Annotated Bibliography 3&4: University Real Estate and History of GW Growth

Annotated Bibliography 3:

Arsenault, Jacques. “Universities’ Role In Real Estate Grows”. Greater Greater Washington, 25 July 2013,

  1. Arsenault proposes that the George Washington University and the Hospital improve upon the neighborhood and increase the real estate, as a result, the university wants to work in accordance with the surrounding area to improve upon the future of Foggy Bottom. As real estate is all about location, GWU increases the prices for the surrounding property and makes it a desireable place to live, work, shop, and eat. To quote Arsenault, “University officials noted in a recent email to faculty and staff that Water Reed “has the potential to be a campus for innovation that could combine our institutional strengths with private sector, non-profit and other institutional entities, all focused on developing ideas and solutions for next generation global problem-solving” (2013).
  2. The university hospital’s role is so very tied to the school that it is difficult to research and only find information about the hospital and not the school. The only direct research information found from the hospital are the medical studies that come from there. Therefore, I plan to apply it to look at how Foggy Bottom has grown over the years and improved or not improved the neighborhood.

Examples from Zillow:

Annotated Bibliography 4:

Lombardo, John. “Universal still not ready to discuss plans for GW. Washington Business Journal, 22 December 1997,

  1. Lombardo discusses the ongoing debate, at that time, over whether or not they will be updating the GWU Hospital, and proposes that GW’s reputation will have an effect on the surrounding areas as a reputable place in DC. Lombardo briefly discusses the Foggy Bottom area and the location of the hospital. Lombardo also accentuates the prestige of the doctors that will be working in the hospital. He quotes, “There are all new people running the hospital, and we’ve attracted some doctors back to the hospital,” James said, referring to a period before the Universal deal when doctors and other staff left GW Hospital, citing its deteriorating condition and uncertain future” (1997). As a result, Lombardo is trying to make a point that this new hospital will be a place of stability both for patients and for the doctors. It currently, in 2017, stands strong.
  2. This source could be used in tangent with the previous one, as it gives a little background into the history of the area and the hospital before the update. This source show me how the city was not supportive of GW Hospital’s growth and I can apply this to my further research of sources that were written right before and right after the construction of completed present day news, and sources that cite new developments today.

Commonplaces Lead to Diverse Discourse

David Fleming, author of City of Rhetoric, argues that, for the future to change the past mistakes of the built environment and public discourse, “we benefit, I believe, from occasionally denaturalizing what otherwise appears innocent to us, make the world more open to our reflections, criticisms, and proposals for a change” (184). To Fleming, this would be changing the “sociospatial dialectic” towards one that promotes healthier interactions between people by creating commonplaces in these communities (180). In the previous chapters, Fleming presented what groups of people and various communities relate to each other when they are living closely together and, contrastingly, when then are segregated, both which lead to issues in social discourse.

To change the “sociospatial dialectic” issues that Fleming outlined previously, he proposes that we must “[recognize] the negative effects of those phenomena,” (“those phenomena” implying “decentralization, fragmentation, and polarization” that plague the cities by finding more commonplaces) so that people can have a voice and that voice can be heard (184). Since, according to Fleming, “segregation impedes communication,” creating commonplaces will provide a desegregated space that allows for participation from all members of a community rather than a select few (191).

Although it is difficult to change the culture of the environment that people live in or influence the culture of the community, free and open communication remains key to improving the situation. As a result, these commonplaces work to focus on equality and freedom as long as these commonplaces and their coinciding commonplaces create opportunity for those living there (191).


Works Cited

Fleming, David. City of Rhetoric. Ithaca, US: SUNY Press, 2008. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 21 March 2017.

“Somebody stole my car radio and now I just sit in Silence”

“… Somebody stole/ my car radio/ And now I just sit in silence/ I ponder of something terrifying/ ‘Cause this time there’s no sound to hide behind/ I find over the course of our human existence/ One thing consists of consistence/ And it’s that we’re all battling fear.” – Twenty One Pilots, “Car Radio”

Unlike the previous Commonplace assignments that I have completed, the media for this one has changed, from literature to lyrics. The format of the lyrics can be paralleled to poetry. The rhyme is not consistent but the piece creates a rhythm that works well in the rap that Tyler Joseph performs, as seen in the video. But the rhymes that are included (like “existence”/ “consistence,” and “somebody stole”/ “my car radio”) contrast the final statement and make it especially noticeable, from the rhyme above to “we’re all battling fear.” As a result, the change seems to make the statement more profound.

