Annotated Bibliography 5&6: GW Helipad News and The Foggy Bottom Residence Community

Annotated Bib 5:

Reed, Tina. “GW Hospital seeks to add helipad to Foggy Bottom campus. Washington Business Journal, 29 March 2017,

  1. Author, Tina Reed, states that the Hospital is seeking approval for a helipad to add onto their trauma center. Those who speak for the hospital state that “in order to better serve the critical and emergent needs of those in our area” a helipad would be necessary for those means. But Reed also reports that previously, the issue has been approached where helipads had been banned because they were deemed a “public nuisance,” as explained by Reed, “GW Hospital received approval for a helipad from the Secret Service and the Federal Aviation Administration in 1987 but was ultimately blocked from building it after Foggy Bottom residents protested” (2017). Her article is important because, while residents argue noise complaints, the doctors argue that their needs to be a more efficient way to move patients quickly in dire times and they need to be a hospital that is as modern as possible. There is a commonality found within the Foggy Bottom resident discourse, which results in GW disturbances and a constant debate over GW Hospital improvements.
  2. Much research has led to conflict of the residents with the GW community, and the re-stabilization of that same community, therefore, I would also like to look more into the results of the noise test that they will perform on the area to determine if the helipad will be too noisy. I will use this article to expand on the topic of neighborhood and community relations.


Annotated Bib 6:

Malinowski, Shilpi. “Where We Live: In Foggy Bottom, young and old coexist amid the landmarks”. The Washington Post, 19 Dec. 2014,

  1. The author, Malinowski, argues that the features being built in Foggy Bottom are trying to build the community between all residents because it creates a commonplace between the young and older residents. “Besides the hospital cafeteria, Whole Foods, which opened a location at 2201 I St. NW in 2011, is another community meeting place, said Walter Woods… “They helped increase the sense of community” (2014). Foggy Bottom is an area that has two significant populations: those who live there in the row houses and those who are the students who attend George Washington University (and Hospital), therefore, the community is diverse but they are always working to improve it, GW that is (because they cause the issues). Malinowski cites how demographically the populations tends to be older even with the college located in that same part of the city. The author also mentions the infamous Watergate community where the Nixon scandal took place, and interestingly enough, discusses the architecture of this building as well. He notes this area is a place that connects to other parts of the cities and connects all other people to each other, with the restaurants, metro stop, and the location of housing to it all.
  2. The contrast between college, residential, and hospital life is applicable to my research topic, as there is a somewhat strained relationship between the neighbors and the college students that live in the area. I would use this relationship with GW along with GW hospital, and the community of the area for my project on the Foggy Bottom area. I think I would next look into the reputation of the area.

(they are both from the same website as the article)

Foggy Bottom-GWU Station and the GW Hospital Street Corner

This video of the entrance of the Foggy Bottom-GWU Metro Station captures the popularity of the location for many people that are both traveling by the metro, those who have a relation to the hospital, those who sell t-shirts and give out pamphlets by the street corner, and to the homeless. This area is but vibrant. In the video, in the background, one can faintly hear a man playing guitar and singing for money. This noise contrasts against the sound of foot and vehicle traffic in the background, people talking, and the escalator moving.


The GW Hospital “pamphlet”

When I went into the Hospital to find a pamphlet, I talked to a man at the information desk who looked around but could not find me a traditional pamphlet. Instead, he presented me with the George Washington University Hospital newsletter. In this newsletter, there are articles that discuss the medical advances that the hospital has made. The newsletter also features a story on a local man who survived cardiac arrest while at a Washington Nationals baseball game with the assist of the GWU Hospital team (as featured on the cover).

Interior of the GW Hospital

The hospital’s entrance way seemed partially hidden from the street and sidewalk, as it is set into the building. When I entered the hospital’s reception area, I noticed the high ceilings and the modern interior design. The room was round, with chairs partially on one side, the receptionist desk straight forward from the door with a hallway that extended behind it. To the left of the front entrance there was a cafeteria, and a stairway to an upper level. These pictures do not show much detail of the room because the room was crowded and I did not want to take people’s photos without them knowing.


Neighbors: The Embassy of Spain

In the same neighborhood of the GW Hospital is the Spanish Embassy, located on Pennsylvania Ave. Because my main Built Environment focus is a hospital, I could not explore the interior as much so I decided to explore the surroundings and the important cultural factors of DC. The embassies are an important one of them. I thought the Embassy of Spain was interesting because most of the Embassies are located on Embassy row on Massachusetts Ave and this one was so far out of the way near GW.


Built Environment: Restaurants around GW Hospital

In exploring more of the cultural parts around the GW Hospital, I found there were many restaurants. Because I visited the site midday on a Wednesday, these restaurants were not very busy but there were many around that street corner with open patios to attract those who walk by, as it is a popular area. The featured restaurants are Circa, Roti Mediterranean Grill, and Sweet Green.

