DISASTER WASTE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit and Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB)

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 43 pages

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, waste management, restoration,

impact assessment, Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, United Nations Environment Programme,

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency,

guidelines

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org/themes/environmental-emergencies (Joint Unit)

https://www.msb.se/en/ (MSB)

http://www.unocha.org/search/node/disaster%20waste (disaster/waste web page)

https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/DWM.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL:  The guidelines provide advice and tools related to challenges of managing

disaster-related waste in emergency and early recovery situations. “They are targeted at

implementers of disaster waste management projects. Their objective is to i) minimize risks to

human life and health ii) reduce risks to the environment and iii) ensure that any value in the DW is

realized, to the bene t of affected communities.”

“The guidelines are in four parts:

1. Introduction and overview.

2. General guidance divided into the immediate response phase, early recovery phase and

recovery phases. The latter includes information on contingency planning.

3. Key considerations that are important throughout the process – for example, health and

safety.

4. Tools and checklists for implementing the guidance provided. These are in the attached

Annexes.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS:

“The Joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU), housed

within OCHA’s Emergency Services Branch, helps Member States to prepare for and respond to

environmental emergencies. By pairing UNEP’s technical expertise with OCHA’s humanitarian

response coordination structure, the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to

environmental emergencies. The JEU provides independent, impartial advice and practical solutions,

while working with organizations dedicated to medium and long term rehabilitation to ensure a

seamless transition from emergency response to recovery.”

“The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) is a Swedish administrative authority, organised

under the Ministry of Defence. The agency is responsible for issues concerning civil protection,

public safety, emergency management and civil defence.”

INTENDED USER: Implementers and supporting organizations for disaster-waste management

projects.

OCHA CMCOORD FIELD HANDBOOK

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Civil-Military Coordination

LAST UPDATED: June 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of

Humanitarian Affairs, guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 158 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

WEB LINK:

https://www.unocha.org/ (OCHA)

http://www.unocha.org/country/asia-and-pacific/what-we-do/civil-military-coordination (OCHA Civil-

Military Coordination)

https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/ROAP/Civil%20Military%20Coordination/docs/CMCoord%20Field%20Handbook%20v1.0%20(1).pdf  (tool, English PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The UN-CMCoord Field Handbook comprises of six chapters and a toolbox. To

make full use of its functions and the toolbox, it is best used online to allow access to linked

documents and references. The chapters can be used individually or in conjunction. The sections

include links to other relevant chapters, guidelines and more detailed resources in the toolbox.

1. Chapters I and II summarize key humanitarian concepts and coordination mechanisms and

outline their relevance and links to the CMCoord function.

2. Chapter III gives an overview of military organizations, mandates, concepts and military staff

functions that could serve as the CMCoord Officer’s counterpart.

3. Chapter IV is an aide memoire for the relevant CMCoord guidelines and principles; it

summarizes the key considerations and explains the roles and responsibilities of OCHA and

CMCoord Officers in implementing the guidelines.

4. Chapters V and VI provide guidance on how to implement the CMCoord tasks in natural

disasters and complex emergencies, respectively. They can be used separately from the rest

of the handbook and serve as a field manual.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for

bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also

ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: Civilian and military organizations operating in the context of humanitarian relief

operations and complex emergencies, including commanders of deployed forces in support of the

UN humanitarian agencies and liaison officers coordinating humanitarian activities with military

forces.

POST CONFLICT NEEDS ASSESSMENT

AUTHOR: UN Development Group (UNDG)

LAST UPDATED: 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, handbook, UN Development Group (UNDG), guidelines, impact assessment, restoration

FORMAT: Website and downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.undg.org/content/post-crisis_transition/post-conflict_needs_assessments_%28pcna%29 (overview)

https://archive.undg.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/4937-PCNA_-_Practical_Guide_to_Multilateral_Needs_Assessments_in_Post-Conflict_situations.pdf (PCNA guidelines)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The PCNA Guidelines are comprised of two documents: The Practical Guide for Multilateral Needs Assessments in Post-Conflict Situations and The Operational Note on Transitional Results Matrices.

The Practical Guide aims to help make PCNAs more effective by systematizing the analysis and suggesting more efficient processes. In particular, it contributes to:

    • the definition of common minimum standards regarding quality, reliability and inclusiveness of the assessment;
    • a fast-track professional response by the international community when recovery planning becomes feasible; and
    • lowering the costs of PCNAs by promoting systematization and standardization.”

