CAMP SOLUTIONS

AUTHOR: Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge Platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Swedish Defense Research Agency (FOI), knowledge platform, shelter, water

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English, Swedish

WEB LINK:

http://www.foi.se/en/ (FOI)

http://www.foi.se/en/Our-Services/Camp-solutions/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: Camp Solutions is a knowledge platform that provides information on camp management, in order to address challenges such as information deficits, security constraints, geographical and logistical difficulties, force protection challenges, strained local environment, natural resource conflict and socioeconomic impact.

The platform includes a number of reports and publications related to camp management, links to relevant websites, information on experts in field, and information on upcoming conferences and meetings.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “FOI is one of Europe’s leading research institutes in the areas of defence and security. We have 930 highly skilled employees with various backgrounds.

FOI’s core activities are research, methodology/technology development, analyses and studies. FOI is an assignment-based authority under the Ministry of Defence.

INTENDED USER: Those involved with the planning, establishment, operation, cleanup, and closure of camps.

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDEBOOK FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, and Swedish Armed Forces

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, Swedish Armed Forces, guidelines, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment, water, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 118 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: http://www.defmin.fi/files/1256/Guidebook_final_printing_version.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guidebook gives operational planners the necessary tools to incorporate environmental considerations throughout the life cycle of the operation. Failure to integrate environmental considerations into operational- and tactical-level planning increases the risk to the health and safety of military personnel and civilian non-combatants. Inadvertent damage to the natural environment or to significant cultural or historic resources also complicates the attainment of the desired strategic end state through the loss of political capital, negative public image, and increased overall cost.

This document does not necessarily reflect the official policies or doctrine of any nation, but represents the combined knowledge and ideas of contributors with significant experience in this area. This document is intended to serve as an environmental guidebook to help troop contributing nations with environmental management responsibilities identify relevant environmental requirements, practices, standards, and preventive measures, with a goal of integrating them into the planning and execution of military operations in a way that enhances the readiness of the force and accomplishment of the overall mission. It provides overarching principles, guidelines, templates, and examples, which may be used by operational planners and deployed forces to achieve the overall environmental goals and objectives associated with a military operation. Within the text, links are provided to directly access additional reference material and applicable templates.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Department of Defense is America’s oldest and largest government agency. Its mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States.”

“As a Government department and the ministry providing the guidelines for defense administration, the Finnish Ministry of Defence is in charge of national defense policy and security and international defesce policy cooperation. In addition, the Ministry is responsible for national military defense resources and the operating framework of the Defence Forces. It coordinates Finnish participation in international crisis management and contributes to shaping the European security structures to safeguard Finland’s national interests.”

“As the only authority permitted to engage in armed combat, the Swedish Armed Forces are Sweden’s ultimate security policy resource. The Armed Forces are therefore always prepared to carry out international missions, assert Sweden’s national integrity and support Swedish society in major crises. To enable Sweden to maintain its freedom of action in terms of its security policy, the Armed Forces are continuously developing capabilities that can meet future requirements.”

INTENDED USER: Operational planners of national militaries

USAID CONFLICT TOOLKITS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM)

LAST UPDATED: 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, handbook, guidelines, water, land and land use, minerals, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/organization/bureaus/bureau-democracy-conflict-and-humanitarian-assistance/office (USAID CMM)

http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/working-crises-and-conflict/technical-publications (CMM publications)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADE290.pdf (Forests and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb335.pdfLand and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnade291.pdf (Livelihoods and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb307.pdf (Minerals and Conflict)

http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/WaterConflictToolkit.pdf  (Water and Conflict)

ABOUT THE TOOL: These toolkits are intended to help USAID and their partners understand the opportunities and challenges inherent to development programming in conflicts where natural resources are an important issue. These documents (1) explore the relationship between natural resources, conflict, and cooperation, (2) highlight lessons learned from relevant development and peacebuilding programs, (3) discuss options for programming based on past USAID and development community experiences, and (4) provide various tools to support officers in identifying and evaluating the conflict risk and peacebuilding potential of natural resource management programs. Together, the elements of these toolkits are designed to help raise awareness about the linkages between natural resource management and conflict as well as opportunities for peacebuilding and integrating a conflict perspective into development programming.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world…. The Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM) was founded in 2002 to lead USAID’s efforts to address the sources of instability and violent conflict.”

