USAID CONFLICT TOOLKITS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM)

LAST UPDATED: 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, handbook, guidelines, water, land and land use, minerals, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/organization/bureaus/bureau-democracy-conflict-and-humanitarian-assistance/office (USAID CMM)

http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/working-crises-and-conflict/technical-publications (CMM publications)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADE290.pdf (Forests and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb335.pdfLand and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnade291.pdf (Livelihoods and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb307.pdf (Minerals and Conflict)

http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/WaterConflictToolkit.pdf  (Water and Conflict)

ABOUT THE TOOL: These toolkits are intended to help USAID and their partners understand the opportunities and challenges inherent to development programming in conflicts where natural resources are an important issue. These documents (1) explore the relationship between natural resources, conflict, and cooperation, (2) highlight lessons learned from relevant development and peacebuilding programs, (3) discuss options for programming based on past USAID and development community experiences, and (4) provide various tools to support officers in identifying and evaluating the conflict risk and peacebuilding potential of natural resource management programs. Together, the elements of these toolkits are designed to help raise awareness about the linkages between natural resource management and conflict as well as opportunities for peacebuilding and integrating a conflict perspective into development programming.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world…. The Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM) was founded in 2002 to lead USAID’s efforts to address the sources of instability and violent conflict.”

INTENDED USER: USAID and partners

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDELINES FOR SMALL SCALE ACTIVITIES IN AFRICA

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATED: December 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines, Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), guidelines, handbook, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF and Word documents

LANGUAGES: English, some documents available in French

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.encapafrica.org/egssaa.htm (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The “Small-Scale Guidelines” are Africa Bureau’s principal source of sector-specific environmental guidance. For each development sector addressed, the Guidelines brief the potential, typical adverse impacts for activities in this sector, provide environmental good practice guidance for sector program design, environmental mitigation and monitoring guidance, and an annotated bibliography of web-accessible resources.

These guidelines were developed to help USAID and its partners meet the challenges posed by the need for environmentally sound design (ESD) in small-scale activities. Specifically, this book is:

  • An introduction to ESD, both in general and specific sector activities. The guidelines set out ESD’s basic principles and should assist private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in integrating environmental concerns into activities and programs.
  • A reference for PVOs and NGOs operating in Africa on USAID environmental procedures and requirements. These guidelines should help PVOs and NGOs write concept papers and creating proposals, as well as implementation plans and associated mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans that conform to USAID’s environmental procedures.
  • A reference for USAID staff for evaluating and classifying project concept papers,; proposals, implementation plans,; and mitigation, monitoring and evaluation plans.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)

FRAME TOOLKIT: FRAMEWORK FOR ASSESSING, MONITORING, AND EVALUATING THE ENVIRONMENT IN REFUGEE-RELATED OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and CARE International

LAST UPDATED: August 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbooks

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), CARE International, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unhcr.org/4a97d1039.html  (UNHCR)

http://www.care-international.org (CARE International)

http://www.unhcr.org/4a968ec59.html (FRAME toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The FRAME Toolkit is intended to ensure that environmental assessments, monitoring programs and evaluations are carried out in future in a more systematic manner, along proven guidelines, through appropriate means and approaches, and that the information from each of these stages is then put to good use for improved environmental management and livelihood security of displaced persons and those who may be affected by their presence in a particular region – the hosting community.

The tools and technical guidance contained in this Toolkit is intended to complement existing materials relating to the sound management of natural resources, and plugs an important gap in the resources currently available to managers, field staff and community members.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.”

CARE International is “a leading relief and development non-governmental organization fighting global poverty. In the fiscal year 2013, CARE worked in 87 countries around the world, supporting 927 poverty-fighting development and humanitarian aid projects to reach more than 97 million people.”

