NATO Joint Environmental Protection Standards

AUTHOR: North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

LAST UPDATED: September 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), handbook, guidelines, fuel and energy

FORMAT: documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.nato.int (NATO)

http://www.natolibguides.info/Environment/NATO-Documents (NATO Standardization Agreement)

ABOUT THE TOOL: A Standardization Agreement (STANAG) is a NATO standardization document that specifies the agreement of member nations to implement a standard, in whole or in part, with or without reservation, in order to meet an interoperability requirement.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a treaty-based military alliance, formed in 1949, for the collective defense of member states. “NATO’s essential purpose is to safeguard the freedom and security of its members through political and military means.”

INTENDED USER: Forces involved in NATO-led operations

FLASH ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT TOOL

AUTHOR: Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit

LAST UPDATED: 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 78 pages

KEYWORDS: environmental management, Joint UNEP/OHCA Environment Unit, UNEP, OCHA, handbook, impact assessment

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: https://docs.unocha.org/sites/dms/Documents/FEAT_Version_1.1.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Flash Environmental Assessment Tool (FEAT) helps to identify existing or potential acute environmental impacts that pose risks for humans, human life-support functions and ecosystems, following sudden-onset natural disasters. FEAT focuses primarily on immediate and acute impacts arising from released hazardous chemicals. It can also help to identify potential long-term issues, for example those involving releases of persistent compounds. FEAT also provides information on physical impacts to the natural environment, such as soil erosion and salt water intrusion.

Based on this information, users can decide on initial risk management actions under disaster conditions. In particular, it helps users make timely and accurate requests for additional, specialized equipment or expertise to address impacts.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Joint United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/OCHA Environment Unit (JEU), housed within OCHA’s Emergency Services Branch, helps Member States to prepare for and respond to environmental emergencies.

By pairing UNEP’s technical expertise with OCHA’s humanitarian response coordination structure, the JEU ensures an integrated approach in responding to environmental emergencies.

The JEU provides independent, impartial advice and practical solutions, while working with organizations dedicated to medium and long term rehabilitation to ensure a seamless transition from emergency response to recovery.”

INTENDED USER: Disaster response teams

ECOSYSTEMS, LIVELIHOODS, AND DISASTERS: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO DISASTER RISK MANAGEMENT

AUTHOR: International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)

LAST UPDATED: 2006

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 40 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.iucn.org (IUCN)

https://www.iucn.org/content/ecosystems-livelihoods-and-disasters-integrated-approach-disaster-risk-management (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The purpose of this publication is to provide recommendations for making disaster risk reduction strategies more effective. It proposes an approach that integrates ecosystem management, development planning and risk reduction strategies to reduce disaster impacts and improve both livelihoods and biodiversity outcomes.”

The publication is divided into three sections. The first explains why it is important to integrate ecosystems and long-term livelihood concerns into disaster risk reduction. The second section provides information about the Ecosystem Approach and how its application can contribute to reducing the risk of disasters and to alleviating the impacts of disasters when they do occur. The third section offers eight practical recommendations for implementing an integrated approach to disaster management, each of which is illustrated by one or more examples from the field.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is a membership Union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations. It provides public, private and non-governmental organisations with the knowledge and tools that enable human progress, economic development and nature conservation to take place together.

Created in 1948, IUCN has evolved into the world’s largest and most diverse environmental network. It harnesses the experience, resources and reach of its 1,300 Member organisations and the input of some 16,000 experts. IUCN is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it. Our experts are organised into six commissions dedicated to species survival, environmental law, protected areas, social and economic policy, ecosystem management, and education and communication.

INTENDED USER: Organizations and professionals involved in humanitarian assistance and in environmental management

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE CONSERVATION (CSC): PRACTITIONERS’ MANUAL

AUTHOR: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)

LAST UPDATED: 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), handbook, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 75 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.iisd.org (IISD)

http://www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/csc_manual.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The purpose of the CSC manual is to provide an analytical and decision-making framework to help organizations integrate conflict sensitivity into their work, so that they can: effectively address the root causes of conflict; minimize the risk of their activities exacerbating conflict; and maximize opportunities for peacebuilding.

