Here are some of the sources I have used to delve into the history and people of Shaw. In this bibliography you will find a review of the sources, along with a summary and its credibility.

Meyer, Eugene L. “Washington’s Shaw Neighborhood Is Remade for Young Urbanites.” identwww.nytimes.com. The New York Times, 1 Dec. 2015. Web. 3 Oct. 2016.

  • This news article highlights DC’s Shaw Neighborhood’s history, as well as the gentrification that has taken place over the past ten years. In contrast to it’s residents before, today the neighborhood is home to many white millennials working in DC. The article shows what the neighborhood has to show. The Shaw neighborhood offers stylish, modern place to live with all the benefits of living downtown, such as the easy metro accessibility and many sightseeing locations nearby. The article not only gives insight on what the residents have, but what local businesses have as well. Many new and trendy businesses, from restaurants to clothing stores, have begun to locate to the Shaw neighborhood. Many condominium companies have began to invest in the area as well.
  • The author gives a wide oversight of the many people you would find in the Shaw neighborhood on a day to day basis. Providing data from recent years and comparing it to that from the past really shows how much the area has changed. The author provides data in resident’s family size, income, and level of education. By providing direct quotes from both tenants and sellers, the reader is able to get a feel for the neighborhood, both past and present.

Sheir, Rebecca. “Shaw’s Roots: From ‘Heart Of Chocolate City’ To ‘Little United Nations'” indentWAMU 88.5. N.p., 4 May 2011. Web. 03 Oct. 2016.

  • This article places a large focus on the great history of the Shaw neighborhood. Historically a black neighborhood, the community has always embraced their African-American culture. With proximity to the African American Civil War Memorial, the people of the Shaw neighborhood are no stranger to their rich history. With the recent gentrification of the neighborhood, the fear is that long time residents will have moved out and the great history of the neighborhood and what it stands for will have fallen short to young millennials. The author of the article gives both sides of the argument, both fighting for the new and old residents. Sheir also shows how good gentrification has been for the local economy of the neighborhood, and how it has lowered crime rates and unemployment. By giving both sides of the argument, Shier not only talks about the struggles of gentrification in specifically the Shaw neighborhood, but all gentrified neighborhoods in America.

“The Truth Behind the Washington DC Northwest Ghetto.” TheRealStreetz.com, 11 Mar. 2016, http://www.therealstreetz.com/2016/03/11/story-washington-dc-northwest/.

  • This article includes a collection of personal accounts from longtime residents of the Shaw neighborhood. Residents reflect back on what was once a primarily black community, one of the most notorious in Northwest DC. The article focuses on the shift in atmosphere immediately following the assassination of Martin L. King Jr, and the affect it has on residents. The result was an increase in crime and an overall more dangerous neighborhood. The decline of the 1960’s did not last long, however, as now homes in these neighborhoods are worth millions of dollars. As nice as this may seem, the natives note that this has resulted in a majority of long time citizens unable to afford rent in their homes they lived in all their life, an issue they refuse to be silent on.
  • It is worth noting that this source includes a disclaimer at the end of the article, saying “All information is provided through people of the community, outside sources, and research.  Some information might not be current and/or 100% accurate.” This is most likely due to the author relying on personal accounts only, as some statements may be skewed by personal bias and misrepresented history.

Stein, Perry. “‘I Decided I Had to Sell It’: Sale of Ethiopian-Owned Buildings Leaves a Void in D.C.” Washington Post, 4 Oct. 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/i-decided-i-had-to-sell-it-sale-of-ethiopian-owned-buildings-leaves-a-void-in-dc/2016/10/03/1e5001e2-896e-11e6-875e-2c1bfe943b66_story.html.

  • This article from the Washington Post focuses on a small enclave in Shaw, “little Ethiopia”. Shaw has been known for its major Ethiopian population, along with a handful of Ethiopian restaurants. Recently, due to to gentrification, many restaurant owners have resorted to selling their restaurant, and moving out. They just cannot compete with the ever increasing rent in the Shaw neighborhood. With the Ethiopian population being so influential to DC’s rich history, especially in the case of Shaw. Shaw is not just slowly moving away from an Ethiopian population, but an African-American population as a whole.
  • The article gives an insight view from not just a local of Shaw, but a member of the Ethiopian community and how they feel. Their personal account gives an outsider insight on what the real effects of gentrification, such as how it affects, families, homes, and livelihoods.

Stein, Perry. “‘North End of Shaw’: Will It Stick like NoMa or Flop like ‘SoMo’?” Washington Post, 16 Sept. 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/north-end-of-shaw-will-it-stick-like-noma-or-flop-like-somo/2016/09/16/d91c488e-7b93-11e6-ac8e-cf8e0dd91dc7_story.html.