“The Transitional Results Matrix (TRM), also referred to as a Transitional Calendar or Results- Focused Transitional Framework (RFTF), is a planning, coordination, and management tool that national stakeholders and donors can use to better prioritize actions necessary to achieve a successful transition in fragile states. The TRM helps launch a poverty reduction strategy (PRS) approach in these environments, either by acting as an early framework to lay the groundwork for a PRS or, later, as a way to operationalize poverty reduction strategies in low capacity countries.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The UN Development Group (UNDG) unites the 32 UN funds, programs, agencies, departments, and offices that play a role in development. The group’s common objective is to deliver more coherent, effective and efficient support to countries seeking to attain internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals.”

INTENDED USER:

The Practical Guide has been prepared for:

    • Multilateral agency headquarters and in-country staff with responsibility for steering, coordinating and contributing to the PCNA;
    • The PCNA management team responsible for managing data collection, analysis and preparing the final report;
    • Cluster/sector managers and technical mission staff responsible for sectoral assessments; and
    • National authorities, conflict parties, civil society and other stakeholders contributing to the PCNA.”

The Operational Note on TRM is intended for national stakeholders and donors.

GUIDELINES ON THE USE OF MILITARY AND CIVIL DEFENSE ASSETS IN DISASTER RELIEF (OSLO GUIDELINES)

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATED: November 2007

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 38 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org/theme/humanitarian-civil-military-coordination/publications (all languages)

http://www.unocha.org/sites/unocha/files/OSLO%20Guidelines%20Rev%201.1%20-%20Nov%2007_0.pdf (English PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The aim of the present Guidelines on the Use of Military and Civil Defense Assets in Disaster Relief is to establish the basic framework for formalizing and improving the effectiveness and efficiency of the use of foreign military and civil defense assets in international disaster relief operations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: “These guidelines are primarily intended for use by UN humanitarian agencies and their implementing and operational partners, Resident and Humanitarian Coordinators, UN MCDA commanders and commanders of other deployed forces performing missions in support of the UN humanitarian agencies and liaison officers coordinating UN humanitarian activities with foreign military forces. All humanitarian actors should also be familiar with the principles, concepts and procedures set out herein and encouraged to adhere to them, as appropriate.”

ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARDSHIP REVIEW FOR HUMANITARIAN AID

AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund and American Red Cross

LAST UPDATED: 2010

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines (worksheet)

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, World Wildlife Fund, American Red Cross, guidelines, restoration, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable Word document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.academia.edu/5353222/ENVIRONMENTAL_IMPACT_ASSESSMENT_TOOLS_AND_TECHNIQUES_GREEN_RECOVERY_AND_RECONSTRUCTION_TRAINING_TOOLKIT_FOR_HUMANITARIAN_AID_3_GREEN_GUIDE_TO (online version)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the American Red Cross developed the Environmental Stewardship Review for Humanitarian Aid (ESR) as a tool for evaluating the environmental impacts of humanitarian aid projects with a focus on the recovery and reconstruction phases after the disaster. The ESR can, however, be used during the early relief phase as well as in longer-term development phases as the EIA elements are standardized. The ESR is meant to be completed in about one to three hours and typically includes a field visit to the proposed project site and consultation with project planners and other experts (e.g., government officials at the Environmental Ministry or Water Quality Department).”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Soon after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the American Red Cross and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) formed an innovative, five-year partnership to help ensure that the recovery efforts of the American Red Cross did not have unintended negative effects on the environment. Combining the environmental expertise of WWF with the humanitarian aid expertise of the American Red Cross, the partnership has worked across the tsunami-affected region to make sure that the recovery programs include environmentally sustainable considerations, which are critical to ensuring a long-lasting recovery for communities.”

INTENDED USER: “The tool is for intended for those involved in the conception, design, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation of a humanitarian aid project. It applies as well to those involved in the various planning and implementation stages of temporary camps, permanent housing, water supply projects, livelihoods interventions, or any
other activity designed to assist communities that are recovering from disaster. Specific audiences may include project managers in the field or at headquarters, project designers, shelter and other construction professionals, monitoring and evaluation specialists, physical planners, logistics and procurement officers, donors, livelihood specialists, water and sanitation project designers and managers, and disaster risk-reduction planners. The staff of local and national government agencies, as well as environmental specialists involved in the design, review, and implementation of recovery and reconstruction projects, would also benefit from the training. It may also be used by consultants working for humanitarian aid agencies, and by specialist staff responsible for ensuring that the environmental aspects of humanitarian aid projects are addressed.”

