Commonplace 13 Epicurus

“Why should I fear death? If I am, death is not. If death is, I am not. Why should i fear that which cannot exist when I do?” -Epicurus

This quote from Epicurus on death is very profound. He states how no one should fear death because if their is death you are not alive to fear it. Also the way that this quote is structured is interesting as well. It is a partial mirror of itself with some repetition but coming together to form a unique meaning.

Commonplace 12 Wars and Weapons

“Once weapons were manufactured to fight wars. Now wars are manufactured to sell weapons.” -Arundhati Roy

This is a very powerful quote aimed at saying that many of the wars fought today are not fought for the right reasons. Many times these wars are simply fought so that someone can make money selling weapons.

Commonplace 11 Ken Baldwin

“I instantly realized that everything in my life that I’d thought was unfixable was totally fixable, except for having just jumped” -Ken Baldwin, Golden Gate Bridge jump survivor

This message from Ken Baldwin is very powerful. He is saying how that how before he jumped he thought that there was absolutely nothing he could do to fix his life. However, as soon as he jumped he realized that every problem in his life was fixable except for having jumped.

Commonplace 10 Churchill

“The best argument against democracy, is a five-minute conversation with the average voter.” -Winston Churchill

This quote from Winston Churchill stuck out to me because oh how it seems to mock the general public. Churchill is stating that the biggest problem with democracies often is the general public. This is because they can often be uninformed or naive of the current situations at hand.

C.S. Lewis Change Commonplace 8

“Isn’t funny how day by day nothing changes, but when we look back everything is different.” -C.S. Lewis

I found this quote from C.S. Lewis to be particularly interesting. He touches on how as we live our lives one day at a time it seems as if nothing changes, however, in reality, when we look back it is in fact very different. We our typically to occupied in the little things in our lives that we do not get to see the major changes until after the fact.

Final Paper 1 Different Lights

Michael Shanosky

Professor Hoskins

College Writing

27 February 2017

Different Lights

Introduction:

People tend to see what they want to see and hear what they want to hear. Especially now more than ever, many individuals and groups only seem to see things that fit their narrative. I specifically spent time and looked at Franklin Square in downtown Washington, D.C. I found it very interesting that the way I photographed Franklin Square can affect the way that it is perceived and viewed. Franklin Square can be portrayed in many different lights.

Background Photgraphy shaping narratives: (1)

Photography has been around for nearly two centuries, and from the beginning, many people realized that photos can be used to influence others. The ability to capture a moment in time forever and share it with others. That is what my personal definition of photography. However, often the truth is lost in photos. That is one of the downsides of photography, that picture only gives the audience a glimpse of the what is really going on. Because of how easy it is for the truth to be lost in photo, frequently, many people take advantage of this by only taking pictures of what fits their already pre existing narrative and leaving out anything that goes against their opinion. This can and is abused by sensational journalism, politicians, and anyone else trying to illustrate their own narrative. It is crucial to not allow oneself to fall victim to this and always be looking for new information, especially if it contradicts a belief that one might already have (Caple).   

Background Franklin Square: (2)

Franklin Square was created in 1832 as a park in downtown Washington, D.C. It is believed to be named after Benjamin Franklin, although this just an assumption. Throughout that time, the park and the area directly surrounding it have seen some major historical events. Including, Alexander Graham Bell’s first wireless message, and Clara Barton founding of the Red Cross and hosting its first official meeting. Today it serves as a park for the neighborhoods surrounding it, as well as home to the Washington Post.

Photos in Positive Light:

The bridge between photos shaping narratives and Franklin Square can be scene in some of these photos. It is possible form different ideas of the park after seeing each photo. Meaning, that if one person was shown one picture of the park they would come up with a completely different conclusion about the park than if they saw a different picture. In the two photos pictured above, what conclusions would someone make about Franklin Square? That it looks clean, well-kept, welcoming? This is the point of the photos. Every photo has a purpose, and a reason to be taken. These two photos are used to portray the square in a very optimistic and welcoming light.

 

Photos in Negative Light:

 

In contrast to the two other photos, the photo that I have pictured above shows Franklin Square in vastly different way. The conclusions that someone could draw from this photo would be quite the opposite of what they were for the other photos. In this photo, homeless people can be seen camped out in tents and on park benches on a dim day. A person’s conclusion of Franklin Square is going to be different if shown this picture instead of the other two. The real interesting thing about comparing this photo and the one of the Washington Post building is that they were taken the same week as one another. Again this just furthers my point that photos shape narratives and different conclusions can be drawn about the same place by simply the way it’s photographed, and Franklin Square is no exception.

