Annotated Bibliography 9&10: Foggy Bottom Real Estate and Neighborhood Helipad Meeting

AB 9:

Washburn, Mark. “Foggy Bottom: DC’s Close to Everything Neighborhood.” DC Condo Boutique. 27 May 2014,

  1. Washburn, like any real estate agent, states that location is the most important aspect of Foggy Bottom because of the access that the area has. He states that “The convenient centrally located neighborhood is made up of federal offices like the U.S. State Department and George Washington University’s campus.  Its own Metro Station, Foggy Bottom-GWU Metro Station, serves Foggy Bottom” (Washburn 2014). From here, the prices of various condos are listed below the brief article, prices falling between $300,000- $1.3 million. As a result, the area is for reasonably well off folks who plan to live in central DC.
  2. I plan to use this information to give some background to those who live within Foggy Bottom. In relation to the GW Hospital, I plan to accentuate the upper class feel of the neighborhood and the tense relationship with the hospital due to noise complaints. I also plan to locate some of these condos on a map and put them into relation with the hospital and with the airport/landing ground that they use currently right now for the helicopter, outside of Foggy Bottom (“Video: FBA Meeting” 2017).


AB 10:

“Video: FBA Meeting on Proposed GWU Hospital Helipad.” Foggy Bottom Association. 8 March 2017,

  1. In the video, Dr. Babak Sarani, Director of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery at the Hospital discussed the benefits of having a helipad at the GW University Hospital because of the importance of patient life over noise complaints. He stated that the helicopter is more quiet than an ambulance and that the noise is already caused by the airport would be louder than the GW helicopter pad (“Video: FBA Meeting” 2017). This was reiterated by Lt. Col. (Ret.) Mike Conklin, a helicopter pilot and aviation consultant, previously for President Clinton (2017). Dr. Sarani discussed the need for more quick urgent care abilities and how that would be possible with a helipad. He also added how the hospital already does use helicopter patient movement but then they transfer patients to an ambulance, which ends up taking too long in most cases because of traffic and transition time.
  2. I would use this information to examine more greatly the discourse between the hospital community and the Foggy Bottom community and find the common thread of discourse of the neighborhood for the final project; Dr Sarani emphasized, “Love thy neighbor,” which seems to struggle in this discourse.

Annotated Bibliography 7&8: GW Trauma Center and Potential Helipad

Annotated Bibliography 7:

Reed, Tina. “Why it Matters GWU Hospital is a Level 1 Trauma Center.” Washington Business Journal. 5 Feb. 2014,

  1. Reed states that GW Hospital has just recently, as of 2014, “regained verification as a Level 1 Trauma Center,” because the hospital wants to focus on being able to handle larger medical emergencies because of the location it has to the White House and other large public and important locations in the city. One thing that Reed notes specifically to add to the hospital’s argument, is that, “The center famously treated President Ronald Reagan after he was shot in a 1981 assassination attempt” (Reed 2014). But the issue comes to play of traffic within the Foggy Bottom area, after comparing it to Boston Hospitals. Although, the Reed cited, “The investment has made a big difference already. Average mortality rates in GW hospital’s trauma center have dropped from 33 percent to 22 percent, as measured using an injury severity scale. The trauma center fills a void in the northwest side of D.C. and northern Virginia where it might not be easy to reach other trauma centers in the region” (Reed 2014). Therefore, the Hospital has more benefits at the moment than issues.
  2. This article gives more background to the GW hospital’s trauma center without bringing in the argument of the helipad and the neighborhood concerns (not including traffic issues which is based off of the location). I would use this article to add to the hospital’s prestige because the hospital is already successful and is working on improving that.


Feinberg, Lawrence. “2 Agencies Approve GW Hospital Helipad.” The Washington Post. 5 April 1987,

  1. Feinberg reports, on behalf of Charles Diehl, [GW university vice president], who stated “university officials first thought that their hospital needed a helipad after the Air Florida crash at the 14th Street Bridge in January 1982. because the victims who needed urgent care ended up having to be transferred to a farther hospital. Specifically, a helicopter took victims to the Washington Hospital Center, about two miles farther away. ‘We had major trauma center right here,’ Diehl said, ‘but they couldn’t get here.’” The argument for the helipad is divided between being able to more quickly help people who need urgent care and the issue of noise. The hospital argued that the helipad would only be used once a week, therefore the noise would not be too disruptive.

