Annotated Bibliography 3 and 4

Works Cited

Wodon, Divya, Naina Wodon, and Quentin Wodon. “How Can Clubs Innovate to Attract and Retain Members?.” Membership in Service Clubs: Rotary’s Experience. Palgrave Macmillan US, 2014. 46-60.

This article was interesting because it discusses what clubs/services such as the Dupont Circle Club (DCC) can do in order to increase numbers and funding.  Something to consider for a club as small as DCC.  Among the “advice” or strategies currently being undertaken by these types of clubs is focusing more on current members than recruiting new ones.  In other words, helping those who are already seeking help in hopes of having those individuals tell others of their success, and/or possibly donate to the cause.  All in all, this source was interesting and gave me some insight on how clubs like DCC operate behind the scenes.  

Bush, Alan J, and Gregory W Boller. “Rethinking the Role of Television Advertising during Health Crises: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Federal AIDS Campaigns.”Tandfonline, Taylor and Francis Online, 29 May 2013. Accessed 26 Mar. 2017.

Bush and Boller’s article is very old by today’s “standards,” being originally written in 1990, but published online as a scholarly source in 2013.  In the article, Bush and Boller discuss the TV advertisement campaign of the late 80s to raise awareness of the sexually transmitted disease AIDS.  Although this subject seems completely random as far as the Dupont Circle Club is concerned, the reason I decided to use and cite this article is because of the rhetorical analysis they provide of the advertisement campaigns.  The delve deep into what raises awareness (much like how the Dupont Circle Club wishes to raise awareness of addictions), specifically found in advertisements.  For example, through rhetorical analysis they mention the importance of something as simple as color scheme.  When looking at the Dupont Circle Club’s website , it becomes apparent that they use a small variety of colors that are appealing to the eye, but seamlessly “blend in” and draw the attention towards the important text/information on the main webpage.  All in all, this source was a bit out of the ordinary for my rhetorical analysis, but I found it interesting and useful because it rhetorically analyzed advertising, which is something I referred to in my most recent essay.

Bunz, Ulla K. “Usability and Gratifications–Towards a Website Analysis Model.Usability and Gratifications–Towards a Website Analysis Model.”, Eric, Nov. 2001. Accessed 26 Mar. 2017.

This was the last scholarly source I explored, but arguably the most helpful for me when writing my essay.  Bunz wrote a fantastic article about how the “usability” of a website surprisingly depends more on perception of the user than on the objectively assessable usability criteria of the Web site.  In other words, the intuitiveness of a website depends more on the user’s point of view rather than the web designer’s point of view, which may be described as a “criteria” or specific set of guidelines that should be followed.  Also worth mentioning, a study that Bunz conducted revealed that after analyzing a sample of different websites, “experts” (web designers/developers) tended to approve of the sites that “non-experts” (a sample of ordinary civilians/college students) disapproved.  Additionally, Bunz wrote, “Cognitive and emotional needs as defined by uses and gratifications seemed to make more of a difference with regard to Web site use, and less with regard to Web site evaluation”.  All in all, this article was helpful to me because it opened my eyes to all that comes with a deep analysis of a website.  Since my first essay was based on the main web page of the Dupont Circle Club, reading about the “usability” of a site was very informative and changed my perspective on my analysis.  

“Dupont Circle Club – Facebook.” Facebook, , . Accessed 26 Mar. 2017.

Although using Facebook as a source may seem strange, with something casual like the Dupont Circle Club, it is actually very informative.  Through Facebook, there’s easy access to pictures, videos, and even reviews/comments from clients and non-clients.  After writing about the main webpage of the club and discussing its impact on possible clients, it is interesting to see ratings and what people have to say about the club after attending meetings and receiving help.  So, in response to the content of the Facebook page, it has inclined me to change what I wrote about in my essay regarding possible clients’ opinions of the web page.  

“The Dupont Circle Club 5K Puzzle Run .” RunWashington, Accessed 26 Mar. 2017.

