DISASTER WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit and Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 43 pages

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, waste management, restoration,

impact assessment, Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, United Nations Environment Programme,

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency,

guidelines

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org/themes/environmental-emergencies (Joint Unit)

https://www.msb.se/en/ (MSB)

http://www.unocha.org/search/node/disaster%20waste (disaster/waste web page)

https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/DWM.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL:  The guidelines provide advice and tools related to challenges of managing

disaster-related waste in emergency and early recovery situations. “They are targeted at

implementers of disaster waste management projects. Their objective is to i) minimize risks to

human life and health ii) reduce risks to the environment and iii) ensure that any value in the DW is

realized, to the bene t of affected communities.”

“The guidelines are in four parts:

1. Introduction and overview.

2. General guidance divided into the immediate response phase, early recovery phase and

recovery phases. The latter includes information on contingency planning.

3. Key considerations that are important throughout the process – for example, health and

safety.

4. Tools and checklists for implementing the guidance provided. These are in the attached

Annexes.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS:

“The Joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU), housed

within OCHA’s Emergency Services Branch, helps Member States to prepare for and respond to

environmental emergencies. By pairing UNEP’s technical expertise with OCHA’s humanitarian

response coordination structure, the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to

environmental emergencies. The JEU provides independent, impartial advice and practical solutions,

while working with organizations dedicated to medium and long term rehabilitation to ensure a

seamless transition from emergency response to recovery.”

“The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) is a Swedish administrative authority, organised

under the Ministry of Defence. The agency is responsible for issues concerning civil protection,

public safety, emergency management and civil defence.”

INTENDED USER: Implementers and supporting organizations for disaster-waste management

projects.

GREEN RECOVERY CONNECT HELP DESK

AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund Environment & Disaster Management Program

LAST UPDATED: n/a

TYPE OF TOOL: knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, land and land use, water, shelter,

climate adaptation, risk reduction, restoration, World Wildlife Fund, knowledge platform

FORMAT: web site

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://envirodm.org/ (WWF Environment & Disaster Management Program)

http://envirodm.org/helpdesk (help desk tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: Provides round-the- clock interactive support for questions about environmental

dimensions of disaster recovery, reconstruction, and risk reduction. Users may submit queries via

phone, email, or web chat. Emphasis on users requiring a rapid response related to ongoing

activities.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Environment and Disaster Management (EDM)

program collaborates with humanitarian and development agencies, the United Nations (UN),

academic institutions and others to integrate environmental considerations into disaster recovery,

reconstruction, and risk reduction programs and policies, and to learn and develop new approaches.

The program was formed during the aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and in the years since

we have worked in partnership to provide support, training, and development of new approaches for

environmentally responsible disaster management in Belize, Chile, Ecuador, Fiji, Guatemala, Haiti,

Indonesia, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.”

INTENDED USER: Individuals and organizations working in disaster response/recovery settings who

need environmental specialist advice and support.

INTERNATIONAL RECOVERY PLATFORM

AUTHOR: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), knowledge platform, restoration, risk reduction, shelter, climate adaptation, water, fuel and energy, land and land use, health, recovery planning, gender psycho-social issues, natural disasters

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English, Japanese

WEB LINK:

http://www.unisdr.org (ISDR)

http://www.recoveryplatform.org/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The International Recovery Platform (IRP) was established following the Second UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, in 2005 to support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) by addressing the gaps and constraints experienced in the context of post-disaster recovery. After a decade of functioning as an international source of knowledge on good recovery practice IRP is focusing on more specialised role as an “international mechanism for sharing experience and lessons associated with build-back-better.

Mission:

To identify and strengthen knowledge and information on build-back-better in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.

Goals:

Goal 1: To proactively contribute to the implementation of Priority Four of the Sendai Framework and lead discussions around the issue of build-back-better at  international forums.

Goal 2: To promote collaboration and cooperation among global and regional partners on the subject of build-back-better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNISDR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).It is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution (56/195), to serve as the focal point in the United Nations system for the coordination of disaster reduction and to ensure synergies among the disaster reduction activities of the United Nations system and regional organizations and activities in socio‐economic and humanitarian fields. It is an organisational unit of the UN Secretariat and is led by the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction (SRSG).