We already know that photos of the same place can lead to two different conclusions, but why does this matter? These three photos can also be used by people to strengthen pre existing narratives. For example, a local business owner would probably want the public and his customers to see photos of the park that show it as a very welcoming friendly place to visit. This could make more people open to coming to the area, which would lead to more people coming to the business owner’s shop. However, in contrast, a sensationalizing news agency might instead want to use the the picture of the homeless people in a story about how the homeless are “encroaching” into our neighborhoods. In both of these instances, someone is manipulating the truth to fit their narrative for their own gain.

 

Photos from Inauguration Day Protests:

The two photos I have pictured above are from Franklin Square on the evening of the Inauguration. They show two very different stories even though they were only taken minutes apart. The first photo shows in the foreground a riot police officer standing by himself looking off into the distance. While in the background, a group of riot police huddle talking to one another without much worry of what is happening. This is very different from what is happening in the other photo, where there is two groups of people at conflict and the same riot officers are on alert blockading part of the road. In these two instances only taken moments apart, much like that photos of Franklin Square itself, an audience will come up with different conclusions of what they think is happening. The first photo makes the need for police to even be on the scene seem pointless and that the protests were minor. Whereas, in the second photo the tension from the protestors, the supporters, and the police seem almost palpable. It does not matter if it is a place, an event, or anything else; photos can be used to manipulate ideas and depict things way some people want to see them.

 

Conclusion:

Photography has the amazing ability to capture a moment in time. That moment can be one of joy and success, sadness and failure, and every possible thing in between. These moments can and are often used to shape and solidify preexisting narratives. This can be shown at Franklin Square, both with the contrast of the positive and negative photos, as well as with the photos from inauguration day.

 

Works Cited

  1. Caple, Helen, and Monika Bednarek. “Rethinking News Values: What a Discursive Approach Can Tell Us about the Construction of News Discourse and News Photography.” Journalism, vol. 17, no. 4, 2 Feb. 2015, pp. 435–455., doi:10.1177/1464884914568078. Accessed 26 Feb. 2017.

 

  1. “Franklin Square (Washington, D.C.).” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Feb. 2017,

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franklin_Square_(Washington,_D.C.). Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

 

Photo credits (order as depicted) :

WP: “AgnosticPreachersKid”

Sign: “Jeff”

Homeless: Vera Carothers

Inauguration 1: own work

Inauguration 2: own work

commonplace 7 Failure

“Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try again. Fail better.” -Samuel Beckett

Here Beckett gives a relatively simplistic view on failure. This is done intentionally to make the point that much more obvious and so that it would reach a broader audience. This quote will reach more people then some elaborate quote that many would not understand. This quote’s message is pretty obvious in that one should never give up and always be looking to fail again because we can not succeed with multiple failures at first.

commonplace 6 Antony Bourdain

I understand there’s a guy inside me who wants to lay in bed, smoke weed all day, and watch cartoons and old movies. My whole life is a series of stratagems to avoid, and outwit that guy.” – Anthony Bourdain 

 

I find this quote from Anthony Bourdain pretty interesting. He is saying that even he wants to do nothing with his life he still needs to get out and experience life. I think that pretty much everyone experiences this same feeling that Anthony Bourdain is talking about. We all might want to be lazy bums all day but if we truly want to experience everything this world has to offer, we have to get out there.

 

 

Essay1 rough draft Different Lights

Michael Shanosky

Professor Hoskins

College Writing

27 February 2017

Different Lights

Introduction:

People tend to see what they want to see and hear what they want to hear. Especially now more than ever, many individuals and groups only seem to see things that fit their narrative. I specifically spent time and looked at Franklin Square in downtown Washington, D.C. I found it very interesting that the way I photographed Franklin Square can affect the way that it is perceived and viewed. Franklin Square can be portrayed in many different lights.

Background Photgraphy shaping narratives: (1)

Photography has been around for nearly two centuries, and from the beginning, many people realized that photos can be used to influence others. The ability to capture a moment in time forever and share it with others. That is what my personal definition of photography. However, often the truth is lost in photos. That is one of the downsides of photography, that picture only gives the audience a glimpse of the what is really going on. Because of how easy it is for the truth to be lost in photo, frequently, many people take advantage of this by only taking pictures of what fits their already pre existing narrative, and leaving out anything that goes against their opinion. This can and is abused by sensational journalism, politicians, and anyone else trying to illustrate their own narrative. It is crucial to not allow oneself to fall victim to this and always be looking for new information, especially if it contradicts a belief that one might already have.   

