GREENING THE BLUE HELMETS: ENVIRONMENT, NATURAL RESOURCES, AND UN PEACEKEEPING OPERATIONS

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), UN Department of Field Support (DFS), and UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO)

LAST UPDATED: May 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Report

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), UN Department of Field Support (DFS), UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO), report, water, fuel and energy, minerals, land and land use

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 134 pages

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org/disastersandconflicts/Introduction/EnvironmentalCooperationforPeacebuilding/GreeningtheBlueHelmetsReport/tabid/101797/Default.aspx (UNEP site)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/UNEP_greening_blue_helmets.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of how peacekeeping operations affect and are affected by natural resources and environmental conditions. The report is divided into two main parts. Part 1 reviews the environmental management of peacekeeping operations and showcases good practices, technologies and behaviors that have already been adopted. Part 2 examines the role that peacekeeping operations have played in stabilizing countries where violent conflicts have been financed by natural resources – including diamonds, gold, timber and oil – or driven by grievances over their ownership, access and control.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment. The Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) is dedicated to assisting the Member States and the Secretary-General in their efforts to maintain international peace and security. The Department of Field Support (DFS) provides dedicated support to peacekeeping field missions and political field missions.

INTENDED USER: “This report is addressed to three main sets of actors namely: policy makers at UN agencies and Member States; peacekeeping personnel including military, police, and civilian staff and senior leadership; and DFS mission support staff, including engineers, environmental officers, logisticians and other field operators.”

POLICY BRIEF: HIGH-VALUE NATURAL RESOURCES AND POST-CONFLICT PEACEBUILDING

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: October 2013

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, guidelines, minerals, restoration

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/books/complete-case-study-listing/ (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This is the first in a series of policy briefs on post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resources management; it draws upon findings from High-Value Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by Päivi Lujala and Siri Aas Rustad (London: Earthscan 2012).”

This policy brief provides guidance on the key components of managing high-value resources for peacebuilding. Among them:

  • Assessing the resource base and local resource economies
  • Strengthening institutional quality and resource governance
  • Managing resource extraction and maximizing revenues and benefits
  • Sharing and investing resource revenues
  • Mitigating negative social and environmental impacts

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: Practitioners, researchers, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding and the nexus between high-value natural resources and conflict

POLICY BRIEF: ASSESSING AND RESTORING NATURAL RESOURCES IN POST-CONFLICT PEACEBUILDING

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: June 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, land and land use, guidelines, restoration, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 6 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/assets/Documents/LibraryItem_000_Doc_132.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This policy brief is the second in a series of peacebuilding and natural resources policy briefs; it summarizes findings from Assessing and Restoring Natural Resources in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by David Jensen and Steve Lonergan (London: Earthscan 2012).”

This policy brief provides guidance on the key components of assessing and restoring natural resources in post-conflict peacebuilding. Among them:

  • Post-conflict environmental assessment to identify resource-related impacts, risks, opportunities, and needs
  • Remediation of environmental hot spots to protect human health and support emergency employment
  • Restoration of damaged or degraded resources to support livelihoods ad reduce disaster vulnerability
  • Reconstruction that minimizes adverse environmental and social impacts

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: Practitioners, researchers, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding

APELL MULTI-HAZARD TRAINING KIT FOR LOCAL AUTHORITIES

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: 2010

TYPE OF TOOL: Handbook, Training Course

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, humanitarian action, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), handbook, training course, risk reduction, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 49 pages; CD-ROM

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://www.unep.fr/shared/publications/pdf/DTIx1289xPA-APELLMulti-HazardTrainingKit.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “The objective of the Training Kit is to facilitate local authorities in increasing public awareness of the hazards present in their community, fostering communication between various stakeholders in the community (including the government officials, industry representatives, and the public), and developing co-operative emergency plans for their local area.