Photo from the crash of Air Florida

2.  I would use this to show how the history of the neighborhood and how it has always been in disagreement with the hospital over the helipad, not only in today’s news or in the 90s. And I would like to show how even though, today, George Washington University has taken over the majority of that area, that the neighbors still continue to remain in conflict with the hospital. This article was originally printed in 1987 and the same argument is still going on today in 2017, 30 years later. The neighbors in the Foggy Bottom residential area make the same arguments that claim the noise from a helicopter would be too disruptive.

Annotated Bibliography 5&6: GW Helipad News and The Foggy Bottom Residence Community

Annotated Bib 5:

Reed, Tina. “GW Hospital seeks to add helipad to Foggy Bottom campus. Washington Business Journal, 29 March 2017,

  1. Author, Tina Reed, states that the Hospital is seeking approval for a helipad to add onto their trauma center. Those who speak for the hospital state that “in order to better serve the critical and emergent needs of those in our area” a helipad would be necessary for those means. But Reed also reports that previously, the issue has been approached where helipads had been banned because they were deemed a “public nuisance,” as explained by Reed, “GW Hospital received approval for a helipad from the Secret Service and the Federal Aviation Administration in 1987 but was ultimately blocked from building it after Foggy Bottom residents protested” (2017). Her article is important because, while residents argue noise complaints, the doctors argue that their needs to be a more efficient way to move patients quickly in dire times and they need to be a hospital that is as modern as possible. There is a commonality found within the Foggy Bottom resident discourse, which results in GW disturbances and a constant debate over GW Hospital improvements.
  2. Much research has led to conflict of the residents with the GW community, and the re-stabilization of that same community, therefore, I would also like to look more into the results of the noise test that they will perform on the area to determine if the helipad will be too noisy. I will use this article to expand on the topic of neighborhood and community relations.


Annotated Bib 6:

Malinowski, Shilpi. “Where We Live: In Foggy Bottom, young and old coexist amid the landmarks”. The Washington Post, 19 Dec. 2014,

  1. The author, Malinowski, argues that the features being built in Foggy Bottom are trying to build the community between all residents because it creates a commonplace between the young and older residents. “Besides the hospital cafeteria, Whole Foods, which opened a location at 2201 I St. NW in 2011, is another community meeting place, said Walter Woods… “They helped increase the sense of community” (2014). Foggy Bottom is an area that has two significant populations: those who live there in the row houses and those who are the students who attend George Washington University (and Hospital), therefore, the community is diverse but they are always working to improve it, GW that is (because they cause the issues). Malinowski cites how demographically the populations tends to be older even with the college located in that same part of the city. The author also mentions the infamous Watergate community where the Nixon scandal took place, and interestingly enough, discusses the architecture of this building as well. He notes this area is a place that connects to other parts of the cities and connects all other people to each other, with the restaurants, metro stop, and the location of housing to it all.
  2. The contrast between college, residential, and hospital life is applicable to my research topic, as there is a somewhat strained relationship between the neighbors and the college students that live in the area. I would use this relationship with GW along with GW hospital, and the community of the area for my project on the Foggy Bottom area. I think I would next look into the reputation of the area.

(they are both from the same website as the article)

Annotated Bibliography 3&4: University Real Estate and History of GW Growth

Annotated Bibliography 3:

Arsenault, Jacques. “Universities’ Role In Real Estate Grows”. Greater Greater Washington, 25 July 2013,

  1. Arsenault proposes that the George Washington University and the Hospital improve upon the neighborhood and increase the real estate, as a result, the university wants to work in accordance with the surrounding area to improve upon the future of Foggy Bottom. As real estate is all about location, GWU increases the prices for the surrounding property and makes it a desireable place to live, work, shop, and eat. To quote Arsenault, “University officials noted in a recent email to faculty and staff that Water Reed “has the potential to be a campus for innovation that could combine our institutional strengths with private sector, non-profit and other institutional entities, all focused on developing ideas and solutions for next generation global problem-solving” (2013).
  2. The university hospital’s role is so very tied to the school that it is difficult to research and only find information about the hospital and not the school. The only direct research information found from the hospital are the medical studies that come from there. Therefore, I plan to apply it to look at how Foggy Bottom has grown over the years and improved or not improved the neighborhood.