INTENDED USERS: “This Toolkit has been designed for use by a range of people, in particular:

  • specialist consultants engaged to undertake one or more of the activities pertaining to the FRAME Toolkit, primarily to ensure consistency in the approaches taken and tools used;
  • UNHCR’s Implementing Partners who, once training has been provided, should naturally assume many of the tasks described;
  • UNHCR Environmental Co-ordinators or Focal Points, to understand the different processes involved so that they are able to prepare for, participate in and/or monitor progress of a particular phase or activity;
  • camp and settlement managers who should review the results from these exercises and use the analysis and results for future management purposes;
  • UNHCR management who should likewise consider how findings could be used to improve particular situations or activities;
  • government authorities, some of whom might be actually involved in some of the activities, but who should otherwise be duly informed of any recommendations or decisions stemming from an assessment or evaluation, for example; and
  • representatives from refugee and host communities – for example, members of an Environmental Committee – some of whom at least will be directly implicated in some of the activities”

COOKING OPTIONS IN REFUGEE SETTINGS

AUTHOR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

LAST UPDATED: December 2002

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR), handbook, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 47 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c2.html (UNHCR)

http://www.unhcr.org/406c368f2.html  (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This Handbook provides a summary of practical ideas for the domestic energy sector in refugee situations – a sector that probably has a greater impact on the environment than any other. It covers both proven and experimental ways in which to balance demand for energy with available supply. Acknowledging that cooking is generally the area to which refugees commit the greatest proportion of their domestic energy resources, the Handbook focuses primarily on fuels, stoves and practices that relate directly to cooking.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees was established on December 14, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The agency is mandated to lead and co-ordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide. Its primary purpose is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees. It strives to ensure that everyone can exercise the right to seek asylum and find safe refuge in another State, with the option to return home voluntarily, integrate locally or to resettle in a third country. It also has a mandate to help stateless people.”

INTENDED USER: “The Handbook is designed for programme and technical staff of UNHCR and its implementing partners, both in the field and at headquarters.”

APELL MULTI-HAZARD TRAINING KIT FOR LOCAL AUTHORITIES

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: 2010

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Training Course

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), handbook, training course, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 49 pages; CD-ROM

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/DTIx1289xPA-APELLMulti-HazardTrainingKit.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The objective of the Training Kit is to facilitate local authorities in increasing public awareness of the hazards present in their community, fostering communication between various stakeholders in the community (including the government officials, industry representatives, and the public), and developing co-operative emergency plans for their local area.

This Training Kit is a compilation of information gathered from existing materials and resources. Although extensive information on emergency preparedness for natural and industrial hazards exists, these materials tend to focus on a specific hazard type, such as industrial installations that handle hazardous chemicals, flooding, earthquakes, etc. Few existing resources addressed comprehensive emergency planning from a multi-hazard viewpoint. Recognizing this need, the Training Kit was developed so that local authorities responsible for emergency preparedness could easily access information on comprehensive emergency planning that addresses multiple hazards. The Training Kit is not meant to be a complete list of all the hazards and issues that a community may face; instead, it is meant to provide a summary of the most important principles and steps in improving emergency preparedness, as well as some of the most common hazards found worldwide. Similarly, the modules do not provide detailed guidance on technical issues such as industrial risk analysis, hydrological or meteorological assessments, or building plans for reducing structural vulnerability. Instead, it provides a brief summary of the main issues present for each hazard source or aspect of emergency planning, with additional resources for further guidance where appropriate and available.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: “The primary users of this Training Kit are expected to be local authorities responsible for emergency preparedness or response in countries or areas with identified natural or industrial hazards. This may include government agencies responsible for industrial safety, emergency response, environmental protection, or public health and safety. However, effective emergency planning is generally a multi-stakeholder exercise that should involve community members, local industries and businesses, expert organisations, and any other stakeholders with the potential to be affected by or provide assistance during an emergency. For this reason, any group that is interested in implementing emergency preparedness activities may find the Training Kit useful in identifying the steps they should take to do so.”

HANDBOOK FOR ESTIMATING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF DISASTERS

AUTHOR: United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)

LAST UPDATED: 2003

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), handbook, restoration, shelter, fuel and energy, water, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 111 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.cepal.org/default.asp?idioma=IN (ECLAC)

http://www.recoveryplatform.org/assets/tools_guidelines/Handbook_for_Estimating_Socioeconomic2003.pdf (handbook)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This new version of the ECLAC Handbook describes the methods required to assess the social, economic and environmental effects of disasters, breaking them down into direct damages and indirect losses and into overall and macroeconomic effects.

