Monthly Archives: February 2017

Annotated Bibliography

“About George Washington University Hospital.” The George Washington University Hospital, 11 Mar. 2016,


This is a short article posted on the George Washington University Hospital’s own webpage, in order to provide a brief bio on the building. The article begins by explaining the technological advances the hospital has to offer, as well as the elite clientele which they serve. The remaining paragraphs are broken down into subcategories including Clinical Expertise, Hospital Management, Mission, Vision, and Accreditation. The purpose of this webpage being to quickly yet effectively inform any possible patients or friends/family of patients that GWU (George Washington University) Hospital is not only very capable of successfully caring for their patients, but also goes above and beyond expectations in terms of technology and facility.


I plan to use this article as more of a foundation than anything else. In order to successful write about any person or object, one of the most important pieces of information one can gather is that places/individual’s own account of their background. The way this webpage is set up, the fact that the webpage exists at all, and what is contained on the page, all tell specific information about GWU Hospital. For example, the fact that GWU feels that it is necessary to have this information on their website shows that they are catering to a demographic that clearly does research into the care of their friends/family, and that their clientele clearly expect a very high level of health care. Although there isn’t much actual information on this page, it does help build a picture surrounding GWU Hospital.


“The George Washington University Hospital WASHINGTON, DC.” HCD Magazine, 31 Aug. 2005,


This is another short article about GWU Hospital, however this one is much more concerned with the building’s $96 million renovation which it received in 2002. The original hospital, according to this article, was built in 1948 and was the most technologically modern hospital of its age in DC. GWU Hospital is trying to continue with that level of technological expertise today, by rebuilding the 458,278 sqft 371-bed hospital. As GWU’s own website does, this article highlights the importance of the clientele which GWU Hospital serves, including the president and members of congress. Unlike the first article, however, this website explores the relationship between the hospital’s architecture and the surrounding neighborhood. It’s clear that the designers of the updated GWU Hospital put considerable effort into making sure the redesign matched aesthetically with the surrounding part of DC.


Although there are a few stats provided by this article that may prove to be helpful later on, the main use for this piece will be more about the importance of the build world and its interaction with people who live/ work around it. Its interesting to me that this article makes it sound like the hospital was built to match the surrounding area, yet I always thought that the surrounding area was build up to match the hospital. Clearly there’s a lot about DC, and this area in particular, that I am unaware of- even though I did grow up relatively close by. This article helped highlight something I was very unaware of, and provides good insight to an aspect that definitely requires greater research.

Neighborhood Pano

The final exterior picture is actually not one of the hospital at all (though you can see the emergency entrance in the right corner). Instead, this is a panorama of the opposite side of the street. I feel that it’s important to understand the neighborhood around GW Hospital as well (plus it’s been referenced in all other exterior digital archive pictures). Although you can’t see a ton of surrounding buildings in this picture, you can get an understanding of the surrounding area. There seems to be a decent amount of recent construction, with a “now leasing sign” on the side of the new apartment complex. The glass building directly across the street also appears to be pretty new, which says something about the area. Although not obvious in the picture. Both these buildings serve purposes for George Washington University (housing and food/ shopping/ offices). GW definitely has a strong presence in this area of DC, though it would appear that they are not trying to change the overall feeling of the landscape by any drastic means.