Background Franklin Square: (2)

Franklin Square was created in 1832 as a park in downtown Washington, D.C. It is believed to be named after Benjamin Franklin, although this just an assumption. Throughout that time, the park and the area directly surrounding it have seen some major historical events. Including, Alexander Graham Bell’s first wireless message, and Clara Barton founding of the Red Cross and hosting its first official meeting. Today it serves as a park for the neighborhoods surrounding it, as well as home to the Washington Post.

Photos in Positive Light:

The bridge between photos shaping narratives and Franklin Square can be scene in some of these photos. It is possible form different ideas of the park after seeing each photo. Meaning, that if one person was shown one picture of the park they would come up with a completely different conclusion about the park than if they saw a different picture. In the two photos pictured above, what conclusions would someone make about Franklin Square? That it looks clean, well-kept, welcoming? This is the point of the photos. Every photo has a purpose, and a reason to be taken. These two photos are used to portray the square in a very optimistic and welcoming light.

 

Photos in Negative Light:

 

In contrast to the two other photos, the photo that I have pictured above shows Franklin Square in vastly different way. The conclusions that someone could draw from this photo would be quite the opposite of what they were for the other photos. In this photo, homeless people can be seen camped out in tents and on park benches on a dim day. A person’s conclusion of Franklin Square is going to be different if shown this picture instead of the other two. The real interesting thing about comparing this photo and the one of the Washington Post building is that they were taken the same week as one another. Again this just furthers my point that photos shape narratives and different conclusions can be drawn about the same place by simply the way it’s photographed, and Franklin Square is no exception.

We already know that photos of the same place can lead to two different conclusions, but why does this matter? These three photos can also be used by people to strengthen pre existing narratives. For example, a local business owner would probably want the public and his customers to see photos of the park that show it as a very welcoming friendly place to visit. This could make more people open to coming to the area, which would lead to more people coming to the business owner’s shop. However, in contrast, a sensationalizing news agency might instead want to use the the picture of the homeless people in a story about how the homeless are “encroaching” into our neighborhoods. In both of these instances, someone is manipulating the truth to fit their narrative for their own gain.

 

Photos from Inauguration Day Protests:

The two photos I have pictured above are from Franklin Square on the evening of the Inauguration. They show two very different stories even though they were only taken minutes apart. The first photo shows in the foreground, a riot police officer standing by himself looking off into the distance. While, in the background, a group of riot police huddle talking to one another without much worry of what is happening. This is very different from what is happening in the other photo, where there is two groups of people at conflict and the same riot officers are on alert blockading part of the road. In these two instances only taken moments apart, much like that photos of Franklin Square itself, an audience will come up with different conclusions of what they think is happening. The first photo makes the need for police to even be on the scene seem pointless and that the protests were minor. Whereas, in the second photo the tension from the protestors, the supporters, and the police seem almost palpable. It does not matter if it is a place, an event, or anything else; photos can be used to manipulate ideas and depict things way some people want to see them.

 

Conclusion:

Photography has the amazing ability to capture a moment in time. That moment can be one of joy and success, sadness and failure, and every possible thing in between. These moments can and are often used to shape and solidify preexisting narratives. This can be shown at Franklin Square, both with the contrast of the positive and negative photos, as well as with the photos from inauguration day.

 

Works Cited

Caple, Helen, and Monika Bednarek. “Rethinking News Values: What a Discursive Approach Can Tell Us about the Construction of News Discourse and News Photography.” Journalism, vol. 17, no. 4, 2 Feb. 2015, pp. 435–455., doi:10.1177/1464884914568078. Accessed 26 Feb. 2017.

 

National Park Service; (PEPC) Planning, Environment and Public Comment

 

Photo credits (order as depicted) :

WP: “AgnosticPreachersKid”

Sign: “Jeff”

Homeless: Vera Carothers

Inauguration 1: own work

Inauguration 2: own work

American University Website Analysis

American University’s website goal is to show that American University prides itself on it’s academics, it’s location, and the success of their graduates and current students. The targeted websites audience is prospective students, although a portion of the website is intended for Alumni, current students, and professors. The website was most likely created by website developers and designers with instruction from American University administration. The Purpose of the site is to give the reader an idea about what attending American University could be like as well as what one can expect.