This source was very short, not an article or anything similar, but instead just a website with quick information about the annual 5K Puzzle Run that the Dupont Circle coordinates to raise money.  This is a minor source, but still gave me insight on some of the secondary services/events that the club provides.  Simply put, the club coordinates a 5K run every year, and hands out prizes to runners who “win” with certain times.  

Reading Analysis 4 – Social Spaces

Reading Analysis 3

In part eight of David Fleming’s, City of Rhetoric, Fleming raises the question of the different effects that social spaces (in other words, different socioeconomic neighborhoods) have on our ability to resolve conflict, our habits of political change, and our attitude towards public argument.  In order to achieve this, he often refers to different urban theories that he discusses earlier in his book, such as the theory that certain communities (specifically ghettos), “suffer from the loss of a middle ground between community and society, identity and difference, assimilation and separation…” (Fleming, 180).  Fleming suggests that the different social spaces like, “A low-income African American ghetto, an affluent white suburb, a mixed income “urban village,” a high-rise inner city housing co-op, as well as the overall metropolitan…” (179) will inevitably constitute a matter for public discourse.  This discourse can be described either as actual discourse (fighting/crime) among people, but is more commonly described as the poor relations developed between groups of people who live in different social spaces.    

In other words, it appears that Fleming is blatantly suggesting that by separating people of different race, socioeconomic status, religion, etc. there is an increased chance of discourse or other problems among civilians; and this only makes sense, since we’ve seen in history and even today that when people congregate into “groups,” they naturally feel in competition and/or superior to other “groups” of people.  However, Fleming still strongly believes that discourse is not solely caused by human bias towards others brought on by division,  but is moreover the result of differences in social space.

To further his claims, Fleming later examines Jared Diamond’s book, Guns, Germs, and Steel, in which Diamond argues that much of societal progress is hindered or otherwise influenced by many different environmental factors (much like Fleming’s aforementioned “social spaces.”  Based on these claims, it is easy to see how globalization and increased technology have still not fully connected those in society.

Fleming ends his discussion by, in a way, suggesting another huge factor to consider when analyzing the differences in quality of social spaces is opportunity.  He writes, “People can be miserable in an island of paradise and joyful in a slum,” (194) meaning that a person living in a ghetto may experience unhappiness not because of low income or anything similar to that, but possibly because of the lack of opportunity associated with living in the ghettos.  For example, as previously mentioned in his book, Fleming illustrates that ghetto social spaces of Chicago and other cities had poor funding and therefore poor education, healthcare, etc.  With little-to-no government intervention and terrible architecture/infrastructure, those who experienced ghetto life had very little opportunity to “shine” and succeed past others who lived in more affluent neighborhoods.

So, all in all, it seems that a major point of Fleming’s argument is that different social spaces along with a mix of human bias and lack of government intervention create ghettos and other poor neighborhoods in cities, which result in thousands or even millions of people growing up and having to live in poor areas with no hope or opportunity to get out, live a better lifestyle, and thus be “accepted” by other groups of people.   

Reading Analysis 3 – The Ghettos

Reading Analysis 3 – The Ghetto

In David Fleming’s book, City of Rhetoric, Fleming paints the perfect picture of what the Chicago ghettos came to be in the late 20th century, and into the early 21st century; poverty stricken areas with high unemployment and crime rates, poor infrastructure and architecture, and overall as a place with a vast sense of hopelessness.  The ghettos at that time were mostly home to citizens of African American descent who migrated to major cities/population centers in response to the promised high-quality of life and available work, but were only met with the high cost of living, and segregation and discrimination.  Because of this, Chicago, like many other cities in the United States, was split into different sections based off of things such as race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status.  However, although cruel cultural customs such as racism were major causes of the formation of ghettos, one physical aspect that lead to the formations is that of architecture with a rhetorical purpose of separating citizens in society.

