The Afterword

The final chapter in David Fleming’s City of Rhetoric, is entitled “The Afterword”. In this chapter, Fleming puts together his last few thoughts by explaining that although public and low-income housing has lost importance in the public sphere as of late, he still believes it to be a major topic of concern. Throughout Fleming’s book, he discusses many ways in which we have inaccurately come up with solutions to the problems which come along with common areas and low-income housing, such as decentralization, fragmentation, sand polarization. However, he doesn’t want the reader to leave with a sense of defeat. Fleming believes that although the separation of the classes in America may contribute to the lack of discussion around cohabitation of space, the youth of today keep him hopeful. That being said, issues such as urban poverty, suburban sprawl, residential racial segregation, and geographically based income inequality need to again be brought to the forefront of public conversation. Fleming also wants to reiterate in this chapter, that he does not want these public conversations to be centered around only America, but rather around the whole world. He believes that its very important to consider America’s relationship with the rest of the world. Social and economic inequality is an issue which people face all over the world, and the “solutions” which are being suggested remain “individualistic and private” (212). In other words, the solutions are often said to lie in the involvement of private enterprises and companies rather than the public as a whole, or even the government. Yet, as seen in places such as the North Town Village in Chicago, these projects rarely change anything, “metropolitan inequality in Chicago, and elsewhere in the United States, persists and even grows” (213). David Fleming’s hope with this book is to start a dialog around these issues, which will hopefully raise awareness as well as generate ideas to begin to solve these issues.

Fleming, David. City of Rhetoric: Revitalizing the Public Sphere in Metropolitan America. Albany, NY, SUNY Press, 2009.


The New Urbanism

In David Fleming’s City of Rhetoric, there is a specific chapter entitled “The New Urbanism”. In “The New Urbanism”, Fleming discusses the ways in which urban areas are changing, and by doing so he also argues that these changes are not all positive. To illustrate his point, Fleming begins the chapter around the specific example of North Town Village, which is a “private real estate development… on North Halsted Street in Chicago” (121). This development was set to cost around $70 million, and contain over 200 housing units. However, what was interesting about this construction project was not the magnitude of it, but rather the location and desired clientele. North Town Village was built right next to an area which contained a significant amount of public housing. The contrast between the income levels of those individuals coming into the community and of those already living in there was substantial. Although not everyone coming in was of substantially higher income, prior to the North Town Village, there had been little differences in income at all. North Town Village is a perfect example of the mixed-income urban townhouse community, which has become increasing popular in recent years. Fleming goes on to explain that these areas of mixed income individuals may not actually be bad in idea, however they tend to be bad in practice. To him, this idea of creating a commonplace for people of different backgrounds, races, genders, religions, incomes, etc. to get together and share their ideas is great. In fact, he encourages it. But what he believes to happen more often than not, is even in these situations like North Town Village, where lots of different people are in a shared space, these people still do not mingle and learn from each other. Instead, they find others like themselves within the community, and only spend time with them. To Fleming, social progress is not possible of only like-minded people assimilate amongst themselves. He ends the chapter by explaining that it is possible to from truly inclusive commonplaces, we just have ot figure out the best way to do so.

Fleming, David. City of Rhetoric: Revitalizing the Public Sphere in Metropolitan America. Albany, NY,          SUNY Press, 2009.


Hi and welcome to my Edspace for WRTG 101 Spring 2017! Here you will find a collection of posts designed to not only deepen the understanding of proper writing techniques, but also learn about and submerge myself with the built environments around me. As part of the requirements for this class, each student picks a specific location in DC to “study” the entire semester. My location is the George Washington University Hospital, located in the Foggy Bottom Neighborhood of DC (map here). Although many of the posts relate to my specific built environment, not every post does. These posts are broken up into the following categories: the Commonplace BookReading AnalysisAnnotated BibliographiesProject: Rhetorical Analysis of TextProject: Mapping Commonplaces, and Digital Archives. Each of the links belows leads you to a page containing all the links for the corresponding posts. Thanks for stopping, and enjoy!

Commonplace Book

Reading Analysis

Annotated Bibliography

Project: Rhetorical Analysis of Text

Project: Mapping Commonplaces

Digital Archives