This Training Kit is a compilation of information gathered from existing materials and resources. Although extensive information on emergency preparedness for natural and industrial hazards exists, these materials tend to focus on a specific hazard type, such as industrial installations that handle hazardous chemicals, flooding, earthquakes, etc. Few existing resources addressed comprehensive emergency planning from a multi-hazard viewpoint. Recognizing this need, the Training Kit was developed so that local authorities responsible for emergency preparedness could easily access information on comprehensive emergency planning that addresses multiple hazards. The Training Kit is not meant to be a complete list of all the hazards and issues that a community may face; instead, it is meant to provide a summary of the most important principles and steps in improving emergency preparedness, as well as some of the most common hazards found worldwide. Similarly, the modules do not provide detailed guidance on technical issues such as industrial risk analysis, hydrological or meteorological assessments, or building plans for reducing structural vulnerability. Instead, it provides a brief summary of the main issues present for each hazard source or aspect of emergency planning, with additional resources for further guidance where appropriate and available.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: “The primary users of this Training Kit are expected to be local authorities responsible for emergency preparedness or response in countries or areas with identified natural or industrial hazards. This may include government agencies responsible for industrial safety, emergency response, environmental protection, or public health and safety. However, effective emergency planning is generally a multi-stakeholder exercise that should involve community members, local industries and businesses, expert organisations, and any other stakeholders with the potential to be affected by or provide assistance during an emergency. For this reason, any group that is interested in implementing emergency preparedness activities may find the Training Kit useful in identifying the steps they should take to do so.”

POLICY BRIEF: LAND AND POST-CONFLICT PEACEBUILDING

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: October 2013

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, land and land use, guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/assets/Documents/LibraryItem_000_Doc_136.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This is the third in a series of policy briefs on post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resources management; it summarizes findings from Land and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by Jon Unruh and Rhodri C. Williams (London: Earthscan 2013).”

This policy brief provides guidance on key approaches to post-conflict land management. Among them:

  • Clarifying legal ambiguities
  • Addressing legal pluralism
  • Resolving land disputes
  • Ensuring the right to return, restitution, and compensation
  • Supporting recovery and restoration of productive land
  • Reforming land policies
  • Rebuilding the land administration
  • Allocating land to excombatants

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: Practitioners, researchers, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding and the nexus between land management and conflict.

POLICY BRIEF: WATER AND POST-CONFLICT PEACEBUILDING

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: March 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, water, guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/assets/Documents/LibraryItem_000_Doc_425.pdf (PDF)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This is the fourth in a series of policy briefs on post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management; it draws upon findings from Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding, edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama (London: Earthscan 2014).”

This policy brief provides guidance on how to:

  • Involve stakeholders in decision making
  • Prioritize, sequence, and coordinate water interventions
  • Invest in resilient water infrastructure and adaptive management
  • Assess institutions and rebuild capacities for water governance
  • Engage the informal sector
  • Use water as a platform cooperation and confidence building

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: “Practitioners in international development and humanitarian initiatives, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding and the nexus between water management and conflict.”

POLICY BRIEF: NATURAL RESOURCE PROGRAMMING IN POST-CONFLICT SITUATIONS

AUTHOR: Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, and the University of Tokyo

LAST UPDATED: March 2014

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: conflict sensitivity, environmental management, Environmental Law Institute (ELI), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), McGill University, University of Tokyo, guidelines, restoration

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 8 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/publications/policy-briefs/

http://www.environmentalpeacebuilding.org/assets/Documents/LibraryItem_000_Doc_426.pdf (pdf)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This is the eighth in a series of policy briefs on post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management (NRM). This brief highlights strategies used by natural resource management practitioners to adapt to and address the unique operational challenges faced in post-conflict contexts.”

This policy brief provides guidance on how to

  • Align NRM with peacebuilding priorities
  • Address the conflict economy and illicit use of natural resources
  • Rebuild NRM governance, institutions, and capacities
  • Design programs that can adapt to volatility, rapid change, and persistent insecurity
  • Focus on rebuilding sustainable and resilient livelihoods
  • Recognize legal pluralism and work to clarify resource rights
  • Strengthen gender equity in NRM
  • Use shared natural resources as a platform for cooperation and reconciliation
  • Adopt conflict-sensitive approaches to NRM programs

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “From 2008 to present, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, and McGill University have led a five-year global research initiative to analyze experiences in post-conflict peacebuilding and natural resource management, identify lessons, and raise awareness of those lessons among practitioners, researchers, and decision makers.  The initiative is producing six edited books (published by Earthscan) that include over 150 case studies and other analyses from more than 60 conflict-affected countries and territories, written by 225 researchers, practitioners, and decision makers from around the world.  A seventh overarching book (published by Cambridge University Press) synthesizes the findings across resources, peacebuilding activities, and countries.  Building on this unprecedented body of research, we are converting learning into action, while we continue to examine approaches to more effectively manage resources to support peacebuilding.”