The most prominent example that Fleming provides of this poorly designed architecture is the fact that there were little-to-no public spaces in most ghettos of chicago.  In other words, there were few parks or any other kind of recreational areas to make the ghettos feel like livable sections of town.  This small but important factor in the design of the architecture and infrastructure led to high crime rates because of the lack of innocent citizens roaming the streets since there was no need or appeal to; with few people around to observe, criminals had the lay-of-the-land in a way, and could commit crimes and get away with atrocious acts for the most part.  The high crime rates inevitably forced the residents of the ghetto regions into the “code of silence”.  Simply put, since violent crime was steadily skyrocketing, most innocent citizens who witnessed crimes and could come forward to authorities with valuable information would refrain from doing so in fear of being targeted.  This further lead down the wrong path, to such a broken and misguided culture that allowed or otherwise ignored crimes and wrongdoings.  

Another point to bring up is the lack of city funding to help the ghettos improve.  Whenever buildings or infrastructure was damaged or simply needed to be improved, it was never the ghettos to come first in the city, even though these sections of town needed it the most.  Instead, the areas of Chicago with higher per-capita income would receive more funding, and this improve more and more while the ghettos were led into a downward spiral.  

Now personally, I think that Fleming brought up many great points, some of which I never would have thought of myself (particularly the “code of silence”), but I would definitely argue that the primary cause of the formation of ghettos would be the lack of funding.  It may sound tacky or even “wrong”, but I would argue that when it comes to building up a city, anything can be improved with the right amount of cash, and if more funds were projected at improving the ghetto regions, I think that Chicago would have had a very different history.  Even little things like spending money to build public parks and galleries improves the quality and appeal of an area, thus giving the specific area’s inhabitants something more to care about.  In other words, if money were spent on improving the ghettos so that they were more appealing to live in, people would care more about the area and fight harder to protect and maintain it; it is nearly impossible to expect someone to care about something if nobody else respects it in the slightest.

All in all, Fleming discusses cultural customs such as racism and discrimination which were prominent in forming ghettos, but still, arguably more important than that is the fact that with poor architecture/infrastructure, few citizens will respect the area, and in turn nobody will, thus leading to a downward spiral.


Works Cited

 Fleming, David. City of rhetoric: revitalizing the public sphere in metropolitan America. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2009. Print.      

How Can Production Turn A Macabre Subject Into Something Truly Fascinating?

Commonplace 8

I think it’s obvious that when producing an animated video, things like graphical quality, sound, production value, etc. is all important, but are most often considered when producing “happy” animation.  It isn’t very often to see an animated video with great production value that covers a macabre topic.

However, Youtuber Neil Halloran posted a video last year that quickly went viral.  It was entitled, “The Fallen of World War II”.

The video was produced using the Tableau Software, and discusses the military and civilian deaths that occurred during the duration of WWII, and compares those numbers to numbers seen in previous and current wars in history.  It is a very depressing topic to discuss, but the video is so extremely well made that it grabs your attention and causes you to watch until the end.

Much like how Laura Micciche argued that production is made through grammar, syntax, etc. in text, aesthetic production is made in this video through things like music choice and color scheme.  Halloran effectively grabs attention by, for example, using quite music/sound effects subtly in the background, that add production value by preventing the video from being completely silent except for the narrator’s voice.  Small things like this are often overlooked, but when analyzed, prove to add a lot to the video.  Furthermore, the relatively simple color choice of having a black background with minimal colors remains appealing to the eye while allowing the majority of the viewer’s attention to be directed towards the narrator’s words and statistical information.

For what it’s worth, it’s best to watch the video and think about it yourself, but as Micciche has suggested and from what we’ve discussed in class, it is easy to assume that the majority of the video’s success stems from the fact that it has exceptional production value; it is well made with accurate statistics and fascinating animation.  Something to take away from this is that the “success” of a text or presentation may not always rely on what the topic of discussion is, but more on how information is presented to the audience, and its ability to capture attention.

