VULNERABILITY AND CAPACITY ASSESSMENT (VCA) TRAINING GUIDE AND TOOLBOX

AUTHOR: International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

LAST UPDATED: 2006

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course, Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), training course, handbook, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents (training guide: 116 pages, toolbox: 182 pages)

LANGUAGES: Training guide: English, Toolbox: English, Spanish, French

WEB LINK:

https://www.ifrc.org (IFRC)

http://www.ifrc.org/en/what-we-do/disaster-management/preparing-for-disaster/disaster-preparedness-tools/disaster-preparedness-tools/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The purpose of this training guide is to provide VCA facilitators with the necessary tools to train those who will be implementing the actual VCA. It is designed to enable volunteers with little or no experience of community-based participatory information- gathering to complete a successful VCA, under supervision.

The guide includes instructions and suggestions to help volunteers understand:

  • The overall purpose of VCA;
  • Relevant terminology and concepts;
  • Means of working more effectively with communities;
  • Various information-gathering tools and techniques (i.e. group facilitation, accurate data recording, etc.)
  • Different methods for systematizing and analyzing data”

“The toolbox looks at different participatory investigative tools that can be used by National Society staff and volunteers to accomplish a successful VCA. It provides a detailed explanation on how to undertake the research part of a VCA. It will help you to choose the right tools to suit your purpose and describes when and how to use them and what to do with the information collected.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, providing assistance without discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions.”

INTENDED USER: IFRC staff and volunteers

Matrix on Agency Roles and Responsibilities for Ensuring a Coordinated Multi-Sectoral Fuel Strategy in Humanitarian Settings

AUTHOR: Inter-agency Standing Committee, Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings (IASC Task Force SAFE)

LAST UPDATED: April 2009

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Inter-agency Standing Committee Task Force, guidelines, fuel and energy

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF documents (2 documents, 4 pages each)

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

https://interagencystandingcommittee.org (website)

http://interagencystandingcommittee.org/safe-access-firewood-and-alternative-energy-humanitarian-settings/documents-public/matrix-agency (tools)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The collection, supply and/or use of firewood and alternative energy are multi-sectoral issues, as are the consequences thereof, such as rape, murder, environmental degradation and indoor air pollution. The challenge cannot be effectively addressed by a singularly-mandated agency or cluster acting alone. The goal is to provide a practical tool for determining the priority activities to be undertaken in the development of an effective, multi-sectoral fuel strategy.  

The matrix is targeted to field-based actors from a range of response sectors: camp coordination/camp management, emergency shelter, environment/natural resource management, food/nutrition, health, information/education/communication, livelihoods/development/food security, and protection. It presents the responsibilities for the sector in three phases:

1) emergency preparedness and contingency planning

2) acute emergency

3) protracted crises, transition and durable solutions

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The IASC Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and Alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings was established by the IASC Working Group in March 2007.The guiding purpose of the Task Force is to reduce exposure to violence, contribute to the protection of and ease the burden on those populations collecting wood in humanitarian settings worldwide, through solutions which will promote safe access to appropriate energy and reduce environmental impacts while ensuring accountability.”

INTENDED USER: “The acute emergency Diagram is particularly intended for emergency response teams, site selectors/site planners and camp managers at the outset of a new emergency and, as such, focuses on only the most essential fuel-related concerns. The protracted settings Diagram is intended for all field-based actors with responsibility for determining a long-term fuel strategy.

This Matrix is targeted to field-based actors from a range of response sectors: camp coordination/camp management; emergency shelter; environment/natural resource management; food/nutrition; health; information/education/communication; livelihoods/development/food security; and protection.”

