EU-UN GUIDANCE NOTES ON LAND, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND CONFLICT PREVENTION

AUTHOR: United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, land and land use, water, fuel and

energy, minerals, impact assessment, United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF files

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/

Strengthening capacity for conflict sensitive natural resource management:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Capacity_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over extractive industries:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Extractive_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over land:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Land_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over renewable resources:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Renewable_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts in resource-rich economies:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Resource%20Rich%20Economies.pdf

Capacity Inventory:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Capacity%20Inventory.pdf

ABOUT THE TOOL: These four guidance notes, prepared as part of a UN partnership with the

European Union, provide recommended guidelines for addressing natural resources management

and conflict prevention. The notes focus, respectively, on (1) strengthening capacity for conflict

sensitive natural resource management; (2) managing and preventing conflicts over extractive

industries; (3) managing and preventing conflicts over land; and (4) managing and preventing

conflicts over renewable resources. Each note is structured around a series of case examples and

provides additional resources and recommended reading.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The United Nations (UN) Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action (the Framework Team) is an internal UN support mechanism that promotes interagency

collaboration on early preventive action by: (i) assisting UN Resident Coordinators (RC) and UN

Country Teams (UNCT) with the development of integrated strategies for proactively working with

national partners to strengthen their capacities to mediate and manage potentially divisive issues; (ii)

serving as a forum to address key crosscutting thematic issues in the fields of conflict transformation

that are of interest to its member agencies; and (iii) supporting system-wide strengthening of conflict

prevention measures through awareness-raising, experiencesharing and knowledge development

through the UN Conflict Prevention Community of Practice (CP-CoP). Operational since 1995, the

Framework Team is currently composed of 22 UN departments, agencies, funds and programmes

that work together to support the development of interagency conflict prevention/transformation

initiatives.”

INTENDED USER: “UN and EU policy-makers and practitioners who design and implement

programmes in situations where environmental drivers are a major cause of, or contributing factor to,

conflict.”

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE BUSINESS PRACTICE: GUIDANCE FOR EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES

AUTHOR: International Alert

LAST UPDATED: March 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, minerals, land and land use, fuel and

energy, water, International Alert, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 195 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.international-alert.org/ (International Alert)

http://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/Economy_2005_CSBPGuidanceForExtractives_All_EN_v2013.pdf  (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Conflict-sensitive business practice: Guidance for extractive industries consists

of guidance on doing business in societies at risk of conflict for field managers working across a

range of business activities, as well as headquarters staff in political risk, security, external relations

and social performance departments. It provides information on understanding conflict risk through a

series of practical documents, including: introduction to conflict-sensitive business practice (CSBP),

including an overview of the regulatory; environment for doing business in conflict-risk states;

screening tool for early identification of conflict risk; macro-level conflict risk and impact assessment

tool; project-level conflict risk and impact assessment tool; special guidance on key flashpoint issues

where conflict could arise at any point during a company’s operation.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “International Alert has been working for 30 years with people directly

affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions. Our vision is for a world where people seek to resolve

their differences peacefully; a world where, when people seek better lives for their families and

communities, they are able to manage any conflicts that may arise with honesty and wisdom, without

resorting to violence. Our mission is to build a more peaceful world by:

1. Working with people directly affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions.

2. Shaping policies and practices to support peace.

3. Collaborating with all those striving for peace to strengthen our collective voice and impact.

We work in over 30 countries and territories and have offices in 18 countries.”

INTENDED USER: Filed managers and headquarters staff of businesses engaged in extractive

industries, particularly in societies at risk of conflict.

ENVIRONMENT, CONFLICT, AND COOPERATION PLATFORM

AUTHOR: Adelphi

LAST UPDATEDFrequent Periodic Updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Adelphi, knowledge platform, water, minerals, land and land use, fuels and energy, climate adaptation

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.adelphi.de/en/start/aktuell/43496.php (Adelphi)

http://www.ecc-platform.org/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This website functions as a clearing house and a platform for exchange on environment, conflict, and cooperation (ECC). It aims to foster sustainable peace and development by gathering knowledge on environmental conflict and cooperation as well as by creating networks among stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide.

This website approaches the ECC topics from two main angles:

1) Our focus on Climate Diplomacy explores the foreign policy dimension of climate change and climate policy, including different regional and thematic approaches to it. The website also seeks to provide arguments for enhanced international cooperation and diplomatic engagement for climate in multi- and bilateral fora.

