural disasters and internally displaced people affected by conflict with the means to live in safe, dignified and appropriate shelter. The GSC enables better coordination among all shelter actors, including local and national governments, so that people who need shelter assistance get help faster and receive the right kind of support.

INTENDED USER:  “The Shelter Cluster website is a resource for humanitarian agencies working in the Shelter sector.”

ENVIRONMENTAL ADVISOR OF THE SHELTER COORDINATION TEAM (SCT) AND RELATED GUIDANCE

AUTHOR: Shelter Cluster Team, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies(IFRC)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: environmental management, Shelter Cluster Team, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies(IFRC), knowledge platform, guidelines, handbooks, shelter, restoration, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Web site. Specific tools available primarily in English

LANGUAGES: Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish

WEB LINKS:

https://www.sheltercluster.org/Pages/default.aspx (global shelter cluster)

https://www.sheltercluster.org/sites/default/files/docs/700400-shelter_coordination_team-en-lr.pdf (guidance)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Shelter Cluster website makes available a wide array of guidelines, planning toolkits, and handbooks related to contingency planning, settlement planning, shelter specifications, shelter programming, non-food items, cross-cutting aspects, and cluster coordination.  At the global level, the aim of the cluster approach is to strengthen system-wide preparedness and technical capacity to respond to humanitarian emergencies by ensuring that there is predictable leadership and accountability in all the main sectors or areas of humanitarian response.  Similarly, at the country level the aim is to strengthen humanitarian response by demanding high standards of predictability, accountability and partnership in all sectors or areas of activity. The cluster approach can be used in both conflict-related humanitarian emergencies and in disaster situations.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The Global Shelter Cluster (GSC) is an Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) coordination mechanism that supports people affected by natural disasters and internally displaced people affected by conflict with the means to live in safe, dignified and appropriate shelter. The GSC enables better coordination among all shelter actors, including local and national governments, so that people who need shelter assistance get help faster and receive the right kind of support.

INTENDED USER:  This toolkit is designed for use by coordination teams deployed by the Emergency Shelter Cluster co-chairs UNHCR and IFRC to chair in-country Emergency Shelter Cluster Working Groups.

DISASTER RELIEF TRAINING COURSES

AUTHOR: Redr UK

LAST UPDATEDTrainings offered periodically

TYPE OF TOOL: Training courses

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, training course, Redr UK, water, impact assessment, restoration, risk reduction, shelter

FORMAT: On-site training courses

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.redr.org.uk (Redr UK)

http://www.redr.org.uk/en/Training-and-more/find-a-training-course.cfm (course info)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Redr training course website provides information on a wide variety of Redr training courses related to disaster relief and management. Courses take place all over the world and cover a number of different topics, including safety and security, humanitarian essentials, response preparations, management, facilitation, logistics, water/sanitation/hygiene, needs assessments, shelter, gender, and health.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Redr Uk is an international humanitarian NGO which supports aid organizations and other humanitarian actors across the world by developing skills and providing expertise. They act to ensure disaster-prone communities are resilient by giving them practical life-saving skills, advice and support, which help them prepare for, respond to and recover from natural and man-made disasters.”

INTENDED USER: Disaster relief and humanitarian professionals generally; intended users vary by course