Annotated Bibliography

Developers Seek to Put the ‘Wonder’ Back in the Wonder Bread Factory

Wilson, Jonathan. “Developers Seek to Put the ‘Wonder’ Back in the Wonder Bread Factory.” Wamu

88.5. American University, 20 July 2012. Web. 3 Oct. 2016,


This source talks of how developers are restoring the Wonder Bread building which has started restoration compared to other buildings around. The source talks of the buildings horrid condition when renovation first started. The building talks of the revitalization not only of the building but in broader context of Shaw.  Although Douglas Developers had bought the building in 1997, the renovation hadn’t begun until 2012. The source, Wamu, is licensed to American University and as the website states, “is the leading public radio station for NPR news and information in the greater Washington, D.C., area.” This source is a background source because it gives an overview of the Wonder bread Factory and how it is being reconstructed by Douglas Development.

This source gives a synopsis of the restoration that is going to take place and the history of the building. I plan to use this source for general information about the Wonder Bread factory. This source will be used when I am describing how the factory was bought by its most recent owners and how they restored the building.

Tech Sector’s Capital Infusion, Washington’s Real-Estate Market Is Getting a Boost

Taves, Max. “Tech Sector’s Capital Infusion.” The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc, 19

Aug. 2014. Web. 3 Oct. 2016,


The source, from the WSJ, talks about the growing presence of tech firms in D.C from iStrategy Lab’s by using the Wonder Bread Bakery as an office space. The main focus of the article is not to analyze the the building but to emphasize that the growth of technology companies in D.C is a boost for a D.C which hasn’t fully recovered from the 2008 recession. The article analyzes the growth of tech firms in D.C and talks about how the move by iStrategy lab’s is a boost for the city in the tech sector. The article talks about how the the CEO Peter Corbett picked the place because Shaw is an area with many people in their 20-30’s which better suits his young employee’s. This is an exhibit source because it uses the example of iStrategy Lab’s being moved to this building to show that D.C is growing with technology firms. Because the WSJ journal is such a large newspaper it cannot focus on such a small topic but it uses the small topic which is the move of iStrategy Lab’s to the Wonder Bread Factory to emphasize a bigger message which is that the flow of tech capital is increasing in the city.

This source is helpful because it talks about how the technology company iStrategy Lab’s, moving to the building is good for D.C. This article praises the move to the building and it gives a perspective which is neat because it gives context to the company moving to the building as a boost for the already growing technology sector in D.C.

The Wonder Bread Factory Case Study

“The Wonder Bread Factory Case Study.” Douglas Development Corporation. Douglas Development,

Web. 3 Oct. 2016,


This source is from the real estate company Douglas Development, which renovates historic buildings for business opportunities. Their website, which has the overview of the site states, “Bringing new life back into a historic building is a passion of Douglas Development Corporation.”  The source doesn’t talk about the rampant drug and crime problems that took place in S Street during the 20 year time period of the building being vacant with no purpose. Although the website talks about the site’s poor condition when it was bought, in doesn’t talk about Shaw’s history. The case study talks about the history of the building without mentioning the area’s history or going into detail about the vacancy of the building for 20 years. This is a background source because it gives a brief history of the building.

This source is very helpful because it gives the whole history of the building. This source is directly from the owners of the building so it will be biased to make the company look good. This source gives pictures from the inside and outside of the building and how it has changed over time.

Wonder Bread Factory Overview

WeWork. “Wonder Bread Factory Coworking Office Space | WeWork Washington, D.C.”

WeWork, WeWork Companies Inc,–washington-DC.


This source is from the company We Work’s website which is promoting the building to entrepreneurs who are looking for office space. the website gives elegant photos of some of the spaces inside the building which include desk spaces, sofas, meeting rooms, an outdoor patio, and a bar. It mentions the space being renovated from it’s previous use of being a bakery and the pictures are proof that the building is designed with a modern look which is what young people tend to prefer. The website lists the costs per month of using the desk spaces and there is a space on the side of the page to provide information to sign up for tours of the inside. The site lists out the amenities WeWork provides. Some things I found fascinating were that WeWork provides fruit water for the guests of those people who are renting out spaces and building is dog friendly. The source does not explicitly state that most people who work inside are younger but the vibe that someone gets from seeing the website is that this a space for younger business people.

This source is helpful because it is directly from WeWork and provides a unique perspective from a company that wants people to use the Wonder Bread Factory as an office space. The website gives an overview of what the building provides to its inhabitants if they are willing to pay for the rent of office space.

Building of the Week: The Wonder Bread Factory

Drayer, Jacqueline. “Building of the Week: The Wonder Bread Factory.” Greater Greater

Washington, 17 Nov. 2016,


Greater Greater Washington, a website that writes on how to better the living conditions in D.C, wrote an article in which the Wonder Bread Factory was the “building of the week.” The author talks about the history of the building and how it had been renovated by Douglas Development. Because the building was in such a deteriorated condition, the building had to completely gutted to its skeletal structure. The rehabilitation of the building that occurred between 2012 and 2013, included, “the addition of a fourth story to the factory’s rear, excavation on the S Street side of the building, and a basement excavation, which created space for underground parking. A rooftop terrace also went in, and while much of the building had to be stripped to its hardy skeleton, the open spaces that characterize its original industrial use were retained.” These improvements attracted the following companies, WeWork DC, Event Space DC, and Youth for Understanding USA, and iStrategyLabs. The author later on talks of how many tech companies are renovating older buildings. By doing this process of adaptive reuse, companies are eligible for Historic Preservation Tax Credits.

