EU-UN GUIDANCE NOTES ON LAND, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND CONFLICT PREVENTION

AUTHOR: United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action

LAST UPDATED: 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, land and land use, water, fuel and

energy, minerals, impact assessment, United Nations Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF files

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/

Strengthening capacity for conflict sensitive natural resource management:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Capacity_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over extractive industries:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Extractive_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over land:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Land_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts over renewable resources:

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/GN_Renewable_Consultation.pdf

Managing and preventing conflicts in resource-rich economies:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Resource%20Rich%20Economies.pdf

Capacity Inventory:

http://www.un.org/en/land-natural-resources-conflict/pdfs/Capacity%20Inventory.pdf

ABOUT THE TOOL: These four guidance notes, prepared as part of a UN partnership with the

European Union, provide recommended guidelines for addressing natural resources management

and conflict prevention. The notes focus, respectively, on (1) strengthening capacity for conflict

sensitive natural resource management; (2) managing and preventing conflicts over extractive

industries; (3) managing and preventing conflicts over land; and (4) managing and preventing

conflicts over renewable resources. Each note is structured around a series of case examples and

provides additional resources and recommended reading.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “The United Nations (UN) Interagency Framework Team for Preventive

Action (the Framework Team) is an internal UN support mechanism that promotes interagency

collaboration on early preventive action by: (i) assisting UN Resident Coordinators (RC) and UN

Country Teams (UNCT) with the development of integrated strategies for proactively working with

national partners to strengthen their capacities to mediate and manage potentially divisive issues; (ii)

serving as a forum to address key crosscutting thematic issues in the fields of conflict transformation

that are of interest to its member agencies; and (iii) supporting system-wide strengthening of conflict

prevention measures through awareness-raising, experiencesharing and knowledge development

through the UN Conflict Prevention Community of Practice (CP-CoP). Operational since 1995, the

Framework Team is currently composed of 22 UN departments, agencies, funds and programmes

that work together to support the development of interagency conflict prevention/transformation

initiatives.”

INTENDED USER: “UN and EU policy-makers and practitioners who design and implement

programmes in situations where environmental drivers are a major cause of, or contributing factor to,

conflict.”

GREEN RECOVERY CONNECT HELP DESK

AUTHOR: World Wildlife Fund Environment & Disaster Management Program

LAST UPDATED: n/a

TYPE OF TOOL: knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, land and land use, water, shelter,

climate adaptation, risk reduction, restoration, World Wildlife Fund, knowledge platform

FORMAT: web site

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://envirodm.org/ (WWF Environment & Disaster Management Program)

http://envirodm.org/helpdesk (help desk tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: Provides round-the- clock interactive support for questions about environmental

dimensions of disaster recovery, reconstruction, and risk reduction. Users may submit queries via

phone, email, or web chat. Emphasis on users requiring a rapid response related to ongoing

activities.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Environment and Disaster Management (EDM)

program collaborates with humanitarian and development agencies, the United Nations (UN),

academic institutions and others to integrate environmental considerations into disaster recovery,

reconstruction, and risk reduction programs and policies, and to learn and develop new approaches.

The program was formed during the aftermath of the Indian Ocean Tsunami, and in the years since

we have worked in partnership to provide support, training, and development of new approaches for

environmentally responsible disaster management in Belize, Chile, Ecuador, Fiji, Guatemala, Haiti,

Indonesia, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.”

INTENDED USER: Individuals and organizations working in disaster response/recovery settings who

need environmental specialist advice and support.

VULNERABILITY SOURCEBOOK

AUTHOR: adelphi and Eurpoean Academy of Bozen

LAST UPDATED: August 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, climate adaptation, land and land use, water, risk

reduction, adelphi, European Academy of Bozen, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF, 180 pages

LANGUAGES: English, French, Spanish

WEB LINK:

https://www.adelphi.de/en (adelphi)

http://www.bolzano.net/en/eurac.html (EURAC)

https://www.adelphi.de/en/publication/vulnerability-sourcebook-concept-and-guidelines-standardised-vulnerability-assessments (tool)

https://www.adelphi.de/en/system/files/mediathek/bilder/vulnerability_sourcebook_guidelines_for_assessments_adelphi_giz_2014-annex.pdf (annex with templates, flow charts, user forms)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The "Vulnerability Sourcebook", which was commissioned by the Deutsche

Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) and developed jointly by adelphi and the

