ENVIRONMENTAL ADVISOR OF THE SHELTER COORDINATION TEAM (SCT) AND RELATED GUIDANCE

AUTHOR: Shelter Cluster Team, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies(IFRC)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: environmental management, Shelter Cluster Team, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies(IFRC), knowledge platform, guidelines, handbooks, shelter, restoration, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Web site. Specific tools available primarily in English

LANGUAGES: Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish

WEB LINKS:

https://www.sheltercluster.org/Pages/default.aspx (global shelter cluster)

https://www.sheltercluster.org/sites/default/files/docs/700400-shelter_coordination_team-en-lr.pdf (guidance)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Shelter Cluster website makes available a wide array of guidelines, planning toolkits, and handbooks related to contingency planning, settlement planning, shelter specifications, shelter programming, non-food items, cross-cutting aspects, and cluster coordination.  At the global level, the aim of the cluster approach is to strengthen system-wide preparedness and technical capacity to respond to humanitarian emergencies by ensuring that there is predictable leadership and accountability in all the main sectors or areas of humanitarian response.  Similarly, at the country level the aim is to strengthen humanitarian response by demanding high standards of predictability, accountability and partnership in all sectors or areas of activity. The cluster approach can be used in both conflict-related humanitarian emergencies and in disaster situations.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The Global Shelter Cluster (GSC) is an Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) coordination mechanism that supports people affected by natural disasters and internally displaced people affected by conflict with the means to live in safe, dignified and appropriate shelter. The GSC enables better coordination among all shelter actors, including local and national governments, so that people who need shelter assistance get help faster and receive the right kind of support.

INTENDED USER:  This toolkit is designed for use by coordination teams deployed by the Emergency Shelter Cluster co-chairs UNHCR and IFRC to chair in-country Emergency Shelter Cluster Working Groups.

NATO Joint Environmental Protection Standards

AUTHOR: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

LAST UPDATED: September 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), handbook, guidelines, fuel and energy

FORMAT: documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.nato.int (NATO)

http://www.natolibguides.info/Environment/NATO-Documents (NATO Standardization Agreement)

ABOUT THE TOOL: A Standardization Agreement (STANAG) is a NATO standardization document that specifies the agreement of member nations to implement a standard, in whole or in part, with or without reservation, in order to meet an interoperability requirement.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a treaty-based military alliance, formed in 1949, for the collective defense of member states. “NATO’s essential purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.”

INTENDED USER: Forces involved in NATO-led operations

HUMANITARIAN ACTION AND THE ENVIRONMENT: ESSENTIAL GUIDELINES FOR HUMANITARIAN ACTORS

AUTHOR: Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit

LAST UPDATED: 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit, UNEP, OCHA, guidelines, water, shelter, impact assessment, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKhttp://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/IASC_leaflet.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL:

This document helps to explain how disasters and conflicts, as well as relief and recovery operations, may impact the environment in ways that threaten human life, health, livelihoods and security; how failure to address these risks can undermine the relief process, causing additional loss of life, displacement, aid dependency and increased vulnerability; and how disaster managers and humanitarian workers can take action to avoid this.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU), housed within OCHA’s Emergency Services Branch, helps Member States to prepare for and respond to environmental emergencies.

By pairing UNEP’s technical expertise with OCHA’s humanitarian response coordination structure, the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to environmental emergencies.

The JEU provides independent, impartial advice and practical solutions, while working with organizations dedicated to medium and long term rehabilitation to ensure a seamless transition from emergency response to recovery.”

INTENDED USER: Disaster managers and humanitarian workers

Matrix on Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Ensuring a Coordinated Multi-Sectoral Fuel Strategy in Humanitarian Settings

AUTHOR: Inter-agency Standing Committee, Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings (IASC Task Force SAFE)

LAST UPDATED: April 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Inter-agency Standing Committee Task Force, guidelines, fuel and energy

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF documents (2 documents, 4 pages each)

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

https://interagencystandingcommittee.org (website)

http://interagencystandingcommittee.org/safe-access-firewood-and-alternative-energy-humanitarian-settings/documents-public/matrix-agency (tools)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The collection, supply and/or use of firewood and alternative energy are multi-sectoral issues, as are the consequences thereof, such as rape, murder, environmental degradation and indoor air pollution. The challenge cannot be effectively addressed by a singularly-mandated agency or cluster acting alone. The goal is to provide a practical tool for determining the priority activities to be undertaken in the development of an effective, multi-sectoral fuel strategy.  

