In his scholarly article “The US Great Recession: exploring its association with Black neighborhood rise, decline and recovery,” Derek Hyra uses Washington D.C.’s Shaw neighborhood as an example to show the effects of the Great Recession on urban African American neighborhoods. Hyra explains that before the housing market crash subprime lending was disproportionately received by African Americans living in predominately black communities. However, the influx of white people to Shaw before during and after the Great Recession is important to understanding the effects of the recession in these areas. Through his research he found that white influx into Shaw allowed for a quicker property value revival, and he argues it is important to understand how national economic changes affect gentrification.
This article can be used as a background source to provide general information on the macro economic shifts that shaped Shaw. The research conducted in Hyra’s article will allow me to explain how the Shaw neighborhood was able to recover after the Great Recession, and continue to develop due to its gentrification. This article will allow me to comment on how Shaw’s African American community change in relation to the Great Recession.
In his New York Times article “Washington’s Shaw Neighborhood Is Remade for Young Urbanites,” Eugene L. Meyer describes how the historically black Shaw neighborhood is now becoming a home to many white middle class millennials. The author explains how urban development in Shaw has brought the area many new businesses and high rise apartments. The author provides pricing for these new living spaces, and quotes those working for the development companies.
I will be able to use this article as an argument source to provide a different opinion on the controversy surrounding the development projects in Shaw. I will be able to use quotes from executives working for the development companies to offer their perspective on the revitalization of Shaw. With the little mention of the area’s previous residents, I will use this source to show that there is little public commentary on the negative implications of these developments by the developers.
Angerer, Drew. Intersection of Florida Ave and 9th Street NW. The New York Times, December 2, 2015.
I can use this picture to show how these new development buildings look in the Shaw neighborhood, and compare its design to the older infrastructure.
In her scholarly article “The Role of Historic Sites in Gentrifying Neighborhoods. Our Stories: Shaw through the 1970s,” Sara Bordeaux uses the Shaw neighborhood as a case study to examine the function of historic sites in transitioning areas. Through her research findings, Bordeaux proves that African American residents in the Shaw neighborhood feel as if they are being displaced, and their history is vanishing as the area is becoming revitalized. As a solution to this problem Bordeaux concludes that it is vital to find spaces rooted in the “built environment” where people can visit to learn about the neighborhood’s African American history and the narratives of residents in Shaw’s past. She argues that these exhibitions will act as a gathering place for community members to confront the issues of gentrification and give a voice to those who feel ignored in the rapidly changing neighborhood.
I will be able to use the research found in this article as a method source to analyze how the museums and historic houses can be used as a common place in the Shaw neighborhood. I will be able to use the authors examples of common places in places like New York City, and explain how they could benefit Shaw. I can use Bordeaux’s research to show how these spaces could relieve tensions between the area’s old and new residents.
Cotter, Holland. Weeksville Heritage Center. Weeksvillhc, Fig 6, Programs and Research, November 23, 2014.
I will be able to use this image of a black heritage exhibition in Brooklyn as a visual aid for the type of commonplace that would benefit the Shaw neighborhood.
In her scholarly article “Food Deserts, Gentrification, and Public Health Nutrition: A Case Study of the Shaw/U-Street Neighborhood of Washington D.C,”Lauren Ashley Brooks uses the Shaw neighborhood to show the effects of food shortages in gentrified areas. Brooks explains how new high end grocery stores built in gentrifying areas has prevented its lower income residents from consuming healthier foods. She describes these new grocery stores as a “food mirage” for the long-term residents because of their inability to afford their more expensive prices.
I will use this article as a Method source to analyze controversies surrounding the site I have chosen in Shaw. I will be able to apply the conclusions found in this article to compare the positive and negative affects of my sites recent restoration into a Giant supermarket.
In her article “Shaw’s Roots: From ‘Heart Of Chocolate City’ To ‘Little United Nations’,” Rebecca Sheir describes the history of the Shaw neighborhood in its early days, and then shows how it has changed throughout the years. Sheir explains how in its formation, Shaw was a primarily black neighborhood and was historically known as the “Black Broadway.” Through sequencing the neighborhood’s history, the author explains Shaw’s deterioration, and its recent restoration. She concludes that even though Shaw is losing its identity as the heart of “black Washington,” the area’s diversification and revitalization has created a diverse community.
I will be able to use this article as a background source to explain Shaw’s history, and how an African American community was established there. The article will allow me to describe Shaw’s identity and how that identity is shifting. I will also be able to use this article as an argument source to argue the importance of maintain Shaw’s African American history as the neighborhood changes.
I can use this image shown in the article to provide a visual aid for background information on Shaw’s history.
In his NPR article “Old Confronts New In A Gentrifying D.C. Neighborhood,” Sam Gringlas analyzes the tensions between Shaw’s old and new residents through anecdotes and information on the areas development. Through interviews, Gringlas shows how the old-time residents struggle to maintain Shaw’s history as the area changes. The effects of these new developments on the demographics in the area, as well as the shift in businesses, is illustrated through a combination of facts and observation. However, Gringlas also concludes there are benefits to the new revitalization of the area because the shifting demographics have allowed people with different identities to come together and connect.
I will be able to use this article as an argument source to suggest both positive and negative effects of the development occurring in Shaw. It will allow me show the importance of Shaw’s history to it’s original primarily African American population. I can also use this article as an exhibit source to provide examples of the importance of maintaining Shaw’s African American history and culture.
(Raquel Zaldivar NPR)
I can use this image from the article to illustrate Shaw’s celebration of its African American history through a mural painted in it’s historic district.
In his scholarly article “The Consequences of Gentrification of Racial Change in Washington, DC,” Jonathan Jackson looks at the effects of gentrification on the racial composition and transformation of urban neighborhoods. While focusing on Washington D.C, the author uses quantitative research to compare’s demographics and displacement in gentrifying and non gentrifying areas. Jackson uses his findings to conclude that gentrification correlates to the displacement of African Americans.
I can use this article as a method source to analyze the authors method in his study on gentrification in Washington, and apply this to my site located in the Shaw neighborhood. I will be able to use information the author gathered from sources such as the U.S. Census Bureau to connect my individual site to the larger picture. By using this article I will be able to discuss the implications and problems with gentrification not only in my site, but in Washington D.C. as a whole.
In his scholarly article, “The Back-To-The-City movement: Neighborhood redevelopment and processes of political and cultural displacement,” Derek Hyra uses the Shaw neighborhood as a case study to analyze the effects of the area’s revitalization. Hyra’s case study explains how the increasing amounts of development projects due to rising populations in D.C. has caused an influx of upper-middle class white citizens into primarily African American neighborhoods. The article then analyzes how this trend has affected African American’s political and cultural displacement from areas they had previously lived.
I will use this article as a background and exhibit source. I will use the information gathered during the author’s four year case study on Shaw to provide context on the “back-to-the-city” movement occurring in the area. Because the author did his case study where my site is located, I can also use this article as an exhibit source to analyze the affects of the revitalization happening in Shaw.