  • This piece highlights the importance of a name of a neighborhood. Shaw may have always been known as Shaw, but within the community, different groups recognizer certain areas by different names. Typically these names happen naturally, but recently real estate personnel have been using names to market the neighborhood to new potential residents.
  • The article presents two very different sides of the story, and the importance of names to both sides. One side, views change as good and almost marketable, but say whether the name sticks or not depends on the people within. The other side, the long time residents, say it is unnecessary and another form of gentrification. Ultimately it is up to who’s voice is louder.

Whiteside, Shannon. “Where We Live: Shaw.” We Love DC, indentindenthttp://www.welovedc.com/2009/08/28/where-we-live-shaw/. Accessed 22 Nov. 2016.

  • This blogpost is directly from a resident of the Shaw neighborhood. The personal account gives insight to a typical day of an everyday resident. While this does not represent everyone, and is not an accurate view of everyone’s lives, it gives a good idea of how people function in their day to day life in Shaw.
  • The perspective comes from an educated, young professional, who grew up within the Greater DC area all of her life. Whiteside has lived in Shaw for five years, only experiencing the new gentrificated Shaw. While she may not have the knowledge of a long time resident, but the blogpost reveals personal information that someone walking through the neighborhood would not be able to recognize, whether they are a visitor or a local.

Kwak, Chaney. “The Washington, D.C. Neighborhood You Need to Know About.” CNT, identidentindhttp://www.cntraveler.com/stories/2014-12-19/washington-dc-shaw-u-street-corridor-neindentideniniighborhood-guide. Accessed 1 Dec. 2016.

  • This article differs from the previous, as it focuses more on the many attractions of Shaw, rather than the people. The article is more geared toward tourists, or those visiting DC who would not think to visit Shaw at first. It is separated into three different aspects of tourism life, where to eat, shop, and drink. Most of the establishments mentioned are very new, and considered “trendy” by DC locals. It does not include any establishments that have been there pre 1960’s, or even pree 1990’s, for that matter.
  • It is worth noting that the author of this article is from San Francisco, and visited Shaw on a trip to DC. It is only based off one trip, from a tourist. The article is more geared towards tourists in the first place. While the attractions may appeal more to tourists, they may not encase the ideals that long time residents believe in, or recognize as their own.

Ramanathan, Lavanya, and Jonathan O’Connell. “Money Problems and No-Name Acts: The Howard Theatre Is Struggling. Again.” The Washington Post, 3 Apr. 2016. washingtonpost.com, https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/money-problems-and-no-name-acts-the-howard-theatre-is-struggling-again/2016/04/03/da0e2122-cb71-11e5-ae11-57b6aeab993f_story.html?utm_term=.18a6b8c36c42.

  • This article does not focus on Shaw as a whole, but rather a crucial piece of it’s history, Howard Theater. What was once a thriving, busy theater, is not dismal in comparison to similar locations in the suburbs of Maryland, or even its competitors within DC itself. Longtime employers and show-goers were interviewed for their own feelings on the issue, and how it is affecting the neighborhood as a whole. They all seem to agree on the same issue; Shaw is no longer defined by the theater. This is another example of how Shaw is changing, even against it’s history and the resident’s values.
  • Because this article is made up of interviewees’ comments, it is important to remember that it is heavily based off opinions rather than facts. Comments may have been influenced by the interviewees’ experiences, but that is not to say that it is not important to include their perspective in a collection of Shaw residents.

Hoffer, Audrey. “Five Places to Go in D.C.’s North Shaw Area.” The New York Times, 7 Sept. 2016. NYTimes.com, http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/11/travel/five-places-to-go-in-washington-dc.html.

  • This is yet another article that appeals more towards a tourist rather than a DC native, especially one from Shaw. However, this article chose to focus more on the “artsy” appeal of the neighborhood rather than the activities or the dining. It goes into detail of the many murals that line the walls and building of the neighborhoods, and how it has transformed from street graffiti to meaningful art.
  • Much of this article is biased towards a young professional’s point of view, rather than a native. The clothing shops the author mentions are fairly new, as in they opened up within the past year or two. It also calls the neighborhood “North Shaw”, which, as mentioned in another source, is a fairly new name that was marketed towards these young professionals rather than natives. It is published by the New York times, rather than a local DC newspaper such as the Post.

“Events DC Announces A Letter of Intent with Apple to Open A Flagship Location in the Carnegie Library at Mt. Vernon Square.” Benzinga, https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/16/12/p8793927/events-dc-announces-a-letter-of-intent-with-apple-to-open-a-flagship-lo. Accessed 1 Dec. 2016.

  • One of the biggest, most innovative brands of our time, Apple, has proposed to open up an Apple Flagship store right in the historic Carnegie Library in Mount Vernon Square. The article highlights how important this opening is to the District, and especially Shaw itself. The author mentions that yes, Shaw is changing, but maybe it is for the better. The article directly compares the past to the present, and even the future of Shaw and DC itself. When such an innovative and creative company such as Apple chooses Shaw as it’s future site, it says something about the future of the neighborhood itself, and maybe even how little the history of it no longer has an impact on its future.