Annotated Bibliography 3&4: University Real Estate and History of GW Growth

Annotated Bibliography 3:

Arsenault, Jacques. “Universities’ Role In Real Estate Grows”. Greater Greater Washington, 25 July 2013,

  1. Arsenault proposes that the George Washington University and the Hospital improve upon the neighborhood and increase the real estate, as a result, the university wants to work in accordance with the surrounding area to improve upon the future of Foggy Bottom. As real estate is all about location, GWU increases the prices for the surrounding property and makes it a desireable place to live, work, shop, and eat. To quote Arsenault, “University officials noted in a recent email to faculty and staff that Water Reed “has the potential to be a campus for innovation that could combine our institutional strengths with private sector, non-profit and other institutional entities, all focused on developing ideas and solutions for next generation global problem-solving” (2013).
  2. The university hospital’s role is so very tied to the school that it is difficult to research and only find information about the hospital and not the school. The only direct research information found from the hospital are the medical studies that come from there. Therefore, I plan to apply it to look at how Foggy Bottom has grown over the years and improved or not improved the neighborhood.

Examples from Zillow:

Annotated Bibliography 4:

Lombardo, John. “Universal still not ready to discuss plans for GW. Washington Business Journal, 22 December 1997,

  1. Lombardo discusses the ongoing debate, at that time, over whether or not they will be updating the GWU Hospital, and proposes that GW’s reputation will have an effect on the surrounding areas as a reputable place in DC. Lombardo briefly discusses the Foggy Bottom area and the location of the hospital. Lombardo also accentuates the prestige of the doctors that will be working in the hospital. He quotes, “There are all new people running the hospital, and we’ve attracted some doctors back to the hospital,” James said, referring to a period before the Universal deal when doctors and other staff left GW Hospital, citing its deteriorating condition and uncertain future” (1997). As a result, Lombardo is trying to make a point that this new hospital will be a place of stability both for patients and for the doctors. It currently, in 2017, stands strong.
  2. This source could be used in tangent with the previous one, as it gives a little background into the history of the area and the hospital before the update. This source show me how the city was not supportive of GW Hospital’s growth and I can apply this to my further research of sources that were written right before and right after the construction of completed present day news, and sources that cite new developments today.

Re-Presenting the George Washington University Hospital

I arrived at The George Washington University Hospital on a warm Saturday afternoon in February. The area is surrounded by busy streets and sidewalks that make the environment vibrant and in constant motion and right next door is the George Washington University Medical School. In 2009, according to Susan Kinzie, a reporter for the Washington Post, wrote that, “Not all the doctors who supervised [GWU Medical] students at another hospital had faculty appointments at GWU, so there was no guarantee they were reinforcing what students had learned in class. The committee noted pressure to see patients might affect the time doctors have for teaching and research.” In other words, the quality of scholarship and patient care was struggling at GWU. Therefore, one of the reasons that I propose why the hospital had to expand on its reputability, specifically through the website, is because of the struggling medical school that works in tandem with the hospital, as reported on by the Washington Post in 2009. Because of the report, I went to the website to explore the various features of the hospital. The website acts as a guide for the hospital to present both what it can offer a patient and their families and to promote the hospital’s prestige and professionalism, which has struggled in the past as the GWU Medical School was on probation for various reasons (Kinzie).

The intent the designer of the website had was to make it very accessible for the visitor and to provide all the needed information through various links that are located right on the front page. Therefore, the website acts as a guide for the hospital to present the sought out information and to promote the hospital in a manner that suggests professionalism.

The George Washington University Hospital website has two main audiences. The first is for the patients and their families. Not all patients will be adults or someone that can care for them self so it is especially important to make the site accessible to all those who will be helping in the care of the patient. Secondly, the website is also directed to potential new doctors, nurses, or others in the medical field, as it provides two links to “Careers” (GWU Hospital). The links not only emphasize the job opportunities to application links but puts a focus on the possibility of improving upon the medical field while working at the GW Hospital.

Regarding the focus on the patients, the hospital’s mission statement is found below the “Welcome” and below the alternating photos on the front page, which acts to present the prestige of the hospital. The website states:

When it comes to choosing a hospital, one thing is clear: quality counts. And a century-long tradition of providing medical care in a comfortable and convenient environment means peace of mind for the thousands of patients who are cared for by the doctors and nurses at the George Washington University Hospital each year (GWU Hospital).

The quote emphasizes the long time that the hospital has been running and how well the staff is at maintaining their high level of excellence. When people look for medical care, patients typically want the best available, so when the hospital provides the statement “Quality counts,” people are drawn to it. The mission statement is able to present to the patients that the hospital is professional and has been for many years, which works to contradict the Washington Post article regarding the struggle of professionalism within the neighboring school.