GUIDING PRINCIPLES FOR STABILIZATION AND RECONSTRUCTION

AUTHOR: United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI)

LAST UPDATED: November 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, United States Institute of Peace (USIP), US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI), handbook, guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 232 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usip.org (USIP)

http://pksoi.armywarcollege.edu (PKSOI)

http://www.usip.org/publications/guiding-principles-stabilization-and-reconstruction (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Guiding Principles for Stabilization and Reconstruction (S&R) manual presents the first strategic “doctrine” ever produced for civilians engaged in peacebuilding missions. It is a practical roadmap for helping countries transition from violent conflict to peace. The manual offers two important contributions: 1) a comprehensive set of shared principles and 2) a shared strategic framework. The “Strategic Framework for Stabilization and Reconstruction” is the cornerstone of the manual and is based on a validated construct of common End States, Cross-Cutting Principles, Necessary Conditions and Major Approaches.

Both the principles and strategic framework are built on the wealth of lessons that have emerged from across the peacebuilding community in past S&R missions.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The United States Institute of Peace works to prevent, mitigate, and resolve violent conflict around the world. USIP does this by engaging directly in conflict zones and by providing analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace. Created by Congress in 1984 as an independent, nonpartisan, federally funded organization, USIP’s more than 300 staff work at the Institute’s D.C. headquarters, and on the ground in the world’s most dangerous regions.

“The US Army Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute serves as the US Army’s center of excellence for stability and peace operations at the strategic and operational levels in order to improve military, civilian agency, international, and multinational capabilities and execution.”

INTENDED USER: “The primary audience for the manual is U.S. government agencies engaged in S&R missions—principally their decision makers, planners, and practitioners. At the time of this writing, these agencies ‘contributions are coordinated under the leadership of the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization at the U.S. Department of State (S/CRS). Though not written specifically for U.S. partners and others who labor in these in these difficult environments, the manual may be of value to them as well since it is based in part on their good work. In the final analysis, it is intended to help host nations and victims of conflict rebuild shattered societies.”

ENVIRONMENTAL TOOLBOX FOR DEPLOYING FORCES

AUTHOR: United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, and Swedish Armed Forces

LAST UPDATED: 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, Swedish Armed Forces, handbook, guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 42 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: http://www.defmin.fi/files/2505/02_Heikkila_Sami.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The purpose of this work is to provide a deploying military unit—specifically the commander, the environmental officer, and soldier/sailor/airman—a toolbox of environmental training resources to plan and implement sound environmental practices. It seeks to fill a gap by suggesting common practices and offering practical guidance on environmental considerations for deploying forces. This coordinated effort to assemble environmental protection educational resources not only saves us all time and money, but also enhances future possibilities to:

  • Synchronize and harmonize procedures, thereby facilitating interoperability (including in international operations, such as those led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the United Nations (UN), or the European Union (EU)).
  • Educate new personnel quickly and efficiently in these matters prior to deployment, and
  • Standardize environmental requirements and considerations in technical procedures.”

“The toolbox is a companion to the Environmental Guidebook for Military Operations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Department of Defense is America’s oldest and largest government agency. Its mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States.”

“As a Government department and the ministry providing the guidelines for defense administration, the Finnish Ministry of Defence is in charge of national defense policy and security and international defense policy cooperation. In addition, the Ministry is responsible for national military defense resources and the operating framework of the Defence Forces. It coordinates Finnish participation in international crisis management and contributes to shaping the European security structures to safeguard Finland’s national interests.”

“As the only authority permitted to engage in armed combat, the Swedish Armed Forces are Sweden’s ultimate security policy resource. The Armed Forces are therefore always prepared to carry out international missions, assert Sweden’s national integrity and support Swedish society in major crises. To enable Sweden to maintain its freedom of action in terms of its security policy, the Armed Forces are continuously developing capabilities that can meet future requirements.”

