COOKING FUEL SAVES LIVES: A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO COOKING IN HUMANITARIAN SETTINGS

AUTHOR: Women’s Refugee Commission

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Women’s Refugee Commission, training course, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Online training course

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.womensrefugeecommission.org (Women’s Refugee Commission)

https://www.womensrefugeecommission.org/resources/document/679-cooking-fuel-saves-lives-overview (course)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This training will help individuals use the tools—Matrix and Decision Tree Diagram—developed by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and alternative Energy (SAFE) to determine safe and appropriate means of meeting cooking fuel needs under difficult circumstances.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Women’s Refugee Commission improves the lives and protects the rights of women, children and youth displaced by conflict and crisis. We research their needs, identify solutions and advocate for programs and policies to strengthen their resilience and drive change in humanitarian practice. Since our founding in 1989, we have been a leading expert on the needs of refugee women and children, and the policies that can protect and empower them.

INTENDED USER: “Intended audiences for this online guide are all those who have received or are interested in using the SAFE tools but were not able to attend the IASC Task Force SAFE workshops in person, including:

  • United Nations headquarters and field-based staff
  • Humanitarian agency staff
  • Donors
  • Governments and other institutions”

ENVIRONMENTAL TOOLBOX FOR DEPLOYING FORCES

AUTHOR: United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, and Swedish Armed Forces

LAST UPDATED: 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, Swedish Armed Forces, handbook, guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 42 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: http://www.defmin.fi/files/2505/02_Heikkila_Sami.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The purpose of this work is to provide a deploying military unit—specifically the commander, the environmental officer, and soldier/sailor/airman—a toolbox of environmental training resources to plan and implement sound environmental practices. It seeks to fill a gap by suggesting common practices and offering practical guidance on environmental considerations for deploying forces. This coordinated effort to assemble environmental protection educational resources not only saves us all time and money, but also enhances future possibilities to:

  • Synchronize and harmonize procedures, thereby facilitating interoperability (including in international operations, such as those led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the United Nations (UN), or the European Union (EU)).
  • Educate new personnel quickly and efficiently in these matters prior to deployment, and
  • Standardize environmental requirements and considerations in technical procedures.”

“The toolbox is a companion to the Environmental Guidebook for Military Operations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Department of Defense is America’s oldest and largest government agency. Its mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States.”

“As a Government department and the ministry providing the guidelines for defense administration, the Finnish Ministry of Defence is in charge of national defense policy and security and international defense policy cooperation. In addition, the Ministry is responsible for national military defense resources and the operating framework of the Defence Forces. It coordinates Finnish participation in international crisis management and contributes to shaping the European security structures to safeguard Finland’s national interests.”

“As the only authority permitted to engage in armed combat, the Swedish Armed Forces are Sweden’s ultimate security policy resource. The Armed Forces are therefore always prepared to carry out international missions, assert Sweden’s national integrity and support Swedish society in major crises. To enable Sweden to maintain its freedom of action in terms of its security policy, the Armed Forces are continuously developing capabilities that can meet future requirements.”

INTENDED USER: The deploying military unit—specifically the commander, the environmental officer, and soldier/sailor/airman

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDEBOOK FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, and Swedish Armed Forces

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, Swedish Armed Forces, guidelines, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment, water, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 118 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: http://www.defmin.fi/files/1256/Guidebook_final_printing_version.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guidebook gives operational planners the necessary tools to incorporate environmental considerations throughout the life cycle of the operation. Failure to integrate environmental considerations into operational- and tactical-level planning increases the risk to the health and safety of military personnel and civilian non-combatants. Inadvertent damage to the natural environment or to significant cultural or historic resources also complicates the attainment of the desired strategic end state through the loss of political capital, negative public image, and increased overall cost.

This document does not necessarily reflect the official policies or doctrine of any nation, but represents the combined knowledge and ideas of contributors with significant experience in this area. This document is intended to serve as an environmental guidebook to help troop contributing nations with environmental management responsibilities identify relevant environmental requirements, practices, standards, and preventive measures, with a goal of integrating them into the planning and execution of military operations in a way that enhances the readiness of the force and accomplishment of the overall mission. It provides overarching principles, guidelines, templates, and examples, which may be used by operational planners and deployed forces to achieve the overall environmental goals and objectives associated with a military operation. Within the text, links are provided to directly access additional reference material and applicable templates.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Department of Defense is America’s oldest and largest government agency. Its mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States.”

“As a Government department and the ministry providing the guidelines for defense administration, the Finnish Ministry of Defence is in charge of national defense policy and security and international defesce policy cooperation. In addition, the Ministry is responsible for national military defense resources and the operating framework of the Defence Forces. It coordinates Finnish participation in international crisis management and contributes to shaping the European security structures to safeguard Finland’s national interests.”

