HANDBOOK FOR ESTIMATING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF DISASTERS

AUTHOR: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

LAST UPDATED: 2003

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), handbook, restoration, shelter, fuel and energy, water, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 111 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.cepal.org/default.asp?idioma=IN (ECLAC)

http://www.recoveryplatform.org/assets/tools_guidelines/Handbook_for_Estimating_Socioeconomic2003.pdf (handbook)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This new version of the ECLAC Handbook describes the methods required to assess the social, economic and environmental effects of disasters, breaking them down into direct damages and indirect losses and into overall and macroeconomic effects.

The Handbook focuses on the conceptual and methodological aspects of measuring or estimating the damage caused by disasters to capital stocks and losses in the production flows of goods and services, as well as any temporary effects on the main macroeconomic variables. This new edition also contemplates both damage to and effects on living conditions, economic performance and the environment.

The Handbook describes a tool that enables one to identify and quantify disaster damages by means of a uniform and consistent methodology that has been tested and proven over three decades. It also provides the means to identify the most affected social, economic and environmental sectors and geographic regions, and therefore those that require priority attention in reconstruction. The degree of detail of damage and loss assessment that can be achieved by applying the Handbook will, however, depend on the availability of quantitative information in the country or region affected. The methodology presented here allows for the quantification of the damage caused by any kind of disaster, whether man-made or natural, whether slowly evolving or sudden. The application of the methodology also enables one to estimate whether there is sufficient domestic capacity for dealing with reconstruction tasks, or if international cooperation is required.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “ECLAC, which is headquartered in Santiago, Chile, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations. It was founded with the purpose of contributing to the economic development of Latin America, coordinating actions directed towards this end, and reinforcing economic ties among countries and with other nations of the world. The promotion of the region’s social development was later included among its primary objectives.”

INTENDED USER: Countries and communities affected by disasters; organizations responsible for assessing the social, economic, and environmental effects of disasters.

THE SPHERE HANDBOOK: HUMANITARIAN CHARTER AND MINIMUM STANDARDS IN HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE

AUTHOR: The Sphere Project

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, The Sphere Project, handbook, risk reduction, shelter, water, restoration

FORMATS: Handbook available for purchase in 18 languages; open-access website available in Arabic, English, French, and Spanish; Training modules in English

LANGUAGES: Arabic, Armenian, Bangla, Braille (English), Chinese (Simplified), English, French, German, Haitian Creole, Indonesian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Nepali, Russian, Sinhala, Slovenian, Spanish, Tamil, Urdu, Vietnamese

WEB LINKS: http://www.sphereproject.org/handbook/ (handbook); www.SphereHandbook.org (web site)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, is one of the most widely known and internationally recognized sets of common principles and universal minimum standards in life-saving areas of humanitarian response.  The Sphere Handbook is designed for planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation during humanitarian response. It is also an effective advocacy tool when negotiating for humanitarian space and for the provision of resources with authorities. Furthermore, it is useful for disaster preparedness activities and contingency planning, with donors increasingly including the standards in their reporting requirements.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: In 1997, a group of humanitarian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement initiated the Sphere Project.  The Sphere Project is a voluntary initiative that brings a wide range of humanitarian agencies together around a common aim–to improve the quality of humanitarian assistance and the accountability of humanitarian actors to their constituents, donors and affected populations.  They based Sphere’s philosophy on two core beliefs: first, that those affected by disaster or conflict have a right to life with dignity and, therefore, a right to assistance; and second, that all possible steps should be taken to alleviate human suffering arising out of disaster or conflict.

INTENDED USER: The principal users of the Sphere Handbook are practitioners involved in planning, managing or implementing a humanitarian response. This includes staff and volunteers of local, national and international humanitarian agencies. In the context of fund-raising and project proposals, the minimum standards are also frequently referred to. Other actors, such as government and local authorities, the military or the private sector, are also encouraged to use the Sphere Handbook. It may be useful in guiding their own actions, but also in helping them to understand the standards used by the humanitarian agencies with whom they may interact.

DISASTER RELIEF TRAINING COURSES

AUTHOR: Redr UK

LAST UPDATEDTrainings offered periodically

TYPE OF TOOL: Training courses

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, training course, Redr UK, water, impact assessment, restoration, risk reduction, shelter

FORMAT: On-site training courses

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.redr.org.uk (Redr UK)

http://www.redr.org.uk/en/Training-and-more/find-a-training-course.cfm (course info)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Redr training course website provides information on a wide variety of Redr training courses related to disaster relief and management. Courses take place all over the world and cover a number of different topics, including safety and security, humanitarian essentials, response preparations, management, facilitation, logistics, water/sanitation/hygiene, needs assessments, shelter, gender, and health.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Redr Uk is an international humanitarian NGO which supports aid organizations and other humanitarian actors across the world by developing skills and providing expertise. They act to ensure disaster-prone communities are resilient by giving them practical life-saving skills, advice and support, which help them prepare for, respond to and recover from natural and man-made disasters.”

INTENDED USER: Disaster relief and humanitarian professionals generally; intended users vary by course

CAMP MANAGEMENT TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: Norwegian Refugee Council

LAST UPDATED: 2016

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Norwegian Refugee Council, handbook, shelter, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 596 pages (chapters may also be downloaded individually)

LANGUAGES: English, Arabic, French, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.nrc.no (Norwegian Refugee Council)

http://cmtoolkit.org (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Taking a comprehensive and holistic look at camp management as a cross-cutting humanitarian sector, the Camp Management Toolkit incorporates a wide range of relevant basic information on various aspects of camp operations.