INTENDED USER: The development and humanitarian communities

 

 

POST CONFLICT NEEDS ASSESSMENT

AUTHOR: UN Development Group (UNDG)

LAST UPDATED: 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, handbook, UN Development Group (UNDG), guidelines, impact assessment, restoration

FORMAT: Website and downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.undg.org/content/post-crisis_transition/post-conflict_needs_assessments_%28pcna%29 (overview)

https://archive.undg.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/4937-PCNA_-_Practical_Guide_to_Multilateral_Needs_Assessments_in_Post-Conflict_situations.pdf (PCNA guidelines)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The PCNA Guidelines are comprised of two documents: The Practical Guide for Multilateral Needs Assessments in Post-Conflict Situations and The Operational Note on Transitional Results Matrices.

The Practical Guide aims to help make PCNAs more effective by systematizing the analysis and suggesting more efficient processes. In particular, it contributes to:

    • the definition of common minimum standards regarding quality, reliability and inclusiveness of the assessment;
    • a fast-track professional response by the international community when recovery planning becomes feasible; and
    • lowering the costs of PCNAs by promoting systematization and standardization.”

“The Transitional Results Matrix (TRM), also referred to as a Transitional Calendar or Results- Focused Transitional Framework (RFTF), is a planning, coordination, and management tool that national stakeholders and donors can use to better prioritize actions necessary to achieve a successful transition in fragile states. The TRM helps launch a poverty reduction strategy (PRS) approach in these environments, either by acting as an early framework to lay the groundwork for a PRS or, later, as a way to operationalize poverty reduction strategies in low capacity countries.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The UN Development Group (UNDG) unites the 32 UN funds, programs, agencies, departments, and offices that play a role in development. The group’s common objective is to deliver more coherent, effective and efficient support to countries seeking to attain internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals.”

INTENDED USER:

The Practical Guide has been prepared for:

    • Multilateral agency headquarters and in-country staff with responsibility for steering, coordinating and contributing to the PCNA;
    • The PCNA management team responsible for managing data collection, analysis and preparing the final report;
    • Cluster/sector managers and technical mission staff responsible for sectoral assessments; and
    • National authorities, conflict parties, civil society and other stakeholders contributing to the PCNA.”

The Operational Note on TRM is intended for national stakeholders and donors.

RELIEFWEB

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), knowledge platform, restoration, risk reduction, impact assessment, climate adaptation, land and land use, water, shelter, fuel and energy, natural disasters, vulnerable groups

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org (OCHA)

http://reliefweb.int/ (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “ReliefWeb is the leading humanitarian information source on global crises and disasters. It is a specialized digital service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

We provide reliable and timely information, enabling humanitarian workers to make informed decisions and to plan effective response. We collect and deliver key information, including the latest reports, maps and infographics and videos from trusted sources.

ReliefWeb’s editorial team monitors and collects information from more than 4,000 key sources, including humanitarian agencies at the international and local levels, governments, think tanks and research institutions, and the media.

ReliefWeb editors identify and select the content that is most relevant to global humanitarian workers.

Our content is delivered through various channels – the reliefweb.int website, social media networks and our new, cutting-edge mobile apps and API – so that humanitarian workers can access key content anywhere anytime.”

ReliefWeb has three main functions:

  1. Collect:We collect updates and analysis from more than 4,000 global information sources around the clock.
  2. Deliver: Our editors identify and deliver the content most relevant to ReliefWeb’s global audience. This content includes country and disaster reports, maps, info-graphics, job announcements and learning opportunities and events of interest to humanitarians.
  3. Enable: As part of our commitment to humanitarians worldwide, we develop new information products and services that enable humanitarian partners to analyze context and situations and make better decisions

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: The humanitarian community

HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE INFORMATION PLATFORM

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), knowledge platform, risk reduction, restoration, shelter, water, impact assessment

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org (OCHA)

https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Humanitarian Response is a specialized digital service of the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

Humanitarian Response aims to be the central website for Information Management tools and services, enabling information exchange among operational responders during either a protracted or sudden onset emergency. This global site is complimented by country specific emergency sites that can be accessed through www.HumanitarianResponse.info.