Essay 1 – BED DigiDoc Textual Analysis

John Klusaritz

Professor Hunter Hoskins


4 March 2017

Essay 1- The Dupont Circle Club

The Dupont Circle Club, located at 1623 Connecticut Avenue in the heart of the Dupont Circle neighborhood, is a non-profit organization whose mission is to provide a healthy and encouraging environment to host its numerous support group clientele in hopes of ultimately curing people of their addictions and/or helping them eliminate any other problems they may have troubling them.  The club is open to all people in need of help and hosts a variety of support group meetings all year round in an effort to “offer the hope that things can get better.”  Location-wise, the club couldn’t have it better.  Being just one block away from the Dupont Circle Metro Station, the club is easily accessible via the red line, is right across the street from a bus station, and even boasts limited street parking that is available for any clients with private cars.  Within a five minute walk radius there is a variety of shops, galleries, lounges, restaurants, and even yoga studios available; most of which are locally promoted by the club.

The iconic logo.  (Dupont Circle Club Website)

In short, that is some background information on the club, however this essay’s primary function is to rhetorically analyze a document related to the Dupont Circle Club, and uncover the “network” that it is connected to, owing to the fact that our readings from class have suggested that all objects are rhetorical in some way, and therefore are part of a network of things rhetorical.  To achieve this goal, it is not only important to rhetorically analyze a relevant document and uncover its network, but to also understand and declare what its main function is.  For the sake of applicability, the document that will be analyzed is arguably the best choice in regard to its relevance to the Dupont Circle Club, and that is the club’s main website.


The main webpage of the Dupont Circle Club’s website.  (

The first several things that draw the eye after loading up the website are the club’s logo and the impressive graphic of the block in which the club is located, but more importantly the large text and paragraph in the middle of the screen that give quick information about the club and its services.  Since the trio of ethos, pathos, and logos can practically be applied to all documents, these concepts will be the main rhetorical focus point of this rhetorical analysis.  So, to start with, it is seemingly manifest that the website’s primary function is to notify possible clients (who likely visit the site to seek help) of the club’s services, and possibly lure them into attending a meeting.  However, since the club is non-profit, and attending meetings is free, the secondary function is to captivate people into donating money for the good cause, whether or not they could be potential clients.  Moving on, the large text stating, “Your Local Meeting Place in DC for 12-step Recovery,” is primarily related to pathos, due to the word “your”.  As previously stated, the majority of site visitors are likely potential clients in need of help, so by using the word “your”, there is an emotional connection (pathos) to the site’s visitor which implies that he/she has just found the best place in D.C. for his/her personal recovery.  In other words, the word choice amplifies the emotional attachment to the site’s visitor through a personalized connection.  Subtle word choice and sentence structure such as that in this example is often easy to overlook, but can be a key factor in persuading someone.  To continue with pathos and refer back to the previous image, the paragraph under the large heading contains words such as, “safe”, and “welcoming”, which serve as evidence of pathos because those words appeal to the emotions of people, and are more likely to persuade someone to use the club’s services.  Potential clients of the club are mostly people who use substances to cope with emotional pain and suffering brought on from different reasons, so using wholesome words heavily appeals to people’s’ emotions.  After all, it is obvious that appealing to someone’s emotions will better encourage him/her to seek help rather than being blunt and apathetic, as far as word choice is concerned.  

Moving on, pathos has shown to be a primary rhetorical aspect of the main webpage, but there is evidence of other rhetorical forms of argument, specifically logos.  Referring back to the previous image again, the right side of the page contains a chart that shows the times of certain support groups that plan to meet, updated daily.  Since logos, in a rhetorical sense, refers to creating meaning through logic/facts, the chart is an admissible example of such because its purpose is to be easily visible and give the site’s visitors exact facts and information about the times that certain groups plan to meet on any given day.  The chart is also just downright helpful because it does not waste people’s time, and gives them updated information about the day’s meetings.

To complete the ethos, pathos, and logos trio, there is also clear evidence of ethos on the main webpage relevant enough to be addressed.  


Amazon supports the Dupont Circle Club, and donates money via AmazonSmile.  (

In a rhetorical sense, ethos implies creating meaning through the use of a character or authority.  So, for example, an advertisement that uses a famous celebrity (a character) to promote a product is an example of ethos.  To the left side of the main webpage, there is an AmazonSmile button (shown above) that opens up a new tab to AmazonSmile (a sub-service of that donates a percentage of the money a person spends online to a choice charity). is renowned worldwide, and used by millions of people everyday to purchase goods online, so it is fair to assume that Amazon is distinguished enough to be the “character” in this case.  Having the AmazonSmile button easily visible on the main web page will impress site visitors, and likely encourage them to shop for certain products on AmazonSmile in order to help donate money to a good cause.  Furthermore, being supported by a company as large as Amazon instantly shows the Dupont Circle Club’s website visitors that it is a relevant and prominent authority which can and likely will help all people who are in need of its services.