IASC OPERATIONAL GUIDELINES ON HUMAN RIGHTS AND NATURAL DISASTERS

AUTHOR: Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC)

LAST UPDATED: June 2006

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Inter-agency Standing Committee (IASC), guidelines, restoration, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 36 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: https://interagencystandingcommittee.org/working-group/news/iasc-operational-guidelines-human-rights-and-natural-disasters

ABOUT THE TOOL: “These Operational Guidelines are addressed to intergovernmental and non-governmental humanitarian actors when they are called upon to become active just before or in the aftermath of a natural disaster. The Operational Guidelines do not list the rights of persons as enshrined in international law. Rather, they focus on what humanitarian actors should do in order to implement a rights-based approach to humanitarian action in the context of natural disasters.They call on humanitarian actors to look beyond their core mandate and to have a holistic vision of the needs of the people they have been asked to serve. While these Guidelines have been drafted with the consequences of natural disasters in mind, most of them are also relevant in preparation for or after other kinds of disastershave struck.

These Operational Guidelines are informed by and draw on relevant international human rights law, existing standards and policies pertaining to humanitarian action, and human rights guidelines on humanitarian standards in situations of natural disaster. They cover relevant civil and political as well as economic, social and cultural rights.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) is the primary mechanism for inter-agency coordination of humanitarian assistance. It is a unique forum involving the key UN and non-UN humanitarian partners.”

INTENDED USER: “intergovernmental and non-governmental humanitarian actors when they are called upon to become active just before or in the aftermath of a natural disaster.”

CAMP CLOSURE GUIDELINES

AUTHOR: Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM)

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster (CCCM), guidelines, shelter

FORMATS: Downloadable PDF document, 32 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.globalcccmcluster.org (CCCM)

http://www.globalcccmcluster.org/tools-and-guidance/publications/camp-closure-guidelines (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “These guidelines have been developed by the Global Camp Coordination Camp and Management (CCCM) Cluster in response to requests from field operations faced with the need to plan, organize, implement and coordinate camp closure as an integral part of the camp management lifecycle. They are based on a collection of existing institutional policies and guidelines as well lessons learnt from field operations, with inputs from many agencies and individual CCCM practitioners.

They are a tool to facilitate the process of planning, implementing and coordinating successful closure of camps and camp-like situations. Though the guidelines focus on internal displacement, many of the processes and practices outlined are also useful in refugee camp closure scenarios.

More specifically, the Guidelines will assist Camp Management and Camp Coordination Agencies and other relevant agencies to take the appropriate steps towards operationalizing camp closure, and intervene in strategic decisions. The document will also enable donors, as well as planning and implementing partners, to better understand the complexities of camp closure.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The role of the Global Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster is twofold; to coordinate humanitarian actors with regards to all services provided to displaced populations within any communal settings (i.e. camps, informal settlements, collective centres); and working with the affected population to ensure representation, on-site governance and access to information about services provided.

Working with national authorities to support their responsibility to administer such sites through capacity building; expert technical support; and strategic planning to prevent and cope with massive displacement of populations; and move towards durable solutions.

Global CCCM Cluster actors ensure that systems are in place to meet minimal humanitarian standards; duplication is prevented and gaps addressed; using camps or camp-like settings as a last resort to provide assistance and protection to affected populations and exploring how to best provide services out of camps. It is also important to establish two-way communication structures that inform site residents about what is happening. Giving residents the opportunity to both participate in decisions that concern them and provide feedback to humanitarian actors.”

INTENDED USER: “These guidelines are primarily designed for use by practitioners working in camp and camp-like settings.”

TRAINING TOOLKIT: INTEGRATING THE ENVIRONMENT INTO HUMANITARIAN ACTION AND EARLY RECOVERY

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Groupe URD

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Groupe URD, training course, restoration, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: PowerPoint presentations, trainer’s guide, training materials, and key supporting documents; also available in DVD