European Academy of Bozen (EURAC), offers a comprehensive tool for conducting regular

vulnerability assessments. The Sourcebook provides a standardised approach to vulnerability

assessments covering a broad range of sectors and topics (e.g. water sector, agriculture, fisheries,

different ecosystems) as well as different spatial levels (community, sub-national, national) and time

horizons (e.g. current vulnerability or vulnerability in the medium- to long-term). In the resourceful

annex technical and adaptation experts will find a wide range of practical tools and templates.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

“adelphi is a leading independent think tank and public policy consultancy on climate, environment

and development. Our mission is to improve global governance through research, dialogue and

consultation. We offer demand-driven, tailor-made services for sustainable development, helping

governments, international organizations, businesses and nonprofits design strategies for

addressing global challenges. Our staff of more than 150 provides high-quality interdisciplinary

research, strategic policy analysis and advice, and corporate consulting. We facilitate policy dialogue

and provide training for public institutions and businesses worldwide, helping to build capacity for

transformative change. Since 2001 we have successfully completed over 800 projects worldwide.

Our work covers the following key areas: Climate, Energy, Resources, Green Economy,

Sustainable Business, Green Finance, Peace and Security, International

Cooperation and Urban Transformation.

“The European Academy Bozen/Bolzano (EURAC) is an innovative centre for applied research

and scientific training in South Tyrol. Founded in 1992 as private institution, the EURAC is divided in

9 research institutes whose activity is primarily concentrated in five fields: Applied Linguistics,

Minorities and Autonomies, Sustainable Development, Management and Corporate Culture as well

as Life Science. These five very different research departments share a common denominator:

flexible interdisciplinary and strict co-operation between the researchers of diverse scientific and

geographic backgrounds.”

INTENDED USER: Targeted at governmental and non-governmental organizations working at the

intersection of climate change and sustainable development, particularly in adaptation and

development planning. “Users of the Vulnerability Sourcebook will most likely be familiar with issues

of climate change and adaptation already. The document, however, does not presuppose advanced

scientific expertise in developing and conducting vulnerability assessments. Rather, the Vulnerability

Sourcebook is written for users with a basic understanding of the concept of vulnerability and

methods for dealing with it.”

CONFLICT-SENSITIVE BUSINESS PRACTICE: GUIDANCE FOR EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES

AUTHOR: International Alert

LAST UPDATED: March 2005

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook

KEYWORDS: environmental management, conflict sensitivity, minerals, land and land use, fuel and

energy, water, International Alert, handbook

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 195 pages

LANGUAGES: English, Spanish

WEB LINK:

http://www.international-alert.org/ (International Alert)

http://www.international-alert.org/sites/default/files/Economy_2005_CSBPGuidanceForExtractives_All_EN_v2013.pdf  (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “Conflict-sensitive business practice: Guidance for extractive industries consists

of guidance on doing business in societies at risk of conflict for field managers working across a

range of business activities, as well as headquarters staff in political risk, security, external relations

and social performance departments. It provides information on understanding conflict risk through a

series of practical documents, including: introduction to conflict-sensitive business practice (CSBP),

including an overview of the regulatory; environment for doing business in conflict-risk states;

screening tool for early identification of conflict risk; macro-level conflict risk and impact assessment

tool; project-level conflict risk and impact assessment tool; special guidance on key flashpoint issues

where conflict could arise at any point during a company’s operation.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “International Alert has been working for 30 years with people directly

affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions. Our vision is for a world where people seek to resolve

their differences peacefully; a world where, when people seek better lives for their families and

communities, they are able to manage any conflicts that may arise with honesty and wisdom, without

resorting to violence. Our mission is to build a more peaceful world by:

1. Working with people directly affected by conflict to find peaceful solutions.

2. Shaping policies and practices to support peace.

3. Collaborating with all those striving for peace to strengthen our collective voice and impact.

We work in over 30 countries and territories and have offices in 18 countries.”

INTENDED USER: Filed managers and headquarters staff of businesses engaged in extractive

industries, particularly in societies at risk of conflict.

ENVIRONMENT, CONFLICT, AND COOPERATION PLATFORM

AUTHOR: Adelphi

LAST UPDATEDFrequent Periodic Updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Adelphi, knowledge platform, water, minerals, land and land use, fuels and energy, climate adaptation

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.adelphi.de/en/start/aktuell/43496.php (Adelphi)

http://www.ecc-platform.org/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This website functions as a clearing house and a platform for exchange on environment, conflict, and cooperation (ECC). It aims to foster sustainable peace and development by gathering knowledge on environmental conflict and cooperation as well as by creating networks among stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide.