It is truly eye-opening that something as simple and often overlooked as a web page, after being rhetorically analyzed, proves to have so much depth and meaning behind every aspect of it.  Just from looking at the main web page of the Dupont Circle Club and mainly using ethos, pathos, and logos as a rhetorical outline, it becomes clear that everything from word choice to the graphics is interconnected and works with everything else to achieve the primary function of the website.  The “rhetorical network” in this specific case can be described as that which subconsciously connects to the site’s visitors and persuades him/her to seek help; it is the unknown “force” that is created through the previously mentioned examples/evidence of ethos, pathos, and logos that help achieve the site’s goal of encouraging people to get help, and donate in order to keep the club operational.

To summarize all that was discussed, it seems apparent that the primary function of the Dupont Circle Club’s website is to provide information to potential clients about the services provided, with the hope of attracting those in need of help.  Additionally, the secondary function of the main web page is to convince people to donate money to the good cause of the club.  Lastly, through rhetorically analyzing the ethos, pathos, and logos aspects used, it has been discovered that the “network” connecting the website to the actual club is that which also connects to any website/club visitors, while being strong enough to move people and ultimately have them commit to seeking help, or helping the good cause in some other way.                

Works Cited

“Dupont Circle Club.” Dupont Circle Club. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2017.

Morgan, Megan, and WikiHow. “How to Write a Rhetorical Analysis.” WikiHow. WikiHow, Feb. 2017. Web. 04 Mar. 2017.

The Checklist for Essay 1


  • ____X___ I have done a rhetorical analysis of text that helps my audience understand my Built Environment using a combo of CATPA, Aristotles Ethos/Pathos/Logos, Kantz’s Encoder/Decoder/Reality/Gaps, Chronos/Kairos. In other words, I have followed the directions.


  • _____X__ I have developed my own rhetorical stance by creating a They Say / I say, which I have distilled into the following sentence: _While ________________, this essay aims ________ (or something like this).


  • ____X_____ I have incorporated images, links, video, and or sound to enhance my essay’s rhetorical appeal. I have also captioned the images and properly cited them.


  • ____X____  Introduction (See “Indicating Who Cares?)
    • ______X______ Does it have a stated aim or goal?
    • _______X_____First sentence: does it stake a claim, a point of controversy, or lead to a “They Say”?


  • _______X_______ I have smoothly incorporated textual evidence

From Gerald Graff’s, They Say / I Say:

    • _____X_____Choose “quotations wisely, with an eye to how well they support a particular part of your text [or argument].” Make sure your quote relates to the topic sentence in some way.
    • ________X____Surround “every major quotation with a frame explaining


  1. A) ______X_____whose words they are,
  2. B) ________X_____what the quotation means, and
  3. C) ________X_____how the quotation relates to your text.”
    • _______X_______  Remember:  “What ‘they say’ must always be connected with what you say.”


  • _______X_____Check Citations and WC page
    • ______X________ Formatting.
    • ________X_______ In-text citations’ relationship to WC page.


  • ______X______Check   for Major Errors
    • ____X_____Frag.: Although I’m home; I’m here to say.
    • ____X___CS: I am home, I’m here to stay.
    • ____X_____FS: I am home I’m here to stay.
    • ____X______SV: The teacher, along with the students, are here to stay.  (should be “the teacher, . . ., is . . .”
    • _____X_______PN AGR: Before a student registers, they should (should be “students” or “she”). General Motors is a big company. They always . . . (Use Control F and search for “They,” and “This”)
    • 6.     Dangling Modifiers /Misplaced Modifers: Before walking away, the breakfast was good (the breakfast can’t walk). You fix these by either adding a “doer” to the DC or changing the IC’s doer to agree with the DC.