The Handbook focuses on the conceptual and methodological aspects of measuring or estimating the damage caused by disasters to capital stocks and losses in the production flows of goods and services, as well as any temporary effects on the main macroeconomic variables. This new edition also contemplates both damage to and effects on living conditions, economic performance and the environment.

The Handbook describes a tool that enables one to identify and quantify disaster damages by means of a uniform and consistent methodology that has been tested and proven over three decades. It also provides the means to identify the most affected social, economic and environmental sectors and geographic regions, and therefore those that require priority attention in reconstruction. The degree of detail of damage and loss assessment that can be achieved by applying the Handbook will, however, depend on the availability of quantitative information in the country or region affected. The methodology presented here allows for the quantification of the damage caused by any kind of disaster, whether man-made or natural, whether slowly evolving or sudden. The application of the methodology also enables one to estimate whether there is sufficient domestic capacity for dealing with reconstruction tasks, or if international cooperation is required.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “ECLAC, which is headquartered in Santiago, Chile, is one of the five regional commissions of the United Nations. It was founded with the purpose of contributing to the economic development of Latin America, coordinating actions directed towards this end, and reinforcing economic ties among countries and with other nations of the world. The promotion of the region’s social development was later included among its primary objectives.”

INTENDED USER: Countries and communities affected by disasters; organizations responsible for assessing the social, economic, and environmental effects of disasters.

CONFLICT SENSITIVITY TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: Trócaire

LAST UPDATED: October 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Trócaire, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 55 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.trocaire.org (Trócaire)

https://www.trocaire.org/sites/default/files/resources/policy/conflict_sensitivity_toolkit_final_version_oct_2011_1.pdf  (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This toolkit addresses the need of Trócaire staff to have tools that facilitate their work in conflict scenarios making sure that:

  • Trócaire staff are aware of the conflict dynamics in the context where their programs are implemented
  • Trócaire staff understand how conflict affects their programs
  • Trócaire staff understand how their programs affect the conflict dynamics in the country or region where they are implemented
  • Trócaire’s programs are not intensifying or creating conflict
  • Trócaire’s programs are playing a part in promoting peace

This toolkit offers an opportunity to enhance Trócaire’s work through:

  • Systematizing conflict analysis
  • Ensuring programs and projects are conflict-sensitive
  • Conflict-sensitive monitoring and evaluation”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Trócaire is the official overseas development agency of the Catholic Church in Ireland. They work with some of the world’s poorest people, supporting communities and delivering long-term change to people’s lives. Established in 1973, today Trócaire works in over 20 countries on issues including livelihoods, human rightsgender equality, HIV, climate change and emergency relief.”

INTENDED USER: Trócaire staff

THE SPHERE HANDBOOK: HUMANITARIAN CHARTER AND MINIMUM STANDARDS IN HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE

AUTHOR: The Sphere Project

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, The Sphere Project, handbook, risk reduction, shelter, water, restoration

FORMATS: Handbook available for purchase in 18 languages; open-access website available in Arabic, English, French, and Spanish; Training modules in English

LANGUAGES: Arabic, Armenian, Bangla, Braille (English), Chinese (Simplified), English, French, German, Haitian Creole, Indonesian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Kyrgyz, Nepali, Russian, Sinhala, Slovenian, Spanish, Tamil, Urdu, Vietnamese

WEB LINKS: http://www.sphereproject.org/handbook/ (handbook); www.SphereHandbook.org (web site)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, is one of the most widely known and internationally recognized sets of common principles and universal minimum standards in life-saving areas of humanitarian response.  The Sphere Handbook is designed for planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation during humanitarian response. It is also an effective advocacy tool when negotiating for humanitarian space and for the provision of resources with authorities. Furthermore, it is useful for disaster preparedness activities and contingency planning, with donors increasingly including the standards in their reporting requirements.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: In 1997, a group of humanitarian non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement initiated the Sphere Project.  The Sphere Project is a voluntary initiative that brings a wide range of humanitarian agencies together around a common aim–to improve the quality of humanitarian assistance and the accountability of humanitarian actors to their constituents, donors and affected populations.  They based Sphere’s philosophy on two core beliefs: first, that those affected by disaster or conflict have a right to life with dignity and, therefore, a right to assistance; and second, that all possible steps should be taken to alleviate human suffering arising out of disaster or conflict.