On the content, Twenty One Pilots, made up of Tyler Joseph and Josh Dun, make a strong statement on fear that is contained in everyone, stating that fear is part of “our human existence.” They present the idea that music or the radio is a way that people hide from their fears by masking the silence where thought is provoked. Silence creates a space for thought and thinking is powerful and can be all consuming, as well as illuminating loneliness or estrangement from others. I find this song interesting in the way that the listener of the song may listen to fill the silence that they experience (like the silence that they are presenting in the lyrics) and I think there is irony in how the band is performing a song to present the idea and the fear behind silence.

But what the lyrics also present is that things can be discovered in the silence, as they sing “I ponder of something terrifying/ ‘Cause this time there’s no sound to hide behind/ … And it’s that we’re all battling fear.” Joseph also sings that everyone contains this fear, showing that it is part of the human condition. We, as humans, fear the quiet because it leads to too much thinking but can also lead to discovery.

The video itself, adding to the meaning of these specific lyrics, makes this fear tangible. The video itself is not clear, appearing to be cut and scratched at points. Along with Joseph’s acting, he is alone and restless/uncomfortable until he enters the crowd and they all jump and act together as one, showing the uniformity and the universal fear that is instilled in everyone.

Wise Words from Beckett

“Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try again. Fail again. Fail better.” -Samuel Beckett

Samuel Beckett tells us that failing is common and that everyone fails at some point. He implies that failing is not bad per say, it just means you start again. “Fail better” means that you have failed in a different way than before, ultimately (and hopefully) getting closer to what you want to achieve. This is an important statement because a lot of people think that once you fail, that is the end of that journey but what is important is that Beckett tells us we just begin again and continue working. He says that you will fail and “fail again” but that does not make the trying any less important. The way he presents this idea, proposes that instead of being inspirational it is factual.

The most significant thing about the simple structure is that is gets the point across and labels it as fact because it does not leave room for argument. By using the simple punctuation, he makes a statement, specifically on the fact that everyone at some point has tried and failed, and that is was life consists of. If he were to change the structure of the sentence the meaning would change. Applying different punctuation to the statement would have the reader questioning their actions. Keeping all the sentences as statements implies that all have tried and failed. Adding an exclamation point would propose that the statement is trying to inspire action, while in actuality is is making a claim.

Additionally, in terms of sentence structure, similar to the punctuation, if Beckett had used DC/ IC form, then the sentence would imply additional action. An example of this could be: “Have you ever tried or ever failed? When you fail, it is no matter, because you can try again! And once you fail again, you will have failed better.” Rather than Beckett telling us what we did, or how it happened, or how to react, he only gives us the basics and we must apply it on our own, which, ultimately, broadens the meaning.

Re-Presenting the George Washington University Hospital

I arrived at The George Washington University Hospital on a warm Saturday afternoon in February. The area is surrounded by busy streets and sidewalks that make the environment vibrant and in constant motion and right next door is the George Washington University Medical School. In 2009, according to Susan Kinzie, a reporter for the Washington Post, wrote that, “Not all the doctors who supervised [GWU Medical] students at another hospital had faculty appointments at GWU, so there was no guarantee they were reinforcing what students had learned in class. The committee noted pressure to see patients might affect the time doctors have for teaching and research.” In other words, the quality of scholarship and patient care was struggling at GWU. Therefore, one of the reasons that I propose why the hospital had to expand on its reputability, specifically through the website, is because of the struggling medical school that works in tandem with the hospital, as reported on by the Washington Post in 2009. Because of the report, I went to the website to explore the various features of the hospital. The website acts as a guide for the hospital to present both what it can offer a patient and their families and to promote the hospital’s prestige and professionalism, which has struggled in the past as the GWU Medical School was on probation for various reasons (Kinzie).

The intent the designer of the website had was to make it very accessible for the visitor and to provide all the needed information through various links that are located right on the front page. Therefore, the website acts as a guide for the hospital to present the sought out information and to promote the hospital in a manner that suggests professionalism.

The George Washington University Hospital website has two main audiences. The first is for the patients and their families. Not all patients will be adults or someone that can care for them self so it is especially important to make the site accessible to all those who will be helping in the care of the patient. Secondly, the website is also directed to potential new doctors, nurses, or others in the medical field, as it provides two links to “Careers” (GWU Hospital). The links not only emphasize the job opportunities to application links but puts a focus on the possibility of improving upon the medical field while working at the GW Hospital.