There are three main sections to the CSC Manual. Section 1 focuses on understanding the links between conservation and conflict. Section 2 provides guidance to conservation organizations trying to integrate conflict sensitivity into their culture and work. Section 3 is more practical, taking users through a number of tools designed to help them identify and respond to the ways that their conservation activities interact with the peace and conflict context. Finally, the Annexes provide the user with supporting materials.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The International Institute for Sustainable Development’s mission is to promote human development and environmental sustainability through innovative research, communication and partnerships.

Established in 1990, IISD is an independent, non-profit organisation that provides practical solutions to the challenge of integrating environmental and social priorities with economic development. IISD reports on international negotiations, conducts rigorous research, and engages citizens, businesses and policy-makers on the shared goal of developing sustainably.

INTENDED USER: “NGOs designing and implementing field-level conservation activities, and protected area management authorities.”

VULNERABILITY AND CAPACITY ASSESSMENT (VCA) TRAINING GUIDE AND TOOLBOX

AUTHOR: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

LAST UPDATED: 2006

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course, Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), training course, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents (training guide: 116 pages, toolbox: 182 pages)

LANGUAGES: Training guide: English, Toolbox: English, Spanish, French

WEB LINK:

https://www.ifrc.org (IFRC)

http://www.ifrc.org/en/what-we-do/disaster-management/preparing-for-disaster/disaster-preparedness-tools/disaster-preparedness-tools/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The purpose of this training guide is to provide VCA facilitators with the necessary tools to train those who will be implementing the actual VCA. It is designed to enable volunteers with little or no experience of community-based participatory information- gathering to complete a successful VCA, under supervision.

The guide includes instructions and suggestions to help volunteers understand:

  • The overall purpose of VCA;
  • Relevant terminology and concepts;
  • Means of working more effectively with communities;
  • Various information-gathering tools and techniques (i.e. group facilitation, accurate data recording, etc.)
  • Different methods for systematizing and analyzing data”

“The toolbox looks at different participatory investigative tools that can be used by National Society staff and volunteers to accomplish a successful VCA. It provides a detailed explanation on how to undertake the research part of a VCA. It will help you to choose the right tools to suit your purpose and describes when and how to use them and what to do with the information collected.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, providing assistance without discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions.”

INTENDED USER: IFRC staff and volunteers

3 STEPS FOR WORKING IN FRAGILE AND CONFLICT AFFECTED SITUATIONS (field guide and manual)

AUTHOR: HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

LAST UPDATED: 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbooks

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 124 pages (field guide); 76 pages (manual)

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.helvetas.org (HELVETAS)

http://reliefweb.int/report/world/3-step-working-fragile-and-conflict-affected-situations-wfcs (manual)

ABOUT THE TOOL:

The tool consists of a field guide and a manual which provide guidance for how to introduce the topic of working in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCS), explain key concepts, and presents the 3-Step tool. They may be applied at the level of projects, programs, or strategiesand to all interventions of humanitarian aid, development cooperation and conflict transformation/peacebuilding in fragile situations.The field guide is a light version of the more comprehensive manual. It is for users who have attended an introductory workshop or training on WFCS. The manual contains additional material, which is primarily for facilitators of WFCS workshops, focal points, and project managers.

The 3 steps are:

  1. Understanding the conflict context;
  2. Understanding the interaction between the organization and the conflict context;
  3. Strategic decisions for program and project management.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation is a development organisation anchored in Switzerland. Our vision is a just world in which all men and women determine the course of their lives in dignity and security, using environmental resources in a sustainable manner.

INTENDED USER: The manual and field guide were produced “to provide hands-on guidance to staff and partners of development organizations that are working in fragile conflict situations.”The manual is intended for facilitators, focal points and program/project managers; the manual is for users who have attended a preliminary workshop or training on working in fragile or conflict-affected situations.