2) Our second core theme revolves around approaches to build resilience to compound climate-fragility risks. This platform section presents core conclusions of the report A New Climate for Peace, commissioned and welcomed by the G7 foreign ministers. The page’s Resilience Compass blog provides a space to share analysis, research and emerging thinking on climate change impacts and climate change responses in fragile states and on the actions necessary to build resilience and stability.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Adelphi is a leading think tank for policy analysis and strategy consulting. We offer creative solutions and services on global environment and development challenges for policy, business and civil society communities. Our projects contribute to sustaining natural life systems and fostering sustainable enterprises. Adelphi´s clients include international organizations, governments, public institutions, corporations and associations.”

INTENDED USERS: Stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide

INTERNATIONAL RECOVERY PLATFORM

AUTHOR: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), knowledge platform, restoration, risk reduction, shelter, climate adaptation, water, fuel and energy, land and land use, health, recovery planning, gender psycho-social issues, natural disasters

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English, Japanese

WEB LINK:

http://www.unisdr.org (ISDR)

http://www.recoveryplatform.org/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The International Recovery Platform (IRP) was established following the Second UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, in 2005 to support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) by addressing the gaps and constraints experienced in the context of post-disaster recovery. After a decade of functioning as an international source of knowledge on good recovery practice IRP is focusing on more specialised role as an “international mechanism for sharing experience and lessons associated with build-back-better.

Mission:

To identify and strengthen knowledge and information on build-back-better in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.

Goals:

Goal 1: To proactively contribute to the implementation of Priority Four of the Sendai Framework and lead discussions around the issue of build-back-better at  international forums.

Goal 2: To promote collaboration and cooperation among global and regional partners on the subject of build-back-better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNISDR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).It is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution (56/195), to serve as the focal point in the United Nations system for the coordination of disaster reduction and to ensure synergies among the disaster reduction activities of the United Nations system and regional organizations and activities in socio‐economic and humanitarian fields. It is an organisational unit of the UN Secretariat and is led by the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction (SRSG).

INTENDED USER: The development and humanitarian communities

 

 

STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: World Bank

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Report

KEYWORDS: environmental management, World Bank, report, impact assessment, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 103 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.worldbank.org (World Bank)

http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/ENVIRONMENT/0,,contentMDK:20885941~menuPK:2450778~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:244381,00.html (overview)

http://siteresources.worldbank.org/ENVIRONMENT/Resources/244380-1236266590146/Strategic_Environmental_Assessment_in_the_World_Bank.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This Toolkit provides practical guidance and useful information to prepare and develop SEAs. It comprises four components. The Basic Information section presents an overview of SEA issues, including the SEA concept and how SEA can add value to policy making, planning and Bank’s operations. It aims to help sector and SEA specialists, and task managers on deciding whether an SEA is needed, the type of SEA that best fits their needs and the key issues that need to be taken into account in formulating and implementing SEAs. The section on Sectors compiles relevant sector SEA information as per the Bank’s sector structure. This section comprises a number of good practice SEAs, manuals and guidance, and case studies at the fingertips of SEA practitioners. The section on Tools provides state of the art methods and techniques to apply in the design and implementation of SEAs, including complementary practical information on samples of SEA terms of reference, sources available to fund SEAs in Bank’s projects, SEA training materials and links to relevant SEA sites. Finally, the toolkit includes a section on the World Bank’s Pilot Program on Institution-centered SEA that presents the program’s rationale, components and outputs. This section is open to feedback and comments from users.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world. We are not a bank in the ordinary sense but a unique partnership to reduce poverty and support development. The World Bank Group comprises five institutions managed by their member countries.”

INTENDED USER: World Bank Group

RELIEFWEB

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), knowledge platform, restoration, risk reduction, impact assessment, climate adaptation, land and land use, water, shelter, fuel and energy, natural disasters, vulnerable groups

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org (OCHA)

http://reliefweb.int/ (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “ReliefWeb is the leading humanitarian information source on global crises and disasters. It is a specialized digital service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

We provide reliable and timely information, enabling humanitarian workers to make informed decisions and to plan effective response. We collect and deliver key information, including the latest reports, maps and infographics and videos from trusted sources.

ReliefWeb’s editorial team monitors and collects information from more than 4,000 key sources, including humanitarian agencies at the international and local levels, governments, think tanks and research institutions, and the media.