Regarding the focus on the patients, the hospital’s mission statement is found below the “Welcome” and below the alternating photos on the front page, which acts to present the prestige of the hospital. The website states:

When it comes to choosing a hospital, one thing is clear: quality counts. And a century-long tradition of providing medical care in a comfortable and convenient environment means peace of mind for the thousands of patients who are cared for by the doctors and nurses at the George Washington University Hospital each year (GWU Hospital).

The quote emphasizes the long time that the hospital has been running and how well the staff is at maintaining their high level of excellence. When people look for medical care, patients typically want the best available, so when the hospital provides the statement “Quality counts,” people are drawn to it. The mission statement is able to present to the patients that the hospital is professional and has been for many years, which works to contradict the Washington Post article regarding the struggle of professionalism within the neighboring school.

Furthermore, of the second focus of the website, that is not directly relevant to patients, is the link to “Careers” at the GW Hospital (GWU Hospital). There are two links for it directly on the front page. The purpose is to provide doctors with options for work, and to even promote to their present and future patients that the medical staff are “dedicated to service excellence” (GWU Hospital). Additionally under the link, is the promotion of equal and unbiased opportunities for work. The site states, “It is the policy of The George Washington University Hospital to provide equal employment opportunities to all employees, prospective and current, without regard to race, color, religion, sex, age, national origin, marital status, disability, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression or veteran status” (GWU Hospital). In other words, the hospital provides equal opportunities to all potential and current employees. Depending on a person’s status, race, gender, age, origin, etc, the statement proves supportive and accepting of them, which can be exceptionally important when looking for a job. As a result, the GW Hospital puts an effort forward to be and remain all inclusive.

Adding to the presentation of the quality of care within the hospital, the front page includes photos of doctors and patients interacting. In these photos, patients appear to be calm and collected when they are with the doctors and the doctors are presented in a way to look helpful by showing the patients information and appearing to talk with them (as seen to the right) (GWU Hospital). Other photos on the front page show the doctors at work. These pictures include links to research and services that doctors provide and specialize in (GWU Hospital). Another photo includes a family that was helped by the services at the GW hospital (GWU Hospital). Ultimately, these pictures of friendly faces are included to show the hospital to future patients, and to make the hospital seem both successful in its work and to appear welcoming.

Above the alternating photos, is a bar that consists of five links that work to direct the site’s visitors to the information that the visitors may be seeking and to provide general information to visitors. The links include resources like “Conditions and Services,” “Patients and Visitors,” “Events and Programs,” “Resources,” and an “About” page (GWU Hospital). The position of the links on the page then works to emphasize the resourcefulness of the website. The easier the website is to use, the less frustration the visitor or potential patient will feel. On the top right of the page, there is a way to contact the hospital with a non-emergency phone number, and also a link to “Find a Doctor” (GWU Hospital). Right next to that includes a directory for patients (for parking services, phone directory, maps, visitor services, and more) (GWU Hospital). As a result, these links work to make the hospital easily accessible to their potential patients and their families.

Next, under the “Conditions and Services” section, on the main page of the website, shows three links  (as seen to the right) specifically for services that the hospital can provide (GWU Hospital). The specific links are “Cardiac Surgery,” “The GW Comprehensive Breast Center” which “[offers] area women a wide range of preventive, diagnostic and treatment services for breast cancer,” and “Robotic Surgery at GW Hospital,” which includes “sophisticated” procedures (GWU Hospital). In each of the three links, there are brief summaries to each that show how the hospital has succeeded in providing those specific services or how the hospital’s doctors excel in providing them. And then finally, there is a “Learn More” extension under each of the three specific services (GWU Hospital). The Search bar for visitors to the site is included to bring them directly to the service or procedure that visitors are looking for. This makes it easy for potential patients to be able to find the specific services and to find doctors that will be best for them, while also promoting the advanced medical procedures available, which adds to the  presentation of prestige that the hospital works to present.