HOW-TO GUIDE TO CONFLICT SENSITIVITY

AUTHOR: Conflict Sensitivity Consortium  

LAST UPDATED: 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, handbook, guidelines, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 52 pages

LANGUAGES: English; Chapter 4 available in Arabic

WEB LINKS:

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org (CSC)

http://local.conflictsensitivity.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/6602_HowToGuide_CSF_WEB_3.pdf (pdf)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This ‘how to’ guide draws upon consortium experience to illustrate real examples of applying conflict sensitivity. It aims to provide practical advice suitable for anyone aiming to improve conflict sensitivity, whether in the field of development, humanitarian aid or peacebuilding work. It aims to provide practical, user-friendly information for people who are focusing at project or organization-wide level, whether aiming for best practice or just starting out on the journey towards conflict sensitivity.

The Guide has been organized into six core chapters. Each of these chapters contains a number of sub-themes exploring ‘the what’, ‘the why’ and particularly ‘the how’ of conflict sensitivity. Key areas that will be explored include:

  • Chapter 1: Conflict analysis
  • Chapter 2: Conflict sensitivity in the program cycle
  • Chapter 3: Key Issues for conflict sensitive programming
  • Chapter 4: Applying conflict sensitivity in emergency responses
  • Chapter 5: Assessing institutional capacity for conflict sensitivity
  • Chapter 6: Building institutional capacity for conflict sensitivity”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:“

The project “The Practice of Conflict Sensitivity – Concept to Impact“ strengthened the practice of conflict sensitivity throughout and beyond a broad consortium of humanitarian, peacebuilding and multi-mandate development NGOs.

The purpose of the Conflict Sensitivity website is to further the understanding of what “conflict sensitivity” means in practice, in terms of organisational systems, project design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of specific interventions. The original consortium comprised a diverse range of agencies which continue individually, together and with others to share findings widely in the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors to enhance the capacity to institutionalise and implement conflict sensitive approaches.

INTENDED USER:  “Anyone aiming to improve conflict sensitivity, whether in the field of development, humanitarian aid or peacebuilding work.”

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE APPROACHES TO DEVELOPMENT, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AND PEACEBUILDING: RESOURCE PACK

AUTHOR: Conflict Sensitivity Consortium  

LAST UPDATED: 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Report, Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, report, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 121 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org (CSC)

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org/site-index/ (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Conflict-Sensitive Approaches to Development, Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding: A Resource Pack is the product of a two-year process by a consortium of partner organizations. The goal was to identify, synthesize, complement and enable conflict-sensitive practice in the fields of development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding. This was undertaken primarily in Kenya, Uganda and Sri Lanka but also at the global policy level. The focus of the initiative was donors, governments, INGOs and local civil society organizations.

This Resource Pack documents current practice, available frameworks and lessons learned. At its heart is the concept of conflict sensitivity – the notion of systematically taking into account both the positive and negative impact of interventions, in terms of conflict or peace dynamics, on the contexts in which they are undertaken, and, conversely, the impact of these contexts on the interventions.

The Resource Pack is organized in separate stand-alone units and does not need to be read from cover to cover.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The project “The Practice of Conflict Sensitivity – Concept to Impact“ strengthened the practice of conflict sensitivity throughout and beyond a broad consortium of humanitarian, peacebuilding and multi-mandate development NGOs.

The purpose of the Conflict Sensitivity website is to further the understanding of what “conflict sensitivity” means in practice, in terms of organisational systems, project design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of specific interventions. The original consortium comprised a diverse range of agencies which continue individually, together and with others to share findings widely in the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors to enhance the capacity to institutionalise and implement conflict sensitive approaches.

INTENDED USER:  “The Resource Pack is designed for governments, donors and civil society (local and international) involved in development, humanitarian assistance and peace building. It does not assume that the reader has extensive knowledge of conflict transformation nor is it an academic discussion of conflict and related concepts.”