INTENDED USER: The principal users of the Sphere Handbook are practitioners involved in planning, managing or implementing a humanitarian response. This includes staff and volunteers of local, national and international humanitarian agencies. In the context of fund-raising and project proposals, the minimum standards are also frequently referred to. Other actors, such as government and local authorities, the military or the private sector, are also encouraged to use the Sphere Handbook. It may be useful in guiding their own actions, but also in helping them to understand the standards used by the humanitarian agencies with whom they may interact.

SHELTER CLUSTER REFERENCE DOCUMENTS

AUTHOR: Global Shelter Cluster

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines, handbooks, and planning toolkits

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Shelter Cluster, guidelines, handbook, shelter, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Web site, Specific tools available primarily in English

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

https://www.sheltercluster.org/Pages/default.aspx (global shelter cluster)

https://www.sheltercluster.org/References/Pages/default.aspx (resource page)

https://www.sheltercluster.org/References/Pages/Environment.aspx (documents search engine)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Shelter Cluster web site contains real-time documents and materials for use during the emergency and recovery phase of humanitarian responses across the world.” The references sections of the site provide a number of basic documents on:

  • IASC Guidance: Documents from the Inter Agency Standing Committee on the cluster approach, the Humanitarian Reform and the transformative agenda.
  • Shelter Cluster Guidance: A number of documents explaining the Shelter cluster team role and members, case studies on Shelter Cluster field-work and documents on Shelter Cluster policy.
  • Technical resources: All available documents on Sheltering Standards, Settlement Planning, Shelter Specifications, Shelter Programming, Non-Food Items (NFIs), and Cross Cutting issues.
  • Coordination: Reference materials on Shelter Cluster coordination.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: The Global Shelter Cluster (GSC) is an Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) coordination mechanism that supports people affected by natural disasters and internally displaced people affected by conflict with the means to live in safe, dignified and appropriate shelter. The GSC enables better coordination among all shelter actors, including local and national governments, so that people who need shelter assistance get help faster and receive the right kind of support.

INTENDED USER:  “The Shelter Cluster website is a resource for humanitarian agencies working in the Shelter sector.”

CAMP MANAGEMENT TOOLKIT

AUTHOR: Norwegian Refugee Council

LAST UPDATED: 2016

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Norwegian Refugee Council, handbook, shelter, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 596 pages (chapters may also be downloaded individually)

LANGUAGES: English, Arabic, French, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.nrc.no (Norwegian Refugee Council)

http://cmtoolkit.org (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Taking a comprehensive and holistic look at camp management as a cross-cutting humanitarian sector, the Camp Management Toolkit incorporates a wide range of relevant basic information on various aspects of camp operations.

The Camp Management Toolkit is intended for both refugee and IDP situations resulting from either conflict or natural disasters. The Toolkit defines key messages and issues in relation to the roles and responsibilities of the Camp Management Agency within each of the defined areas. It also includes tools and lists of essential reading.

The Camp Management Toolkit highlights essential issues of protection and service provision in camps and camp-like settings and provides practical advice for camp management staff on how best to ensure the overall coordination and management of a camp and uphold the rights of displaced persons. It is an advisory manual and does not attempt to develop agency policies or directives. The Toolkit is written as a complement to existing sector guidelines and standards such as the Sphere Handbook, UNHCR Handbook for Emergencies, and other technical handbooks.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is an independent, humanitarian, non-profit, non-governmental organization, which provides assistance, protection and durable solutions to refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide.”

INTENDED USER: Those working with populations displaced by conflict or natural disasters.