Annotated bibliography 7 and 8:
Parson, Don. “The Decline of Public Housing and the Politics of the Red Scare: The Significance of the Los Angeles Public Housing War.” Journal of Urban History, 33, 3, Mar.2007: 400-417. EBSCOhost. proxyau.wrlc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24276786&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Don Parson argues that 1950’s public housing decline was linked directly to the role of the Red Scare. This is shown through the Los Angeles pubic housing war, although, however, there was public housing in major cities all over the country at this time. Public housing int he United States in general peaked during the 1950’s and then suddenly decreased. Parson explains how the Red Scare tactic was used to diminish a huge public housing unit, and take out the mayoral regime which was pro-public housing at the time.
Although this article is based in Los Angeles, it still supports my argument because it is about public housing and more importantly that not everyone agrees with it. This article shows the power of the federal government.
Husock, Howard. “Moving out of Public Housing.” Public Interest, no. 150, Winter2003, p. 89. EBSCOhost, proxyau.wrlc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a2h&AN=9689235&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Howard Husock discusses the goals of public housing, how it was once a great success, and then what went wrong. Husock says that as more Americans were moving to the suburbs, public housing became the worst housing in America because crime and drug rates had risen tremendously due to the dominant low-income single parent families that were occupying the space (90). He then goes on to say how much money and time the federal government but into fixing public housing in order to re establish the American dream. The government had spent $4.5 billion on renovations and Husock believes it is necessary to demolish all public housing.
This article is very useful because it tells me exactly what was wrong with pubic housing from the beginning and why, in Husock’s eyes, this establishment was never going to work.
Reading Analysis 5:
In the last chapter of the book City of Rhetoric, author David Fleming wraps up his final words by explaining what his overall point of this book is; to consider and better understand our metropolitan lives together as well as our civic responsibilities. He mentions1990’s urban poverty and how it was lower because those years had an especially good economy as well as a liberal federal government and compares it to the first couple of years in the 2000’s. Rising unemployment rate, fewer individuals with health insurance, high rates of poverty, inadequate housing, and a harsh national government.
Housing projects were supposed to be way stations on the road to a better life, but they quickly became dead ends for most residents. Robert Taylor Homes was America’s largest public-housing project and evolved into an emblem of failure. (Chicago Tribune photo by Ovie Carter)
Our society isn’t perfect, but then again no one’s is. Fleming mentions how we lack public life and concrete places meaning there are some grey areas where citizens still feel separated and there is no middle ground. The ever changing political activity in our society is why there is an “impoverished, ‘middle-range'” (212) of public activity. There are connections that still need to be made whether it’s between a neighborhood and society, a city and the country.
Capitol Building, Washington D.C.
(photo from house logic.com)
The solutions to these problems remain “individualistic and private” (212). Basically, the government is telling you you’re on your own. There are no publics that will help the people, so therefore there needs to be more private enterprise.
And in the end, all the public housing projects in Chicago were eventually torn down or failed. Areas like this remain racially and economically segregated, but not only in Chicago. All over the United States this problem remains constant and keeps growing because more suburbs keep developing. However David Fleming remains optimistic on this issue and the future because he understands that design counteracts economics and politics, hopes that people will understand we need to save our natural environment, and he is a teacher and feels obligated to be hopeful for his students.
Photo of writer David Fleming (photo from theleaneconomyconnection.net)
Fleming, David. “City of Rhetoric” SUNY Press. 2009.