In his book, Republic.com 2.0, Cass Sunstein makes the argument that instead of uniting the people; social media is only dividing us apart. Social media is a place where every individual has the liberty to express their beliefs and thoughts without any repercussions. According to Sunstein, this is not a positive thing. There will always be a group on social media that band together because they all have the same beliefs, especially in a political setting. It is hard to understand opposite sides of the spectrum when one is only exposed to the people that they identify the most with, which means that someone who is not open to democracy will end up never becoming open to democracy and therefore biased to their own perspectives. Also, social media is a platform for many extreme groups such as terrorism. This platform is used to recruit members as well as exploit social media.
The National Democratic Institute would refute Sunstein’s argument and instead say that technology and the use of social networks is imperative because it helps to start movements and show the government that the people can be just as involved in decision making as someone who works within the government. Owning social media helps with advocating social issues and raising awareness about events.
“A person’s duty is to achieve success through hard work and thrift, such success being a sign that one is saved.” -Max Weber
According to Weber, “protestant ethic” is the view that an individual must work hard and put a lot of effort into what they are doing in order to be ‘saved’. Weber argued that Calvinism encouraged a different outlook on how to be a great worker than what was known to those people in the past. In fact, he says that Calvinists believe that there were only a certain amount of spots in Heaven, and that they must do everything in their power to “reserve” those spots. This comes to my earlier definition of the protestant ethic: these people were always on the lookout for different signs that show that they have been saved, or assured that they will have a space in heaven. I find this to be very interesting because while they were too busy looking for signs, they didn’t realize that they were constantly contributing to their society and community.
Weber also argues that the act of being around your community and working hard for what you achieve contributes to the beginning of capitalism. Although this is true, that is not the only reason that working hard for your community can give back. This also is very important for creating a culture of innovation. If I am using Steve Jobs as an example, his inventions and ideas not only helped the rest of the community, but it also helped all of the others who had around the same ideas as him to become great at what they do. I think that when Weber argues that being great at what you do he takes into consideration the amount that it can help the overall community. When Jobs came out with the first Apple product years ago, he made an impact on the entire world. Apple is now the largest company worldwide to have ever put out so many electronics and have been successful in doing so.
“Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations.” -Steve Jobs
One of the qualities that were imperative to his success in the Apple Company is his need for perfection. As a perfectionist, Jobs immediately turned to his staff to be the best that they can be. If he did not like a product or an idea, he would shut it down completely and make his team start over. Another one of his quality is his ego. Although this may seem like a bad quality to have, it was very important in Jobs’ case to show who’s boss. When he was making decisions, he was always right. Even when he did such as turning down an offer from a company such as Adobe, he always came up with a better idea. It turned out that in the end, he didn’t even need any of their products, because he made his own! (I.e. iTunes, iMovie, iPhoto etc…). The third quality that was important for his success is his motivation. Ever since he’s been working with his father in mechanics, he was always motivated to be the best (whether it’s proving his dad wrong or making new technological advancements).
His environment was also a big factor in his success. First, the fact that he was adopted did change a lot of things in his life. Jobs has said that finding out he was adopted made him feel different than the others around him. He felt like he had to prove himself to others. Jobs also didn’t make friends easily, which was another factor. The people that he did make friends with stuck with him throughout his whole production of Apple Company since they were all computer and technology people. The third factor was his economic stance. His parents had to work very hard for their living and when he went off to college, he started to feel bad for wasting his parents’ money, since he didn’t want to take the class anyway. Long story short, Steve Jobs was a troublemaker who turned his life around to become a billionaire.
“Across the United States, you can hear calls for us to revitalize our national competitiveness. But wait—who is “us”? Is it IBM, Motorola, Whirlpool, and General Motors? Or is it Sony, Thomson, Philips, and Honda?” – Robert Reich
Robert Reich makes a valid argument in his article, “Who is Us?”. Reich argues that although it is very important for a cooperation to be established, it is just as important to open our borders to the people who’d like to work as a part of this cooperation. For example, there are millions of investors around the world that are willing to make American companies so much better, but there are places that still won’t accept them based solely on the fact that they are not “waving the American flag.” It is important to understand that an American cooperation is never fully an American cooperation. With all of the great minds and people overseas, every product that is made in the United States has some influence (if not A LOT of influence) from another country. For example, it is incredible the amount of pieces in the iPhone that are produced by companies abroad. In fact, the entire design of the iPhone 7 was designed in Israel.
Reich would definitely not agree with Trump’s assertion that Apple should manufacture the iPhone and other devices here in the United States. Reich would argue that Trump doesn’t understand that pretty much the majority of the iPhone is manufactured somewhere in Japan, or China, and being taken over by companies on a global scale. It is not realistic to tell Apple that they can only produce their products from the United States because in that case, it won’t be half as good as a product created with the help of companies worldwide. The pieces, design, and overall environment of the phone would be nothing like it is now.
“Shall Property owned by the University System of Georgia and utilized by providers of college and university student housing and other facilities continue to be exempt from taxation to keep costs affordable?”
At first glance, this quote seems pretty straightforward and reasonable. When I first read it, I thought it meant that any piece of property that is owned by the University of Georgia that is used by students and faculty should be public property and people should not have to pay for it. But if you break it down into ‘Jane Eats Cake’ format, you will learn that the group that wrote this quote is actually just telling you what you want to hear. Breaking the quote further showed me that what these people are actually saying is that in the end, the people will have to pay for these facilities anyway. It is also very vague. Nowhere in the quote does it say who is paying for these facilities to begin with. It also does not explain the importance of the property by the University of Georgia. Don’t the parents of the students have to pay for housing anyway? What difference does it make if the costs are the same? Overall, this quote looks good if you read through it quickly. It is very clever that they put it on the ballot because when you read through it only once in a voting booth it is simple to just think “Yes, this makes sense.” Breaking down the quote is not something that many people are capable of doing.
“Education is an important tool that is applied in the contemporary world to succeed, as it mitigates the challenges which are faced in life. The knowledge gained through education enables individuals’ potential to be optimally utilized owing to training of the human mind. This opens doors of opportunities enables individual to achieve better prospects in career growth.”
This is the opening introduction of an essay of education, and why it is so important in the modern world. This introduction does, in fact, follow Graff’s forms. Graff explains that in every introduction, there is a part that explains what the author thinks about the certain topic, and what the rest of the world may believe about the topic. This introduction expresses that some may think that education is a topic that should be taken for granted, while the author believes that it is one of the most important aspects of the modern world.
“A society which is uneducated cannot think on rational lines. In the medieval period, long before the renaissance, people often fought mindless wars that resulted in bloodshed, as they were illiterate and ignorant. Importance of education in modern times cannot be understated as it forms an integral part of our lives in following ways:”
This second introduction is similar but also different in many ways. It is similar because both introductions talk about education and the importance of it, but this introduction does not really follow Graff’s form. It describes how life was in the past, and how much it has changed for future generations.