Annotated Bibliography

Blakely, Edward J. and Mary Gail Snyder. “Separate Places: Crime and Security in Gated Communities.” Reducing Crime Through Real Estate Development and Management, edited by Marcus Felson, Urban Land Institute, 1998, pp. 53-70.

The author uses Washington DC’s Potomac Gardens as an example of how the installation of gates can occur without the permission or consent of residents. Soon after the installation, residents of Potomac Gardens began comparing themselves to zoo animals. Eventually protests over the fence settled down and residents grew to support it when drug dealing and vandalism rates declined. The author argues that while the fence can be seen as a giant cage; it can be used to prevent and stop crime. This source can be used to explain the resident’s reaction to the installation of the fence (background) and as an argument for or against the fence.


Cisneros, Henry. Defensible Space: Deterring Crime and Building Community. US Department of Housing and Urban Development, 1996. pp. 15-33

In an effort to combat drug dealers, managers of Potomac Gardens installed an 8 foot tall fence around the perimeter of the complex. The number of drug related arrests dropped from 150 to 7 in less than a year. The author utilizes numbers and statistics to argue how fences can “deter crime.” This source can be used to explain the reasoning behind the installation of the fence and as an argument for or against the fence. This article can also be used for background information.


Depillis, Lydia. “What’s in a Fence? At Potomac Gardens, It Doesn’t Matter What Side You’re On.” Washingtoncitypaper.com, 11 March 2011. Accessed 2 October 2016.

While the fence aids Metro Police in apprehending suspects, MPD believes the fence creates a negative impression of whats inside. There have been multiple meetings to talk about the fence and whether or not it should be destroyed, but a decision is never made. Some residents want it destroyed because they feel like they are in prison, while others believe the fence is what keeps them safe. A comparison is made between the fence surrounding Potomac Gardens and a gated community. What makes Potomac Gardens a prison and most gated communities a luxury? This source can be used to highlight the varying opinions of the fence. The perspectives of the police officers and residents can be compared and used as an exhibit.


Depillis, Lydia. “Will Potomac Gardens Every Be Redeveloped?” Washingtoncitypaper.com, 17 March 2011. Accessed 2 October 2016.

The author states her opinion: the fence surrounding Potomac Gardens does not seem necessary anymore. She uses statistics to prove that crime has gone down significantly since the installation of the fence. She also points out that the neighborhood surrounding the complex is much nicer than it was previously, and how it is now considered a high-income area. This source comments on the impact of the fence today. This article can be used to argue why the fence should be taken down. The author’s opinions can be used as an exhibit or as an argument.


Sheir, Rebecca. “What Does the Future Hold for Capitol Hill’s Potomac Gardens?” wamu.org, American University Radio. 16 January 2015. Accessed 2 October 2016.

The author describes Hill East, the neighborhood surrounding Potomac Gardens. The neighborhood is full of new retail spaces, restaurants, and apartments complexes. Next store to Potomac Gardens is Cambridge Row, an apartment building that sits in the lot of the old Salvation Army. A comparison can be made between the old Salvation Army and the new high end apartment complex. As newer apartments and housing units are being built, residents of Potomac Gardens are worried that they will be forced to move out. This source can be used to showcase Potomac Gardens apartments as it is today, and serve as background information.