    • 7.     Apostrophe: Hoskins’ class (should be in  MLA, Hoskins’s class).


  • _______X______I have marked the comma patterns on my google doc version of my essay.

_______I also marked the comma patterns on two of peers’ essays as instructed.   Peer 1 ______Tyler______   &  Peer 2_____Alex________ (If you missed that draft day, you won’t have any names to fill in here).


    • 1. DC, IC. As I walked down the street, I thought about how happy I was.

IC, DC:. I went home early, which rarely happens these days.

    • 2.     IC, and IC. Bob likes Sarah, but he doesn’t like Sam.
    • 3.     Sub, describe subj, Verb . . . Sam, whom I like very much, leaves work early every day.
    • 4.     X, Y, and Z. Jane likes chocolate, strawberry, and vanilla icecream.
    • 5.     Intro element, IC


  •     __X_   Use the “Literary” Present Tense as Baseline (Aspect).
    • A. Thomas Jefferson believes that “” ().


  • __X__Topic Sentences
    • ____X___ Does it stake a claim?
    • ___X__Does the claim clearly relate to the aim?
    • ___X___Does it lean into the paragraph itself?


  • __X_Avoided the following phrases?
    • __X___Another X is . . .
    • __X___Abundance of  sentences with There are / There is
    • ___X___One of the reasons blah blah is because . . .


  • ___X__Conclusion  (See Establishing Why Your Claims Matter)
    • ___X__Does it answer “So What?” or establish why your claim or the debate matters? Or present some hypothetical conclusions? You could also put your discussion into a larger context?


  • Posting to WordPress:
    • _____X__Category = “Essays”
    • ___X_____hyperlinks and multimodal (images / sound / video /and so on) presentation
    • ____X___ Shared gdoc with with “Editing” privileges.
    • ____????___Submitted link to Edspace post

____X____I have bolded my subjects and underlined my verbs.  

Trying and Failing. What are Samuel Beckett’s Thoughts?

Common Place 7

Have you ever been told that trying something can’t come without failing it first. Maybe something similar, but I think that at some point in all of our lives we’ve been taught a lesson or two about trying and failing, and that failing isn’t as bad as people may make it seem.

Samuel Beckett, a renowned novelist and write once said,

“Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try again. Fail again. Fail better.”

Samuel Beckett, the famous novelist.

Wait.  Hold up one second…. Why is one of the worlds most famous writers using such simple structure to talk about a topic so vast and important?  More importantly, why does it even matter, and what is he hoping to teach his audience about trying and failing?

Well, to begin, it seems manifest that a major reason he kept these words short and sweet is to make his lesson easier to “digest”.  Ever hear the saying, “less is more”?  It’s basically the same idea; that less wording and creates less complications and allows the audience to understand what is being said.

Fine, okay.  But why is this important and what is he teaching us?  Well, it must be important because it teaches a lesson, right?  I mean, it seems logical that anything that can teach someone something, whether its a simple life lesson or complex algebra, is important in some way, shape, or form.  So there’s an answer to that question, but lastly, we need to uncover what lesson Beckett is teaching us.

One great way to think about his words, is to think of them as a timeline.  So, in other words, you try, you fail, but it doesn’t matter.  You’ll try again, and fail again, but learn more from your second failure.  Beckett is essentially telling his audience that it is ok, and doesn’t matter if you fail, because you can always try again, and still learn if you happen to fail again.

Lastly, the fact that he keep his sentences short and didn’t ask questions or exclaim anything makes his words even more valuable.  People learn and understand words best when they’re simple and get to the point rapidly, which is exactly what Beckett has done here, and probably one of the reasons he was a literary genius that millions still know of today.

Annotated Bibliography

John Klusaritz

Professor Hunter Hoskins


February 20, 2017

Annotated Bibliography

“Dupont Circle Club.” Dupont Circle Club, Dupont Circle Club, Accessed 21 Feb. 2017.