This website approaches the ECC topics from two main angles:

1) Our focus on Climate Diplomacy explores the foreign policy dimension of climate change and climate policy, including different regional and thematic approaches to it. The website also seeks to provide arguments for enhanced international cooperation and diplomatic engagement for climate in multi- and bilateral fora.

2) Our second core theme revolves around approaches to build resilience to compound climate-fragility risks. This platform section presents core conclusions of the report A New Climate for Peace, commissioned and welcomed by the G7 foreign ministers. The page’s Resilience Compass blog provides a space to share analysis, research and emerging thinking on climate change impacts and climate change responses in fragile states and on the actions necessary to build resilience and stability.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “Adelphi is a leading think tank for policy analysis and strategy consulting. We offer creative solutions and services on global environment and development challenges for policy, business and civil society communities. Our projects contribute to sustaining natural life systems and fostering sustainable enterprises. Adelphi´s clients include international organizations, governments, public institutions, corporations and associations.”

INTENDED USERS: Stakeholders from the development, environment, foreign and security communities worldwide

INTERNATIONAL RECOVERY PLATFORM

AUTHOR: International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR)

LAST UPDATED: frequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), knowledge platform, restoration, risk reduction, shelter, climate adaptation, water, fuel and energy, land and land use, health, recovery planning, gender psycho-social issues, natural disasters

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English, Japanese

WEB LINK:

http://www.unisdr.org (ISDR)

http://www.recoveryplatform.org/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The International Recovery Platform (IRP) was established following the Second UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, in 2005 to support the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) by addressing the gaps and constraints experienced in the context of post-disaster recovery. After a decade of functioning as an international source of knowledge on good recovery practice IRP is focusing on more specialised role as an “international mechanism for sharing experience and lessons associated with build-back-better.

Mission:

To identify and strengthen knowledge and information on build-back-better in recovery, rehabilitation, and reconstruction.

Goals:

Goal 1: To proactively contribute to the implementation of Priority Four of the Sendai Framework and lead discussions around the issue of build-back-better at  international forums.

Goal 2: To promote collaboration and cooperation among global and regional partners on the subject of build-back-better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNISDR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).It is mandated by the United Nations General Assembly resolution (56/195), to serve as the focal point in the United Nations system for the coordination of disaster reduction and to ensure synergies among the disaster reduction activities of the United Nations system and regional organizations and activities in socio‐economic and humanitarian fields. It is an organisational unit of the UN Secretariat and is led by the UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction (SRSG).

INTENDED USER: The development and humanitarian communities

 

 

RELIEFWEB

AUTHOR: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), knowledge platform, restoration, risk reduction, impact assessment, climate adaptation, land and land use, water, shelter, fuel and energy, natural disasters, vulnerable groups

FORMAT: Website

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unocha.org (OCHA)

http://reliefweb.int/ (website)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “ReliefWeb is the leading humanitarian information source on global crises and disasters. It is a specialized digital service of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

We provide reliable and timely information, enabling humanitarian workers to make informed decisions and to plan effective response. We collect and deliver key information, including the latest reports, maps and infographics and videos from trusted sources.

ReliefWeb’s editorial team monitors and collects information from more than 4,000 key sources, including humanitarian agencies at the international and local levels, governments, think tanks and research institutions, and the media.

ReliefWeb editors identify and select the content that is most relevant to global humanitarian workers.

Our content is delivered through various channels – the reliefweb.int website, social media networks and our new, cutting-edge mobile apps and API – so that humanitarian workers can access key content anywhere anytime.”

ReliefWeb has three main functions:

  1. Collect:We collect updates and analysis from more than 4,000 global information sources around the clock.
  2. Deliver: Our editors identify and deliver the content most relevant to ReliefWeb’s global audience. This content includes country and disaster reports, maps, info-graphics, job announcements and learning opportunities and events of interest to humanitarians.
  3. Enable: As part of our commitment to humanitarians worldwide, we develop new information products and services that enable humanitarian partners to analyze context and situations and make better decisions

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “OCHA is the part of the United Nations Secretariat responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure a coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.”

