Matrix on Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Ensuring a Coordinated Multi-Sectoral Fuel Strategy in Humanitarian Settings

AUTHOR: Inter-agency Standing Committee, Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings (IASC Task Force SAFE)

LAST UPDATED: April 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Inter-agency Standing Committee Task Force, guidelines, fuel and energy

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF documents (2 documents, 4 pages each)


WEB LINK: (website) (tools)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The collection, supply and/or use of firewood and alternative energy are multi-sectoral issues, as are the consequences thereof, such as rape, murder, environmental degradation and indoor air pollution. The challenge cannot be effectively addressed by a singularly-mandated agency or cluster acting alone. The goal is to provide a practical tool for determining the priority activities to be undertaken in the development of an effective, multi-sectoral fuel strategy.  

The matrix is targeted to field-based actors from a range of response sectors: camp coordination/camp management, emergency shelter, environment/natural resource management, food/nutrition, health, information/education/communication, livelihoods/development/food security, and protection. It presents the responsibilities for the sector in three phases:

1) emergency preparedness and contingency planning

2) acute emergency

3) protracted crises, transition and durable solutions

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The IASC Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings was established by the IASC Working Group in March 2007.The guiding purpose of the Task Force is to reduce exposure to violence, contribute to the protection of and ease the burden on those populations collecting wood in humanitarian settings worldwide, through solutions which will promote safe access to appropriate energy and reduce environmental impacts while ensuring accountability.”

INTENDED USER: “The acute emergency Diagram is particularly intended for emergency response teams, site selectors/site planners and camp managers at the outset of a new emergency and, as such, focuses on only the most essential fuel-related concerns. The protracted settings Diagram is intended for all field-based actors with responsibility for determining a long-term fuel strategy.

This Matrix is targeted to field-based actors from a range of response sectors: camp coordination/camp management; emergency shelter; environment/natural resource management; food/nutrition; health; information/education/communication; livelihoods/development/food security; and protection.”


AUTHOR: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation


TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, guidelines, land and land use, water, minerals

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 4 pages



ABOUT THE TOOL: The guidelines provide an overview of the factors and trends that can trigger or substantially exacerbate conflicts over natural resources. The tool explains that when this happens, local/ traditional mechanisms are no longer able to address or solve conflicts and mediate diverging interests.  It provides examples of typical natural resource management-related conflicts and of projects that have succeeded in mitigating such conflicts.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation is a development organisation anchored in Switzerland. Our vision is a just world in which all men and women determine the course of their lives in dignity and security, using environmental resources in a sustainable manner.

INTENDED USERS: Development practitioners


AUTHOR: European External Action Service

LAST UPDATED: September 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, European External Action Service, guidelines, fuel and energy

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF document, 42 pages


WEB LINK: (EEAS)  (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The aim of this document is to establish the principles and the responsibilities to meet the requirements of environmental protection (EP) during EU-led military operations in support of the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), and to promote a common understanding of EP during EU-led operations, in order to enhance interoperability among EU Member States, between the EU and other international organizations, and with the EU’s strategic partners.

This concept provides the strategic guidance for the consideration of EP during all phases of EU-led military operations. It covers the various tasks of EP, including cultural property protection. Furthermore, the concept addresses relevant energy-related aspects, such as energy efficiency and the use of renewable energies during military operations. Finally, it provides an overview over associated activities that will enhance EP on the longer run, namely training, education and capability development. Lessons learned from preceding EU operations, as well as principles and environmental best practices of UN and NATO, are taken into account, whenever appropriate.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The European External Action Service (EEAS) assists the High Representative in ensuring the consistency and coordination of the Union’s external action as well as by preparing policy proposals and implementing them after their approval by the Council. It also assists the President of the European Council and the President as well as the Members of the Commission in their respective functions in the area of external relations and ensures close cooperation with the Member States. The network of EU delegations around the world is part of the EEAS structure.”

INTENDED USER: European Union member-state military operations


AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Groupe URD


TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Groupe URD, training course, restoration, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: PowerPoint presentations, trainer’s guide, training materials, and key supporting documents; also available in DVD

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINKS: (UNEP) Groupe URD) (toolkit) (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “In response to the environmental impacts in the aftermath of disasters and conflicts, UNEP and Groupe URD have developed a training toolkit to assist humanitarian actors to integrate environmental considerations into their policy development, planning, program design and operational activities. The training toolkit consists of 11 modules, with each substantive module containing a summary, PowerPoint presentation, trainer’s guide, training materials and key supporting documents. The modules are designed to be adjusted to the local context and used as specific training needs and timeframes require.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “Created in 1993, Groupe URD is an independent institute that specializes in the analysis of practices and the development of policy for the humanitarian and post-crisis sectors. UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER:  Humanitarian actors

UN Environmental Emergencies Centre Training

AUTHOR: Environmental Emergencies Centre


TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge Platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Environmental Emergencies Centre, knowledge platform, restoration, impact assessment, risk reduction

FORMAT: eLearning modules. “In order to complete an eLearning module you are first required to register, which is at no cost and open to the public. Upon successful completion of each module you are asked to complete a Course Evaluation, after which you will be issued your certificate of successful completion.