The Camp Management Toolkit is intended for both refugee and IDP situations resulting from either conflict or natural disasters. The Toolkit defines key messages and issues in relation to the roles and responsibilities of the Camp Management Agency within each of the defined areas. It also includes tools and lists of essential reading.

The Camp Management Toolkit highlights essential issues of protection and service provision in camps and camp-like settings and provides practical advice for camp management staff on how best to ensure the overall coordination and management of a camp and uphold the rights of displaced persons. It is an advisory manual and does not attempt to develop agency policies or directives. The Toolkit is written as a complement to existing sector guidelines and standards such as the Sphere Handbook, UNHCR Handbook for Emergencies, and other technical handbooks.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian, non-profit, non-governmental organization, which provides assistance, protection and durable solutions to refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide.”

INTENDED USER: Those working with populations displaced by conflict or natural disasters.

HUMANITARIAN ACTION AND THE ENVIRONMENT: ESSENTIAL GUIDELINES FOR HUMANITARIAN ACTORS

AUTHOR: Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit

LAST UPDATED: 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit, UNEP, OCHA, guidelines, water, shelter, impact assessment, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKhttp://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/IASC_leaflet.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL:

This document helps to explain how disasters and conflicts, as well as relief and recovery operations, may impact the environment in ways that threaten human life, health, livelihoods and security; how failure to address these risks can undermine the relief process, causing additional loss of life, displacement, aid dependency and increased vulnerability; and how disaster managers and humanitarian workers can take action to avoid this.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU), housed within OCHA’s Emergency Services Branch, helps Member States to prepare for and respond to environmental emergencies.

By pairing UNEP’s technical expertise with OCHA’s humanitarian response coordination structure, the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to environmental emergencies.

The JEU provides independent, impartial advice and practical solutions, while working with organizations dedicated to medium and long term rehabilitation to ensure a seamless transition from emergency response to recovery.”

INTENDED USER: Disaster managers and humanitarian workers

GUIDELINES ON NATURAL RESOURCES AND CONFLICT

AUTHOR: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

LAST UPDATED: 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, guidelines, land and land use, water, minerals

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 4 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.helvetas.org (HELVETAS)

http://www.helvetas.org/topics/keystone_mandates/new_approaches_to_work_in_fragile_and_conflict_affected_situations.cfm (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The guidelines provide an overview of the factors and trends that can trigger or substantially exacerbate conflicts over natural resources. The tool explains that when this happens, local/ traditional mechanisms are no longer able to address or solve conflicts and mediate diverging interests.  It provides examples of typical natural resource management-related conflicts and of projects that have succeeded in mitigating such conflicts.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation is a development organisation anchored in Switzerland. Our vision is a just world in which all men and women determine the course of their lives in dignity and security, using environmental resources in a sustainable manner.

INTENDED USERS: Development practitioners

TRAINING TOOLKIT: INTEGRATING THE ENVIRONMENT INTO HUMANITARIAN ACTION AND EARLY RECOVERY

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Groupe URD

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Groupe URD, training course, restoration, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: PowerPoint presentations, trainer’s guide, training materials, and key supporting documents; also available in DVD

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINKS:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://www.urd.org/?lang=en Groupe URD)

http://www.urd.org/Environment-training-toolkit (toolkit)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/humanitarianaction/training.html (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “In response to the environmental impacts in the aftermath of disasters and conflicts, UNEP and Groupe URD have developed a training toolkit to assist humanitarian actors to integrate environmental considerations into their policy development, planning, program design and operational activities. The training toolkit consists of 11 modules, with each substantive module containing a summary, PowerPoint presentation, trainer’s guide, training materials and key supporting documents. The modules are designed to be adjusted to the local context and used as specific training needs and timeframes require.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “Created in 1993, Groupe URD is an independent institute that specializes in the analysis of practices and the development of policy for the humanitarian and post-crisis sectors. UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER:  Humanitarian actors

GREEN RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION TOOLKIT AND TRAINING FOR HUMANITARIAN AID (GRRT)

AUTHOR: American Red Cross and World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Training course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, American Red Cross, World Wildlife Fund, training course, restoration, water, impact assessment, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents and PowerPoint presentations; also available on CD

LANGUAGES: English, Bahasa Indonesian

WEB LINK:

http://www.redcross.org (American Red Cross)

http://www.worldwildlife.org (WWF)

http://green-recovery.org/(tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Green Recovery and Reconstruction Toolkit (GRRT) is a training program designed to increase awareness and knowledge of environmentally sustainable disaster response approaches.  The GRRT is made up of ten modules that are designed to be delivered in a one-day training workshop.  Each GRRT module package includes a trainer’s guide, training materials for a workshop, PowerPoint slides, a technical content paper that provides background information for the training, and additional resources for further study.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Environment and Disaster Management (EDM) program collaborates with humanitarian and development agencies, the United Nations (UN), academic institutions and others to integrate environmental considerations into disaster recovery, reconstruction, and risk reduction programs and policies, and to learn and develop new approaches. The program was formed during the aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and in the years since we have worked in partnership to provide support, training, and development of new approaches for environmentally responsible disaster management in Belize, Chile, Ecuador, Fiji, Guatemala, Haiti, Indonesia, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

INTENDED USER: Humanitarians, conservation practitioners, government officials, local communities, and donor organizations