The Foggy Bottom neighborhood

This is a photograph of the Foggy Bottom metro from the back and the architecture of the GW hospital building from the court yard of the GW Medical School. This picture shows the hospital, the metro, and apartment buildings in the background from the courtyard of the University in one small congested area, which, in relation to the annotated bibliographies, shows the neighborhood disagreement over introducing a helipad to the area due to the confined space of the neighborhood.

Foggy Bottom Metro

This is a photograph of the metro stop at Foggy Bottom at GW Hospital and Medical school that shows the ability to connect with many other places within in DC, which then leads to the popularity of the area- in regards to living space, attending school, or spending free time for the attractions like restaurants . Also seen in the photograph are people handing out pamphlets that introduce things from attractions within the area to information about the hospital or other community programs.

The “GW” brand

This is a photograph of the GW seal in the court yard between the Medical school and the University Hospital. This is of significance because of the fact that the hospital only owns about 20% interest in the Hospital while an outside source owns the remaining 80%. The University’s name is all over the Hospital, so they will remain the face of the hospital through the various discussions with expansion relations and the neighbors in Foggy Bottom, who tend to disagree with the hospital in these discussions.

UHS Management of GW

UHS is the group that runs the hospital, rather than the actual university, which is what most people may imagine. According to the GW website under management, Universal Health Services Inc. holds 80% interest in the hospital while the university only holds about 20% interest. Together, the management works to pursue the highest care and services to all patients.

GW Hospital Trauma Center

The Ronald Reagan Institute of Emergency Medicine was named in honor of Ronald Reagan when the hospital treated Ronald Reagan after the attempted assassination. This is the Emergency Medicine department of GW that has caused conflict between the hospital and neighbors (of the residential area in Foggy Bottom) due to the fact that they have a trauma center that requires much traffic through their neighborhood. In addition to ambulances, the hospitals plans to use helicopters in the neighborhood to transfer patients

Annotated Bibliography 7&8: GW Trauma Center and Potential Helipad

Annotated Bibliography 7:

Reed, Tina. “Why it Matters GWU Hospital is a Level 1 Trauma Center.” Washington Business Journal. 5 Feb. 2014,

  1. Reed states that GW Hospital has just recently, as of 2014, “regained verification as a Level 1 Trauma Center,” because the hospital wants to focus on being able to handle larger medical emergencies because of the location it has to the White House and other large public and important locations in the city. One thing that Reed notes specifically to add to the hospital’s argument, is that, “The center famously treated President Ronald Reagan after he was shot in a 1981 assassination attempt” (Reed 2014). But the issue comes to play of traffic within the Foggy Bottom area, after comparing it to Boston Hospitals. Although, the Reed cited, “The investment has made a big difference already. Average mortality rates in GW hospital’s trauma center have dropped from 33 percent to 22 percent, as measured using an injury severity scale. The trauma center fills a void in the northwest side of D.C. and northern Virginia where it might not be easy to reach other trauma centers in the region” (Reed 2014). Therefore, the Hospital has more benefits at the moment than issues.
  2. This article gives more background to the GW hospital’s trauma center without bringing in the argument of the helipad and the neighborhood concerns (not including traffic issues which is based off of the location). I would use this article to add to the hospital’s prestige because the hospital is already successful and is working on improving that.


Feinberg, Lawrence. “2 Agencies Approve GW Hospital Helipad.” The Washington Post. 5 April 1987,

  1. Feinberg reports, on behalf of Charles Diehl, [GW university vice president], who stated “university officials first thought that their hospital needed a helipad after the Air Florida crash at the 14th Street Bridge in January 1982. because the victims who needed urgent care ended up having to be transferred to a farther hospital. Specifically, a helicopter took victims to the Washington Hospital Center, about two miles farther away. ‘We had major trauma center right here,’ Diehl said, ‘but they couldn’t get here.’” The argument for the helipad is divided between being able to more quickly help people who need urgent care and the issue of noise. The hospital argued that the helipad would only be used once a week, therefore the noise would not be too disruptive.

Photo from the crash of Air Florida

2.  I would use this to show how the history of the neighborhood and how it has always been in disagreement with the hospital over the helipad, not only in today’s news or in the 90s. And I would like to show how even though, today, George Washington University has taken over the majority of that area, that the neighbors still continue to remain in conflict with the hospital. This article was originally printed in 1987 and the same argument is still going on today in 2017, 30 years later. The neighbors in the Foggy Bottom residential area make the same arguments that claim the noise from a helicopter would be too disruptive.

Annotated Bibliography 1&2

Annotated Bibliography 1:

Carter, Elliot. “How it was Built- Metro”. Architect of the Capital: Hidden History in Washington D.C, July 2016,

  1. The author, Carter shares in his blog post the basics about how the metro was built under Washington DC. He talked a bit about why the design was chosen for the metro- it’s waffled ceiling were constructed to make the place seem much more open than the other metros that had been built around the same time. His discussion is important because it discusses the affects the construction of the metro had on the city. The builders had to knock down certain buildings in order to dig for the construction of the metro. Lastly, Carter briefly discusses the architectural issues surrounding the metro. This article was not a critique of the metro, it was more of an appraisal and an advocate for the metro stations after all the hard work and design that went into its construction.
  2. History: This article may applicable to my project because of the affects the metro has on the area, whether that is the construction of the metro or it is the people that it brings with it. The metro is able to bring people into the area, where there are many restaurants, the college (GW), and where many people live in accessible rowhouses. When I went to visit my sight, at the George Washington University Hospital, I noticed as I exited the Foggy Bottom Metro escalator, the hospital was right there next to the metro. I thought of the significance of its relation to the hospital.

From the blog post: two photos of the construction

Annotated Bibliography 2:

Construction Underway On The New George Washington University Hospital. GW News Center, 5 April, 2000,

  1. The author, unknown, discusses the new additions to the hospitals as it is updated. This article has an update on the construction of the new hospital building which they said was to be completed by 2002 which is important because it highlights the new advances of the hospital and how it improves the neighborhood. The author mentions that this will be the first new hospital in 20 years and they give some insight into the numbers of those that will be working there and other accommodations of the hospital building (beds, professions, physicians). The author’s purpose of the update is important because it reassures citizens of city improvements through the public disturbances of the construction. The author cites, “‘for every tree that is cut down to permit construction, the University will compensate by planting two trees somewhere in the Foggy Bottom neighborhood.’” At the time, in 2002 when the hospital was to be finished, it was to be “the city’s most modern and technologically advanced hospital,” said Alan Miller, Universal Health Services, Inc., chairman and chief executive officer” (2000).

“… planting two more trees”

  1. Background: This article is applicable to my project as it examines the growth of the hospital and the promise of the hospital reimbursing the surrounding neighborhood with trees and technological. Also highlighted after much research, is the strained relationship that GW has with community as it is partially residential, so the construction is noted for present day actions of the hospital as well as the past.