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINKS:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://www.urd.org/?lang=en Groupe URD)

http://www.urd.org/Environment-training-toolkit (toolkit)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/humanitarianaction/training.html (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “In response to the environmental impacts in the aftermath of disasters and conflicts, UNEP and Groupe URD have developed a training toolkit to assist humanitarian actors to integrate environmental considerations into their policy development, planning, program design and operational activities. The training toolkit consists of 11 modules, with each substantive module containing a summary, PowerPoint presentation, trainer’s guide, training materials and key supporting documents. The modules are designed to be adjusted to the local context and used as specific training needs and timeframes require.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “Created in 1993, Groupe URD is an independent institute that specializes in the analysis of practices and the development of policy for the humanitarian and post-crisis sectors. UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER:  Humanitarian actors

UN Environmental Emergencies Centre Training

AUTHOR: Environmental Emergencies Centre

LAST UPDATED: 2017

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge Platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Environmental Emergencies Centre, knowledge platform, restoration, impact assessment, risk reduction

FORMAT: eLearning modules. “In order to complete an eLearning module you are first required to register, which is at no cost and open to the public. Upon successful completion of each module you are asked to complete a Course Evaluation, after which you will be issued your certificate of successful completion.

LANGUAGES: English (all modules), French (2 modules), Russian (1 module), Arabic (1 module)

WEB LINK:

http://www.eecentre.org (Environmental Emergencies Centre)

http://www.eecentre.org/library/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The Environmental Emergencies Centre hosts an online learning series consisting of eLearning modules developed by the Joint UNEP/OCHA Unit and partners on a range of environmental emergency preparedness and response topics. Among them: Beyond Response: better preparedness for environmental emergencies, Introduction to Industrial Accidents, Introduction to Disaster Waste Management, and the Flash Environmental Assessment Tool.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Environmental Emergencies Centre (EEC) is an online preparedness tool designed to enable an effective response to environmental emergencies. The EEC is a one-stop-shop of information, tools, trainings and guidance to inform a more prepared and effective response to environmental emergencies. Founded in 2012, it is an initiative of the Joint UNEP/OCHA Environment Unit, developed in close coordination with the Advisory Group on Environmental Emergencies.”

INTENDED USER: “The EEC is a tool for everyone, communities and governments alike, seeking assistance through training, knowledge, experience and good practice sharing to increase their preparedness to be able to effectively respond when disasters strike.”

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE APPROACHES TO DEVELOPMENT, HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE AND PEACEBUILDING: RESOURCE PACK

AUTHOR: Conflict Sensitivity Consortium  

LAST UPDATED: 2015

TYPE OF TOOL: Report, Handbook

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, Conflict Sensitivity Consortium, report, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 121 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINKS:

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org (CSC)

http://www.conflictsensitivity.org/site-index/ (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Conflict-Sensitive Approaches to Development, Humanitarian Assistance and Peacebuilding: A Resource Pack is the product of a two-year process by a consortium of partner organizations. The goal was to identify, synthesize, complement and enable conflict-sensitive practice in the fields of development, humanitarian assistance and peacebuilding. This was undertaken primarily in Kenya, Uganda and Sri Lanka but also at the global policy level. The focus of the initiative was donors, governments, INGOs and local civil society organizations.

This Resource Pack documents current practice, available frameworks and lessons learned. At its heart is the concept of conflict sensitivity – the notion of systematically taking into account both the positive and negative impact of interventions, in terms of conflict or peace dynamics, on the contexts in which they are undertaken, and, conversely, the impact of these contexts on the interventions.

The Resource Pack is organized in separate stand-alone units and does not need to be read from cover to cover.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The project “The Practice of Conflict Sensitivity – Concept to Impact“ strengthened the practice of conflict sensitivity throughout and beyond a broad consortium of humanitarian, peacebuilding and multi-mandate development NGOs.

The purpose of the Conflict Sensitivity website is to further the understanding of what “conflict sensitivity” means in practice, in terms of organisational systems, project design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of specific interventions. The original consortium comprised a diverse range of agencies which continue individually, together and with others to share findings widely in the humanitarian, development and peacebuilding sectors to enhance the capacity to institutionalise and implement conflict sensitive approaches.