LANGUAGES: English (all modules), French (2 modules), Russian (1 module), Arabic (1 module)

WEB LINK: (Environmental Emergencies Centre) (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Environmental Emergencies Centre hosts an online learning series consisting of eLearning modules developed by the Joint UNEP/OCHA Unit and partners on a range of environmental emergency preparedness and response topics. Among them: Beyond Response: better preparedness for environmental emergencies, Introduction to Industrial Accidents, Introduction to Disaster Waste Management, and the Flash Environmental Assessment Tool.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Environmental Emergencies Centre (EEC) is an online preparedness tool designed to enable an effective response to environmental emergencies. The EEC is a one-stop-shop of information, tools, trainings and guidance to inform a more prepared and effective response to environmental emergencies. Founded in 2012, it is an initiative of the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, developed in close coordination with the Advisory Group on Environmental Emergencies.”

INTENDED USER: “The EEC is a tool for everyone, communities and governments alike, seeking assistance through training, knowledge, experience and good practice sharing to increase their preparedness to be able to effectively respond when disasters strike.”


AUTHOR: Aon Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London and CARE International

LAST UPDATED: April 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London, CARE International

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 99 pages; Quick Guide


WEB LINK: (ABUHC) (CARE International)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact in Disasters (REA) provide a tool to identify, define and prioritize environmental impacts in disaster situations. It aims to permit quick identification of salient environmental issues in disasters and improve linkages between sustainable environmental management and disaster response. For this purpose, it offers four modules on the following:

  • Organization level assessment
  • Community level assessment
  • Consolidation and analysis of assessment results
  • Green review of relief procurement

The REA is designed for natural, technological or political disasters, and as a best- practice tool for effective disaster assessment and management. The REA does not replace an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), but fills a gap until an EIA is appropriate. A REA may be use from shortly before a disaster up to 120 days after a disaster begins, or for any major stage-change in an extended crisis.

A Guidelines-based rapid environmental impact assessment may be conducted as a standalone exercise or as part of, and using information collected during, other standard disaster impact assessments. When done as part of another type of assessment, the REA process should not result in any significant increase in workload in the field or during analysis.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The UHC at University College London (UCL) is one of Europe’s leading multidisciplinary academic centres for hazard and risk research, education and knowledge exchange. Since its establishment in 1997, the Centre has pioneered the development and delivery of research and education programmes relevant to business, industry, local and national government, and humanitarian and development agencies, whilst at the same time maintaining academic excellence within the global higher education and research arena. Through the UHC, partners and affiliates of the Centre have direct access to expertise and resources within UCL, which is one of the world’s premier multi-faculty teaching and research universities.

CARE International is “a global leader within a worldwide movement dedicated to saving lives and ending poverty”.

INTENDED USER: Primary REA users are people directly involved in disaster response operations, with a basic knowledge of the disaster management process but no background in environmental issues. The REA process may be used by disaster survivors with appropriate support. The best results are expected to come when the REA is completed with structured input from survivors and organizations providing relief assistance. Sections of the REA may also be used for needs assessment and environmental impact screening during relief project design and review.


AUTHOR: American Red Cross and World Wildlife Fund (WWF)


TYPE OF TOOL: Training course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, American Red Cross, World Wildlife Fund, training course, restoration, water, impact assessment, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents and PowerPoint presentations; also available on CD

LANGUAGES: English, Bahasa Indonesian

WEB LINK: (American Red Cross) (WWF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Green Recovery and Reconstruction Toolkit (GRRT) is a training program designed to increase awareness and knowledge of environmentally sustainable disaster response approaches.  The GRRT is made up of ten modules that are designed to be delivered in a one-day training workshop.  Each GRRT module package includes a trainer’s guide, training materials for a workshop, PowerPoint slides, a technical content paper that provides background information for the training, and additional resources for further study.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Environment and Disaster Management (EDM) program collaborates with humanitarian and development agencies, the United Nations (UN), academic institutions and others to integrate environmental considerations into disaster recovery, reconstruction, and risk reduction programs and policies, and to learn and develop new approaches. The program was formed during the aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and in the years since we have worked in partnership to provide support, training, and development of new approaches for environmentally responsible disaster management in Belize, Chile, Ecuador, Fiji, Guatemala, Haiti, Indonesia, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

INTENDED USER: Humanitarians, conservation practitioners, government officials, local communities, and donor organizations