The matrix is targeted to field-based actors from a range of response sectors: camp coordination/camp management, emergency shelter, environment/natural resource management, food/nutrition, health, information/education/communication, livelihoods/development/food security, and protection. It presents the responsibilities for the sector in three phases:

1) emergency preparedness and contingency planning

2) acute emergency

3) protracted crises, transition and durable solutions

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The IASC Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings was established by the IASC Working Group in March 2007.The guiding purpose of the Task Force is to reduce exposure to violence, contribute to the protection of and ease the burden on those populations collecting wood in humanitarian settings worldwide, through solutions which will promote safe access to appropriate energy and reduce environmental impacts while ensuring accountability.”

INTENDED USER: “The acute emergency Diagram is particularly intended for emergency response teams, site selectors/site planners and camp managers at the outset of a new emergency and, as such, focuses on only the most essential fuel-related concerns. The protracted settings Diagram is intended for all field-based actors with responsibility for determining a long-term fuel strategy.

This Matrix is targeted to field-based actors from a range of response sectors: camp coordination/camp management; emergency shelter; environment/natural resource management; food/nutrition; health; information/education/communication; livelihoods/development/food security; and protection.”

IASC OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND NATURAL DISASTERS

AUTHOR: Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC)

LAST UPDATED: June 2006

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC), guidelines, restoration, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 36 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: https://interagencystandingcommittee.org/working-group/news/iasc-operational-guidelines-human-rights-and-natural-disasters

ABOUT THE TOOL: “These Operational Guidelines are addressed to intergovernmental and non-governmental humanitarian actors when they are called upon to become active just before or in the aftermath of a natural disaster. The Operational Guidelines do not list the rights of persons as enshrined in international law. Rather, they focus on what humanitarian actors should do in order to implement a rights-based approach to humanitarian action in the context of natural disasters.They call on humanitarian actors to look beyond their core mandate and to have a holistic vision of the needs of the people they have been asked to serve. While these Guidelines have been drafted with the consequences of natural disasters in mind, most of them are also relevant in preparation for or after other kinds of disastershave struck.

These Operational Guidelines are informed by and draw on relevant international human rights law, existing standards and policies pertaining to humanitarian action, and human rights guidelines on humanitarian standards in situations of natural disaster. They cover relevant civil and political as well as economic, social and cultural rights.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) is the primary mechanism for inter-agency coordination of humanitarian assistance. It is a unique forum involving the key UN and non-UN humanitarian partners.”

INTENDED USER: “intergovernmental and non-governmental humanitarian actors when they are called upon to become active just before or in the aftermath of a natural disaster.”

GUIDELINES ON NATURAL RESOURCES AND CONFLICT

AUTHOR: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

LAST UPDATED: 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, guidelines, land and land use, water, minerals

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 4 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.helvetas.org (HELVETAS)

http://www.helvetas.org/topics/keystone_mandates/new_approaches_to_work_in_fragile_and_conflict_affected_situations.cfm (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The guidelines provide an overview of the factors and trends that can trigger or substantially exacerbate conflicts over natural resources. The tool explains that when this happens, local/ traditional mechanisms are no longer able to address or solve conflicts and mediate diverging interests.  It provides examples of typical natural resource management-related conflicts and of projects that have succeeded in mitigating such conflicts.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation is a development organisation anchored in Switzerland. Our vision is a just world in which all men and women determine the course of their lives in dignity and security, using environmental resources in a sustainable manner.

INTENDED USERS: Development practitioners

CAMP CLOSURE GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM), guidelines, shelter

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF document, 32 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.globalcccmcluster.org (CCCM)

http://www.globalcccmcluster.org/tools-and-guidance/publications/camp-closure-guidelines (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “These guidelines have been developed by the Global Camp Coordination Camp and Management (CCCM) Cluster in response to requests from field operations faced with the need to plan, organize, implement and coordinate camp closure as an integral part of the camp management lifecycle. They are based on a collection of existing institutional policies and guidelines as well lessons learnt from field operations, with inputs from many agencies and individual CCCM practitioners.

They are a tool to facilitate the process of planning, implementing and coordinating successful closure of camps and camp-like situations. Though the guidelines focus on internal displacement, many of the processes and practices outlined are also useful in refugee camp closure scenarios.

More specifically, the Guidelines will assist Camp Management and Camp Coordination Agencies and other relevant agencies to take the appropriate steps towards operationalizing camp closure, and intervene in strategic decisions. The document will also enable donors, as well as planning and implementing partners, to better understand the complexities of camp closure.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The role of the Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster is twofold; to coordinate humanitarian actors with regards to all services provided to displaced populations within any communal settings (i.e. camps, informal settlements, collective centres); and working with the affected population to ensure representation, on-site governance and access to information about services provided.