Examples from Zillow:

Annotated Bibliography 4:

Lombardo, John. “Universal still not ready to discuss plans for GW. Washington Business Journal, 22 December 1997,

  1. Lombardo discusses the ongoing debate, at that time, over whether or not they will be updating the GWU Hospital, and proposes that GW’s reputation will have an effect on the surrounding areas as a reputable place in DC. Lombardo briefly discusses the Foggy Bottom area and the location of the hospital. Lombardo also accentuates the prestige of the doctors that will be working in the hospital. He quotes, “There are all new people running the hospital, and we’ve attracted some doctors back to the hospital,” James said, referring to a period before the Universal deal when doctors and other staff left GW Hospital, citing its deteriorating condition and uncertain future” (1997). As a result, Lombardo is trying to make a point that this new hospital will be a place of stability both for patients and for the doctors. It currently, in 2017, stands strong.
  2. This source could be used in tangent with the previous one, as it gives a little background into the history of the area and the hospital before the update. This source show me how the city was not supportive of GW Hospital’s growth and I can apply this to my further research of sources that were written right before and right after the construction of completed present day news, and sources that cite new developments today.

Annotated Bibliography 1&2

Annotated Bibliography 1:

Carter, Elliot. “How it was Built- Metro”. Architect of the Capital: Hidden History in Washington D.C, July 2016,

  1. The author, Carter shares in his blog post the basics about how the metro was built under Washington DC. He talked a bit about why the design was chosen for the metro- it’s waffled ceiling were constructed to make the place seem much more open than the other metros that had been built around the same time. His discussion is important because it discusses the affects the construction of the metro had on the city. The builders had to knock down certain buildings in order to dig for the construction of the metro. Lastly, Carter briefly discusses the architectural issues surrounding the metro. This article was not a critique of the metro, it was more of an appraisal and an advocate for the metro stations after all the hard work and design that went into its construction.
  2. History: This article may applicable to my project because of the affects the metro has on the area, whether that is the construction of the metro or it is the people that it brings with it. The metro is able to bring people into the area, where there are many restaurants, the college (GW), and where many people live in accessible rowhouses. When I went to visit my sight, at the George Washington University Hospital, I noticed as I exited the Foggy Bottom Metro escalator, the hospital was right there next to the metro. I thought of the significance of its relation to the hospital.

From the blog post: two photos of the construction

Annotated Bibliography 2:

Construction Underway On The New George Washington University Hospital. GW News Center, 5 April, 2000,

  1. The author, unknown, discusses the new additions to the hospitals as it is updated. This article has an update on the construction of the new hospital building which they said was to be completed by 2002 which is important because it highlights the new advances of the hospital and how it improves the neighborhood. The author mentions that this will be the first new hospital in 20 years and they give some insight into the numbers of those that will be working there and other accommodations of the hospital building (beds, professions, physicians). The author’s purpose of the update is important because it reassures citizens of city improvements through the public disturbances of the construction. The author cites, “‘for every tree that is cut down to permit construction, the University will compensate by planting two trees somewhere in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood.’” At the time, in 2002 when the hospital was to be finished, it was to be “the city’s most modern and technologically advanced hospital,” said Alan Miller, Universal Health Services, Inc., chairman and chief executive officer” (2000).

“… planting two more trees”

  1. Background: This article is applicable to my project as it examines the growth of the hospital and the promise of the hospital reimbursing the surrounding neighborhood with trees and technological. Also highlighted after much research, is the strained relationship that GW has with community as it is partially residential, so the construction is noted for present day actions of the hospital as well as the past.