“As the only authority permitted to engage in armed combat, the Swedish Armed Forces are Sweden’s ultimate security policy resource. The Armed Forces are therefore always prepared to carry out international missions, assert Sweden’s national integrity and support Swedish society in major crises. To enable Sweden to maintain its freedom of action in terms of its security policy, the Armed Forces are continuously developing capabilities that can meet future requirements.”

INTENDED USER: Operational planners of national militaries

USAID CONFLICT TOOLKITS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM)

LAST UPDATED: 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, handbook, guidelines, water, land and land use, minerals, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/organization/bureaus/bureau-democracy-conflict-and-humanitarian-assistance/office (USAID CMM)

http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/working-crises-and-conflict/technical-publications (CMM publications)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADE290.pdf (Forests and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb335.pdfLand and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnade291.pdf (Livelihoods and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb307.pdf (Minerals and Conflict)

http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/WaterConflictToolkit.pdf  (Water and Conflict)

ABOUT THE TOOL: These toolkits are intended to help USAID and their partners understand the opportunities and challenges inherent to development programming in conflicts where natural resources are an important issue. These documents (1) explore the relationship between natural resources, conflict, and cooperation, (2) highlight lessons learned from relevant development and peacebuilding programs, (3) discuss options for programming based on past USAID and development community experiences, and (4) provide various tools to support officers in identifying and evaluating the conflict risk and peacebuilding potential of natural resource management programs. Together, the elements of these toolkits are designed to help raise awareness about the linkages between natural resource management and conflict as well as opportunities for peacebuilding and integrating a conflict perspective into development programming.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world…. The Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM) was founded in 2002 to lead USAID’s efforts to address the sources of instability and violent conflict.”

INTENDED USER: USAID and partners

USAID ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE DATABASE

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

FORMAT: Website, searchable database

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, water, shelter, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, impact assessment

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/environment/compliance/database (how to use tool)

http://gemini.info.usaid.gov/egat/envcomp/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This searchable database contains copies of the environmental impact assessments prepared and approved by USAID Regional and Global Bureaus. The database is updated as new documents are approved. Displayed search results provide a link to summary information about the assessment document and a link to the actual document itself.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, practitioners, policy makers, students, and others interested in country-strategy and project-specific environmental impact assessments

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES FOR SMALL SCALE ACTIVITIES IN AFRICA

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: December 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines, Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), guidelines, handbook, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF and Word documents

LANGUAGES: English, some documents available in French

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/egssaa.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The “Small-Scale Guidelines” are Africa Bureau’s principal source of sector-specific environmental guidance. For each development sector addressed, the Guidelines brief the potential, typical adverse impacts for activities in this sector, provide environmental good practice guidance for sector program design, environmental mitigation and monitoring guidance, and an annotated bibliography of web-accessible resources.

These guidelines were developed to help USAID and its partners meet the challenges posed by the need for environmentally sound design (ESD) in small-scale activities. Specifically, this book is:

  • An introduction to ESD, both in general and specific sector activities. The guidelines set out ESD’s basic principles and should assist private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in integrating environmental concerns into activities and programs.
  • A reference for PVOs and NGOs operating in Africa on USAID environmental procedures and requirements. These guidelines should help PVOs and NGOs write concept papers and creating proposals, as well as implementation plans and associated mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans that conform to USAID’s environmental procedures.
  • A reference for USAID staff for evaluating and classifying project concept papers,; proposals, implementation plans,; and mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)

ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT CAPACITY-BUILDING FOR PARTNERS AND PROGRAMS IN AFRICA (ENCAP) TOOLBOX

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: September 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/indexArchive.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Mission Environmental Officer (MEO) Resource Center is a single point of access to a wide range of environmental compliance, best practice, and related references for MEOs. It was created as a companion to the MEO Handbook. Together, the Resource Center and the Handbook are intended to provide USAID Mission Environmental Officers (MEOs) in Africa with the guidance and the resources they need to be as effective as possible in helping their Missions attain and maintain full compliance with USAID’s Environmental Procedures and to mainstream environmentally sound design and management (ESDM).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.“

INTENDED USER: “USAID Mission Environmental Officers (MEOs) in Africa”

WEBINAR: THE DIRTY DYNAMICS OF NATURAL RESOURCE CONFLICT

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: September 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), training course, land and land use

FORMAT: Video

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://vimeo.com/74228087 (video)

ABOUT THE TOOL: In this 90-minute video/ webinar, participants will:

  1. Understand critical connections among natural resource management/biodiversity, land tenure and property rights, and conflict to better conceptualize, design and manage integrated programs.
  2. Use these concepts in simulated assessments of complex conflict situations
  3. Learn about adaptive management, conflict-sensitive monitoring and evaluation, and other tools that allow managers to review and adapt to changing conflict and NRM situations.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.“

INTENDED USER: The webinar is designed to support USAID staff in conceptualizing and managing activities or encountering issues related to competition and conflict surrounding land and natural resources.