INTENDED USER: The deploying military unit—specifically the commander, the environmental officer, and soldier/sailor/airman

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDEBOOK FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, and Swedish Armed Forces

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, Swedish Armed Forces, guidelines, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment, water, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 118 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: http://www.defmin.fi/files/1256/Guidebook_final_printing_version.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guidebook gives operational planners the necessary tools to incorporate environmental considerations throughout the life cycle of the operation. Failure to integrate environmental considerations into operational- and tactical-level planning increases the risk to the health and safety of military personnel and civilian non-combatants. Inadvertent damage to the natural environment or to significant cultural or historic resources also complicates the attainment of the desired strategic end state through the loss of political capital, negative public image, and increased overall cost.

This document does not necessarily reflect the official policies or doctrine of any nation, but represents the combined knowledge and ideas of contributors with significant experience in this area. This document is intended to serve as an environmental guidebook to help troop contributing nations with environmental management responsibilities identify relevant environmental requirements, practices, standards, and preventive measures, with a goal of integrating them into the planning and execution of military operations in a way that enhances the readiness of the force and accomplishment of the overall mission. It provides overarching principles, guidelines, templates, and examples, which may be used by operational planners and deployed forces to achieve the overall environmental goals and objectives associated with a military operation. Within the text, links are provided to directly access additional reference material and applicable templates.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Department of Defense is America’s oldest and largest government agency. Its mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States.”

“As a Government department and the ministry providing the guidelines for defense administration, the Finnish Ministry of Defence is in charge of national defense policy and security and international defesce policy cooperation. In addition, the Ministry is responsible for national military defense resources and the operating framework of the Defence Forces. It coordinates Finnish participation in international crisis management and contributes to shaping the European security structures to safeguard Finland’s national interests.”

“As the only authority permitted to engage in armed combat, the Swedish Armed Forces are Sweden’s ultimate security policy resource. The Armed Forces are therefore always prepared to carry out international missions, assert Sweden’s national integrity and support Swedish society in major crises. To enable Sweden to maintain its freedom of action in terms of its security policy, the Armed Forces are continuously developing capabilities that can meet future requirements.”

INTENDED USER: Operational planners of national militaries

USAID CONFLICT TOOLKITS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM)

LAST UPDATED: 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, handbook, guidelines, water, land and land use, minerals, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/organization/bureaus/bureau-democracy-conflict-and-humanitarian-assistance/office (USAID CMM)

http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/working-crises-and-conflict/technical-publications (CMM publications)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADE290.pdf (Forests and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb335.pdfLand and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnade291.pdf (Livelihoods and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb307.pdf (Minerals and Conflict)

http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/WaterConflictToolkit.pdf  (Water and Conflict)

ABOUT THE TOOL: These toolkits are intended to help USAID and their partners understand the opportunities and challenges inherent to development programming in conflicts where natural resources are an important issue. These documents (1) explore the relationship between natural resources, conflict, and cooperation, (2) highlight lessons learned from relevant development and peacebuilding programs, (3) discuss options for programming based on past USAID and development community experiences, and (4) provide various tools to support officers in identifying and evaluating the conflict risk and peacebuilding potential of natural resource management programs. Together, the elements of these toolkits are designed to help raise awareness about the linkages between natural resource management and conflict as well as opportunities for peacebuilding and integrating a conflict perspective into development programming.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world…. The Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM) was founded in 2002 to lead USAID’s efforts to address the sources of instability and violent conflict.”

INTENDED USER: USAID and partners

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES FOR SMALL SCALE ACTIVITIES IN AFRICA

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: December 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines, Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), guidelines, handbook, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF and Word documents

LANGUAGES: English, some documents available in French

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/egssaa.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The “Small-Scale Guidelines” are Africa Bureau’s principal source of sector-specific environmental guidance. For each development sector addressed, the Guidelines brief the potential, typical adverse impacts for activities in this sector, provide environmental good practice guidance for sector program design, environmental mitigation and monitoring guidance, and an annotated bibliography of web-accessible resources.

These guidelines were developed to help USAID and its partners meet the challenges posed by the need for environmentally sound design (ESD) in small-scale activities. Specifically, this book is:

  • An introduction to ESD, both in general and specific sector activities. The guidelines set out ESD’s basic principles and should assist private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in integrating environmental concerns into activities and programs.
  • A reference for PVOs and NGOs operating in Africa on USAID environmental procedures and requirements. These guidelines should help PVOs and NGOs write concept papers and creating proposals, as well as implementation plans and associated mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans that conform to USAID’s environmental procedures.
  • A reference for USAID staff for evaluating and classifying project concept papers,; proposals, implementation plans,; and mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)