INTENDED USER:  “The Resource Pack is designed for governments, donors and civil society (local and international) involved in development, humanitarian assistance and peace building. It does not assume that the reader has extensive knowledge of conflict transformation nor is it an academic discussion of conflict and related concepts.”

GUIDELINES FOR RAPID ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT IN DISASTERS

AUTHOR: Aon Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London and CARE International

LAST UPDATED: April 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, Benfield Hazard Research Centre, University College London, CARE International

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 99 pages; Quick Guide

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.ucl.ac.uk/abuhc (ABUHC)

http://www.care-international.org (CARE International)

http://www.preventionweb.net/files/8267_bhrcgen30apr1.pdf(tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Guidelines for Rapid Environmental Impact in Disasters (REA) provide a tool to identify, define and prioritize environmental impacts in disaster situations. It aims to permit quick identification of salient environmental issues in disasters and improve linkages between sustainable environmental management and disaster response. For this purpose, it offers four modules on the following:

  • Organization level assessment
  • Community level assessment
  • Consolidation and analysis of assessment results
  • Green review of relief procurement

The REA is designed for natural, technological or political disasters, and as a best- practice tool for effective disaster assessment and management. The REA does not replace an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), but fills a gap until an EIA is appropriate. A REA may be use from shortly before a disaster up to 120 days after a disaster begins, or for any major stage-change in an extended crisis.

A Guidelines-based rapid environmental impact assessment may be conducted as a standalone exercise or as part of, and using information collected during, other standard disaster impact assessments. When done as part of another type of assessment, the REA process should not result in any significant increase in workload in the field or during analysis.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The UHC at University College London (UCL) is one of Europe’s leading multidisciplinary academic centres for hazard and risk research, education and knowledge exchange. Since its establishment in 1997, the Centre has pioneered the development and delivery of research and education programmes relevant to business, industry, local and national government, and humanitarian and development agencies, whilst at the same time maintaining academic excellence within the global higher education and research arena. Through the UHC, partners and affiliates of the Centre have direct access to expertise and resources within UCL, which is one of the world’s premier multi-faculty teaching and research universities.

CARE International is “a global leader within a worldwide movement dedicated to saving lives and ending poverty”.

INTENDED USER: Primary REA users are people directly involved in disaster response operations, with a basic knowledge of the disaster management process but no background in environmental issues. The REA process may be used by disaster survivors with appropriate support. The best results are expected to come when the REA is completed with structured input from survivors and organizations providing relief assistance. Sections of the REA may also be used for needs assessment and environmental impact screening during relief project design and review.

GREEN RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION TOOLKIT AND TRAINING FOR HUMANITARIAN AID (GRRT)

AUTHOR: American Red Cross and World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Training course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, American Red Cross, World Wildlife Fund, training course, restoration, water, impact assessment, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents and PowerPoint presentations; also available on CD

LANGUAGES: English, Bahasa Indonesian

WEB LINK:

http://www.redcross.org (American Red Cross)

http://www.worldwildlife.org (WWF)

http://green-recovery.org/(tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: The Green Recovery and Reconstruction Toolkit (GRRT) is a training program designed to increase awareness and knowledge of environmentally sustainable disaster response approaches.  The GRRT is made up of ten modules that are designed to be delivered in a one-day training workshop.  Each GRRT module package includes a trainer’s guide, training materials for a workshop, PowerPoint slides, a technical content paper that provides background information for the training, and additional resources for further study.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Environment and Disaster Management (EDM) program collaborates with humanitarian and development agencies, the United Nations (UN), academic institutions and others to integrate environmental considerations into disaster recovery, reconstruction, and risk reduction programs and policies, and to learn and develop new approaches. The program was formed during the aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and in the years since we have worked in partnership to provide support, training, and development of new approaches for environmentally responsible disaster management in Belize, Chile, Ecuador, Fiji, Guatemala, Haiti, Indonesia, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.

INTENDED USER: Humanitarians, conservation practitioners, government officials, local communities, and donor organizations