Working with national authorities to support their responsibility to administer such sites through capacity building; expert technical support; and strategic planning to prevent and cope with massive displacement of populations; and move towards durable solutions.

Global CCCM Cluster actors ensure that systems are in place to meet minimal humanitarian standards; duplication is prevented and gaps addressed; using camps or camp-like settings as a last resort to provide assistance and protection to affected populations and exploring how to best provide services out of camps. It is also important to establish two-way communication structures that inform site residents about what is happening. Giving residents the opportunity to both participate in decisions that concern them and provide feedback to humanitarian actors.”

INTENDED USER: “These guidelines are primarily designed for use by practitioners working in camp and camp-like settings.”

EUROPEAN UNION ENVIRONMENTAL CONCEPT FOR MILITARTY OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: European External Action Service

LAST UPDATED: September 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, European External Action Service, guidelines, fuel and energy

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF document, 42 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.eeas.europa.eu/index_en.htm (EEAS)

http://blogg.forsvarsmakten.se/miljo/wp-content/blogs.dir/17/files/2012/09/EU-koncept1.pdf  (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The aim of this document is to establish the principles and the responsibilities to meet the requirements of environmental protection (EP) during EU-led military operations in support of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), and to promote a common understanding of EP during EU-led operations, in order to enhance interoperability among EU Member States, between the EU and other international organizations, and with the EU’s strategic partners.

This concept provides the strategic guidance for the consideration of EP during all phases of EU-led military operations. It covers the various tasks of EP, including cultural property protection. Furthermore, the concept addresses relevant energy-related aspects, such as energy efficiency and the use of renewable energies during military operations. Finally, it provides an overview over associated activities that will enhance EP on the longer run, namely training, education and capability development. Lessons learned from preceding EU operations, as well as principles and environmental best practices of UN and NATO, are taken into account, whenever appropriate.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The European External Action Service (EEAS) assists the High Representative in ensuring the consistency and coordination of the Union’s external action as well as by preparing policy proposals and implementing them after their approval by the Council. It also assists the President of the European Council and the President as well as the Members of the Commission in their respective functions in the area of external relations and ensures close cooperation with the Member States. The network of EU delegations around the world is part of the EEAS structure.”

INTENDED USER: European Union member-state military operations

HOW-TO GUIDE TO CONFLICT SENSITIVITY

AUTHOR: Conflict Sensitivity Consortium  

LAST UPDATED: 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, handbook, guidelines, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 52 pages

LANGUAGES: English; Chapter 4 available in Arabic

WEB LINKS:

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org (CSC)

http://local.conflictsensitivity.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/6602_HowToGuide_CSF_WEB_3.pdf (pdf)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This ‘how to’ guide draws upon consortium experience to illustrate real examples of applying conflict sensitivity. It aims to provide practical advice suitable for anyone aiming to improve conflict sensitivity, whether in the field of development, humanitarian aid or peacebuilding work. It aims to provide practical, user-friendly information for people who are focusing at project or organization-wide level, whether aiming for best practice or just starting out on the journey towards conflict sensitivity.

The Guide has been organized into six core chapters. Each of these chapters contains a number of sub-themes exploring ‘the what’, ‘the why’ and particularly ‘the how’ of conflict sensitivity. Key areas that will be explored include:

  • Chapter 1: Conflict analysis
  • Chapter 2: Conflict sensitivity in the program cycle
  • Chapter 3: Key Issues for conflict sensitive programming
  • Chapter 4: Applying conflict sensitivity in emergency responses
  • Chapter 5: Assessing institutional capacity for conflict sensitivity
  • Chapter 6: Building institutional capacity for conflict sensitivity”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:“

The project “The Practice of Conflict Sensitivity – Concept to Impact“ strengthened the practice of conflict sensitivity throughout and beyond a broad consortium of humanitarian, peacebuilding and multi-mandate development NGOs.

The purpose of the Conflict Sensitivity website is to further the understanding of what “conflict sensitivity” means in practice, in terms of organisational systems, project design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of specific interventions. The original consortium comprised a diverse range of agencies which continue individually, together and with others to share findings widely in the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors to enhance the capacity to institutionalise and implement conflict sensitive approaches.

INTENDED USER:  “Anyone aiming to improve conflict sensitivity, whether in the field of development, humanitarian aid or peacebuilding work.”