ReliefWeb editors identify and select the content that is most relevant to global humanitarian workers.

Our content is delivered through various channels – the reliefweb.int website, social media networks and our new, cutting-edge mobile apps and API – so that humanitarian workers can access key content anywhere anytime.”

ReliefWeb has three main functions:

  1. Collect:We collect updates and analysis from more than 4,000 global information sources around the clock.
  2. Deliver: Our editors identify and deliver the content most relevant to ReliefWeb’s global audience. This content includes country and disaster reports, maps, info-graphics, job announcements and learning opportunities and events of interest to humanitarians.
  3. Enable: As part of our commitment to humanitarians worldwide, we develop new information products and services that enable humanitarian partners to analyze context and situations and make better decisions

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: The humanitarian community

COOKING FUEL SAVES LIVES: A HOLISTIC APPROACH TO COOKING IN HUMANITARIAN SETTINGS

AUTHOR: Women’s Refugee Commission

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Women’s Refugee Commission, training course, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Online training course

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.womensrefugeecommission.org (Women’s Refugee Commission)

https://www.womensrefugeecommission.org/resources/document/679-cooking-fuel-saves-lives-overview (course)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This training will help individuals use the tools—Matrix and Decision Tree Diagram—developed by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and alternative Energy (SAFE) to determine safe and appropriate means of meeting cooking fuel needs under difficult circumstances.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Women’s Refugee Commission improves the lives and protects the rights of women, children and youth displaced by conflict and crisis. We research their needs, identify solutions and advocate for programs and policies to strengthen their resilience and drive change in humanitarian practice. Since our founding in 1989, we have been a leading expert on the needs of refugee women and children, and the policies that can protect and empower them.

INTENDED USER: “Intended audiences for this online guide are all those who have received or are interested in using the SAFE tools but were not able to attend the IASC Task Force SAFE workshops in person, including:

  • United Nations headquarters and field-based staff
  • Humanitarian agency staff
  • Donors
  • Governments and other institutions”

USAID ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE DATABASE

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

FORMAT: Website, searchable database

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, water, shelter, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, impact assessment

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/environment/compliance/database (how to use tool)

http://gemini.info.usaid.gov/egat/envcomp/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This searchable database contains copies of the environmental impact assessments prepared and approved by USAID Regional and Global Bureaus. The database is updated as new documents are approved. Displayed search results provide a link to summary information about the assessment document and a link to the actual document itself.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, practitioners, policy makers, students, and others interested in country-strategy and project-specific environmental impact assessments

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES FOR SMALL SCALE ACTIVITIES IN AFRICA

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: December 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines, Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), guidelines, handbook, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF and Word documents

LANGUAGES: English, some documents available in French

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/egssaa.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The “Small-Scale Guidelines” are Africa Bureau’s principal source of sector-specific environmental guidance. For each development sector addressed, the Guidelines brief the potential, typical adverse impacts for activities in this sector, provide environmental good practice guidance for sector program design, environmental mitigation and monitoring guidance, and an annotated bibliography of web-accessible resources.

These guidelines were developed to help USAID and its partners meet the challenges posed by the need for environmentally sound design (ESD) in small-scale activities. Specifically, this book is:

  • An introduction to ESD, both in general and specific sector activities. The guidelines set out ESD’s basic principles and should assist private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in integrating environmental concerns into activities and programs.
  • A reference for PVOs and NGOs operating in Africa on USAID environmental procedures and requirements. These guidelines should help PVOs and NGOs write concept papers and creating proposals, as well as implementation plans and associated mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans that conform to USAID’s environmental procedures.
  • A reference for USAID staff for evaluating and classifying project concept papers,; proposals, implementation plans,; and mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)

ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT CAPACITY-BUILDING FOR PARTNERS AND PROGRAMS IN AFRICA (ENCAP) TOOLBOX

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: September 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/indexArchive.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Mission Environmental Officer (MEO) Resource Center is a single point of access to a wide range of environmental compliance, best practice, and related references for MEOs. It was created as a companion to the MEO Handbook. Together, the Resource Center and the Handbook are intended to provide USAID Mission Environmental Officers (MEOs) in Africa with the guidance and the resources they need to be as effective as possible in helping their Missions attain and maintain full compliance with USAID’s Environmental Procedures and to mainstream environmentally sound design and management (ESDM).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.“

INTENDED USER: “USAID Mission Environmental Officers (MEOs) in Africa”