AUTHOR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and CARE International

LAST UPDATED: August 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbooks

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), CARE International, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents


WEB LINK:  (UNHCR) (CARE International) (FRAME toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The FRAME Toolkit is intended to ensure that environmental assessments, monitoring programs and evaluations are carried out in future in a more systematic manner, along proven guidelines, through appropriate means and approaches, and that the information from each of these stages is then put to good use for improved environmental management and livelihood security of displaced persons and those who may be affected by their presence in a particular region – the hosting community.

The tools and technical guidance contained in this Toolkit is intended to complement existing materials relating to the sound management of natural resources, and plugs an important gap in the resources currently available to managers, field staff and community members.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.”

CARE International is “a leading relief and development non-governmental organization fighting global poverty. In the fiscal year 2013, CARE worked in 87 countries around the world, supporting 927 poverty-fighting development and humanitarian aid projects to reach more than 97 million people.”

INTENDED USERS: “This Toolkit has been designed for use by a range of people, in particular:

  • specialist consultants engaged to undertake one or more of the activities pertaining to the FRAME Toolkit, primarily to ensure consistency in the approaches taken and tools used;
  • UNHCR’s Implementing Partners who, once training has been provided, should naturally assume many of the tasks described;
  • UNHCR Environmental Co-ordinators or Focal Points, to understand the different processes involved so that they are able to prepare for, participate in and/or monitor progress of a particular phase or activity;
  • camp and settlement managers who should review the results from these exercises and use the analysis and results for future management purposes;
  • UNHCR management who should likewise consider how findings could be used to improve particular situations or activities;
  • government authorities, some of whom might be actually involved in some of the activities, but who should otherwise be duly informed of any recommendations or decisions stemming from an assessment or evaluation, for example; and
  • representatives from refugee and host communities – for example, members of an Environmental Committee – some of whom at least will be directly implicated in some of the activities”


AUTHOR: CARE International

LAST UPDATED: November 2009


KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, CARE International, report, climate adaptation

FORMAT: Downloadable PDFs


WEB LINKS: (CARE International) (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This study identifies the most likely humanitarian implications of climate change for the next 20-30 year period. The authors use Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to map specific hazards associated with climate change – specifically: floods, cyclones and droughts – and place them in relation to factors influencing vulnerability. The results identify hotspots of high humanitarian risk under changing climatic conditions.The purpose of mapping these hotspots is to help: (a) policymakers better understand the challenge we face and (b) humanitarian actors adapt their response strategies to the realities of climate change.” The tool consists of a humanitarian report,discussion paper, technology brief, policy brief, and several high-resolution maps.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: CARE International is “a global leader within a worldwide movement dedicated to saving lives and ending poverty.

INTENDED USER:  Policymakers, humanitarian actors, and “anyone working towards a world where poverty has been overcome and people can live in dignity and security.”


AUTHOR: Aon Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London and CARE International

LAST UPDATED: April 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London, CARE International

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 99 pages; Quick Guide


WEB LINK: (ABUHC) (CARE International)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact in Disasters (REA) provide a tool to identify, define and prioritize environmental impacts in disaster situations. It aims to permit quick identification of salient environmental issues in disasters and improve linkages between sustainable environmental management and disaster response. For this purpose, it offers four modules on the following:

  • Organization level assessment
  • Community level assessment
  • Consolidation and analysis of assessment results
  • Green review of relief procurement

The REA is designed for natural, technological or political disasters, and as a best- practice tool for effective disaster assessment and management. The REA does not replace an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), but fills a gap until an EIA is appropriate. A REA may be use from shortly before a disaster up to 120 days after a disaster begins, or for any major stage-change in an extended crisis.

A Guidelines-based rapid environmental impact assessment may be conducted as a standalone exercise or as part of, and using information collected during, other standard disaster impact assessments. When done as part of another type of assessment, the REA process should not result in any significant increase in workload in the field or during analysis.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The UHC at University College London (UCL) is one of Europe’s leading multidisciplinary academic centres for hazard and risk research, education and knowledge exchange. Since its establishment in 1997, the Centre has pioneered the development and delivery of research and education programmes relevant to business, industry, local and national government, and humanitarian and development agencies, whilst at the same time maintaining academic excellence within the global higher education and research arena. Through the UHC, partners and affiliates of the Centre have direct access to expertise and resources within UCL, which is one of the world’s premier multi-faculty teaching and research universities.

CARE International is “a global leader within a worldwide movement dedicated to saving lives and ending poverty”.

INTENDED USER: Primary REA users are people directly involved in disaster response operations, with a basic knowledge of the disaster management process but no background in environmental issues. The REA process may be used by disaster survivors with appropriate support. The best results are expected to come when the REA is completed with structured input from survivors and organizations providing relief assistance. Sections of the REA may also be used for needs assessment and environmental impact screening during relief project design and review.