At the very bottom of the page, the website boasts several accolades and awards that the GW Hospital has won or has been accredited. These awards include ones for Cancer treatment, and hospital excellence awards (some specifically for the Kimberly Russo, the Chief Executive Officer of the hospital), and has accreditations for OB/Gyn, Organ Donation, and Patient Safety (GWU Hospital). These are only few of the many, many awards and accreditations for the GW Hospital that reiterate the quality care and professionalism of the hospital, contradicting the GWU Medical School reports on the Washington Post.

In summation, all of the information given on the website is accessible to all internet browsers. Each visitor is able to get most if not all of their information on the hospital on the website. And if some services are not found, then the contact list provides an additional way for the visitor to get information on the hospital and to ask questions. In short, the well organized website works very well to deliver information to the visitor or patient while also being able to promote and advertise the hospital (to both patients and future employees) that will help advocate for the reputation of the conjoining GWU Medical School. The internet reaches a broad audience that, I believe, will be swayed by the presentation of the GW Hospital.


Commonplace 6 (3/2/17)

“‘Why do we breathe air? Because we love air? Because we don’t want to suffocate. Why do do we eat? Because we don’t want to starve. How do I know I love her? Because I can sleep after I talk to her”(262).  -Maggie Stiefvater, The Raven King

The fragment implies that Love is as natural as breathing or eating and at the same time it is peaceful, as sleep usually is. “She” calms his mind. To most, sleeping can be a struggle, whether it is insomnia or just a general inability to quiet one’s mind. The way that she is able to do this reflects the importance of her presence and the non-ability of helping him. “Because I can sleep after I talk to her,” shows how individual and significant this love is -not just anyone can do this or be this person.

He proposed questions that seem ridiculous, in a sense, because no one continuously struggles with the answers, or questions why we breathe or why we eat. He proposes the idea that this love is natural and even comparable to the will to live and/or to survive, in regards to the relationship he creates between breathing and eating. He shows that it, that Love, is necessary to survival.

The sentence structure is very “I” centralized. This character is emphasizing what he can do. And with “we,” it makes the sentences universal, applying them to everyone -reader and all. “We” all “breathe,” and “love,” and “eat.”

The most important part of this fragment is that it is never implied if it is romantic or platonic love, love between friends or love between family or love between lovers. All love can be equally important and necessary to live, to survive, happily and  peacefully -complete.

Commonplace 5

Part 1: We often walk around without giving the things around us much thought. For instance, walking to class we ignore our campus and surroundings however we do talk to our friends and communicate with acquaintances. In the same way, people walking to work don’t hyper focus in on their environment despite the dangers that it may entail. As a result, by ignoring what is in front of us, walking around oblivious to our surroundings slows our reactions to threats. Therefore, making it unsafe to walk alone, especially as a female. As this essay will discuss that danger, although many scholars of psychology have addressed the idea that this obliviousness comes from the obsession with technology and with some personal intent to remain ignorant to surroundings and others during this time, these ideas have rarely been discussed in a way that would introduce a way for all people to pay attention to their surroundings for the benefit of those who may be injured or become a victim, working to not to be a bystander in a time of danger.

Part 2: The American University website is not only aimed at future students but at their parents as well. Therefore, the site must work to attract both parents and students because, of course, the majority of parents are going to offer an opinion on the success of the school and their students. The front page of the website shows pictures of campus and videos of the students to make the school appear to be welcoming and friendly. Consequently, the pictures show campus as both academic and fun- with the appearance of students studying and hanging with friends. Below the photos and videos, “Discover Your Future with AU” notifies the audience of their potential if they attended the school. The pie chart shows successes and opportunities available to students. Thus, this section allows people to choose and compare majors and degrees and their past successes with students. Much of the website shows additional links under more pictures to draw the focus. Furthermore, these links expand of different topics that show the diversity of school and provides links to connect with the school in additional ways like Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram. In short, the website is designed to be appealing to students and parents alike and to provide useful insight into what the university has to offer them.

Part 3: “The sun came up a baleful smear in the sky, not quite shapeless, in fact able to assume the appearance of a device immediately recognizable yet unnameable, so widely familiar that the inability to name it passed from simple frustration to a felt dread, whose intricacy deepened almost moment to moment . . . its name a word of power, not to be spoken aloud, not even to be remembered in silence.”

  • The sentence has both a subject and a verb, the rest is for the description of the sun and what the sun is doing and how the sun is doing it.
  • “The sun came up” could be an entire sentence alone but the added description of the action shows more details and a greater picture of the sun coming up, which ultimately improves the sentence.