INTENDED USER: USAID and partners

USAID ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE DATABASE

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

FORMAT: Website, searchable database

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, water, shelter, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, impact assessment

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/environment/compliance/database (how to use tool)

http://gemini.info.usaid.gov/egat/envcomp/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This searchable database contains copies of the environmental impact assessments prepared and approved by USAID Regional and Global Bureaus. The database is updated as new documents are approved. Displayed search results provide a link to summary information about the assessment document and a link to the actual document itself.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, practitioners, policy makers, students, and others interested in country-strategy and project-specific environmental impact assessments

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES FOR SMALL SCALE ACTIVITIES IN AFRICA

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: December 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines, Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), guidelines, handbook, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF and Word documents

LANGUAGES: English, some documents available in French

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/egssaa.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The “Small-Scale Guidelines” are Africa Bureau’s principal source of sector-specific environmental guidance. For each development sector addressed, the Guidelines brief the potential, typical adverse impacts for activities in this sector, provide environmental good practice guidance for sector program design, environmental mitigation and monitoring guidance, and an annotated bibliography of web-accessible resources.

These guidelines were developed to help USAID and its partners meet the challenges posed by the need for environmentally sound design (ESD) in small-scale activities. Specifically, this book is:

  • An introduction to ESD, both in general and specific sector activities. The guidelines set out ESD’s basic principles and should assist private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in integrating environmental concerns into activities and programs.
  • A reference for PVOs and NGOs operating in Africa on USAID environmental procedures and requirements. These guidelines should help PVOs and NGOs write concept papers and creating proposals, as well as implementation plans and associated mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans that conform to USAID’s environmental procedures.
  • A reference for USAID staff for evaluating and classifying project concept papers,; proposals, implementation plans,; and mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)

ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT CAPACITY-BUILDING FOR PARTNERS AND PROGRAMS IN AFRICA (ENCAP) TOOLBOX

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: September 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/indexArchive.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Mission Environmental Officer (MEO) Resource Center is a single point of access to a wide range of environmental compliance, best practice, and related references for MEOs. It was created as a companion to the MEO Handbook. Together, the Resource Center and the Handbook are intended to provide USAID Mission Environmental Officers (MEOs) in Africa with the guidance and the resources they need to be as effective as possible in helping their Missions attain and maintain full compliance with USAID’s Environmental Procedures and to mainstream environmentally sound design and management (ESDM).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.“

INTENDED USER: “USAID Mission Environmental Officers (MEOs) in Africa”

UNHCR ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

LAST UPDATED: August 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), water, fuel and energy, land and land use, impact assessment, guidelines

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF document, 51 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/home (UNHCR)

http://www.unhcr.org/3b03b2a04.html(guidelines)

ABOUT THE TOOL: First elaborated in 1996, this updated version of the Guidelines has been compiled to further assist governments, partners and field staff in better understanding and appreciating the need for careful and consistent approaches to environmental management. There are three main objectives to these guidelines:

  • To describe the basis for incorporating environmental factors into specific UNHCR guidance/guidelines and programs. Environmental issues are cross-sectoral by nature, and environmental considerations have to be introduced in a consistent and coordinated manner into all relevant sectoral activities, as stipulated by the reformulated environmental policy approved by the 46th session of the Executive Committee of UNHCR (EXCOM 1995).
  • To provide more detailed information and the rationale behind the EXCOM policy statement.
  • To serve as an awareness-raising tool for UNHCR and other agencies involved with refugee and returnee operations.