Furthermore, of the second focus of the website, that is not directly relevant to patients, is the link to “Careers” at the GW Hospital (GWU Hospital). There are two links for it directly on the front page. The purpose is to provide doctors with options for work, and to even promote to their present and future patients that the medical staff are “dedicated to service excellence” (GWU Hospital). Additionally under the link, is the promotion of equal and unbiased opportunities for work. The site states, “It is the policy of The George Washington University Hospital to provide equal employment opportunities to all employees, prospective and current, without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, marital status, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression or veteran status” (GWU Hospital). In other words, the hospital provides equal opportunities to all potential and current employees. Depending on a person’s status, race, gender, age, origin, etc, the statement proves supportive and accepting of them, which can be exceptionally important when looking for a job. As a result, the GW Hospital puts an effort forward to be and remain all inclusive.

Adding to the presentation of the quality of care within the hospital, the front page includes photos of doctors and patients interacting. In these photos, patients appear to be calm and collected when they are with the doctors and the doctors are presented in a way to look helpful by showing the patients information and appearing to talk with them (as seen to the right) (GWU Hospital). Other photos on the front page show the doctors at work. These pictures include links to research and services that doctors provide and specialize in (GWU Hospital). Another photo includes a family that was helped by the services at the GW hospital (GWU Hospital). Ultimately, these pictures of friendly faces are included to show the hospital to future patients, and to make the hospital seem both successful in its work and to appear welcoming.

Above the alternating photos, is a bar that consists of five links that work to direct the site’s visitors to the information that the visitors may be seeking and to provide general information to visitors. The links include resources like “Conditions and Services,” “Patients and Visitors,” “Events and Programs,” “Resources,” and an “About” page (GWU Hospital). The position of the links on the page then works to emphasize the resourcefulness of the website. The easier the website is to use, the less frustration the visitor or potential patient will feel. On the top right of the page, there is a way to contact the hospital with a non-emergency phone number, and also a link to “Find a Doctor” (GWU Hospital). Right next to that includes a directory for patients (for parking services, phone directory, maps, visitor services, and more) (GWU Hospital). As a result, these links work to make the hospital easily accessible to their potential patients and their families.

Next, under the “Conditions and Services” section, on the main page of the website, shows three links  (as seen to the right) specifically for services that the hospital can provide (GWU Hospital). The specific links are “Cardiac Surgery,” “The GW Comprehensive Breast Center” which “[offers] area women a wide range of preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for breast cancer,” and “Robotic Surgery at GW Hospital,” which includes “sophisticated” procedures (GWU Hospital). In each of the three links, there are brief summaries to each that show how the hospital has succeeded in providing those specific services or how the hospital’s doctors excel in providing them. And then finally, there is a “Learn More” extension under each of the three specific services (GWU Hospital). The Search bar for visitors to the site is included to bring them directly to the service or procedure that visitors are looking for. This makes it easy for potential patients to be able to find the specific services and to find doctors that will be best for them, while also promoting the advanced medical procedures available, which adds to the  presentation of prestige that the hospital works to present.

At the very bottom of the page, the website boasts several accolades and awards that the GW Hospital has won or has been accredited. These awards include ones for Cancer treatment, and hospital excellence awards (some specifically for the Kimberly Russo, the Chief Executive Officer of the hospital), and has accreditations for OB/Gyn, Organ Donation, and Patient Safety (GWU Hospital). These are only few of the many, many awards and accreditations for the GW Hospital that reiterate the quality care and professionalism of the hospital, contradicting the GWU Medical School reports on the Washington Post.

In summation, all of the information given on the website is accessible to all internet browsers. Each visitor is able to get most if not all of their information on the hospital on the website. And if some services are not found, then the contact list provides an additional way for the visitor to get information on the hospital and to ask questions. In short, the well organized website works very well to deliver information to the visitor or patient while also being able to promote and advertise the hospital (to both patients and future employees) that will help advocate for the reputation of the conjoining GWU Medical School. The internet reaches a broad audience that, I believe, will be swayed by the presentation of the GW Hospital.

Field Notes on Built Environment of The George Washington University Hospital

  • Metro stop right next to the entrance
  • Did the construction of the metro contribute to better access to the hospital/vice versa?
  • Gardens found surrounding the building
  • A lot of foot traffic
  • Courtyard separates the medical school and the hospital
  • Entrance to the courtyard has gates and a model of George Washington’s head
  • People handing out pamphlets by the entrance of the hospital and the entrance of the metro
  • Found in the Courtyard: “Joy of healing those who seek my help” and “See truth and pursue it steadily”
  • A decent number of homeless people were seen sleeping on the benches in the courtyard
  • Weather: Warm, breezy, kind of cold in the shade
  • Sounds: Sirens, a lot of vehicular traffic on the streets outside the hospital (on 23rd St NW and New Hampshire NW)