At the end of the article the author praises the Wonder Factory by proclaiming, “The Wonder Bread Factory is an example of an architectural gem successfully repurposed for 21st century economic needs and philosophical desires.” The article never mentions that during the period that the building served no use it was used as a drug house. The article has a bias toward the building and it praises it new uses. I Find this article useful for its take on the building and how it gives you new reasons why the developers did what they did.

Pictures inside the Wonder Bread Factory

Inside the Wonder Bread Factory is a mock airplane fuselage

Joynt, Carol Ross. “The Offices at DC’s Wonder Bread Factory Look More Fun Than Yours.”

Washingtonian, Catherine Merrill Williams, 7 Mar. 2016,



The Washingtonian examines the Wonder Bread Factory by describing it through elegant photographs to highlight its “quirky” design inside. The article mentions that the building includes  a mock airplane fuselage which has the capability to teleconference anyone in the world. The article explains how many young entrepreneurs are working in the building to bring more attention to their start ups. The design of the offices are unconventional and bring attention to the young people’s knack for individualism and the hipster culture.

This article can come into use by showing the interesting and unusual aspects of the building. There are a great set of pictures which can used in my built environment analysis. The pictures give a better picture to the feeling an environment of the Wonder Bread Factory.

Affordable two- and three-bedroom apartments planned for D.C.’s Shaw

Lerner, Michele. “Affordable Two- and Three-Bedroom Apartments Planned for D.C.’s Shaw.” The

Washington Post, WP Company, 1 Dec. 2016,


Ditto Residential is partnering with Irving Development and Group 360 Real Estate Advisors to develop a rental housing community in Shaw.  The rental community’s name “The Ellis” is named after a prominent member of Shaw who was the principal of Robert Gould Shaw Middle School. This project is an effort to help the poorer people of Shaw as the article notes, “Thirty percent of the units will be designated affordable housing, with more than half of the affordable units restricted to households with 30 percent of area median income and the rest limited to households with 50 percent of area median income. Area median income for 2016 is $108,600.” By naming the rental community after a well respected person by the African American community and having half of the spaces specifically for lower income families, this an effort by businesses to help those who feel at unease with the rapid transformation of Shaw because of gentrification.

This article can be helpful because it shows a step that groups are taking to help the poor, mainly African Americans who are unequally affected. To quell the anger that many poor people feel, this initiative is being taken to give them the sense the government is paying attention to them by providing housing in an area where housing prices are astronomical.  

A Bittersweet Renaissance

Schwartzman, Paul. “A Bittersweet Renaissance.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 23 Feb.



This source gives the perspective of different  people living in Shaw. The premise of the author is to find out why residents who have been living in Shaw for a long time are not selling their homes when at the same time their values have shot up. Most residents who have called Shaw home for their whole lives are reluctant to leave even though many parts of the community have left. Shaw is not only a physical place but represents the intangible such as the rich  history and culture for many African Americans. For many residents Shaw has been all they have ever known and it is the place where they have most of their memories with their friends and family. With the literal landscape and demographic makeup changing, many African-Americans residents by staying in Shaw, are trying to keep the African American community present along with preserving the culture that they have great reverence for.

This source can come in handy for giving specific accounts from African American residents of Shaw and what they think of the rapid change that gentrification has brought. It ties into the main idea of my paper in how the Wonder Bread Factory’s history reflects Shaw’s history. The title is interesting because the Harlem Renaissance was a period when Black culture was at its peak and that culture is slowly leaving with African American residents remembering that “Bittersweet Renaissance.”

The New Diamond District

Shade, Colette. “Washington DC’s Transformation | Washington Spectator.” Washington Spectator,

Hamilton Fish V, 18 Nov. 2016,


This article talks about the growing wealth in D.C which has been caused by the government contracting sector and the influence peddling sector. The writer attributes the loss of crime in D.C to the influx of wealth. The writer talks about how many of the employees of the security contracting industry live in the Virginia suburbs near the Pentagon and how the influence peddling sector operates more inside the city because of its closeness to the Capital and lobbying headquarters. There has been a growing white population ever since the crime and drugs have been dwindling. Even though the author does not clearly state it, she implies that there is a correlation between the growth of  the middle class and rich white population with the reduction of crime and drugs. Although she mention gentrification, she doesn’t talk about its implication and focuses on the main premise of the article which is that D.C has gained from the growth of the government contracting sector and influence peddling sector.

This article is helpful in addressing the causes of gentrification and gives some reasons on why gentrification has helped D.C. Because D.C is increasingly becoming a city for the rich, the literal landscape is changing and many stores such as Gucci or Louis Vuitton are propping up which disproportionate the poor. With D.C becoming a city for the wealthy, those who have lived in neighborhoods through the drug and crime era have a huge incentive to sell their homes.

Race and Ethnicity in Shaw, Washington, District of Columbia (Neighborhood)

“Race and Ethnicity in Shaw, Washington, District of Columbia (Neighborhood).” Race and Ethnicity

in Shaw, Washington, District of Columbia (Neighborhood) – Statistical Atlas, U.S Census Bureau,


Statistical Atlas gives an overview of the Demographic makeup of Shaw. The demographics taken account for are: White, Hispanic, Black, Asian, Mixed, and Other. There is no point of view given from this source, it is all empirical and quantitative data. The data that is given is the percentage of different ethnic groups that make up Shaw. It compares Shaw’s ethnic make up with that of the whole of D.C.  There are also percentages for each age group and how much each particular ethnic group makes up of a particular age group. There is a map that separates each block of Shaw and shows the demographic percentage of each racial and ethnic group. Finally, the last set of data given is the ethnic and racial makeup of every other D.C neighborhood.

This source can be helpful in giving data for the introduction of the paper when talking about Shaw’s racial makeup and how it has drastically changed. It offers statistical data in order to show how the rapid change of demographics has been the primary catalyst for the Gentrification that has swept Shaw.  

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