The guidelines also seek to provide a framework within which UNHCR and implementing partner staff, in particular, will be able to:

  • Identify and evaluate the range of some of the most common environmental impacts associated with a specific refugee or returnee situation;
  • Identify and evaluate opportunities to undertake positive environmental interventions and determine the balance of advantages and disadvantages of these interventions; and
  • Select interventions that best combine the interests of the refugees, those of the receiving country, donors and UNHCR.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.”

INTENDED USER: UNHCR

GREENING THE BLUE HELMETS: ENVIRONMENT, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND UN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), UN Department of Field Support (DFS), and UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

LAST UPDATED: May 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Report

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), UN Department of Field Support (DFS), UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), report, water, fuel and energy, minerals, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 134 pages

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org/disastersandconflicts/Introduction/EnvironmentalCooperationforPeacebuilding/GreeningtheBlueHelmetsReport/tabid/101797/Default.aspx (UNEP site)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/UNEP_greening_blue_helmets.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of how peacekeeping operations affect and are affected by natural resources and environmental conditions. The report is divided into two main parts. Part 1 reviews the environmental management of peacekeeping operations and showcases good practices, technologies and behaviors that have already been adopted. Part 2 examines the role that peacekeeping operations have played in stabilizing countries where violent conflicts have been financed by natural resources – including diamonds, gold, timber and oil – or driven by grievances over their ownership, access and control.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment. The Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) is dedicated to assisting the Member States and the Secretary-General in their efforts to maintain international peace and security. The Department of Field Support (DFS) provides dedicated support to peacekeeping field missions and political field missions.

INTENDED USER: “This report is addressed to three main sets of actors namely: policy makers at UN agencies and Member States; peacekeeping personnel including military, police, and civilian staff and senior leadership; and DFS mission support staff, including engineers, environmental officers, logisticians and other field operators.”

POLICY BRIEF: WATER AND POST-CONFLICT PEACEBUILDING

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: March 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, water, guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/assets/Documents/LibraryItem_000_Doc_425.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This is the fourth in a series of policy briefs on post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management; it draws upon findings from Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama (London: Earthscan 2014).”

This policy brief provides guidance on how to:

  • Involve stakeholders in decision making
  • Prioritize, sequence, and coordinate water interventions
  • Invest in resilient water infrastructure and adaptive management
  • Assess institutions and rebuild capacities for water governance
  • Engage the informal sector
  • Use water as a platform cooperation and confidence building

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: “Practitioners in international development and humanitarian initiatives, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding and the nexus between water management and conflict.”

ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS ASSESSMENT IN POST DISASTER SITUATIONS: A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR IMPLEMENTATION

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), guidelines, impact assessment, restoration, fuel and energy, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 45 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/UNEP_PDNA_draft.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guide is not intended to present a blueprint of how to conduct an environmental needs assessment given that practically every situation will have its own particular concerns. It should, however, help provide some proven basic guidance on:

a)      how an ENA team – or Team Leader at least – might organize themselves prior to conducting the ENA, as well as during subsequent stages of the assessment;

b)      some key issues which the ENA team and decision-makers might need to consider;

c)      approaches that should be respected during specific stakeholder consultations;

d)      how non-cluster specific cross-cutting issues and concerns such as gender and governance might be integrated into the various lines of questioning and assessments; and

e)      how the collected information might be presented in a format suitable for quick and easy reading and referral.

The guide has been designed with a view to helping people take each of the modules and adapt these, as necessary, to particular situations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: “This guide is intended for use by anyone concerned with environmental, and related, impacts occurring in a post-disaster situation. It should be of particular relevance to those interested in ensuring that environmental issues are taken into account from the earliest possible moment of planning for early recovery.”

“The ENA guide has been written with the expectation of it being used primarily by a core group of people who might constitute an Environmental Needs Assessment Team (ENAT), though in particular the ENA Team Leader.”