INTENDED USER: Practitioners, researchers, policy makers, students, and others interested in post-conflict peacebuilding and the nexus between natural resource management and conflict.

INTEGRATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN HUMANITARIAN PROGRAMMING: THE ENVIRONMENT MARKER

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: December 2012

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), guidelines, impact assessment

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 2 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/system/files/documents/files/Integration%20of%20environmental%20issues%20in%20humanitarian%20programming.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: This document provides a simple framework that is meant to assist humanitarian agencies and their responsible project officers in:

  • “Contextualizing projects given the environmental vulnerabilities of areas they are located in.
  • Assessing projects for potential negative environmental impacts.
  • Mitigating those impacts by modifying the project design, or compensating for negative impacts.
  • Enhancing environmental benefits in the project“

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: Humanitarian agencies and their responsible project officers

ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS ASSESSMENT IN POST DISASTER SITUATIONS: A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR IMPLEMENTATION

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

LAST UPDATED: March 2008

TYPE OF TOOL: Guidelines

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), guidelines, impact assessment, restoration, fuel and energy, water, shelter

FORMAT: Downloadable PDF document, 45 pages

LANGUAGES: English

WEB LINK:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/publications/UNEP_PDNA_draft.pdf (tool)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “This guide is not intended to present a blueprint of how to conduct an environmental needs assessment given that practically every situation will have its own particular concerns. It should, however, help provide some proven basic guidance on:

a)      how an ENA team – or Team Leader at least – might organize themselves prior to conducting the ENA, as well as during subsequent stages of the assessment;

b)      some key issues which the ENA team and decision-makers might need to consider;

c)      approaches that should be respected during specific stakeholder consultations;

d)      how non-cluster specific cross-cutting issues and concerns such as gender and governance might be integrated into the various lines of questioning and assessments; and

e)      how the collected information might be presented in a format suitable for quick and easy reading and referral.

The guide has been designed with a view to helping people take each of the modules and adapt these, as necessary, to particular situations.”

ABOUT THE AUTHORS: “UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER: “This guide is intended for use by anyone concerned with environmental, and related, impacts occurring in a post-disaster situation. It should be of particular relevance to those interested in ensuring that environmental issues are taken into account from the earliest possible moment of planning for early recovery.”

“The ENA guide has been written with the expectation of it being used primarily by a core group of people who might constitute an Environmental Needs Assessment Team (ENAT), though in particular the ENA Team Leader.”

TRAINING TOOLKIT: INTEGRATING THE ENVIRONMENT INTO HUMANITARIAN ACTION AND EARLY RECOVERY

AUTHOR: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Groupe URD

LAST UPDATED: 2011

TYPE OF TOOL: Training Course

KEYWORDS: humanitarian action, environmental management, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), Groupe URD, training course, restoration, water, fuel and energy

FORMAT: PowerPoint presentations, trainer’s guide, training materials, and key supporting documents; also available in DVD

LANGUAGES: English, French

WEB LINKS:

http://www.unep.org (UNEP)

http://www.urd.org/?lang=en Groupe URD)

http://www.urd.org/Environment-training-toolkit (toolkit)

http://postconflict.unep.ch/humanitarianaction/training.html (toolkit)

ABOUT THE TOOL: “In response to the environmental impacts in the aftermath of disasters and conflicts, UNEP and Groupe URD have developed a training toolkit to assist humanitarian actors to integrate environmental considerations into their policy development, planning, program design and operational activities. The training toolkit consists of 11 modules, with each substantive module containing a summary, PowerPoint presentation, trainer’s guide, training materials and key supporting documents. The modules are designed to be adjusted to the local context and used as specific training needs and timeframes require.”

ABOUT THE AUTHOR: “Created in 1993, Groupe URD is an independent institute that specializes in the analysis of practices and the development of policy for the humanitarian and post-crisis sectors. UNEP, established in 1972, is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system. UNEP acts as a catalyst, advocate, educator and facilitator to promote the wise use and sustainable development of the global environment.”

INTENDED USER:  Humanitarian actors