This source is the main website of my chosen location and offers great resources such as location information, media and graphics, and a list of services that this “clinic” provides.  It appears that it is in fact a string of buildings where programs are run to help people get over specific addictions.  I think that the formatting of the website is fantastic and very appealing to look at, especially since everything is easy to find through the drop-down-menus and search box.  I plan to use this source for general information about the site, and to get some ideas of which buildings/specific areas I should visit when I go to take pictures.  All in all, this source will not exactly be the greatest to write a rhetorical analysis over, but will definitely help me when it comes to actually visiting the site and documenting my experiences and thoughts.  


“Dupont Circle.”, Washington, Accessed 21 Feb. 2017.

This website gives plenty of information on the Dupont Circle area, including its history, and current attractions to visit in the area.  The format/layout serves its purpose well, but I think it could be improved with things like more vibrant and appealing colors, or maybe better picture/video content.  In short, the website will help me find out about nearby attractions that I can visit and document which will be helpful when writing my essay on the Dupont Circle Club and its surroundings.


EssayPro. “Rhetorical Analysis Essay: Definition, Tips, Outline | EssayPro.” Essay Writing with EssayPro, Essay Writing with EssayPro, 18 Oct. 2016, Accessed 21 Feb. 2017.

This is a unique source that I am definitely going to use because it provides great tips on how to write a rhetorical analysis.  Since it’s something that I have never done, especially for a building/surrounding neighborhood, this article will be very useful to me in providing me with ideas on which direction I should take my essay, and how to properly structure it.


“Dupont Circle Club 5K Puzzle Run.” Dupont Circle Club 5K Puzzle Run, RunSignUp, 23 Oct. 2016, Accessed 22 Feb. 2017.

I found this source in a place that nobody ever seems to check (the second page of Google) and I immediately appreciated it because it gave me an example of an event that is run by the Dupont Circle Club.  The event is a 5K that is split into a section for walkers and runners, and offers prizes for those who participate and do well.  I think that not only is the program is a great idea to help people in need do something healthy and productive, but it will also be useful to me when writing a rhetorical analysis.  


WTopStaff. “One Dead, 5 Hurt after Shooting, Stabbing Outside Dupont Circle Club.”WTOP, WTOP, 27 Nov. 2011, Accessed 22 Feb. 2017.

I found this last source online and was surprised about the events that it told about.  Several years ago, back in 2011, there was a shooting/stabbing and five people were injured and one was killed.  Although this did not happen directly outside of my location, it still occurred in an area of Dupont Circle nearby, and therefore may apply to my essay and eventually the whole project.  I plan on using this source to discuss the bad events and dangers of the area that I am analyzing.  Nothing is ever perfect and it will be important, especially when rhetorically analyzing the site, to bring up this source and show that although my site serves a good purpose in helping people, the area sometimes has tragic events such as this.  


Why Don’t We Often See High-End Car Commercials?

Commonplace 6

We’ve all watched TV before and have probably noticed the high amount of car commercials that play on a regular basis during advertisements.  But have you ever realized that the vast majority of commercials are for lower-end/affordable cars?  Think about it, when was the last time you were watching TV and all of a sudden a Porsche or Maserati commercial came on?  Probably never.

I’ve just recently realized this, and thought to analyze why such a thing happens.  It all has to do with the brand of the car.  Simply put, if the car is more affordable to the average person (say, from a well-known manufacturer such as Chevy) it makes more sense and is more profitable to advertise on television because of the high number of middle-class individuals watching.

In contrast, high-end manufacturers don’t need or want their products to be advertised on the same basis as lower-end manufactures for fear of association.  In other words, high-end car manufactures, like Porsche for example, don’t need to advertise because their brand is already well-known and viewed as luxury.

This concept can also apply to a wide variety of other goods/services that are advertised.  It’s fun but also interesting to think about how things are advertised, why they are, and how it affects the target audience.

All in all, the point of these commonplace writings is to further analyze something and see what deeper meaning it has.  In this case, I didn’t read a book, or write about an article, and analyze song lyrics, but instead just brought up a phenomena that most of us unknowingly witness practically every day.