Annabel Lee’s Valentines Day

It was many and many a year ago,
   In a kingdom by the sea,
That a maiden there lived whom you may know
   By the name of Annabel Lee;
And this maiden she lived with no other thought
   Than to love and be loved by me.
Annabel Lee, by Edgar Allen Poe
In the spirit of Valentine’s day, I thought that a quote from a love poem would work well for this week’s Commonplace Assignment. Although Edgar Allen Poe may not be known as the happiest of writers, his work (and especially this poem) is considered to be quite beautifully written. Those who are familiar with the entirety of Annabel Lee know that this is a rather dark and complex poem, however the first stanza (quoted above) is very sweet and endearing. Here, Poe is talking about a girl who has “no other thought than to love and be loved” by the narrator. What I enjoy about this poem, and especially this stanza, is how it evokes a feeling of nostalgia for the reader. This is done by not only using time (“many and many a year ago”) but also referencing “a kingdom by the sea”. This reference to an unspecified location is often used in writing to bring up feelings of mystery and imagination. References to the sea in particular can be tied closely to elements of death, loneliness, and isolation- however, the sea can also represent possibility and uncertainty. This first stanza does not lead to the reader to directly associate death with the writing, however elements of mystery, possibility, and uncertainty are all more blatantly present. What’s also cool about this stanza, is that Poe is able to hint at a storyline with significant depth and possible darkness, without using any direct cues. So although this poem may not be the happiest in its entirety, the writing style of this first stanza definitely deserves recognition.

The Geography Behind Politics

The Geography Behind Politics

        David Fleming’s second chapter of his City of Rhetoric, entitled “The Placelessness of Political Theory”, attempts to address the what exactly defines one political boundaries. When defining the geography of politics and political theory, the first aspect to take into consideration would be the citizens themselves. Do politics and the laws/programs associated with it pertain only to a certain type of person, i.e. black, Christian, female, etcetera? David Fleming would say that is rarely the case, and rather politics is organized around certain geographical regions and shared common values. Rather than requiring all people under certain politics to share a certain skin color or religion, we typically ask that they instead share similar political views, such as agreeing to uphold a country’s Constitution. By doing this, we hope to create an “equal playing field” of sorts, that everyone can go into regardless of religion, race, class, gender, age, or sexual orientation. However, Fleming argues that those differences are actually an important and somewhat essential part of our society. In his own words, “democracy is thus inevitably about drawing boundaries around a group of humans who are equal to one another but superior, at least in certain respects, to outsiders” (22). Fleming goes on to talk about the two main types of political thought, republicanism and liberalism. Both centered around the “claim to be democratic and to support self-governing communities constituted by their members’ freedom and equality” (27), yet approaching this goal in fundamentally different ways. Liberalism is much more centered around the individual, while republicanism is dependent on everyone acting as a whole, at least according to Fleming. He closes this chapter discussing what he refers to as “commonplaces”, areas that link us to one another yet also allow us to be unique individuals. Fleming believes that these areas are essential for any sort of prosperous political system, and can be achieved.

Works Cited

Fleming, David. City of Rhetoric: Revitalizing the Public Sphere in Metropolitan America. Albany, NY: SUNY, 2009. Print.


The Lack of Academia Concerning Segregation Through Architecture

The Lack of Academia Concerning Segregation Through Architecture

            In “Part One” of Sarah Schindler’s Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment she establishes a fundamental understanding of the negative effect which infrastructure has on social inequality and socioeconomic segregation. Additionally, Schindler explains that the current understanding surrounding infrastructure’s effect on segregation is very elementary. Professor Schindler makes repeated reference to external texts which brush upon the topic of architectural exclusion, but fail to thoroughly examine the topic as she feels necessary. For Professor Schindler, the built environment is a fundamental aspect of minority/ lower-class suppression- a suppression which has existed for decades. Schindler is not the first scholar to address the idea of architecture’s effect on segregation, and she acknowledges this fact herself. However, she is one of the first to pursue it in such detail. One element discouraging in-depth analysis of this subject is the very definition of “regulation” in respect to architecture, since “the built environment does not fit within the definition of ‘regulation’ as legal scholars traditionally employ the term”. Yet many do acknowledge that a city’s infrastructure does have an effect upon social inequality, exclusion, and isolation, but not in as great of detail as the topic truly deserves. In “Part 1, Section B” Schindler continues to explain that “while these authors offer compelling explorations of spatial organization’s ability to exclude and culturally marginalize, their critiques have not yet penetrated the mainstream of land-use or civil-rights law”. Regulation by architecture is more difficult to identify and quantify than outright-legal bylaws, which helps contribute to the lack of in-depth analysis surrounding the topic. Although Schindler does mention various small examples of architectural exclusion in “Part One” of her study, the main focus is more to establish the groundwork for the upcoming material, and the lack of preexisting analysis.