At the global level, Humanitarian Response provides access to country sites and a “one-stop-shop” for global information coordination resources, such as normative products including guidance notes and policies, cluster specific information and data, toolboxes and internet links.

At the country level, Humanitarian Response is designed to provide a platform for sharing operational information between clusters and IASC members operating within a crisis. It provides a predictable set of core features that will be repeated on all sites and will host future tools for streamlining information collection sharing and visualization.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: The humanitarian community

GUIDELINES ON THE USE OF MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE ASSETS IN DISASTER RELIEF (OSLO GUIDELINES)

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATED: November 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 38 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org/theme/humanitarian-civil-military-coordination/publications (all languages)

http://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/OSLO%20Guidelines%20Rev%201.1%20-%20Nov%2007_0.pdf (English PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The aim of the present Guidelines on the Use of Military and Civil Defense Assets in Disaster Relief is to establish the basic framework for formalizing and improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the use of foreign military and civil defense assets in international disaster relief operations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: “These guidelines are primarily intended for use by UN humanitarian agencies and their implementing and operational partners, Resident and Humanitarian Coordinators, UN MCDA commanders and commanders of other deployed forces performing missions in support of the UN humanitarian agencies and liaison officers coordinating UN humanitarian activities with foreign military forces. All humanitarian actors should also be familiar with the principles, concepts and procedures set out herein and encouraged to adhere to them, as appropriate.”

ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP REVIEW FOR HUMANITARIAN AID

AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund and American Red Cross

LAST UPDATED: 2010

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines (worksheet)

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, World Wildlife Fund, American Red Cross, guidelines, restoration, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable Word document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.academia.edu/5353222/ENVIRONMENTAL_IMPACT_ASSESSMENT_TOOLS_AND_TECHNIQUES_GREEN_RECOVERY_AND_RECONSTRUCTION_TRAINING_TOOLKIT_FOR_HUMANITARIAN_AID_3_GREEN_GUIDE_TO (online version)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the American Red Cross developed the Environmental Stewardship Review for Humanitarian Aid (ESR) as a tool for evaluating the environmental impacts of humanitarian aid projects with a focus on the recovery and reconstruction phases after the disaster. The ESR can, however, be used during the early relief phase as well as in longer-term development phases as the EIA elements are standardized. The ESR is meant to be completed in about one to three hours and typically includes a field visit to the proposed project site and consultation with project planners and other experts (e.g., government officials at the Environmental Ministry or Water Quality Department).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Soon after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the American Red Cross and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) formed an innovative, five-year partnership to help ensure that the recovery efforts of the American Red Cross did not have unintended negative effects on the environment. Combining the environmental expertise of WWF with the humanitarian aid expertise of the American Red Cross, the partnership has worked across the tsunami-affected region to make sure that the recovery programs include environmentally sustainable considerations, which are critical to ensuring a long-lasting recovery for communities.”

INTENDED USER: “The tool is for intended for those involved in the conception, design, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation of a humanitarian aid project. It applies as well to those involved in the various planning and implementation stages of temporary camps, permanent housing, water supply projects, livelihoods interventions, or any
other activity designed to assist communities that are recovering from disaster. Specific audiences may include project managers in the field or at headquarters, project designers, shelter and other construction professionals, monitoring and evaluation specialists, physical planners, logistics and procurement officers, donors, livelihood specialists, water and sanitation project designers and managers, and disaster risk-reduction planners. The staff of local and national government agencies, as well as environmental specialists involved in the design, review, and implementation of recovery and reconstruction projects, would also benefit from the training. It may also be used by consultants working for humanitarian aid agencies, and by specialist staff responsible for ensuring that the environmental aspects of humanitarian aid projects are addressed.”

GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION

AUTHOR: United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI)

LAST UPDATED: November 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, United States Institute of Peace (USIP), US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI), handbook, guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 232 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usip.org (USIP)

http://pksoi.armywarcollege.edu (PKSOI)

http://www.usip.org/publications/guiding-principles-stabilization-and-reconstruction (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction (S&R) manual presents the first strategic “doctrine” ever produced for civilians engaged in peacebuilding missions. It is a practical roadmap for helping countries transition from violent conflict to peace. The manual offers two important contributions: 1) a comprehensive set of shared principles and 2) a shared strategic framework. The “Strategic Framework for Stabilization and Reconstruction” is the cornerstone of the manual and is based on a validated construct of common End States, Cross-Cutting Principles, Necessary Conditions and Major Approaches.

Both the principles and strategic framework are built on the wealth of lessons that have emerged from across the peacebuilding community in past S&R missions.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The United States Institute of Peace works to prevent, mitigate, and resolve violent conflict around the world. USIP does this by engaging directly in conflict zones and by providing analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace. Created by Congress in 1984 as an independent, nonpartisan, federally funded organization, USIP’s more than 300 staff work at the Institute’s D.C. headquarters, and on the ground in the world’s most dangerous regions.

“The US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute serves as the US Army’s center of excellence for stability and peace operations at the strategic and operational levels in order to improve military, civilian agency, international, and multinational capabilities and execution.”

INTENDED USER: “The primary audience for the manual is U.S. government agencies engaged in S&R missions—principally their decision makers, planners, and practitioners. At the time of this writing, these agencies ‘contributions are coordinated under the leadership of the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization at the U.S. Department of State (S/CRS). Though not written specifically for U.S. partners and others who labor in these in these difficult environments, the manual may be of value to them as well since it is based in part on their good work. In the final analysis, it is intended to help host nations and victims of conflict rebuild shattered societies.”

PEACEKEEPER TRAINING PROGRAMME ADVANCED COURSE: NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN POST-CONFLICT COUNTRIES

AUTHOR: United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

LAST UPDATED: Courses offered periodically

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), training course, restoration

FORMAT: Web-based training course (4 weeks, 8 hours per week)

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unitar.org (UNITAR)

http://www.unitar.org/event/natural-resources-management-post-conflict-countries-ptp201425e-0 (training course info)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The goal of this course is to provide an overview of the role natural resources play in conflict environments, illustrating both positive and negative situations where natural resources have an impact on a conflict and – conversely – how the environment is impacted by conflict. The course also explores the different methods for using natural resources as entry points for building peace and strengthening governance, before giving an overview of how natural resources can be integrated into community recovery programs. Finally, it looks at the technologies, practices and habits that can be implemented to ensure that peacekeeping missions have a minimal impact on the local environment.

At the end of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Describe how natural resources can contribute to or prolong conflict as well as undermine peace;
  • Identify the principles for effective post-conflict natural resources management;
  • Relate natural resources management to other post-conflict stabilization  and state building interventions;
  • Explain how peacekeeping missions can benefit from green technologies and practices for water, energy and waste.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “An autonomous UN body established in 1963, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (www.unitar.org) is a training arm of the United Nations System, and has the mandate to enhance the effectiveness of the UN through diplomatic training, and to increase the impact of national actions through public awareness-raising, education and training of public policy officials.

UNITAR provides training and capacity development activities to assist mainly developing countries with special attention to Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and other groups and communities who are most vulnerable, including those in conflict situations.  The Institute covers topics in the broad areas of supporting capacity for the 2030 Agenda, strengthening multilateralism, advancing environmental sustainability and green development, improving resilience and humanitarian assistance, promoting sustainable peace, and promoting economic development and social inclusion.

It also conducts research on innovative learning approaches, methods, and tools, as well as applied research to address critical issues, such as disaster risk reduction and humanitarian emergencies.

INTENDED USERS: “Primary audience: The course is designed for national and regional military and police personnel of every rank and function serving or interested in serving in peace operations.

Secondary audience: The course also addresses a broad audience of civilians, from international and regional organizations, governmental and non-governmental organizations, universities and research centres working or interested in working with peace operations.”