PEACEKEEPER TRAINING PROGRAMME ADVANCED COURSE: NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN POST-CONFLICT COUNTRIES

AUTHOR: United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

LAST UPDATED: Courses offered periodically

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), training course, restoration

FORMAT: Web-based training course (4 weeks, 8 hours per week)

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unitar.org (UNITAR)

http://www.unitar.org/event/natural-resources-management-post-conflict-countries-ptp201425e-0 (training course info)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The goal of this course is to provide an overview of the role natural resources play in conflict environments, illustrating both positive and negative situations where natural resources have an impact on a conflict and – conversely – how the environment is impacted by conflict. The course also explores the different methods for using natural resources as entry points for building peace and strengthening governance, before giving an overview of how natural resources can be integrated into community recovery programs. Finally, it looks at the technologies, practices and habits that can be implemented to ensure that peacekeeping missions have a minimal impact on the local environment.

At the end of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Describe how natural resources can contribute to or prolong conflict as well as undermine peace;
  • Identify the principles for effective post-conflict natural resources management;
  • Relate natural resources management to other post-conflict stabilization  and state building interventions;
  • Explain how peacekeeping missions can benefit from green technologies and practices for water, energy and waste.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “An autonomous UN body established in 1963, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (www.unitar.org) is a training arm of the United Nations System, and has the mandate to enhance the effectiveness of the UN through diplomatic training, and to increase the impact of national actions through public awareness-raising, education and training of public policy officials.

UNITAR provides training and capacity development activities to assist mainly developing countries with special attention to Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and other groups and communities who are most vulnerable, including those in conflict situations.  The Institute covers topics in the broad areas of supporting capacity for the 2030 Agenda, strengthening multilateralism, advancing environmental sustainability and green development, improving resilience and humanitarian assistance, promoting sustainable peace, and promoting economic development and social inclusion.

It also conducts research on innovative learning approaches, methods, and tools, as well as applied research to address critical issues, such as disaster risk reduction and humanitarian emergencies.

INTENDED USERS: “Primary audience: The course is designed for national and regional military and police personnel of every rank and function serving or interested in serving in peace operations.

Secondary audience: The course also addresses a broad audience of civilians, from international and regional organizations, governmental and non-governmental organizations, universities and research centres working or interested in working with peace operations.”

FRAME TOOLKIT: FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSING, MONITORING, AND EVALUATING THE ENVIRONMENT IN REFUGEE-RELATED OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and CARE International

LAST UPDATED: August 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbooks

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), CARE International, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unhcr.org/4a97d1039.html  (UNHCR)

http://www.care-international.org (CARE International)

http://www.unhcr.org/4a968ec59.html (FRAME toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The FRAME Toolkit is intended to ensure that environmental assessments, monitoring programs and evaluations are carried out in future in a more systematic manner, along proven guidelines, through appropriate means and approaches, and that the information from each of these stages is then put to good use for improved environmental management and livelihood security of displaced persons and those who may be affected by their presence in a particular region – the hosting community.

The tools and technical guidance contained in this Toolkit is intended to complement existing materials relating to the sound management of natural resources, and plugs an important gap in the resources currently available to managers, field staff and community members.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.”

CARE International is “a leading relief and development non-governmental organization fighting global poverty. In the fiscal year 2013, CARE worked in 87 countries around the world, supporting 927 poverty-fighting development and humanitarian aid projects to reach more than 97 million people.”

INTENDED USERS: “This Toolkit has been designed for use by a range of people, in particular:

  • specialist consultants engaged to undertake one or more of the activities pertaining to the FRAME Toolkit, primarily to ensure consistency in the approaches taken and tools used;
  • UNHCR’s Implementing Partners who, once training has been provided, should naturally assume many of the tasks described;
  • UNHCR Environmental Co-ordinators or Focal Points, to understand the different processes involved so that they are able to prepare for, participate in and/or monitor progress of a particular phase or activity;
  • camp and settlement managers who should review the results from these exercises and use the analysis and results for future management purposes;
  • UNHCR management who should likewise consider how findings could be used to improve particular situations or activities;
  • government authorities, some of whom might be actually involved in some of the activities, but who should otherwise be duly informed of any recommendations or decisions stemming from an assessment or evaluation, for example; and
  • representatives from refugee and host communities – for example, members of an Environmental Committee – some of whom at least will be directly implicated in some of the activities”