Works Cited

Snapshot. Accessed 25 Feb. 2017.

Nashville’s Hidden Wisdom

“Will I forget your name as the years go by

When memories fade as memories do


I may regret forever, what I know I had to lose

But that don’t mean I won’t be missing you”

-Burn to Dark ft. Chris Carmack via Nashville

In a recent episode of ABC’s drama Nashville, one of the main characters sang a break-up song containing the lyrics quoted above. The TV show, which is centered around the country music industry (hence the original title Nashville), follows a number of country stars and their careers/ personal struggles. Although not the most profound of television series, it is definitely good for an hour or so of mindless drama accompanied by good music. Enter these lyrics. Given the shows lack of educational depth, I was pleasantly surprised by these song lyrics- particularly the line “I may regret forever, what I know I had to lose”. This is a rather complex line, which took me a second to understand. I also like how the singer seems to almost be talking to themselves, and asking then answering their own question. In the first line of the quoted lyrics, the singer asks if he will forget his ex as time passes. Then, in the very next line, mentions regretting his loose forever. Since it’s impossible to forget something and regret it at the same time, I interpret these lyrics to represent an internal struggle the singer is having dealing with his loss. As anyone who has gone through a breakup knows, it can be a dark and confusing time, which I think the song does a good job of encompassing.

Tom Ford Does it Again


The above picture is a poster for the recently released mation motion picture, Nocturnal Animals starring Jake Gyllenhaal and Amy Adams, directed by Tom Ford. I include the director for a specific reason- those who know his work with film, know that Tom Ford has previously directed only one movie, entitled “A Single Man”. This previous film was nominated for not only an Oscar and Golden Globe, but also won numerous awards including a BAFTA, GLAAD and AFI (not to mention countless others). This content is important to consider when examining Ford’s second movie. And although we are not analyzing the actual Nocturnal Animals movie here, that context does help “set the scene” for understanding the complexity of this poster. Ford is known for his intensity and extreme dramatization of human emotions, which I believe is beautifully exhibited in the poster for Nocturnal Animals. When examining the exact words on the poster, the first line of text mentions “TOM FORD” twice, which again makes sense given his history and helps provide context for this new movie. Under Tom Ford are the actors names, followed by the title of the movie in red, distressed text, then the line “when you love someone, you can’t just throw it away”. Clearly the actors names help establish credibility, but the title and quote are fairly more complex. Knowing the storyline of the movie, both from seeing ads for the movie and actually watching the film, the text and quote make sense. However, for someone who is completely new to the film, these two elements help establish a very dark yet revealing premise of the film. It becomes quite evident that this movie is about a strained or ruined relationship (quote, as well as distressed lettering), while also suggesting a violent or vengeful outcome (red text). The actual name of the movie is also quite interesting. Nocturnal animals are (obviously) animals that are active at night, which brings to mind ideas of darkness, predator/ prey scenarios, and possibly general discomfort. What’s so great about this poster is how well the actual picture compliments and encompasses these ideas so well. The viewer of the poster sees a beautiful woman’s face (Amy Adams) well groomed with makeup, over the faded image of a more rugged-looking man (Jake Gyllenhaal). The color scheme of these two characters as also very dark, with reds and blacks dominating. The woman looks very “distant” or like she’s lost in unhappy contemplation, which the male figure also exhibits (he is looking down while walking). Knowing nothing about the plot at all, someone could easily guess that there are two are ex-lovers and the woman is lost in memories/ regrets, while the man is equally unhappy but is driven to action rather than just contemplation (which, in short, is exactly what the movie is about).