INTENDED USER: The humanitarian community

ENVIRONMENTAL GUIDEBOOK FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, and Swedish Armed Forces

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Department of Defense, Finnish Ministry of Defence, Swedish Armed Forces, guidelines, handbook, risk reduction, impact assessment, water, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 118 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK: http://www.defmin.fi/files/1256/Guidebook_final_printing_version.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guidebook gives operational planners the necessary tools to incorporate environmental considerations throughout the life cycle of the operation. Failure to integrate environmental considerations into operational- and tactical-level planning increases the risk to the health and safety of military personnel and civilian non-combatants. Inadvertent damage to the natural environment or to significant cultural or historic resources also complicates the attainment of the desired strategic end state through the loss of political capital, negative public image, and increased overall cost.

This document does not necessarily reflect the official policies or doctrine of any nation, but represents the combined knowledge and ideas of contributors with significant experience in this area. This document is intended to serve as an environmental guidebook to help troop contributing nations with environmental management responsibilities identify relevant environmental requirements, practices, standards, and preventive measures, with a goal of integrating them into the planning and execution of military operations in a way that enhances the readiness of the force and accomplishment of the overall mission. It provides overarching principles, guidelines, templates, and examples, which may be used by operational planners and deployed forces to achieve the overall environmental goals and objectives associated with a military operation. Within the text, links are provided to directly access additional reference material and applicable templates.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “The Department of Defense is America’s oldest and largest government agency. Its mission is to provide the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States.”

“As a Government department and the ministry providing the guidelines for defense administration, the Finnish Ministry of Defence is in charge of national defense policy and security and international defesce policy cooperation. In addition, the Ministry is responsible for national military defense resources and the operating framework of the Defence Forces. It coordinates Finnish participation in international crisis management and contributes to shaping the European security structures to safeguard Finland’s national interests.”

“As the only authority permitted to engage in armed combat, the Swedish Armed Forces are Sweden’s ultimate security policy resource. The Armed Forces are therefore always prepared to carry out international missions, assert Sweden’s national integrity and support Swedish society in major crises. To enable Sweden to maintain its freedom of action in terms of its security policy, the Armed Forces are continuously developing capabilities that can meet future requirements.”

INTENDED USER: Operational planners of national militaries

USAID CONFLICT TOOLKITS FOR NATURAL RESOURCES

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM)

LAST UPDATED: 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, handbook, guidelines, water, land and land use, minerals, risk reduction

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF documents

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov/who-we-are/organization/bureaus/bureau-democracy-conflict-and-humanitarian-assistance/office (USAID CMM)

http://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/working-crises-and-conflict/technical-publications (CMM publications)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNADE290.pdf (Forests and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb335.pdfLand and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnade291.pdf (Livelihoods and Conflict)

http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/pnadb307.pdf (Minerals and Conflict)

http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/WaterConflictToolkit.pdf  (Water and Conflict)

ABOUT THE TOOL: These toolkits are intended to help USAID and their partners understand the opportunities and challenges inherent to development programming in conflicts where natural resources are an important issue. These documents (1) explore the relationship between natural resources, conflict, and cooperation, (2) highlight lessons learned from relevant development and peacebuilding programs, (3) discuss options for programming based on past USAID and development community experiences, and (4) provide various tools to support officers in identifying and evaluating the conflict risk and peacebuilding potential of natural resource management programs. Together, the elements of these toolkits are designed to help raise awareness about the linkages between natural resource management and conflict as well as opportunities for peacebuilding and integrating a conflict perspective into development programming.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world…. The Office of Conflict Management and Mitigation (CMM) was founded in 2002 to lead USAID’s efforts to address the sources of instability and violent conflict.”

INTENDED USER: USAID and partners

USAID ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE DATABASE

AUTHOR: United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

LAST UPDATEDfrequent periodic updates

TYPE OF TOOL: Knowledge platform

FORMAT: Website, searchable database

KEYWORDS: environmental management, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), knowledge platform, water, shelter, fuel and energy, land and land use, minerals, impact assessment

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.usaid.gov (USAID)

http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/environment/compliance/database (how to use tool)

http://gemini.info.usaid.gov/egat/envcomp/ (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This searchable database contains copies of the environmental impact assessments prepared and approved by USAID Regional and Global Bureaus. The database is updated as new documents are approved. Displayed search results provide a link to summary information about the assessment document and a link to the actual document itself.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. USAID provides economic, development and humanitarian assistance around the world in support of the foreign policy goals of the United States while improving lives in the developing world.”

INTENDED USER: USAID staff, practitioners, policy makers, students, and others interested in country-strategy and project-specific environmental impact assessments