So the next time you’re watching your favorite show on TV, pay attention to the advertisements that play in between, because you just might notice something that you never did before.


Reading Analysis 2

Reading Analysis 2

Part two of David Fleming’s book, City of Rhetoric is very similar to the first part with regard to its constant mentioning of geography/zoning and how it separates groups of people but different in the respect that it is much more focused; part two focuses on the city of Chicago, and moreover discusses the segregation between blacks and whites in the past, and even today.  Fleming writes that the “Color Line”, the pronounced division between black and white neighborhoods is not “innocent”, and has lead to blacks living in the poorest areas or town, ultimately forming ‘ghettos’.  

As stated in Fleming’s work, “W. E. B. Du Bois predicated the problem of the twentieth century was the problem of the color line…” (65)

Fleming uses Du Bois’ words among other examples to argue that segregation has made Chicago a prime example of what causes a ghetto, an area within a city characterized by poverty and acute social disorganization and inhabited by members of a racial or ethnic group under conditions of involuntary segregation.  Fleming also argues that a major contributing factor to the division in the city comes from the massive amount of african american workers who were promised much more opportunity and jobs than what was actually available for such a large population of people, so in turn many african americans who invested time and money traveling to Chicago in the late nineteenth/early twentieth century lost any opportunities they may have had due to the sudden movement.  Fleming puts this theory into understandable words when he writes, “In each case, they (blacks) were the last invited to the table and the only ones still there when the feast moved on.”  (66)

Fortunately however, although the issue of the “color line” still exists today, Fleming writes that, “…It (Chicago) is today a leader in mobility and mixed-income redevelopment programs… It is also the city in which and through scholars founded and developed the American approach to urban studies.”  (66)

Overall, it seems that Fleming’s argument is that there still exists segregation in many American cities such as Chicago, that was brought up by migrant worker movements and poor government involvement to create equality; this has become a major issue which actually encouraged an American approach to urban studies in hopes of better understanding why and how “color lines” evolve and how to end them.  

A map of the central Chicago region used by Fleming to illustrate the segregation

Works Cited

Fleming, David. City of Rhetoric. Ithaca, US: SUNY Press, 2008. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 23 February 2017.

George Orwell & Animal Farm | Rhetorical Analysis

Commonplace 5

This week I thought it’d be interesting to discuss something a bit more political and serious in nature.  I’m taking a look back at George Orwell’s famous novella, Animal Farm.  I think most people have read this story at some point in time because of its simplistic writing style with interesting and political aspects that refer Russian Revolution of 1917, and then onto the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union.

For a quick summary, the story begins on a farm run by an alcoholic man who abuses and exploits his animals.  One day in retaliation the animals decide to fight back and win over the farm, and even go as far as renaming it from “Manor Farm” to “Animal Farm”.  As time passes, two pigs, one named Snowball and the other named Napoleon rise to power together and lead the rest of the animals.  However in contrast to the spirit of free will that lead the animals to retaliation in the first place, Napoleon begins to become a tyrant and scares off Snowball with attack dogs, and threatens all other animals who oppose him.  

In short, Napoleon maintains control of all the other animals, and his tyranny lives on, ultimately making the original resistance pointless in the long-run.

The original book cover

Now, although the story never actually refers to any world history, such as the tyrannical/communist government seen in Russia/The Soviet Union, the intentions of the author were very clear in showing that exploitation is very real and leads to poor outcomes for most, while a small group of beings can live on top.

George Orwell was a known socialist, and although his views are controversial, I am just analyzing the rhetoric behind his novella and the meaning that he creates through the plot events.  

Simply put, when I read this book many years ago, my first reaction was a puzzled one, as I didn’t really see how and why a person would write a novella about animals with human-like characteristics that somehow govern themselves.  However much like when Laura Micciche explains in her Making a Case for Rhetorical Grammar, “Commonplace books encourage students to read and analyze texts as skillfully crafted documents that convey and perform different kinds of meanings—among them, aesthetic, rhetorical, and political”

So, with her words in mind, I chose to analyze this famous story in a way different from just interpreting it as a story about personified animals.

A photograph of George Orwell